Famous 18th Century Emperors & Kings

Find out more about the greatest 18th Century Emperors & Kings, including George III of the United Kingdom, Tipu Sultan, Louis XVI of France, William IV of the United Kingdom and Frederick The Great.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Napoleon Bonaparte

Napoleon Bonaparte.
45
Famous As: Emperor of the French
Birthdate: August 15, 1769
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Ajaccio
Died: May 5, 1821
French military leader Napoleon Bonaparte ruled as the French emperor from 1804 to 1814 and again in 1815. He strengthened France’s position in Europe through the Napoleonic Wars and extended his kingdom. However, he was eventually defeated by the Seventh Coalition at the Battle of Waterloo and sent to exile. 

 2 Louis XIV of France

Louis XIV of France.
10
Famous As: King of France
Birthdate: September 5, 1638
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France
Died: September 1, 1715

Louis XIV of France reigned as the King of France from 1643 to 1715. Louis XIV is the longest-reigning monarch of a sovereign country in the history of Europe. Under his rule, France often asserted its military prowess and emerged as the most dominant European monarchy. His life inspired several films, such as The Taking of Power by Louis XIV.

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 3 Frederick The Great

Frederick The Great.
8
Famous As: King of Prussia (1740-1786)
Birthdate: January 24, 1712
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: August 17, 1786
Prussian king Frederick II, also known as Frederick the Great and The Old Fritz, was the longest-reigning Hohenzollern king. He is known for his involvement in the Silesian Wars and the Partitions of Poland. He also supported art and culture, and reformed the judicial system of Prussia.

 4 Maharaja Ranjit Singh

Maharaja Ranjit Singh.
14
Famous As: Founder of the Sikh Empire
Birthdate: November 13, 1780
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Gujranwala
Died: June 27, 1839
Maharaja Ranjit Singh, also known as the "Lion of Punjab" and the “Napoleon of the East,” was a Sikh leader who reigned over the northwest Indian subcontinent in the 19th century. He fought valiantly against the Afghans and introduced many modern reforms. His Khalsa Army included people of all religions.

 5 Shaka

Shaka.
8
Famous As: Zulu Emperor
Birthdate: 1787 AD
Birthplace: KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Died: September 22, 1828

Widely regarded as one of the most influential and important monarchs of the Zulu Kingdom, Shaka reigned as the king of the Zulu Kingdom from 1816 to 1828. Through a series of influential and wide-reaching reforms, Shaka was able to re-organize the Zulu military into a formidable force. His life and work inspired the 1986 South African TV series, Shaka Zulu.

 6 Paul I of Russia

Paul I of Russia.
10
Famous As: Russian Emperor (1796-1801)
Birthdate: October 1, 1754
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: St Petersburg, Russia
Died: March 23, 1801
Paul I ruled as the Russian emperor from 1796 till his assassination in 1801. He was officially the son of Peter III and Catherine the Great, but it is believed he was sired by Catherine’s lover, Sergei Saltykov. Paul established the law of succession to the throne of Russia.

 7 Qianlong Emperor

Qianlong Emperor.
9
Famous As: Emperor of China
Birthdate: September 25, 1711
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Lama Temple, Beijing, China
Died: February 7, 1799
The Qianlong Emperor of the Qing Dynasty was the fourth son of the Yongzheng Emperor and reigned over China from 1735 to 1796. Known for the economic prosperity and military prowess his kingdom gained under his rule, he continued to indirectly rule as the Retired Emperor even after his abdication.
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 8 Tipu Sultan

Tipu Sultan.
19
Famous As: Ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore
Birthdate: November 20, 1750
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Devanahalli
Died: May 4, 1799
Tipu Sultan, or the “Tiger of Mysore,” ruled the Kingdom of Mysore from 1782 to 1799. Apart from improving his kingdom’s military arrangements, he also established a new calendar, a new land-revenue system, and a coinage system. He died while defending the fort of Seringapatam in the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War.

 9 Peter III of Russia

Peter III of Russia.
10
Famous As: Emperor of Russia
Birthdate: February 21, 1728
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Kiel
Died: July 17, 1762

Peter III of Russia reigned over Russia as the emperor for just six months in 1762 before being deposed by people loyal to his wife Catherine II, who then succeeded him. In his short reign, Peter made progressive reforms, including the abolishment of the secret police, which was renowned for its extreme violence. Peter is often portrayed in films.

 10 Louis XV of France

Louis XV of France.
4
Famous As: King of France
Birthdate: February 15, 1710
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Palace of Versailles, Versailles, France
Died: May 10, 1774
After losing his parents and his brother to measles, Louis XV became the king of France at the tender age of 5. Known for his extravagances and his reliance on his mistresses, Louis XV was disliked by most. His reign also witnessed judicial reforms and the Seven Years’ War.

 11 Louis XVI of France

Louis XVI of France.
7
Famous As: King of France
Birthdate: August 23, 1754
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Palace of Versailles, Versailles, France
Died: January 21, 1793

Louis XVI of France reigned as the last king of France from 1774 to 1792 before the French Revolution, which ended the monarchy in France. During his reign, Louis made attempts to remove land and labor tax, abolish serfdom, and improve tolerance toward non-Catholics. However, the proposed reforms were opposed by the French nobility.

 12 Philip V of Spain

Philip V of Spain.
6
Famous As: King of Spain
Birthdate: December 19, 1683
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Palace of Versailles, France
Died: July 9, 1746

Philip V reigned as the king of Spain from November 1700 to January 1724, and again from September 1724 to 1746. Philip introduced the centralization of monarchy and imposed the Nueva Planta decrees. Philip's accession initiated the 13-year War of the Spanish Succession. His final years were marred by depression.

 13 Nader Shah

Nader Shah.
15
Famous As: Ruler
Birthdate: October 22, 1688
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Dargaz, Persi
Died: June 19, 1747

Nader Shah reigned over Iran as the Shah of Iran from 1736 until his death in 1747. He is widely regarded as one of the most powerful rulers in the history of Iran. He has also been described as the Napoleon of Persia, thanks to his military genius, which was evident in his several campaigns.

 14 Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor

Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor.
6
Famous As: Holy Roman Emperor
Birthdate: March 13, 1741
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Vienna
Died: February 20, 1790

Joseph II reigned as the Holy Roman Emperor from 1765, and as the sole ruler of the Habsburg lands from 1780, until 1790. Son of Empress Maria Theresa and Emperor Francis I, and brother of Marie Antoinette, he laid down policies now known as Josephinism. He died without heirs.

 15 Kangxi Emperor

Kangxi Emperor.
5
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: May 4, 1654
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Forbidden City, Beijing, China
Died: December 20, 1722
Son of emperor Shunzhi and empress Xiaokang, Xuanye, or the Kangxi Emperor, was the Qing dynasty’s third emperor. Apart from signing the Treaty of Nerchinsk with Russia, he crushed the revolt of the three warlords, known as the Rebellion of Wu Sangui. He was also known to be a workaholic.

 16 Charles XII of Sweden

Charles XII of Sweden.
7
Famous As: King of Sweden
Birthdate: June 17, 1682
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Stadsholmen, Stockholm, Sweden
Died: November 30, 1718
Charles XII ruled Sweden as an absolute monarch for 18 years during the Great Northern War. He took over the throne at 15. Although appreciated for his effective legal and tax reforms, he is known to have led Sweden to immense destruction by participating in the 1707-1709 campaign against Russia.

 17 William IV of the United Kingdom

William IV of the United Kingdom.
10
Famous As: King of the United Kingdom
Birthdate: August 21, 1765
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Buckingham House, London, England
Died: June 20, 1837
William IV, the third son of George III, was the king of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and that of Hanover, from 1830 to 1837. His stint in the Royal Navy earned him the nickname “Sailor King.” He introduced electoral reforms, abolished slavery, and restricted child labor.

 18 Ivan VI of Russia

Ivan VI of Russia.
5
Famous As: Emperor of Russia
Birthdate: August 23, 1740
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: July 16, 1764
The eldest child of Duke Anthony Ulrich and Duchess Anna Leopoldovna, Ivan VI of Russia, took over the throne as a 2-month-old baby, with his mother as the regent. His first cousin Elizabeth’s coup later resulted in his imprisonment for 20 years and his eventual assassination. 

 19 Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor

Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor.
5
Famous As: Holy Roman Emperor
Birthdate: December 8, 1708
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Nancy, France
Died: August 18, 1765
Married to Maria Theresa, Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor, was often outshone by his wife. Their marriage was a political step of Maria’s father, Emperor Charles VI. An art connoisseur, Francis was not as much interested in the administrative affairs of his kingdom as he was in the cultural aspects.

 20 Charles III of Spain

Charles III of Spain.
5
Famous As: King
Birthdate: January 20, 1716
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: December 14, 1788

Charles III succeeded his heir-less half-brother, King Ferdinand VI, to the throne of Spain. Apart from rejuvenating the areas of scientific research and agriculture, Charles also reduced the powers of the Church. He was also known for his signature Bourbon nose, his cynicism, and his sharp tongue.

 21 Peter II of Russia

Peter II of Russia.
5
Famous As: Emperor of Russia
Birthdate: October 23, 1715
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: January 30, 1730
Peter II Alexeyevich, the only son of Tsarevich Alexei Petrovich, ruled as the emperor of Russia from 1727 to 1730. He became a Tsar as a child but died an untimely death due to small pox at 14, on the day that he had planned to marry Ekaterina Dolgorukova.

 22 Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor

Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor.
5
Famous As: Holy Roman Emperor
Birthdate: May 5, 1747
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: March 1, 1792

Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor reigned as king of Archduke of Austria, emperor of the Romans, and king of Hungary and Bohemia from 1790 until his death in 1792. From 1765 to 1790, he served as Grand Duke of Tuscany, during which he abolished capital punishment in Tuscany, making it the first nation to abolish capital punishment in modern history.

 23 Jean-Jacques Dessalines

Jean-Jacques Dessalines.
5
Famous As: Haitian General
Birthdate: September 20, 1758
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Guinea
Died: August 17, 1806

Jean-Jacques Dessalines was an important figure and leader of the Haitian Revolution. He went on to rule an independent Haiti, which became the first country to abolish slavery permanently. Considered one of Haiti's founding fathers, Dessalines reigned as the emperor of Haiti from 1804 until his murder in 1806. Today, he is regarded as an icon of Haitian nationalism.

 24 Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor

Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor.
5
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: October 1, 1685
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: The Hofburg, Vienna, Austria
Died: October 20, 1740

Much before his daughter Maria Theresa’s birth, Emperor Charles VI’s Pragmatic Sanction enabled his future daughter to succeed him, due to the lack of male heirs. Though he was always busy fighting, he apparently did it all to bring about peace. He had also unsuccessfully attempted to conquer Spain.

 25 Yongzheng

Yongzheng
5
Famous As: Emperor of China
Birthdate: December 13, 1678
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Beijing, China
Died: October 8, 1735

 26 Christian VII of Denmark

Christian VII of Denmark
3
Famous As: Monarch
Birthdate: January 29, 1749
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Copenhagen, Denmark
Died: March 13, 1808

 27 Frederick William I of Prussia

Frederick William I of Prussia.
3
Famous As: King of Prussia (1713-1740)
Birthdate: August 14, 1688
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: May 31, 1740

The Soldier King Frederick William I of Prussia is remembered for transforming his nation into a prosperous state. He was known for his simple lifestyle, as opposed to his father’s kingly excesses. His experience at the War of the Spanish Succession led him to strengthen Prussia militarily, too.

 28 Philippe II, Duke of Orléans

Philippe II, Duke of Orléans.
3
Famous As: Regent
Birthdate: August 2, 1674
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Château de Saint-Cloud, Saint-Cloud, France
Died: December 2, 1723

Philippe II, Duke of Orléans, was the regent of the Kingdom of France from 1715 to 1723. He was the son of Philippe I, Duke of Orléans, and Elizabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate. He was named the regent of France for Louis XV, who succeeded to the throne at the age of five. Philippe died months after Louis attained majority.

 29 Louis XVIII of France

Louis XVIII of France.
3
Famous As: King of France
Birthdate: November 17, 1755
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Paris
Died: September 16, 1824

Louis XVIII of France was the king of France from 1814 to 1824, except for the duration of the “Hundred Days” in 1815.  He was the son of Louis, Dauphin of France, and his wife Maria Josepha of Saxony. He ruled for slightly less than a decade. He was not popular as a king.

 30 Louis Joseph, Dauphin of France

Louis Joseph, Dauphin of France
3
Famous As: Princes
Birthdate: October 22, 1781
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Palace of Versailles, France
Died: June 4, 1789

 31 Ahmad Shah Durrani

Ahmad Shah Durrani
9
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 1722 AD
Birthplace: Herat, Afghanistan
Died: October 16, 1772

 32 Charles IV of Spain

Charles IV of Spain.
3
Famous As: King of Spain
Birthdate: November 11, 1748
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Portici, Italy
Died: January 20, 1819
Charles IV of Spain reigned as the king of Spain from 1788 to 1808. His reign turned out to be a turning point in the history of Spain for various reasons. His reign is often criticized for allowing Spain to enter a series of unpropitious alliances, which eventually led to his abdication. 

 33 Frederick William II of Prussia

Frederick William II of Prussia.
3
Famous As: King of Prussia (1786-1797)
Birthdate: September 25, 1744
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Berlin Palace, Berlin
Died: November 16, 1797

Though he wasn’t a politically experienced ruler, Frederick William II’s reign as the king of Prussia proved to be beneficial for the country in terms of expansion. However, his excesses and his affinity for Protestantism made him unpopular. He patronized art and culture and even played the cello.

 34 Bahadur Shah Zafar

Bahadur Shah Zafar.
10
Famous As: Last Mughal Emperor
Birthdate: October 24, 1775
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Delhi
Died: November 7, 1862
Bahadur Shah Zafar, son of Akbar II, was the last Mughal emperor. Back then, the Mughals had been reduced to nominal rulers, and his authority extended till the walled city of Old Delhi, or Shahjahanbad. Following the Indian Rebellion of 1857, he was exiled to Rangoon by the British.

 35 Agustín de Iturbide

Agustín de Iturbide.
3
Famous As: Emperor of Mexico
Birthdate: September 27, 1783
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Morelia
Died: July 19, 1824

Agustín de Iturbide was a Mexican politician and army general who played a key role during the Mexican War of Independence. During the war, Agustín built a successful military and political coalition that brought the entire Mexico City under its control on 27 September 1821, thus playing an important role in gaining independence for Mexico.

 36 Frederick I of Prussia

Frederick I of Prussia.
3
Famous As: King of Prussia (1701-1713)
Birthdate: June 11, 1676
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Königsberg, Germany
Died: February 25, 1713

Frederick I of Prussia reigned as the King of Prussia from 1701 until his death in 1713. He crowned himself in 1701 in Königsberg and proclaimed himself King in Prussia. A patron of learning and arts, Frederick I is credited with founding the Academy of Arts in 1696 as well as the Academy of Sciences in 1700.

 37 Louis, Dauphin of France

Louis, Dauphin of France
3
Famous As: Princes
Birthdate: September 4, 1729
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Palace of Versailles, Paris, France
Died: December 20, 1765

 38 Prithvi Narayan Shah

Prithvi Narayan Shah
3
Famous As: Ruler
Birthdate: January 11, 1723
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Gorkha, Nepal
Died: January 15, 1775

 39 Yŏngjo

Yŏngjo
3
Famous As: Korean King
Birthdate: October 31, 1694
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Gyeonghuigung, Seoul, South Korea
Died: April 22, 1776

 40 Louis Bonaparte

Louis Bonaparte.
3
Famous As: King of Holland from 1806 to 1810
Birthdate: September 2, 1778
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Ajaccio
Died: July 25, 1846

Louis Bonaparte reigned over the Kingdom of Holland from 1806 to 1810. The younger brother of Napoléon Bonaparte, Louis followed in the footsteps of his brother and served in the French Army. He was later made the new king of Holland by Napoleon. However, Louis' wilfulness forced Napoleon to annex Holland into the French Empire and Louis fled into exile.

 41 Augustus II the Strong

Augustus II the Strong
3
Famous As: Elector of Saxony
Birthdate: May 12, 1670
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Dresden, Germany
Died: February 1, 1733

 42 Stanisław August Poniatowski

Stanisław August Poniatowski
3
Famous As: King of Poland
Birthdate: January 17, 1732
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Voŭčyn, Belarus
Died: February 12, 1798

 43 Hyder Ali

Hyder Ali.
8
Famous As: Ruler of Mysore
Birthdate: 1721 AD
Birthplace: Budikote
Died: December 6, 1782

 44 Louis XVII

Louis XVII
3
Famous As: King
Birthdate: March 27, 1785
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Versailles, France
Died: June 8, 1795

 45 Bahadur Shah I

Bahadur Shah I
8
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: October 14, 1643
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Burhanpur, India
Died: February 27, 1712

 46 Muḥammad Shah

Muḥammad Shah
5
Famous As: Mughal emperor
Birthdate: August 7, 1702
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Ghaznī, Afghanistan
Died: April 6, 1748

 47 Ferdinand VI of Spain

Ferdinand VI of Spain
5
Famous As: King
Birthdate: September 23, 1713
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: August 10, 1759

 48 Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar

Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar
9
Famous As: Shah of Iran
Birthdate: March 14, 1742
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Gorgān, Iran
Died: June 17, 1797

 49 Siraj ud-Daulah

Siraj ud-Daulah
8
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 1733 AD
Birthplace: Murshidabad, India
Died: July 2, 1757

 50 Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria

Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria
3
Birthdate: May 27, 1756
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Schwetzingen
Died: October 13, 1825