Famous 16th Century Spanish Artists & Painters

Find out more about the greatest 16th Century Spanish Painters, including Diego Velázquez, El Greco, Francisco de Zurbarán, Jusepe de Ribera and Juan Sánchez Cotán.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

Vote for Your Favourite 16th Century Spanish Artists & Painters

 1 
El Greco
(Painter)

El Greco
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Birthdate: October 1, 1541
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Heraklion, Greece
Died: April 7, 1614
Artist Doménikos Theotokópoulos never let anyone forget his Greek heritage and almost always signed his art in Greek letters. Popularly known as El Greco, he was a significant figure of the Spanish Renaissance. His best-known works remain The Burial of the Count of Orgaz and The Assumption of the Virgin.

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Juan Sánchez Cotán
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Birthdate: June 25, 1560
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Orgaz, Spain
Died: September 8, 1627

Spanish painter Juan Sánchez Cotán is regarded as one of the pioneers of Baroque realism. He is best known for his still lifes, also known as bodegones, which showed a signature illusion of depth and volume using light and shadow. His subjects ranged from fruits and vegetables to birds.

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Francisco Pacheco
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Birthdate: November 3, 1564
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Sanlúcar de Barrameda, Spain
Died: November 27, 1644

Best known for his Arte de la pintura, the most crucial treatise of 17th-century Spanish art, Francisco Pacheco focused on the regulations of depicting religious scenes accurately. He was also the official censor of the Inquisition of Sevilla. He also taught painting to Diego Velázquez and Alonso Cano.

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Juan de Flandes
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Birthdate: 0000 AD

Flemish painter Juan de Flandes, or John of Flanders, was first documented as the official painter of Queen Isabella of Castile and León. His original name is not known, but his works were the hallmark of the Early Netherlandish style, replete with rich colors, landscape, and detailed narratives.

Juan Martínez Montañés
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Birthdate: March 16, 1568
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Alcalá la Real, Spain
Died: June 18, 1649

Spanish sculptor Juan Martínez Montañés was one of the most influential figures of the Sevillian school of sculpture and was majorly responsible for the transition of Mannerism to the Baroque style of art. He is best remembered for his wood altars and was known as the God of Wood Carving.

Alonso Sánchez Coello
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Birthdate: 0000 AD

A pioneer of Spanish portrait painting and a major figure of the Spanish Renaissance, Alonso Sánchez Coello was born in Valencia but spent his initial years in Portugal with his grandfather, following his father’s death. He grew up to be patronized by King Philip II and also excelled in religious paintings.

Luis de Morales
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Birthdate: 0000 AD

Spanish Mannerist painter Luis de Morales is best remembered for his religious paintings such as his multiple depictions of Madonna and Child and the Passion of Christ. His works carry both Flemish and Italian influences and express fervent religious emotions and anguish. He was also commissioned to paint El Escorial.

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Alonso Berruguete
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Birthdate: 1490 AD
Birthplace: Paredes de Nava, Spain
Died: August 31, 1561

Mannerist sculptor and artist Alonso Berruguete is one of the greatest figures of the Spanish Renaissance. He was initially trained by his painter father Pedro Berruguete and grew up to be a master of wood sculptures. He had also briefly been the court painter of Charles V.

Vicente Juan Masip
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Birthdate: 0000 AD

Spanish Renaissance painter Vicente Juan Masip was a significant figure of the Valencian school. Initially trained by his father, Vicente Masip, he was later inspired by Italian painters such as da Vinci and created masterpieces such as Altarpiece of Saint Stephen. His works include religion, mythology, and portraits.

Juan Pantoja de la Cruz
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Birthdate: 1553 AD
Birthplace: Valladolid, Spain
Died: October 26, 1608

Best known for his portraits, Spanish painter Juan Pantoja de la Cruz had been the court painter of both Philip II and Philip III. While his paintings were mostly inspired by Titian and others of the Venetian school, he also exhibited a streak of the Netherlandish attention to detail.

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Gregorio Fernández
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Birthdate: 1553 AD, 1576
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Sarria, Spain
Died: January 23, 1636

Spanish Baroque sculptor Gregorio Fernández was one of the most significant figures of the Castilian school. The creator of some of the finest polychromed wood sculptures of his time, he included a signature illusion of reality in all his works. St. Veronica and Pieta were two of his iconic statues.

Fernando Gallego
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Birthdate: 0000 AD

Spanish Castilian painter Fernando Gallego is remembered for his Hispano-Flemish style of art, which combined the Spanish and Netherlandish influences of his time. He was known for his intense expression of human emotions through his art. One of his best works is the ceiling of the University of Salamanca library.

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Francisco Ribalta
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Birthdate: June 2, 1565
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Solsona, Spain
Died: January 12, 1628

One of the first artists who employed the techniques of the Italian new realism, Spanish Baroque painter Francisco Ribalta specialized in painting religious subjects. He was also the pioneer of tenebroso, or paintings focusing on darkness, in Spain. His masterpieces include Christ Embracing St. Bernard and Nailing to the Cross.

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Diego Siloe
(Architect)

Diego Siloe
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Birthdate: 1495 AD
Birthplace: Burgos, Spain
Died: October 22, 1563

Diego Siloe was a Spanish Renaissance architect and sculptor. He is considered a progenitor of the Granadan school of sculpture. Not much is known about him, but it is believed he was the son of the Spanish-Flemish Gothic sculptor Gil de Siloé. The Cathedral of Granada and the tomb of Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba are considered his greatest works. 

Francisco Herrera the Elder
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Birthdate: 1576 AD
Birthplace: Sevilla, Spain
Died: 1656 AD

Spanish painter and engraver Francisco Herrera the Elder is regarded as the founder of the Seville school of art. Through his works, he charted a path of transition from Mannerism to the Baroque style. He briefly trained Diego Velázquez and created masterpieces such as The Apotheosis of St. Hermenegild.

Juan Fernández Navarrete
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Birthdate: 1526 AD
Birthplace: Logroño, Spain
Died: March 28, 1579

Spanish Mannerist painter Juan Fernández Navarrete, also referred to as de Navarrete, El Mudo (The Mute), and the Spanish Titian, is best known as the painter appointed by King Philip II of Spain to execute pictures for the El Escorial. Three of Navarrete’s notable works in El Escorial includes Nativity, Abraham Receiving the Three Angels, and a Baptism of Christ.   

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Bartolomé Ordóñez
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Birthdate: 1490 AD
Birthplace: Burgos, Spain
Died: December 6, 1520

One of the pioneers of the Spanish Renaissance, sculptor Bartolomé Ordóñez developed his own style inspired by Italian marble sculptors. He used both wood and marble to create altars and panels. One of his most popular pieces was The Adoration of the Magi, the main panel of the Caraccioli Altarpiece.

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Damià Forment
(Architect)

Damià Forment
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Birthdate: 1490 AD, 1480
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Valencia, Spain
Died: 1540 AD

Regarded as Spain’s most significant sculptors of the 16th century, Damià Forment is remembered for his huge altars and alabaster masterpieces. His works mingled Gothic and Renaissance elements. He is also considered one of the first to introduce Spain to Mannerist art. His works adorn the Huesca Cathedral among others.

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Luis Tristán
(Painter)

Luis Tristán
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Birthdate: 1586 AD
Birthplace: Toledo, Spain
Died: December 7, 1624

Spanish Baroque painter Luis Tristán was a pupil of El Greco and was highly inspired by Greco’s art. Orazio Borgianni, too, inspired him. His most significant works include The Adoration of the Magi and Holy Family. Some of his paintings on church altarpieces were destroyed during the Spanish Civil War.

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Baltasar de Echave
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Birthdate: 1558 AD
Birthplace: Zumaia, Spain
Died: 1623 AD

Basque Spanish painter Baltasar de Echave Orio, also referred to as Echave the Elder, was among the earliest Spanish artists who reached Mexico. His works mainly featured religious themes. Some of the notable ones, including The Martyrdom of San Aproniano, The Adoration of the Magi and The Holy Family finds place in the Academy of San Carlos in Mexico City.

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Pablo de Céspedes
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Birthdate: 1538 AD
Birthplace: Córdoba, Spain
Died: July 26, 1608

A descendant of a noble family, Spanish painter, poet, sculptor, and architect Pablo de Céspedes initially studied theology and Oriental languages. He was once charged with heresy in Rome but was acquitted. His most notable works include his poem The Art of Painting and his frescos of Roman churches.

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Francisco López
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Birthdate: 1556 AD
Birthplace: Spain

Sixteenth-century Spanish painter Francisco López was primarily known as a pupil of Andalusian-born Spanish painter and sculptor Gaspar Becerra. He was trained in Madrid, along with co-pupils such as Miguel Barroso and Jerónimo Vázquez during the reign of Philip II.