16th Century Artists

Find out more about the greatest 16th Century Artists, including Caravaggio, Sandro Botticelli, Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Gian Lorenzo Bernini and Giuseppe Arcimboldo.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Caravaggio

Caravaggio.
7
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: September 29, 1571
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Milan
Died: July 18, 1610
Italian painter Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio is best remembered for his influence on the Baroque style of painting. He pioneered a tactic known as tenebrism, and combined light and darkness to create his masterpieces. He was known for his erratic and aggressive nature and died under mysterious circumstances.

 2 Peter Paul Rubens

Peter Paul Rubens.
4
Famous As: Painter & Printmaker
Birthdate: June 28, 1577
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Siegen, Nassau-Dillenburg (now North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany)
Died: May 30, 1640

Peter Paul Rubens is considered the most influential artist of the Flemish Baroque tradition. He lived during the Dutch Golden Age. His style of art emphasized movement, color, and sensuality. He painted altarpieces, portraits, landscapes, and history paintings and also drew cartoons for the Flemish tapestry workshops. He was a classically educated humanist scholar as well.

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 3 El Greco

El Greco.
4
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: October 1, 1541
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Heraklion, Crete
Died: April 7, 1614
Artist Doménikos Theotokópoulos never let anyone forget his Greek heritage and almost always signed his art in Greek letters. Popularly known as El Greco, he was a significant figure of the Spanish Renaissance. His best-known works remain The Burial of the Count of Orgaz and The Assumption of the Virgin.

 4 Artemisia Gentileschi

Artemisia Gentileschi.
7
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: July 8, 1593
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Rome
Died: 1656 AD
Italian Baroque painter Artemisia Gentileschi was a prominent artist of the 17th century. She was the first female member of the Accademia di Arte del Disegno and was known for her depiction of the female form. She was raped by painter Agostino Tassi and participated in a 7-month trial.

 5 Hans Holbein the Younger

Hans Holbein the Younger.
4
Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: 1497 AD
Birthplace: Augsburg, Germany
Died: 1543 AD

Hans Holbein the Younger was a German printmaker and painter. Regarded as one of the 16th century's greatest portraitists, Holbein was also renowned for producing Reformation propaganda, satire, and religious art. Many of his portraits are now considered cultural icons. Holbein is also credited with contributing immensely to the evolution of book design.

 6 Giuseppe Arcimboldo

Giuseppe Arcimboldo.
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: 1527 AD
Birthplace: Milan, Italy
Died: July 11, 1593

Giuseppe Arcimboldo was an Italian painter best remembered for painting human figures, especially portrait heads, without using conventional facial features. His pictures of human heads were often made of objects like vegetables, fruits, flowers, books, and fish. Giuseppe Arcimboldo's works have influenced artists like Salvador Dalí, Shigeo Fukuda, Octavio Ocampo, István Orosz, Sandro del Prete, and Vic Muniz.

 7 Giorgio Vasari

Giorgio Vasari.
5
Famous As: Painter, Architect
Birthdate: July 30, 1511
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Arezzo, Tuscany
Died: June 27, 1574

Giorgio Vasari was an Italian architect, painter, writer, engineer, and historian. He is best remembered for his work The Lives, a series of artist biographies, which is regarded as the art-historical writing's ideological foundation. Vasari is also credited with the formulation of the term Renaissance as it was first suggested by Jules Michelet based on Giorgio Vasari's text.

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 8 Tintoretto

Tintoretto.
4
Famous As: Renaissance Painter
Birthdate: September 29, 1518
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Venice, Italy
Died: May 31, 1594

Tintoretto, also known as Il Furioso, was a significant painter of the Venetian school and is remembered for his phenomenal speed of painting, his long strokes, and his depiction of humans in motion. His most notable works, such as Susanna in the Bath, embody Renaissance mannerism.

 9 Anthony van Dyck

Anthony van Dyck.
5
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: March 22, 1599
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Antwerp
Died: December 9, 1641

Anthony van Dyck was a Flemish Baroque artist who started painting at an early age before going on to become the leading court painter in England. Although he is best remembered for painting the aristocracy, van Dyck also painted biblical and mythological subjects. In 1632, Anthony van Dyck received a knighthood from Charles I.

 10 Nicolas Poussin

Nicolas Poussin.
4
Famous As: French Painter
Birthdate: June 15, 1594
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Near Les Andelys, Normandy, Kingdom of France (now France)
Died: November 19, 1665

The founder of the French Classical tradition, painter Nicolas Poussin was initially influenced by Venetian art but later deviated to antiquity. Most of his paintings showcased historical, mythological, biblical elements but some were also inspired by landscapes and poetry. The Death of the Virgin remains one of his best-known works.

 11 John White

John White
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Famous As: Artist, Painter
Birthdate: 1540 AD
Birthplace: London, England
Died: 1593 AD

 12 Salai

Salai
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: 1480 AD
Birthplace: Oreno, Vimercate, Italy
Died: January 19, 1524

 13 Benvenuto Cellini

Benvenuto Cellini
3
Famous As: Goldsmith
Birthdate: November 3, 1500
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: February 13, 1571

Benvenuto Cellini was a 16th-century Italian goldsmith, sculptor, draftsman, and artist. The multifaceted artist wrote poetry and a famous autobiography as well. An important figure in Mannerism, he is known for creating pieces, such as the Cellini Salt Cellar and Perseus with the Head of Medusa. He was a member of the prestigious Accademia delle Arti del Disegno of Florence. 

 14 Sofonisba Anguissola

Sofonisba Anguissola
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Famous As: painter, artist, visual artist
Birthdate: 1535 AD
Birthplace: Cremona
Died: November 16, 1625

 15 Georges de La Tour

Georges de La Tour
3
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: March 13, 1593
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Vic-sur-Seille
Died: January 30, 1652

 16 Annibale Carracci

Annibale Carracci.
4
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: November 3, 1560
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Bologna
Died: July 15, 1609

Born to a tailor, Annibale Carracci set up a painters’ studio named Accademia degli Incamminati with his brother and cousin, thus establishing the famous Carracci family of painters. A significant figure of the Baroque movement, he is remembered for his iconic works such as Domine, Quo Vadis?

 17 Bronzino

Bronzino
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: November 17, 1503
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: November 23, 1572

 18 Pontormo

Pontormo.
3
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: May 24, 1494
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Empoli, Italy
Died: January 2, 1557

Pontormo was an Italian Mannerist painter and portraitist from the Florentine School. His style was remarkably different from what characterized the art of the Florentine Renaissance. Orphaned young, he struggled for several years before he was able to establish his painting career. He painted many altarpiece canvases and frescoes, of which only a few survive today. 

 19 Parmigianino

Parmigianino
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: January 11, 1503
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Parma, Italy
Died: August 24, 1540

 20 Antonio da Correggio

Antonio da Correggio
3
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: August 30, 1489
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Correggio, Italy
Died: March 4, 1534

 21 John Lyly

John Lyly
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Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: 1553 AD
Birthplace: Kent, England
Died: October 31, 1606

 22 Wang Yangming

Wang Yangming
3
Famous As: Calligrapher
Birthdate: October 26, 1472
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Yuyao, Zhejiang Province
Died: January 9, 1529

 23 Nicholas Hilliard

Nicholas Hilliard
2
Famous As: painter
Birthdate: 1547 AD
Birthplace: Exeter
Died: January 7, 1619

 24 Lavinia Fontana

Lavinia Fontana
2
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: August 24, 1552
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Bologna, Italy
Died: August 11, 1614

 25 Sesshū Tōyō

Sesshū Tōyō
2
Famous As: Visual Artist
Birthdate: 1420 AD
Birthplace: Yamaguchi, Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan
Died: August 26, 1506

Born into a samurai family, Sesshū Tōyō grew up to be a master painter of the Muromachi period. He excelled in monochrome ink and wash painting, also known as sumi-e. His works depicted Buddhist scenes and nature. Long Scroll of Landscapes remains one of his best-known paintings.

 26 Hans Holbein the Elder

Hans Holbein the Elder
2
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: 1460 AD
Birthplace: Augsburg, Germany
Died: 1524 AD

 27 Pietro da Cortona

Pietro da Cortona
2
Famous As: Painter, Architect, Artist
Birthdate: November 1, 1596
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Cortona
Died: May 16, 1669

 28 Cinquecento

Cinquecento
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Birthdate: 0000 AD

 29 Jacques Callot

Jacques Callot
2
Famous As: engraver, painter, etcher, graphic artist, draughtsperson
Birthdate: 1592 AD
Birthplace: Nancy
Died: March 25, 1635

 30 Il Sodoma

Il Sodoma
2
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: 1477 AD
Birthplace: Vercelli, Italy
Died: February 14, 1549

 31 Maarten van Heemskerck

Maarten van Heemskerck
2
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: June 1, 1498
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Heemskerk, Netherlands
Died: October 1, 1574

 32 Tang Yin

Tang Yin
2
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: March 6, 1470
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Wu County
Died: January 7, 1524

 33 Joachim Patinir

Joachim Patinir
2
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: 1480 AD
Birthplace: Dinant, Belgium
Died: October 5, 1524

 34 Gerard David

Gerard David
2
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: 1460 AD
Birthplace: Oudewater, Netherlands
Died: August 13, 1523

 35 Sebastian Münster

Sebastian Münster
2
Famous As: Cartographer
Birthdate: January 20, 1488
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Ingelheim am Rhein, Germany
Died: May 26, 1552

 36 Daniele da Volterra

Daniele da Volterra
2
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: 1509 AD
Birthplace: Volterra, Italy
Died: April 4, 1566

Daniele da Volterra was a 16th-century Mannerist Italian painter and sculptor. He became an apprentice to painter Perino del Vaga as a young boy and worked alongside him. He later befriended Michelangelo and often collaborated with him. His best-known painting is the Descent from the Cross. He trained many pupils, including painter Michele Alberti. 

 37 Kamāl ud-Dīn Behzād

Kamāl ud-Dīn Behzād
2
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: 1450 AD
Birthplace: Herat, Timurid Empire, Afghanistan
Died: 1535 AD

 38 Simon Vouet

Simon Vouet
2
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: January 9, 1590
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Paris
Died: June 30, 1649

 39 Jacopo Bassano

Jacopo Bassano
2
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: 1510 AD
Birthplace: Bassano del Grappa, Italy
Died: February 14, 1592

 40 Hans von Aachen

Hans von Aachen
2
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: 1552 AD
Birthplace: Cologne, Germany
Died: March 4, 1615

 41 Lucas van Leyden

Lucas van Leyden
2
Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: 1494 AD
Birthplace: Leiden, Netherlands
Died: September 8, 1533

 42 Dosso Dossi

Dosso Dossi
2
Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: 1489 AD
Birthplace: San Giovanni del Dosso, Italy
Died: 1542 AD

 43 Marcantonio Raimondi

Marcantonio Raimondi
2
Famous As: Engraver
Birthdate: 1480 AD
Birthplace: Bologna, Italy
Died: 1534 AD

 44 Michael Wolgemut

Michael Wolgemut
2
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: 1434 AD
Birthplace: Nuremberg, Germany
Died: November 30, 1519

 45 Alessandro Allori

Alessandro Allori
2
Birthdate: 0000 AD

 46 Giovanni Battista Moroni

Giovanni Battista Moroni
2
Famous As: Italian painter
Birthdate: 1520 AD
Birthplace: Albino, Italy
Died: February 5, 1579

 47 Plautilla Nelli

Plautilla Nelli
1
Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: 1524 AD
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: 1588 AD

 48 Francesco di Giorgio

Francesco di Giorgio
1
Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: September 23, 1439
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Siena, Italy
Died: November 29, 1502

Francesco di Giorgio was a multidimensional person and was a sculptor, painter, writer, architect, and engineer at the same time. The quintessential Renaissance man, he was later chiefly known as an architect and served Duke Federico da Montefeltro. As a sculptor, he specialized in bronze sculptures.

 49 Xu Wei

Xu Wei
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Famous As: Chinese painter
Birthdate: 1521 AD
Birthplace: China
Died: 1593 AD

 50 Abd al-Samad

Abd al-Samad
1
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: 1500 AD
Birthplace: Shiraz, Iran
Died: 1593 AD