French politics has evolved over the course of time and the geographical and socio-economic characteristics of the nation have played an important part in it. Politics in the country has always been an embodiment of their heritage, ideology and culture; reflecting in the distinctive combination of parliamentary and presidential systems. France has produced some of the famous political leaders, be it in the past or in current times. Their politics is a perfect example of the oxymoron: ‘constantly changing’—globalization and the various political institutions playing a significant role in the changes that take place. Famous French political leaders like Maximilien Robespierre, Jean Monnet and others, exhibited strong nationalist emotions and intellectuality along with determination to safeguard the French culture. These leaders are remembered to this day for either the causes they have fought for or the idiosyncrasies or governing methods they have adopted and also for the changes they have successfully brought about. Whatever the reason may be, these famous leaders have dramatically molded the way French politics has worked all along. We present to you an extensive collection of biographies of some of the most famous French political leaders. Read on to know more about their life stories, timelines and some interesting facts & trivia related to them.

Emmanuel MacronEmmanuel Macron

21 December 1977

Oswald MosleyOswald Mosley

16 November 1896

Nicolas SarkozyNicolas Sarkozy

28 January 1955

Cardinal RichelieuCardinal Richelieu

09 September 1585

François HollandeFrançois Hollande

12 August 1954

François MitterrandFrançois Mitterrand

26 October 1916

Marine Le PenMarine Le Pen

05 August 1968

Jacques ChiracJacques Chirac

29 November 1932

Napoleon BonaparteNapoleon Bonaparte

15 August 1769

Georges PompidouGeorges Pompidou

05 July 1911

Léon BlumLéon Blum

09 April 1872

Ségolène RoyalSégolène Royal

22 September 1953

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Aristide BriandAristide Briand

28 March 1862

Dominique de VillepinDominique de Villepin

14 November 1953

Vincent AuriolVincent Auriol

27 August 1884

Michel Jean-Pierre DebreMichel Debré

15 January 1912

Georges BidaultGeorges Bidault

05 October 1899

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Léon BourgeoisLéon Bourgeois

21 May 1851

Raymond Octave Joseph BarreRaymond Barre

12 April 1924

Marion Maréchal-Le PenMarion Maréchal-Le Pen

10 December 1989

Son SannSon Sann

05 October 1911

Georges ClemenceauGeorges Clémenceau

28 September 1841

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Maximilien RobespierreMaximilien Robespierre

06 May 1758

Francis I of FranceFrancis I of France

12 September 1494

Louis IX of FranceLouis IX of France

25 April 1214

Christine LagardeChristine Lagarde

01 January 1956

Philip V of SpainPhilip V of Spain
Philip II of FrancePhilip II of France

21 August 1165

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Jean-Paul MaratJean-Paul Marat

24 May 1743

Charles VI of FranceCharles VI of France

03 December 1368

James GoldsmithJames Goldsmith

26 February 1933

Anne HidalgoAnne Hidalgo

19 June 1959

Dominique Strauss-KahnDominique Strauss-Kahn

25 April 1949

Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-PérigordCharles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord

02 February 1754

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Joachim MuratJoachim Murat

25 March 1767

Jean-Marie Le PenJean-Marie Le Pen

20 June 1928

Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of LeicesterSimon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester

1208 AD

Simone VeilSimone Veil

13 July 1927

Jean-Baptiste ColbertJean-Baptiste Colbert

29 August 1619

Pierre LavalPierre Laval

28 June 1883

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Louis VI of FranceLouis VI of France

01 December 1081

John I of FranceJohn I of France

15 November 1316


0222 AD

Henry I of FranceHenry I of France

04 May 1008

Manuel VallsManuel Valls

13 August 1962

Jérôme BonaparteJérôme Bonaparte

15 November 1784

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Robert SchumanRobert Schuman

29 June 1886

Anne of BrittanyAnne of Brittany

25 January 1477

Louis Antoine de Saint-JustLouis Antoine de Saint-Just

25 August 1767

James I of AragonJames I of Aragon

02 February 1208

Jean Maximilien LamarqueJean Maximilien Lamarque

22 July 1770

Raymond PoincaréRaymond Poincaré

20 August 1860

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Honoré Gabriel Riqueti, comte de MirabeauHonoré Gabriel Riqueti, comte de Mirabeau

09 March 1749

Ludwig I of BavariaLudwig I of Bavaria

25 August 1786

Louis BarthouLouis Barthou

25 March 1862

Jean JaurèsJean Jaurès

03 September 1859

Bernard TapieBernard Tapie

26 January 1943

Adolphe ThiersAdolphe Thiers

15 April 1797

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Paul ReynaudPaul Reynaud

15 October 1878

François FillonFrançois Fillon

04 March 1954

Louis V of FranceLouis V of France

0967 AD

Flavius Valerius SeverusFlavius Valerius Severus

0250 AD

Jacques DelorsJacques Delors

20 July 1925

Daniel Cohn-BenditDaniel Cohn-Bendit

04 April 1945

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Joseph FouchéJoseph Fouché

21 May 1759

Henry VII, Holy Roman EmperorHenry VII, Holy Roman Emperor

1275 AD

Eduard LimonovEduard Limonov

22 February 1943


0380 AD

Félix FaureFélix Faure

30 January 1841

Charles Albert of SardiniaCharles Albert of Sardinia

02 October 1798

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René CotyRené Coty

20 March 1882

Charles Lucien BonaparteCharles Lucien Bonaparte

24 May 1803

André BettencourtAndré Bettencourt

21 April 1919

Lionel JospinLionel Jospin

12 July 1937

Pascal LamyPascal Lamy

08 April 1947

Seán MacBrideSeán MacBride

26 January 1904

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Louis BlancLouis Blanc

29 October 1811

Maurice PaponMaurice Papon

03 September 1910

Jules FerryJules Ferry

05 April 1832