Reginald Dyer Biography
(British Military Leader Responsible for the 'Jallianwala Bagh massacre' in Amritsar, iIndia)
Birthday: October 9, 1864 (Libra)
Born In: Murree, Punjab, British India (present-day Pakistan)
Colonel Reginald Edward Harry Dyer, CB, was an Indian-born British officer who served in the Bengal Army and later the newly constituted Indian Army in colonial India. Known as the “Butcher of Amritsar”, he led the troops that committed the Jallianwala Bagh massacre in Amritsar, Punjab, on April 13, 1919. Serving as a temporary brigadier-general, he ordered the men under him to fire at a group of peaceful protestors. At least 379 people were killed and more than a thousand were injured. Dyer received his training at the Royal Military College, Sandhurst, and began his career with the regular British Army before becoming part of the Presidency armies of India. He served in India and Hong Kong and was made lieutenant-colonel in 1910. During World War I, he led the Seistan Force and was promoted to colonel in 1915 and temporary brigadier-general in 1916. After the Jallianwala Bagh massacre, he was taken out of duty and received widespread condemnation in both India and Britain. However, many celebrated him as a hero of the British Raj. According to several prolific historians, the episode was incredibly significant in a sequence of events that led to the end of the British Raj.