French politics has evolved over the course of time and the geographical and socio-economic characteristics of the nation have played an important part in it. Politics in the country has always been an embodiment of their heritage, ideology and culture; reflecting in the distinctive combination of parliamentary and presidential systems. France has produced some of the famous political leaders, be it in the past or in current times. Their politics is a perfect example of the oxymoron: ‘constantly changing’—globalization and the various political institutions playing a significant role in the changes that take place. Famous French political leaders like Maximilien Robespierre, Jean Monnet and others, exhibited strong nationalist emotions and intellectuality along with determination to safeguard the French culture. These leaders are remembered to this day for either the causes they have fought for or the idiosyncrasies or governing methods they have adopted and also for the changes they have successfully brought about. Whatever the reason may be, these famous leaders have dramatically molded the way French politics has worked all along. We present to you an extensive collection of biographies of some of the most famous French political leaders. Read on to know more about their life stories, timelines and some interesting facts & trivia related to them.

Emmanuel MacronEmmanuel Macron
21 December 1977
Current President of France
Oswald MosleyOswald Mosley
16 November 1896
British Politician

Marine Le PenMarine Le Pen
05 August 1968
Political Leader

Nicolas SarkozyNicolas Sarkozy
28 January 1955
 

Cardinal RichelieuCardinal Richelieu
09 September 1585
French Clergyman, Noble and Statesman

François MitterrandFrançois Mitterrand
26 October 1916
Former President of France
François HollandeFrançois Hollande
12 August 1954
President of France

Jacques ChiracJacques Chirac
29 November 1932
Politician, Ex-President of France, Ex-Prime

Napoleon BonaparteNapoleon Bonaparte
15 August 1769
Emperor of the French

Georges PompidouGeorges Pompidou
05 July 1911
Former Prime Minister & President of France
Léon BlumLéon Blum
09 April 1872
Former Prime Minister of France

Ségolène RoyalSégolène Royal
22 September 1953
Minister of Ecology, Sustainable Development and
Aristide BriandAristide Briand
28 March 1862
Prime Minister

Dominique de VillepinDominique de Villepin
14 November 1953
Former Prime Minister of France

Vincent AuriolVincent Auriol
27 August 1884
Former President of France
Maximilien de RobespierreMaximilien de Robespierre
06 May 1758
Influential Figure of the French Revolution

Michel Jean-Pierre DebreMichel Debré
15 January 1912
149th Prime Minister of France
Georges BidaultGeorges Bidault
05 October 1899
French Politician

Léon BourgeoisLéon Bourgeois
21 May 1851
French Statesman

Raymond Octave Joseph BarreRaymond Barre
12 April 1924
Former Prime Minister of France
Son SannSon Sann
05 October 1911
Politician

Marion Maréchal-Le PenMarion Maréchal-Le Pen
10 December 1989
Politician
Alexandre Auguste Ledru-RollinAlexandre Auguste Ledru-Rollin
02 February 1807
French Politician

Georges ClemenceauGeorges Clémenceau
28 September 1841
Former French Prime Minister

Maximilien RobespierreMaximilien Robespierre
06 May 1758
Politician, Lawyer, Journalist, Revolutionary

Francis I of FranceFrancis I of France
12 September 1494
Painter, Politician
Louis IX of FranceLouis IX of France
25 April 1214
Politician
Christine LagardeChristine Lagarde
01 January 1956
Economist, Lawyer, Diplomat, Politician,

Philip V of SpainPhilip V of Spain
 

Jean-Paul MaratJean-Paul Marat
24 May 1743
Politician, Journalist, Physician, Physicist,

Charles VI of FranceCharles VI of France
03 December 1368
monarch
Philip II of FrancePhilip II of France
21 August 1165
King

Dominique Strauss-KahnDominique Strauss-Kahn
25 April 1949
Economist, Politician, Lawyer, University teacher

Anne HidalgoAnne Hidalgo
19 June 1959
Politician

Jean-Marie Le PenJean-Marie Le Pen
20 June 1928
Politician, Trade unionist

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Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of LeicesterSimon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester
1208 AD
Politician
Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-PérigordCharles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord
02 February 1754
Former Minister of Foreign Affairs and

Joachim MuratJoachim Murat
25 March 1767
Politician, Officer, Military personnel
James GoldsmithJames Goldsmith
26 February 1933
Politician

John I of FranceJohn I of France
15 November 1316
King

Jean-Baptiste ColbertJean-Baptiste Colbert
29 August 1619
Economist, Politician
Pierre LavalPierre Laval
28 June 1883
Politician, Lawyer

Henry I of FranceHenry I of France
04 May 1008
politician
Manuel VallsManuel Valls
13 August 1962
Politician

Louis VI of FranceLouis VI of France
01 December 1081
King

Simone VeilSimone Veil
13 July 1927
Politician, Judge

CarusCarus
0222 AD
Emperor

Robert SchumanRobert Schuman
29 June 1886
Statesman
Anne of BrittanyAnne of Brittany
25 January 1477
queen

Jérôme BonaparteJérôme Bonaparte
15 November 1784
King

Jean Maximilien LamarqueJean Maximilien Lamarque
22 July 1770
Politician, Officer, Military personnel

Louis Antoine de Saint-JustLouis Antoine de Saint-Just
25 August 1767
Politician, Writer
Honoré Gabriel Riqueti, comte de MirabeauHonoré Gabriel Riqueti, comte de Mirabeau
09 March 1749
Journalist, Politician, Diplomat, Writer,

James I of AragonJames I of Aragon
02 February 1208
King
Ludwig I of BavariaLudwig I of Bavaria
25 August 1786
King

Raymond PoincaréRaymond Poincaré
20 August 1860
Politician, Lawyer, Journalist

Daniel Cohn-BenditDaniel Cohn-Bendit
04 April 1945
Politician, Journalist, Television presenter,
Louis BarthouLouis Barthou
25 March 1862
Politician

Paul ReynaudPaul Reynaud
15 October 1878
Politician, Lawyer, Journalist
François FillonFrançois Fillon
04 March 1954
Politician, Lawyer, Legislative assistant

Adolphe ThiersAdolphe Thiers
15 April 1797
Lawyer, Politician, Journalist, Historian, Writer

Louis V of FranceLouis V of France
0967 AD
King
Jean JaurèsJean Jaurès
03 September 1859
Political leader

Jacques DelorsJacques Delors
20 July 1925
Economist, Politician, Banker, Trade unionist
Henry VII, Holy Roman EmperorHenry VII, Holy Roman Emperor
1275 AD
Emperor

Flavius Valerius SeverusFlavius Valerius Severus
0250 AD
Emperor

Félix FaureFélix Faure
30 January 1841
Politician

Joseph FouchéJoseph Fouché
21 May 1759
Statesman
Bernard TapieBernard Tapie
26 January 1943
Politician, Actor, Businessperson
Eduard LimonovEduard Limonov
22 February 1943
Writer, Dissident, Politician, Poet, Human rights

Charles Albert of SardiniaCharles Albert of Sardinia
02 October 1798
 

René CotyRené Coty
20 March 1882
Politician, Lawyer

AvitusAvitus
0380 AD
Emperor
Charles Lucien BonaparteCharles Lucien Bonaparte
24 May 1803
Biologist, Ornithologist, Zoologist, Ichthyologist

Lionel JospinLionel Jospin
12 July 1937
Politician, University teacher

Pascal LamyPascal Lamy
08 April 1947
Economist, Politician

Lothair of FranceLothair of France
0941 AD
king

André BettencourtAndré Bettencourt
21 April 1919
Politician, Diplomat
Philippe de GaullePhilippe de Gaulle
28 December 1921
Politician, Military personnel

Marie François Sadi CarnotMarie François Sadi Carnot
11 August 1837
Politician, Civil engineer, Engineer
Seán MacBrideSeán MacBride
26 January 1904
diplomat, politician, lawyer, journalist

Louis AliotLouis Aliot
04 September 1969
Politician, Lawyer

Hugh Capet of FranceHugh Capet of France
0940 AD
 
Rudolph of FranceRudolph of France
0890 AD
King

Yvonne de GaulleYvonne de Gaulle
22 May 1900
 
Joseph DarnandJoseph Darnand
19 March 1897
Politician

Lazare CarnotLazare Carnot
13 May 1753
Mathematician, Politician, Engineer, Officer,

Paul LafarguePaul Lafargue
15 June 1842
journalist, politician, economist, essayist

Gaspard II de ColignyGaspard II de Coligny
16 February 1517
 
Maurice PaponMaurice Papon
03 September 1910
Politician, Businessperson, Police officer

François GuizotFrançois Guizot
04 October 1787
Politician, Diplomat, Historian, Translator,
Georges Ernest BoulangerGeorges Ernest Boulanger
29 April 1837
Politician, Officer, Military personnel

Albert LebrunAlbert Lebrun
29 August 1871
Politician

Jean SarkozyJean Sarkozy
01 September 1986
Politician

Jules FerryJules Ferry
05 April 1832
Politician, Diplomat, Lawyer, Journalist
Jean-Yves Le DrianJean-Yves Le Drian
30 June 1947
Politician, Historian