Gertrude Bell Biography
Birthday: July 14, 1868 (Cancer)
Born In: Washington, United Kingdom
Gertrude Bell, CBE, was an English writer, archaeologist, traveler and diplomat, who was highly influential in helping the British Empire exert its dominance in the Transjordan, Ottoman and Mesopotamian regions of the Middle East. She was a key member in British policy-making in the Middle East. She was appointed as ‘Oriental Secretary’ because of her extensive knowledge of the Middle East, its cultures, differing religious sects, and languages. Together with T. E. Lawrence better known to the world as ‘Lawrence of Arabia’, she helped establish the Hashemite Kingdoms in what is better known today as Jordan and Iraq. She is said to have been the consummate diplomat as many of the people she negotiated with, became her admirers later on. Bell was found dead of an apparent overdose of sleeping pills at the age of 58. She was conferred upon the Order of the British Empire and her work was specially mentioned and acknowledged in the British Parliament.