Famous 16th Century Baroque Painters

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 1 Caravaggio

Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: September 29, 1571
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Milan, Italy
Died: July 18, 1610
Italian painter Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio is best remembered for his influence on the Baroque style of painting. He pioneered a tactic known as tenebrism, and combined light and darkness to create his masterpieces. He was known for his erratic and aggressive nature and died under mysterious circumstances.

 2 Peter Paul Rubens

Peter Paul Rubens
Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: June 8, 1577
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Siegen, Germany
Died: May 30, 1640

Peter Paul Rubens is considered the most influential artist of the Flemish Baroque tradition. He lived during the Dutch Golden Age. His style of art emphasized movement, color, and sensuality. He painted altarpieces, portraits, landscapes, and history paintings and also drew cartoons for the Flemish tapestry workshops. He was a classically educated humanist scholar as well.

 3 Nicolas Poussin

Nicolas Poussin
Famous As: French Painter
Birthdate: June 15, 1594
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Near Les Andelys, Normandy, Kingdom of France (now France)
Died: November 19, 1665

The founder of the French Classical tradition, painter Nicolas Poussin was initially influenced by Venetian art but later deviated to antiquity. Most of his paintings showcased historical, mythological, biblical elements but some were also inspired by landscapes and poetry. The Death of the Virgin remains one of his best-known works.

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 4 Guido Reni

Guido Reni
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: November 4, 1575
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Bologna, Italy
Died: August 18, 1642

 5 Annibale Carracci

Annibale Carracci
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: November 3, 1560
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Bologna, Italy
Died: July 15, 1609

Born to a tailor, Annibale Carracci set up a painters’ studio named Accademia degli Incamminati with his brother and cousin, thus establishing the famous Carracci family of painters. A significant figure of the Baroque movement, he is remembered for his iconic works such as Domine, Quo Vadis?

 6 Juan Sánchez Cotán

Juan Sánchez Cotán
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: June 25, 1560
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Orgaz, Spain
Died: September 8, 1627

Spanish painter Juan Sánchez Cotán is regarded as one of the pioneers of Baroque realism. He is best known for his still lifes, also known as bodegones, which showed a signature illusion of depth and volume using light and shadow. His subjects ranged from fruits and vegetables to birds.

 7 Giovanni Baglione

Giovanni Baglione
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: 1566 AD
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: December 30, 1643
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 8 Adam Elsheimer

Adam Elsheimer
Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: March 18, 1578
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Frankfurt, Germany
Died: December 11, 1610

 9 Pellegrino Tibaldi

Pellegrino Tibaldi
Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: 1527 AD
Birthplace: Puria, Italy
Died: May 27, 1596

Pellegrino Tibaldi was an Italian mannerist sculptor, architect, and mural painter. Tibaldi is credited with painting frescoes of the Story of Ulysses found at the Palazzo Poggi and scenes from Moses' life in Rome's Palazzo Sacchetti. He is also credited with teaching several future painters like Girolamo Miruoli, Lorenzo Sabbatini, and Orazio Samacchini.

 10 Alessandro Turchi

Alessandro Turchi
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: 1578 AD
Birthplace: Verona, Italy
Died: January 22, 1649

 11 Francisco Ribalta

Francisco Ribalta
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: June 2, 1565
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Solsona, Spain
Died: January 12, 1628

One of the first artists who employed the techniques of the Italian new realism, Spanish Baroque painter Francisco Ribalta specialized in painting religious subjects. He was also the pioneer of tenebroso, or paintings focusing on darkness, in Spain. His masterpieces include Christ Embracing St. Bernard and Nailing to the Cross.