Max von Laue Biography
Birthday: October 9, 1879 (Libra)
Born In: Pfaffendorf, Kingdom of Prussia, German Empire
Max von Laue or Max Theodor Felix von Laue was a German physicist who was awarded the Nobel Prize for physics in 1914 for his discovery of the diffraction of X-rays by crystals. The structure of crystals became an important subject of future studies due to this discovery. The studies of crystals led to the study of solid-state physics which contributed immensely to the development of modern day electronics. He suggested that an X-ray passing through a crystal would get diffracted into a number of rays and form a pattern on a photographic plate. The pattern would show the atomic structure of the crystal. He always supported Einstein’s ‘theory of relativity’ and carried out many experiments on quantum theory, disintegration of atoms and on the Compton Effect of light changing its wavelength under various conditions. He also contributed to finding solutions to problems related to superconductivity. Because of his capability of making sound judgments, he was always called upon to provide advice in different areas of German scientific experiments. In spite of the danger of being ostracized he was the only one who supported the theory of relativity when Hitler came to power and protested when Einstein was forced to resign from the Berlin Academy.