Mohamed ElBaradei Biography

(Former Director of IAEA & Nobel Peace Prize Winner)

Birthday: June 17, 1942 (Gemini)

Born In: Cairo, Egypt

Dr. Mohamed Mustafa ElBaradei is an Egyptian lawyer and diplomat who served as the Director General of the IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency) and was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2005. Just like his father he supported democratic rights for the Egyptian people and freedom of speech for the press and everybody else. He supported nuclear disarmament during his tenure as the Director General of the IAEA and insisted on the use of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes. He was highly supportive of diplomatic tackling of the nuclear proliferation issues in countries like North Korea and Iran and recorded the fact that the IAEA had found no weapons of mass destruction in Iraq which had been the main reason behind the invasion of Iraq by America and its allies. He was appointed as the head of IAEA for three consecutive terms and carried on his movement for nuclear disarmament as long as was with the organization and even after that. He could speak Arabic, English and French very fluently and decent German which helped to do his work in Vienna. When he went back to his own country after his stint as IAEA’s head, he found the regime of President Hosni Mubarak absolutely unacceptable and protested vehemently for its removal and served as the acting Vice President of Egypt from 14 July 2013 until 14 August 2013.
Quick Facts

Also Known As: Mohamed Mustafa ElBaradei

Age: 82 Years, 82 Year Old Males


Spouse/Ex-: Aida El-Kachef

father: Mostafa ElBaradei

siblings: Mona ElBaradei

children: Laila Mohamed ElBaradei, Mostafa Mohamed ElBaradei

Nobel Peace Prize Diplomats

City: Cairo, Egypt

Founder/Co-Founder: National Association for Change

More Facts

education: 1974 - New York University School of Law, 1962 - Cairo University, Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, New York University

awards: Decoration for Services to the Republic of Austria (Grand Decoration in Gold with Sash) (2009)
Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany (Grand Cross with Star and Sash) (2010)

Childhood & Early Life
Mohamed ElBaradei was born in Cairo, Egypt, on June 17, 1942. His father Mostafa ElBaradei was an attorney and the head of the Bar association in Egypt.
In 1962 he obtained his bachelor’s degree in Law from the University of Cairo. He completed ‘Master of International Law’ at the ‘Graduate Institute of Studies’ in Geneva.
From the New York University, he obtained a ‘Doctor of Juridical Science’ degree in 1974.
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Mohamed ElBaradei started his diplomatic career with the Egyptian ‘Ministry of External Affairs’ in 1964 and was posted at the ‘Permanent Missions of Egypt to the United Nations’ in New York and Geneva. He was given the charge of handling such issues as legal, political and the control of arms.
From 1974 to 1978 he worked as the Egyptian foreign minister’s special assistant.
He was made a senior fellow in charge of the ‘International Law Program’ conducted at the ‘United Nations Institute for Training and Research’.
He worked for the ‘New York School of Law’ as an adjunct professor from 1981 to 1987 and taught international law.
He was a senior staff member and the legal adviser of the IAEA Secretariat from 1984 to 1993.
He was made the ‘Assistant Director General for External Relations’ and held the post from 1993 to 1997.
At present he holds a member’s post in both the ‘American Society of International Law’ and the ‘International Law Association’.
He became the Director General of IAEA on December 1, 1997 and was posted in Vienna. He called upon all countries to abide by the ‘Model Additional Protocol’ for declaring undeclared nuclear arms and by 2009 more than 93 countries had the protocol in place.
He was re-elected to the post in 2001. He told the UN Security Council in March 2003 that nothing incriminating was found in the search carried out in Iraq in 2002.
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United States strongly objected to his re-election for a third term but was supported by Russia, China, France and Germany and many developing countries. After the United States dropped its objections he was unanimously elected to the post on June 13, 2005. When offered a fourth term in 2008, he refused the same.
On January 25, 2011, the day of the start of the turmoil in Egypt, he declared that he would like to lead a provisional government.
He returned to Egypt on January 27, 2011 but the main opposition party, the Muslim Brotherhood, was reluctant to make him the leader of the movement.
He announced that he would run for the President on March, 2011 but later retracted.
On April 28, 2012, ElBaradei formed the Constitution Party which merged with other secular parties to form the ‘National Salvation Front’ on November 24, 2012 against President Mohammed Morsi’s regime. He became its coordinator on December 5, 2012.
After President Mohamed Morsi was removed, it was announced on July 4, 2013 that ElBaradei would be the Prime Minister but the statement was retracted on July 7, 2013 due to objections from some parties.
He was elected as Vice President on July 14, 2013 but resigned from the post on August 14, 2013 after the security forces killed 525 supporters of deposed President Mohamed Morsi during protests.
Awards & Achievements
ElBaradei received the Nobel Peace Prize on October 7, 2005 jointly with IAEA for his efforts on nuclear disarmament and the use of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes.
He has been awarded by the governments of many countries including the highest honor of his own country.
Personal Life & Legacy
Mohamed ElBaradei is married to Aida El-Kachef who works as a teacher.
They have two children, a daughter named Laila and a son named Mostafa. The daughter is a lawyer working in London while his son lives in Cairo and works as an IT Manager. He has two grand-daughters named Maya and Nina.
He was commemorated by the Egypt Post by a stamp brought out on October 8, 2005 of Nobel laureates.
Humanitarian Work
He tried to convince countries to do away with their nuclear armament programs so that the world could be saved from nuclear holocaust in future.

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