Jalil Mammadguluzadeh Biography
(Azerbaijani Satirist & Women's Rights Activist)
Birthday: February 22, 1866 (Pisces)
Born In: Nakhchivan City
Jalil Mammadguluzadeh was a famous Azerbaijani writer and satirist. He was born to Iranian parents in what is now Azerbaijan, and he lived and worked in Georgia for part of his career. Before becoming a writer, he was also a teacher for many years in rural schools. At one point in time, he even studied law. With his colleagues, he purchased a publishing house and became editor of the satire magazine ‘Molla Nasraddin.’ In addition, he was the author of numerous short stories, essays, novels, and dramas. Through this work, he has greatly influenced the style of satire in Azerbaijani and Iranian writing. In addition to his work as a writer, he was an activist in his home country, fighting for the purification of the Azeri language. Partly due to his efforts, Azeri still exists as a literary language. He was also somewhat of a controversial figure. The political themes in ‘Molla Nasraddin’ got the magazine banned in several regions and eventually shut down entirely. Though he is not well-known in Western countries, he has had a heavy influence in Azerbaijan, Turkey, Iran, Russia, and throughout the Caucasus region. He wrote primarily in Azeri, but also spoke Russian and Persian.