Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester Biography
Birthday: May 23, 1208 (Gemini)
Born In: Montfort-l'Amaury
Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester, was an English peer of French descent, remembered for his contribution to evolution of the parliamentary system. Born and educated in France, he moved to England at the age of twenty-one in order to claim the earldom of Leicester, which his father had inherited but could not claim. Quickly, he found favor with King Henry III of England, eventually seducing and marrying his widowed sister, being invested with the earldom of Leicester at the age of thirty-one. However, over a period of years, he developed differences with the king, organizing ‘The Mad Parliament’ and establishing constitutional reforms called the ‘Provisions of Oxford.’ He later led the Second Barons’ Revolt, seizing power after the king’s defeat, holding the First English Parliament on 20 January 1265. However, he did not live long after that and got killed at the age of fifty-seven at the Battle of Evesham.