16th Century Artists

Find out more about the greatest 16th Century Artists, including Caravaggio, Sandro Botticelli, Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Gian Lorenzo Bernini and Giuseppe Arcimboldo.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

Vote for Your Favourite 16th Century Artists

 1 

Hieronymus Bosch
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Birthdate: 1450 AD
Birthplace: Burgundian Netherlands
Died: August 9, 1516
Hieronymus Bosch was a Dutch painter and a significant figure of the Early Netherlandish painting school. Most of his works are made of oil on oak wood and consist of religious themes and dark depictions of Hell. One of his notable works is The Garden of Earthly Delights.

 2 
Nicolas Poussin
(French Painter)

Nicolas Poussin
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Birthdate: June 15, 1594
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Near Les Andelys, Normandy, Kingdom of France (now France)
Died: November 19, 1665

The founder of the French Classical tradition, painter Nicolas Poussin was initially influenced by Venetian art but later deviated to antiquity. Most of his paintings showcased historical, mythological, biblical elements but some were also inspired by landscapes and poetry. The Death of the Virgin remains one of his best-known works.

 3 

Benvenuto Cellini
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Birthdate: November 3, 1500
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: February 13, 1571

Benvenuto Cellini was a 16th-century Italian goldsmith, sculptor, draftsman, and artist. The multifaceted artist wrote poetry and a famous autobiography as well. An important figure in Mannerism, he is known for creating pieces, such as the Cellini Salt Cellar and Perseus with the Head of Medusa. He was a member of the prestigious Accademia delle Arti del Disegno of Florence. 

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 4 
Frans Hals
(Painter)

Frans Hals
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Birthdate: 1582 AD
Birthplace: Antwerp, Belgium
Died: August 26, 1666

One of the most prominent painters of the Dutch Golden Age of painting, Frans Hals is renowned for his individual and group portraits as well as for his genre work paintings. He is known for loose painterly brushwork, colourful palette and lively style of painting. His work played a key role in the development of 17th century group portraiture.

 5 
Sofonisba Anguissola
(Renaissance painter)

Sofonisba Anguissola
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Birthdate: 1532 AD
Birthplace: Cremona, Italy
Died: November 16, 1625

 6 
Bronzino
(Painter)

Bronzino
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Birthdate: November 17, 1503
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: November 23, 1572

 7 

Georges de La Tour
3
Birthdate: March 13, 1593
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Vic-sur-Seille
Died: January 30, 1652
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Jan Brueghel the Elder
3
Birthdate: 1568 AD
Birthplace: Brussels, Belgium
Died: January 13, 1625

Flemish painter Jan Brueghel the Elder is perhaps best remembered for his floral still lifes and landscapes. The second son of legendary Flemish artist Pieter Bruegel the Elder, he was also nicknamed "Velvet" Brueghel and "Flower" Brueghel and was a court painter of Holy Roman Emperor Rudolf II.

 9 
Salai
(Artist)

Salai
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Birthdate: 1480 AD
Birthplace: Oreno, Vimercate, Italy
Died: January 19, 1524

Italian artist Gian Giacomo Caprotti, better known by his pseudonym, Andrea Salaì, or Salai, had been one of Leonardo da Vinci’s favorite pupils. Also known as the Little Devil, he had entered da Vinci’s home at age 10 and later became his muse for paintings such as Bacchus and also his lover.

Pieter Brueghel the Younger
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Birthdate: May 23, 1564
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Brussels, Belgium
Died: October 10, 1636

Flemish painter Pieter Brueghel the Younger was the eldest son of legendary Flemish painter Pieter Brueghel the Elder. Mostly known for re-creating his father’s works, he also created numerous original paintings, mostly depicting rural life. His works now adorn museums in cities such as Paris and Amsterdam.

 11 
Pontormo
(Painter)

Pontormo
3
Birthdate: May 24, 1494
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Empoli, Italy
Died: January 2, 1557

Pontormo was an Italian Mannerist painter and portraitist from the Florentine School. His style was remarkably different from what characterized the art of the Florentine Renaissance. Orphaned young, he struggled for several years before he was able to establish his painting career. He painted many altarpiece canvases and frescoes, of which only a few survive today. 

 12 
Parmigianino
(Painter)

Parmigianino
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Birthdate: January 11, 1503
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Parma, Italy
Died: August 24, 1540

 13 
Wang Yangming
(Calligrapher)

Wang Yangming
3
Birthdate: October 26, 1472
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Yuyao, Zhejiang Province
Died: January 9, 1529

 14 
John Lyly
(Writer)

John Lyly
3
Birthdate: 1553 AD
Birthplace: Kent, England
Died: October 31, 1606

 15 

Antonio da Correggio
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Birthdate: August 30, 1489
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Correggio, Italy
Died: March 4, 1534

 16 
Vittore Carpaccio
(Former painter best known for a cycle of nine paintings, The Legend of Saint Ursula)

Vittore Carpaccio
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Birthdate: 1465 AD
Birthplace: Venice, Italy
Died: 1525 AD

 17 

Agostino Tassi
3
Birthdate: 1578 AD
Birthplace: PePonzano Romano, Italy
Died: February 25, 1644

 18 

Lavinia Fontana
2
Birthdate: August 24, 1552
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Bologna, Italy
Died: August 11, 1614

 19 
Nicholas Hilliard
(One of the Most Influential Artists of the Elizabethan Period)

Nicholas Hilliard
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Birthdate: 1547 AD
Birthplace: Exeter, England
Died: January 7, 1619

 20 
Sesshū Tōyō
(Visual Artist)

Sesshū Tōyō
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Birthdate: 1420 AD
Birthplace: Yamaguchi, Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan
Died: August 26, 1506

Born into a samurai family, Sesshū Tōyō grew up to be a master painter of the Muromachi period. He excelled in monochrome ink and wash painting, also known as sumi-e. His works depicted Buddhist scenes and nature. Long Scroll of Landscapes remains one of his best-known paintings.

 21 

Hans Holbein the Elder
2
Birthdate: 1460 AD
Birthplace: Augsburg, Germany
Died: 1524 AD

 22 
Pinturicchio
(Painter, illuminator)

Pinturicchio
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Birthdate: 1454 AD
Birthplace: Perugia
Died: December 11, 1513

 23 
Il Sodoma
(Painter)

Il Sodoma
2
Birthdate: 1477 AD
Birthplace: Vercelli, Italy
Died: February 14, 1549

 24 

Orazio Gentileschi
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Birthdate: July 9, 1563
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Pisa, Italy
Died: February 7, 1639

 25 
Jacques Callot
(engraver, painter, etcher, graphic artist, draughtsperson)

Jacques Callot
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Birthdate: 1592 AD
Birthplace: Nancy
Died: March 25, 1635

Cinquecento
2
Birthdate: 0000 AD

 27 

Maarten van Heemskerck
2
Birthdate: June 1, 1498
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Heemskerk, Netherlands
Died: October 1, 1574

 28 
Tang Yin
(Painter)

Tang Yin
2
Birthdate: March 6, 1470
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Wu County
Died: January 7, 1524

 29 
Domenichino
(Painter)

Domenichino
2
Birthdate: October 21, 1581
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Bologna, Italy
Died: April 6, 1641

 30 

Agostino Carracci
2
Birthdate: August 16, 1557
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Bologna, Italy
Died: March 22, 1602

 31 

Rosso Fiorentino
2
Birthdate: March 8, 1494
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: November 14, 1540

 32 
Frans Snyders
(Painter)

Frans Snyders
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Birthdate: November 11, 1579
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Antwerp, Belgium
Died: August 19, 1657

Flemish painter Frans Snyders is best remembered for his paintings of animals and hunting scenes. He also created still-lifes of flowers and fruits. He is also considered a pioneer in depicting animals as protagonists in everyday situations. His works also featured many collaborations with Antwerp painters.

 33 

Joachim Patinir
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Birthdate: 1480 AD
Birthplace: Dinant, Belgium
Died: October 5, 1524

Joachim Patinir was a Flemish Renaissance painter best remembered for painting history and landscape subjects. He is credited with inventing world landscape, a style of panoramic Renaissance landscapes, which is considered Patinir's most significant contribution to Western art. Joachim Patinir also pioneered landscape as an independent genre.

 34 

Daniele da Volterra
2
Birthdate: 1509 AD
Birthplace: Volterra, Italy
Died: April 4, 1566

Daniele da Volterra was a 16th-century Mannerist Italian painter and sculptor. He became an apprentice to painter Perino del Vaga as a young boy and worked alongside him. He later befriended Michelangelo and often collaborated with him. His best-known painting is the Descent from the Cross. He trained many pupils, including painter Michele Alberti. 

 35 
Gerard David
(Painter)

Gerard David
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Birthdate: 1460 AD
Birthplace: Oudewater, Netherlands
Died: August 13, 1523

 36 
Sebastian Münster
(Cartographer)

Sebastian Münster
2
Birthdate: January 20, 1488
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Ingelheim am Rhein, Germany
Died: May 26, 1552

Sebastian Münster was a German cosmographer, cartographer, and scholar. He is credited with writing the oldest German description of the world, the Cosmographia. One of the most popular and successful works of the 16th century, the Cosmographia had several editions in different languages such as English, Latin, Italian, and French.

 37 

Jacopo Bassano
2
Birthdate: 1510 AD
Birthplace: Bassano del Grappa, Italy
Died: February 14, 1592

 38 

Giovanni Baglione
2
Birthdate: 1566 AD
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: December 30, 1643

 39 

Lucas van Leyden
2
Birthdate: 1494 AD
Birthplace: Leiden, Netherlands
Died: September 8, 1533

 40 

Hans von Aachen
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Birthdate: 1552 AD
Birthplace: Cologne, Germany
Died: March 4, 1615

 41 
Dosso Dossi
(Artist)

Dosso Dossi
2
Birthdate: 1489 AD
Birthplace: San Giovanni del Dosso, Italy
Died: 1542 AD

 42 

Hendrick ter Brugghen
2
Birthdate: 1588 AD
Birthplace: The Hague, Netherlands
Died: November 1, 1629

 43 

Michael Wolgemut
2
Birthdate: 1434 AD
Birthplace: Nuremberg, Germany
Died: November 30, 1519

 44 

Marcantonio Raimondi
2
Birthdate: 1480 AD
Birthplace: Bologna, Italy
Died: 1534 AD

 45 
Jan van Goyen
(Painter)

Jan van Goyen
2
Birthdate: January 13, 1596
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Leiden, Netherlands
Died: April 27, 1656

 46 

Kamāl ud-Dīn Behzād
2
Birthdate: 1450 AD
Birthplace: Herat, Timurid Empire, Afghanistan
Died: 1535 AD

Alessandro Allori
2
Birthdate: 0000 AD

 48 

Pieter Lastman
1
Birthdate: 1583 AD
Birthplace: Amsterdam, Netherlands
Died: April 4, 1633

 49 

Willem Claesz Heda
1
Birthdate: December 14, 1594
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Haarlem, Netherlands
Died: 1680 AD

 50 
Giovanni Battista Moroni
(Italian painter)

Giovanni Battista Moroni
2
Birthdate: 1520 AD
Birthplace: Albino, Italy
Died: February 5, 1579