Born In: Long Branch, New Jersey, United States
Norman Kingsley Mailer, better known by his pen name Norman Mailer was an American novelist, journalist, playwright, screen writer, essayist and film director. The author is credited with the birth and evolution of the 'New Journalism', a term used for narrative nonfictions- in America. Mailer's first literary effort was a 250 pages long story called Invasion from Mars that he wrote when he was just nine. His first bestselling novel came in 1948 entitled as The Naked and the Dead and the huge success of it was followed by other novels The Deer Park and An American Dream. In 1980, Norman authored a book The Executioner’s Song, which gained him the Pulitzer Prize for fiction in the same year. Mailer was awarded the Pulitzer Prize twice and the National Book Award once for his literary efforts. The great bard also won the Medal for Distinguished Contribution to American Letters from the National Book Foundation in 2005.
Also Known As: Norman Kingsley Mailer
Died At Age: 84
Spouse/Ex-: Adele Morales, Beatrice Silverman, Beverly Bentley, Carol Stevens, Jeanne Campbell, Norris Church Mailer
father: Isaac Barnett Mailer
mother: Fanny Schneider
children: Danielle, Elizabeth, John Buffalo Maile, Kate Mailer, Maggie, Susan
Born Country: United States
place of death: New York, United States
Ancestry: South African American
Grouping of People: Jewish Writer
Cause of Death: Renal Failure
City: Long Branch, New Jersey
U.S. State: New Jersey
Founder/Co-Founder: The Village Voice
education: Harvard University
awards: 1969 - Pulitzer Prize award
1969 - National Book Award
2005 - National Book Award for Lifetime Achievement
In the mid 1950s, Mailer embarked on writing counter culture essays and gained reputation as an anti-establishment essayist. He wrote an essay The White Negro: Superficial reflections on the Hipsters in which he examines the evils in American society putting the blame partly on the black community. The essay which was originally printed in Dissent in 1956 and then reprinted in Advertisements for Myself in 1959 was widely condemned for its blasphemous content. In 1955, he became one of the founders of The Village Voice, a newspaper, for which he wrote a column ‘Quickly’ for a short period. Aside from these, he wrote a number of book reviews and essays for Esquire, The New York Review of Books and Dissent Magazine. He also worked as a scriptwriter for a movie based on his novel Tough Guys Don’t Dance in 1987. In 1968, Mailer gained ‘George Polk Award’ for his work in Harper’s magazine.
Mailer married his third wife Jeanne Campbell, the British heiress and journalist, in 1962 and divorced her in 1963. They had a daughter together, Kate Mailer, an actress. His fourth wife, whom he married in 1963, was a model turned actress Beverly Bentley. They had two children Michael and Stephen from this marriage, who became producer and actor respectively. They divorced in 1980 and he married for the fifth time, to Carol Stevens in the same year. The two had a daughter Maggie before their marriage. This time the marriage did not live for long and they divorced two days after their wedding. Mailer’s sixth and last marriage was to a painter turned writer Norris Church, whom he married in 1980. They had one son John Buffalo Mailer-a writer and actor- and Mailer adopted Matthew Norris, her son by her first husband.
Norman Mailer died of acute renal failure on 10 November 2007, at the age of 84 after undergoing a lung surgery. His body rests in a cemetery in New York.