French politics has evolved over the course of time and the geographical and socio-economic characteristics of the nation have played an important part in it. Politics in the country has always been an embodiment of their heritage, ideology and culture; reflecting in the distinctive combination of parliamentary and presidential systems. France has produced some of the famous political leaders, be it in the past or in current times. Their politics is a perfect example of the oxymoron: ‘constantly changing’—globalization and the various political institutions playing a significant role in the changes that take place. Famous French political leaders like Maximilien Robespierre, Jean Monnet and others, exhibited strong nationalist emotions and intellectuality along with determination to safeguard the French culture. These leaders are remembered to this day for either the causes they have fought for or the idiosyncrasies or governing methods they have adopted and also for the changes they have successfully brought about. Whatever the reason may be, these famous leaders have dramatically molded the way French politics has worked all along. We present to you an extensive collection of biographies of some of the most famous French political leaders. Read on to know more about their life stories, timelines and some interesting facts & trivia related to them.

Oswald MosleyOswald Mosley
16 November 1896
British Politician
Emmanuel MacronEmmanuel Macron
21 December 1977
President

Jacques ChiracJacques Chirac
29 November 1932
Former President of France

Nicolas SarkozyNicolas Sarkozy
28 January 1955
 

Cardinal RichelieuCardinal Richelieu
09 September 1585
French Clergyman, Noble and Statesman

François MitterrandFrançois Mitterrand
26 October 1916
Former President of France
François HollandeFrançois Hollande
12 August 1954
President of France

Marine Le PenMarine Le Pen
05 August 1968
Political Leader

Napoleon BonaparteNapoleon Bonaparte
15 August 1769
Emperor of the French

Georges PompidouGeorges Pompidou
05 July 1911
Former Prime Minister & President of France

Léon BlumLéon Blum
09 April 1872
Former Prime Minister of France
Ségolène RoyalSégolène Royal
22 September 1953
Minister of Ecology, Sustainable Development and

Aristide BriandAristide Briand
28 March 1862
Prime Minister

Dominique de VillepinDominique de Villepin
14 November 1953
Former Prime Minister of France
Vincent AuriolVincent Auriol
27 August 1884
Former President of France

Léon BourgeoisLéon Bourgeois
21 May 1851
French Statesman
Georges BidaultGeorges Bidault
05 October 1899
French Politician

Michel Jean-Pierre DebreMichel Debré
15 January 1912
149th Prime Minister of France

Maximilien de RobespierreMaximilien de Robespierre
06 May 1758
Influential Figure of the French Revolution
Raymond Octave Joseph BarreRaymond Barre
12 April 1924
Former Prime Minister of France

Alexandre Auguste Ledru-RollinAlexandre Auguste Ledru-Rollin
02 February 1807
French Politician
Son SannSon Sann
05 October 1911
Politician

Marion Maréchal-Le PenMarion Maréchal-Le Pen
10 December 1989
Politician

Georges ClemenceauGeorges Clémenceau
28 September 1841
Former French Prime Minister

Christine LagardeChristine Lagarde
01 January 1956
Economist, Lawyer, Diplomat, Politician,
Francis I of FranceFrancis I of France
12 September 1494
Painter, Politician
Philip V of SpainPhilip V of Spain
 

James GoldsmithJames Goldsmith
26 February 1933
Politician

Pierre LavalPierre Laval
28 June 1883
Politician, Lawyer

Dominique Strauss-KahnDominique Strauss-Kahn
25 April 1949
Economist, Politician, Lawyer, University teacher
Jean-Marie Le PenJean-Marie Le Pen
20 June 1928
Politician, Trade unionist

Continue Reading Below
John I of FranceJohn I of France
15 November 1316
King

Jean-Baptiste ColbertJean-Baptiste Colbert
29 August 1619
Economist, Politician

Louis VI of FranceLouis VI of France
01 December 1081
King

Simone VeilSimone Veil
13 July 1927
Politician, Judge
Lucien BouchardLucien Bouchard
22 December 1938
Politician

Félix FaureFélix Faure
30 January 1841
Politician
Ned LamontNed Lamont
02 January 1954
Political Leader

CarusCarus
0222 AD
Emperor

Henry I of FranceHenry I of France
04 May 1008
politician
Robert SchumanRobert Schuman
29 June 1886
Statesman

Louis Antoine de Saint-JustLouis Antoine de Saint-Just
25 August 1767
Politician, Writer
Anne HidalgoAnne Hidalgo
19 June 1959
Politician

Anne of BrittanyAnne of Brittany
25 January 1477
queen

Raymond PoincaréRaymond Poincaré
20 August 1860
Politician, Lawyer, Journalist

Édouard DaladierÉdouard Daladier
18 June 1884
Politician

Jérôme BonaparteJérôme Bonaparte
15 November 1784
King
Honoré Gabriel Riqueti, comte de MirabeauHonoré Gabriel Riqueti, comte de Mirabeau
09 March 1749
Journalist, Politician, Diplomat, Writer,

James I of AragonJames I of Aragon
02 February 1208
King

Ludwig I of BavariaLudwig I of Bavaria
25 August 1786
King

Adolphe ThiersAdolphe Thiers
15 April 1797
Lawyer, Politician, Journalist, Historian, Writer
Manuel VallsManuel Valls
13 August 1962
Politician

Jean Maximilien LamarqueJean Maximilien Lamarque
22 July 1770
Politician, Officer, Military personnel
Louis BarthouLouis Barthou
25 March 1862
Politician

Najat Vallaud-BelkacemNajat Vallaud-Belkacem
04 October 1977
Politician

Charles MaurrasCharles Maurras
20 April 1868
Author
Paul ReynaudPaul Reynaud
15 October 1878
Politician, Lawyer, Journalist

Jacques DelorsJacques Delors
20 July 1925
Economist, Politician, Banker, Trade unionist
Louis V of FranceLouis V of France
0967 AD
King

Jean JaurèsJean Jaurès
03 September 1859
Political leader

Eduard LimonovEduard Limonov
22 February 1943
Writer, Dissident, Politician, Poet, Human rights
François FillonFrançois Fillon
04 March 1954
Politician, Lawyer, Legislative assistant

Nicolas FouquetNicolas Fouquet
27 January 1615
Politician
Henry VII, Holy Roman EmperorHenry VII, Holy Roman Emperor
1275 AD
Emperor

Flavius Valerius SeverusFlavius Valerius Severus
0250 AD
Emperor

Bernard TapieBernard Tapie
26 January 1943
Politician, Actor, Businessperson

Joseph FouchéJoseph Fouché
21 May 1759
Statesman
René CotyRené Coty
20 March 1882
Politician, Lawyer
Lionel JospinLionel Jospin
12 July 1937
Politician, University teacher

Charles Albert of SardiniaCharles Albert of Sardinia
02 October 1798
 

Daniel Cohn-BenditDaniel Cohn-Bendit
04 April 1945
Politician, Journalist, Television presenter,

Lazare CarnotLazare Carnot
13 May 1753
Mathematician, Politician, Engineer, Officer,
AvitusAvitus
0380 AD
Emperor

Maurice PaponMaurice Papon
03 September 1910
Politician, Businessperson, Police officer

François GuizotFrançois Guizot
04 October 1787
Politician, Diplomat, Historian, Translator,

Marie François Sadi CarnotMarie François Sadi Carnot
11 August 1837
Politician, Civil engineer, Engineer

Charles Lucien BonaparteCharles Lucien Bonaparte
24 May 1803
Biologist, Ornithologist, Zoologist, Ichthyologist
Pascal LamyPascal Lamy
08 April 1947
Economist, Politician

Rachida DatiRachida Dati
27 November 1965
Politician
Lothair of FranceLothair of France
0941 AD
king

André BettencourtAndré Bettencourt
21 April 1919
Politician, Diplomat

Philippe de GaullePhilippe de Gaulle
28 December 1921
Politician, Military personnel
Jean-Claude TrichetJean-Claude Trichet
20 December 1942
Economist, Banker

Léon GambettaLéon Gambetta
02 April 1838
Politician, Lawyer
Jules FerryJules Ferry
05 April 1832
Politician, Diplomat, Lawyer, Journalist

Gaspard II de ColignyGaspard II de Coligny
16 February 1517
 

Louis BlancLouis Blanc
29 October 1811
Journalist, Politician, Historian, Writer

Joseph DarnandJoseph Darnand
19 March 1897
Politician
Seán MacBrideSeán MacBride
26 January 1904
diplomat, politician, lawyer, journalist

Bernard KouchnerBernard Kouchner
01 November 1939
Physician, Politician, Diplomat
Jean SarkozyJean Sarkozy
01 September 1986
Politician

Hugh Capet of FranceHugh Capet of France
0940 AD
 
Rudolph of FranceRudolph of France
0890 AD
King

Robert Spencer, 2nd Earl of SunderlandRobert Spencer, 2nd Earl of Sunderland
15 September 1641
Politician
Yvonne de GaulleYvonne de Gaulle
22 May 1900