Friedrich Bergius Biography
Birthday: October 11, 1884 (Libra)
Born In: Breslau (Wrocław), Germany
Friedrich Karl Rudolf Bergius was a German chemist known for the Bergius process for producing synthetic fuel from coal. He and Carl Bosch jointly won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for their contribution in the invention and development of chemical high-pressure methods. Bergius and Bosch worked towards developing the hydrogenation method needed to change coal dust and hydrogen into gasoline and lubricating oils without removing the transitional products. From his school days, Bergius took great interest in his father's factory where he studied various working methods under the direction of his father. In this way, he became acquainted with chemicotechnical processes and this time spent in the laboratories made him obtain a substantial knowledge about scientific and industrial matters from a very early age. Bergius worked with IG Farben during World War II. He researched the conversion of wood into sugar and of sugar into other food products. This helped Germany to combat the food crisis during World War II. After the war, he could not find any work that would do justice to his abilities. His citizenship came into question too. So, Friedrich Bergius finally fled to Argentina, where he acted as an adviser to the Ministry of Industry.