Famous Azerbaijani Writers

Azerbaijan is a country situated at the crossroads of Eastern Europe and Western Asia. Ever since having proclaimed its independence in 1918, the country has been progressively advancing. It was the first Muslim majority democratic and secular republic. Unlike other Muslim-dominated states, Azerbaijan has an air of modernity. It was the first Islamic country to have operas, theatre and universities. Though it has welcomed globalization and is influenced by the western culture, Azerbaijani’s haven’t lost their cultural roots. One can taste the rich cultural side of Azerbaijan in its music, art, folk dance, cuisine, architecture and cinematography. Literature is yet another genre where Azerbaijan’s culture and traditions and profoundly reflected. The country is home to many prolific writers who have excelled in all forms of literature, right from fiction, non-fiction, poetry, essays, biographies, criticism and so on. Azerbaijani literature is believed to go back to the medieval times. Izzeddin Hasanoglu was the earliest known figure in Azerbaijani literature who composed a divan consisting of Persian and Turkic ghazals. Some of the other important Azerbaijani writers include Chingiz Abdullayev, Hamlet Isakhanli, Afag Masud, Rasul Rza, Nigar Rafibeyli amongst many others. Check this segment to find out in details about famous Azerbaijani writers.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 

Nizami Ganjavi
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Birthdate: 1141 AD
Birthplace: Ganja, Azerbaijan
Died: 1209 AD

Nizami Ganjavi was a Persian Sunni Muslim poet. Widely regarded as the greatest romantic epic poet of all time in Persian literature, Ganjavi is credited with bringing a realistic and colloquial style to the Persian epic. Ganjavi's works has had huge impact in many places around the world including India where his style was imitated by many poets like Hatefi.

 2 
Imadaddin Nasimi
(One of the Greatest Turkic Mystical Poets of the Late 14th and Early 15th Centuries)

Imadaddin Nasimi
3
Birthdate: 1369 AD
Birthplace: Shamakhi, Azerbaijan
Died: 1417 AD

Imadaddin Nasimi was an Azerbaijani Ḥurūfī poet who wrote in Persian, Azerbaijani, and Arabic. He is counted among the greatest and most influential Turkic mystical poets of the 14th and 15th centuries. His work has influenced many Turkic language authors and poets such as Khata'i, Fuzûlî, and Pir Sultan Abdal. Imadaddin Nasimi's life and career inspired the 1973 biopic Nesimi.   

 3 
Mirza Fatali Akhundov
(Writer and Philisopher)

Mirza Fatali Akhundov
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Birthdate: July 12, 1812
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Shaki, Azerbaijan
Died: March 9, 1878

Iranian Azerbaijani author and philosopher Mirza Fatali Akhundov was the first literary critic and realist writer from his country. He developed the Azerbaijani alphabets and script. The 19th-century author is also remembered as the pioneer of atheism and nationalism in his country. He also criticized Islam and other religions.

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Khurshidbanu Natavan
2
Birthdate: August 6, 1832
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Shusha
Died: October 2, 1897

Khurshidbanu Natavan was an Azerbaijani poet and philanthropist. Regarded as one of the most prominent lyrical poets of Azerbaijan, Natavan was best known for her lyrical ghazals. Also a well-known philanthropist, Khurshidbanu Natavan worked towards promoting the cultural and social development of Karabakh. She is credited with building an aqueduct, which relieved the townsfolk of their water problem.

 5 
Kurban Said
(Author of the Famous Novel, 'Ali and Nino')

Kurban Said
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Birthdate: October 20, 1905
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Baku, Azerbaijan
Died: 1942 AD

Kurban Said was an author who wrote the famous novel, Ali and Nino, which has been published in over 30 languages. While Kurban Said is the author's pseudonym, the real identity of the writer is in dispute. 

 6 
Khāqānī
(Persian Poet and Prose Writer Known for His 'Habsiyāt' (Prison Poetry))

Khāqānī
1
Birthdate: 1120 AD
Birthplace: Shirvan, Azerbaijan
Died: 1190 AD

 7 
Huseyn Javid
(Azerbaijani Playwright, Poet, & Important Exponent of Romanticism Movement)

Huseyn Javid
1
Birthdate: October 24, 1882
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Nakhchivan, Azerbaijan
Died: December 5, 1941

Huseyn Javid was an Azerbaijani playwright and poet. He is best remembered as one of the most important exponents of romanticism movement in Azerbaijani literature. A couple of memorial museums of Huseyn Javid have been established in Azerbaijan to honor his contribution to Azerbaijani literature.

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 8 
Jalil Mammadguluzadeh
(Azerbaijani Satirist & Women's Rights Activist)

Jalil Mammadguluzadeh
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Birthdate: February 22, 1866
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Nakhchivan City
Died: April 1, 1932

Jalil Mammadguluzadeh was an Azerbaijani writer and satirist. He is credited with founding a satirical magazine called Molla Nasraddin, which had a great influence on the genre of satire in the Central Asia and Middle East. Best remembered as one of the earliest women's rights activists in Azerbaijan, Jalil Mammadguluzadeh played a key role in establishing Azerbaijan's first women's magazine.

 9 
Bakhtiyar Vahabzadeh
(One of the Greatest Poets of Azerbaijan)

Bakhtiyar Vahabzadeh
0
Birthdate: August 16, 1925
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Sheki, Azerbaijan
Died: February 13, 2009

Bakhtiyar Vahabzadeh was an Azerbaijani dramatist, poet, translator, and lyricist. Counted among the greatest poets of Azerbaijan, Vahabzadeh received several prestigious awards such as the Azerbaijan SSR state prize in 1974. Bakhtiyar Vahabzadeh also served as a politician and college professor.

 10 
Elchin Safarli
(Azerbaijani Novelist and Journalist)

Elchin Safarli
1
Birthdate: March 12, 1984
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Baku, Azerbaijani SSR, USSR

 11 
Alexander Shirvanzade
(Armenian Novelist and Playwright Best Remembered for his Magnum Opus 'Chaos')

Alexander Shirvanzade
1
Birthdate: April 18, 1858
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Şirvan, Azerbaijan
Died: August 7, 1935

Alexander Shirvanzade was an Armenian novelist and playwright. He is best remembered for his magnum opus Chaos, which describes the life of a huge industrial city. A revolutionary writer, Alexander Shirvanzade is also remembered for his incorporation of women's issues into his plays and novels.

 12 
Ahmad Javad
(Poet Who Penned the Azerbaijani National Anthem and Was Killed by the Soviet System)

Ahmad Javad
2
Birthdate: May 5, 1892
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Shamkir, Azerbaijan
Died: October 12, 1937

 13 
Jafar Jabbarly
(Azerbaijani Poet, Playwright, & Screenwriter)

Jafar Jabbarly
1
Birthdate: March 20, 1899
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Khizi, Azerbaijan
Died: December 31, 1934

Jafar Jabbarly was an Azerbaijani poet, playwright, director, and screenwriter. He is credited with establishing the art of screenwriting in Azerbaijan. Two of his well-known plays, Almaz and Sevil, were made into films. Jafar Jabbarly died at the age of 35 due to heart failure.

 14 
Akram Aylisli
(Azerbaijani Playwright & Novelist Known for his Controversial Book 'Stone Dreams')

Akram Aylisli
1
Birthdate: January 12, 1937
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Aylis, Soviet Azerbaijan

Akram Aylisli is an Azerbaijani playwright, writer, and novelist. One of his best known novels, Peoples and Trees, has been translated into over 30 languages. Akram Aylisli was named People's Writer in Azerbaijan, a title which was revoked after the publication of his most controversial novel Stone Dreams, which portrayed Armenians in sympathetic light.

 15 
Banine
(Azerbaijani Author Best Known for Her Memoir 'Days in the Caucasus')

Banine
1
Birthdate: December 18, 1905
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Baku, Russian Empire (now Azerbaijan)
Died: October 23, 1992

 16 
Yusif Vazir Chamanzaminli
(Azerbaijani Writer and Statesman)

Yusif Vazir Chamanzaminli
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Birthdate: September 12, 1887
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Shusha, Russian Empire
Died: January 3, 1943

Yusif Vazir Chamanzaminli was an Azerbaijani writer and statesman. He is best remembered for his short stories, essays, novels, and diaries. It is widely believed that Chamanzaminli authored the famous novel Ali and Nino under the pseudonym of Kurban Said. Although evidence supports this theory, the authorship of Ali and Nino is still widely debated.

 17 
Suleyman Rustam
(Communist Soviet Azerbaijani Poet and Dramatist, and a Stalin State Prize Winner)

Suleyman Rustam
1
Birthdate: March 12, 1906
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Novxanı, Azerbaijan
Died: June 10, 1989

 18 
Sabir Rustamkhanli
(Azerbaijani Philologist and Poet Who Has Written More than 30 Books)

Sabir Rustamkhanli
1
Birthdate: May 20, 1946
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Yardimli Rayon, Azerbaijan SSR, USSR

Sabir Rustamkhanli is an Azerbaijani philologist and poet. He has written more than 30 books in the Persian and Russian languages. One of the most important members of the National Assembly of Azerbaijan, Sabir Rustamkhanli also serves as the chief of the Civic Solidarity Party.

 19 
Arif Yunusov
(Azerbaijani Historian & Human Rights Activist)

Arif Yunusov
0
Birthdate: January 12, 1955
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Baku, Azerbaijan

Arif Yunusov is an Azerbaijani historian, author, and human rights activist. He is credited with publishing more than 30 books related to Azerbaijani history. In 2014, Arif Yunusov and his wife Leyla were imprisoned on charges of treason and extortion. Their jail sentences were suspended after 15 months.

 20 
Shamistan Alizamanli
(Azerbaijani Military Speaker and Author of Patriotic Songs)

Shamistan Alizamanli
0
Birthdate: February 4, 1959
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Marneuli, Georgia

 21 
Natallia Arsiennieva
(Belarusian Poet, Playwright and Author of the Famous Hymn 'Mahutny Boža')

Natallia Arsiennieva
0
Birthdate: September 20, 1903
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Baku, Azerbaijan
Died: July 25, 1997

Natallia Arsiennieva was a Belarusian poet, playwright, and translator. She is credited with authoring the lyrics to the famous hymn, Mahutny Boža. After the Second World War, Natallia Arsiennieva also worked as an editor for the popular newspaper, Biełarus.

 22 
Aghabeyim agha Javanshir
(Azerbaijani Poet & Wife of Fath-Ali Shah Qajar)

Aghabeyim agha Javanshir
0
Birthdate: 1780 AD
Birthplace: Khanbagi, Khankendi, Karabakh Khanate, Azerbaijan
Died: 1832 AD

Aghabeyim agha Javanshir was an Azerbaijani poet who wrote under the pseudonym Aghabaji. She is also remembered as a wife of Fath-Ali Shah Qajar, who reigned as the second Shah of Qajar Iran from 1797 to 1834. Renowned for her intellect, Aghabeyim agha Javanshir was one of the Shah's favorite wives.