Famous French Political Leaders

French politics has evolved over the course of time and the geographical and socio-economic characteristics of the nation have played an important part in it. Politics in the country has always been an embodiment of their heritage, ideology and culture; reflecting in the distinctive combination of parliamentary and presidential systems. France has produced some of the famous political leaders, be it in the past or in current times. Their politics is a perfect example of the oxymoron: ‘constantly changing’—globalization and the various political institutions playing a significant role in the changes that take place. Famous French political leaders like Maximilien Robespierre, Jean Monnet and others, exhibited strong nationalist emotions and intellectuality along with determination to safeguard the French culture. These leaders are remembered to this day for either the causes they have fought for or the idiosyncrasies or governing methods they have adopted and also for the changes they have successfully brought about. Whatever the reason may be, these famous leaders have dramatically molded the way French politics has worked all along. We present to you an extensive collection of biographies of some of the most famous French political leaders. Read on to know more about their life stories, timelines and some interesting facts & trivia related to them.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Marine Le Pen

Marine Le Pen
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Famous As: Political Leader
Birthdate: August 5, 1968
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: French

French politician and lawyer Marine Le Pen, daughter of politician Jean-Marie Le Pen, has been the president of the National Rally since 2011. She is also serving as the member of the National Assembly for Pas-de-Calais's 11th constituency since 2017. She was previously a member of the European Parliament.

 2 François Hollande

François Hollande
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Famous As: President of France
Birthdate: August 12, 1954
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: French

François Hollande served as the president of France from 2012 to 2017. He has earlier been the president of the General Council of Corrèze and the First Secretary of the Socialist Party. Of the many significant policies undertaken by him was the legalization of same-sex marriage through Bill 344.

 3 Christine Lagarde

Christine Lagarde
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Famous As: Economist, Lawyer, Diplomat, Politician, Synchronized swimmer, Banker
Birthdate: January 1, 1956
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: French

 4 Napoleon Bonaparte

Napoleon Bonaparte
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Famous As: Emperor of the French
Birthdate: August 15, 1769
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: French
Died: May 5, 1821
French military leader Napoleon Bonaparte ruled as the French emperor from 1804 to 1814 and again in 1815. He strengthened France’s position in Europe through the Napoleonic Wars and extended his kingdom. However, he was eventually defeated by the Seventh Coalition at the Battle of Waterloo and sent to exile. 

 5 François Mitterrand

François Mitterrand
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Famous As: Former President of France
Birthdate: October 26, 1916
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: French
Died: January 8, 1996
François Mitterrand served as the French president from 1981 to 1995, becoming the longest-tenured president in the history of his country. He was the first to name a female prime minister, Édith Cresson. He is known for his investments in several Grands Projets and his opposition of the Fifth Republic.

 6 Dominique Strauss-Kahn

Dominique Strauss-Kahn
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Famous As: Economist, Politician, Lawyer, University teacher
Birthdate: April 25, 1949
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: French

 7 Valéry Giscard d'Estaing

Valéry Giscard d'Estaing
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Famous As: Former President of the French Republic
Birthdate: February 2, 1926
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: French
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 8 Georges Clémenceau

Georges Clemenceau
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Famous As: Former French Prime Minister
Birthdate: September 28, 1841
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: French
Died: November 24, 1929

Georges Clémenceau, or The Tiger, who had served as the French prime minister, is remembered as a key figure of the French Third Republic. He not only played a major role in the Allied victory in World War I, but was also a key framer of the Treaty of Versailles.

 9 François Fillon

François Fillon
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Famous As: Politician, Lawyer, Legislative assistant
Birthdate: March 4, 1954
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: French

 10 Georges Pompidou

Georges Pompidou
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Famous As: Former Prime Minister & President of France
Birthdate: July 5, 1911
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: French
Died: April 2, 1974

Georges Pompidou was a French politician whose tenure as prime minister of France between 1962 and 1968 was the longest in the history of France. From 1969 to 1974, Pompidou served as president of France. He is credited with mending France's relationship with the US and maintaining positive relations with many other countries. 

 11 Ségolène Royal

Ségolène Royal
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Famous As: Minister of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy
Birthdate: September 22, 1953
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: French

Born to a French colonel in Senegal, Ségolène Royal had met former French president François Hollande, her future husband, while studying economics at the Paris-based École Nationale d’Administration. The mother of four has also been a Socialist Party presidential candidate and the French minister of ecology.

 12 Najat Vallaud-Belkacem

Najat Vallaud-Belkacem
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: October 4, 1977
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: French, Moroccan

 13 Simone Veil

Simone Veil
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Famous As: Politician, Judge
Birthdate: July 13, 1927
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: French

 14 Ned Lamont

Ned Lamont
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Famous As: Businessman
Birthdate: January 3, 1954
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: French, American

 15 Anne Hidalgo

Anne Hidalgo
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: June 19, 1959
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Spanish, French

 16 Louis VI of France

Louis VI of France
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Famous As: King
Birthdate: 1081 AD
Nationality: French
Died: August 1, 1137

 17 Louis Philippe II, Duke of Orléans

Louis Philippe II, Duke of Orléans
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Famous As: Duke
Birthdate: April 13, 1747
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: French
Died: November 6, 1793

 18 Jean, Count of Paris

Jean, Count of Paris
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Famous As: Noble
Birthdate: May 19, 1965
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: French

 19 John I of France

John I of France
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Famous As: King
Birthdate: November 15, 1316
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: French
Died: November 20, 1316

 20 Louis, Duke of Burgundy

Louis, Duke of Burgundy
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: August 16, 1682
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: French
Died: February 18, 1712

 21 Georges-Eugène Haussmann

Georges-Eugène Haussmann
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Famous As: Official
Birthdate: March 27, 1809
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: French
Died: January 11, 1891

 22 Louis Antoine de Saint-Just

Louis Antoine de Saint-Just
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Famous As: Politician, Writer
Birthdate: August 25, 1767
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: French
Died: July 28, 1794

 23 Anne of Brittany

Anne of Brittany
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Famous As: queen
Birthdate: January 25, 1477
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: French
Died: January 9, 1514

 24 Henry I of France

Henry I of France
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Famous As: politician
Birthdate: May 4, 1008
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: French
Died: August 4, 1060

 25 Félix Faure

Félix Faure
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: January 30, 1841
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: French
Died: February 16, 1899

 26 Carus

Carus
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Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: 0222 AD
Nationality: French
Died: July 31, 0283

 27 François-René de Chateaubriand

François-René de Chateaubriand
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Famous As: Author
Birthdate: September 4, 1768
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: French
Died: July 4, 1848

 28 Carlo Buonaparte

Carlo Buonaparte
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Famous As: Lawyer
Birthdate: March 27, 1746
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: French
Died: February 24, 1785

 29 Léon Blum

Léon Blum
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Famous As: Former Prime Minister of France
Birthdate: April 9, 1872
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: French
Died: March 30, 1950

Born into a Jewish family in Paris, three-time French prime minister Léon Blum had initially studied law. He joined politics inspired by the Dreyfus affair. The first socialist and the first Jew to head France, he introduced reforms such as the 40-hour work week and paid vacations.

 30 Jérôme Bonaparte

Jérôme Bonaparte
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Famous As: King
Birthdate: November 15, 1784
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: French
Died: June 24, 1860

 31 Aime Cesaire

Aime Cesaire
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Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: June 26, 1913
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: French
Died: April 17, 2008

 32 Raymond Poincaré

Raymond Poincaré
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Famous As: Politician, Lawyer, Journalist
Birthdate: August 20, 1860
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: French
Died: October 15, 1934

 33 Robert Schuman

Robert Schuman
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Famous As: Statesman
Birthdate: June 29, 1886
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: French, Luxembourgian

 34 Honoré Gabriel Riqueti, comte de Mirabeau

Honoré Gabriel Riqueti, comte de Mirabeau
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Famous As: Journalist, Politician, Diplomat, Writer, Economist
Birthdate: March 9, 1749
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: French
Died: April 2, 1791

 35 Édouard Daladier

Édouard Daladier
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: June 18, 1884
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: French
Died: October 10, 1970

 36 Joseph de Maistre

Joseph de Maistre
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Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: April 1, 1753
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: French
Died: February 26, 1821

 37 Ludwig I of Bavaria

Ludwig I of Bavaria
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Famous As: King
Birthdate: August 25, 1786
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: French
Died: February 29, 1868

 38 Íngrid Betancourt

Íngrid Betancourt
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Famous As: politician
Birthdate: December 25, 1961
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: French

 39 James I of Aragon

James I of Aragon
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Famous As: King
Birthdate: February 2, 1208
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: French
Died: July 27, 1276

 40 Jean Maximilien Lamarque

Jean Maximilien Lamarque
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Famous As: Politician, Officer, Military personnel
Birthdate: July 22, 1770
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: French
Died: June 1, 1832

 41 Adolphe Thiers

Adolphe Thiers
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: April 15, 1797
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: French
Died: September 3, 1877

 42 John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy

John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy
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Famous As: King
Birthdate: May 28, 1371
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: French
Died: September 10, 1419

 43 Charles III, Duke of Lorraine

Charles III, Duke of Lorraine
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Famous As: Duke of Lorraine
Birthdate: February 18, 1543
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: French
Died: May 14, 1608

 44 Jean Jaurès

Jean Jaurès
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Famous As: Political leader
Birthdate: September 3, 1859
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: French
Died: July 31, 1914

 45 Henri, Count of Paris

Henri, Count of Paris
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Famous As: Aristocrat
Birthdate: July 5, 1908
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: French
Died: June 19, 1999

 46 Paul Reynaud

Paul Reynaud
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Famous As: Politician, Lawyer, Journalist
Birthdate: October 15, 1878
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: French
Died: September 21, 1966

 47 Louis Aliot

Louis Aliot
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Famous As: Politician, Lawyer
Birthdate: September 4, 1969
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: French

 48 Bernard Tapie

Bernard Tapie
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Famous As: Politician, Actor, Businessperson
Birthdate: January 26, 1943
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: French

 49 Joseph Fouché

Joseph Fouché
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Famous As: Statesman
Birthdate: May 21, 1759
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: French
Died: December 26, 1820

 50 Charles Maurras

Charles Maurras
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Famous As: Author
Birthdate: April 20, 1868
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: French
Died: November 16, 1952