D. W. Griffith Biography

(American Director Who is One of the Most Influential Figures in the History of the Motion Picture)

Birthday: January 22, 1875 (Aquarius)

Born In: Crestwood, Kentucky, United States

David Llewelyn Wark ‘D.W.’ Griffith is amongst the first few directors of the American cinema who brought in revolution through his ideas and directorial techniques in the motion pictures of his time. He was born and brought up in Kentucky by his family with an Army background. His father died when he was very young and he had to discontinue his studies to support his family. He started writing plays but he soon discovered that making movies was a more lucrative option and made movies like ‘The Birth of a Nation’ and ‘Intolerance’. Both the movies were highly controversial - former for its negative depiction of black Americans and latter for trying to portray the biasness and prejudices through different historical eras. He made many movies but none of them achieved success like these two and his association with various production houses was dissolved due to his lack of creating commercially successful movies. Griffith was a man of vision and bold ideas and is considered to be an icon from the times when cinema was developing in the US.

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Quick Facts

Also Known As: David Wark Griffith

Died At Age: 73

Family:

Spouse/Ex-: Evelyn Baldwin (1936–1947), Linda Arvidson (1906–1936)

father: Jacob

mother: Mary Perkins Griffith

siblings: Mattie Griffith

Born Country: United States

Directors Screenwriters

Died on: July 23, 1948

place of death: Hollywood, Los Angeles, California, United States

U.S. State: Kentucky

Founder/Co-Founder: United Artists

  • 1

    What impact did D. W. Griffith have on the film industry?

    D. W. Griffith is known for revolutionizing filmmaking with his innovative techniques, such as parallel editing and close-ups, which set the standard for modern filmmaking.
  • 2

    What controversies surround D. W. Griffith's film The Birth of a Nation?

    "The Birth of a Nation" is controversial for its racist depiction of African Americans and its glorification of the Ku Klux Klan, leading to protests and debates about the film's portrayal of history.

  • 3

    What was the significance of D. W. Griffith's use of elaborate sets in his films?

    D. W. Griffith was known for his use of elaborate sets and detailed production design, which helped create immersive cinematic worlds and set new standards for visual storytelling in film.
  • 4

    How did D. W. Griffith's use of cross-cutting enhance the storytelling in his films?

    D. W. Griffith popularized the technique of cross-cutting, where scenes are intercut to build tension and create parallel narratives, showcasing his mastery of visual storytelling and editing techniques.
Childhood & Early Life
Griffith was born in Crestwood, Kentucky, to Mary Perkins and Jacob Griffith. His father was a colonel and served in the American Civil War and became a Kentucky state legislator.
Griffith was schooled at home by his elder sister Mattie Griffith. His father passed away when he was only 10 years and the family was struck with poverty. He had to drop out of school to take up a job to support his family.
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Career
In 1907, Griffith tried to sell one of his scripts to a producer in New York. His script was not accepted but he was given a small role to play in a movie called ‘Rescued from an Eagle’s Nest’.
In 1908, having been smitten by the world of motion pictures, he accepted an acting offer by American Mutoscope and Biograph Company, New York City. He made his first movie ‘The Adventures of Dollie’.
By 1914, he was convinced that making motion pictures is a lucrative business and he directed and produced a movie called ‘Judith of Bethulia’. It was one of the earliest movies produced in the USA.
He developed creative differences with his company Biograph and decided to leave the company and join the Mutual Film Corporation with his actors. He formed the Reliance-Majestic Studios and hired Harry Aitken as his manager.
In 1915, he produced the movie ‘The Clansman’, which he called ‘The Birth of a Nation’ later. It was one of the first blockbusters ever and first feature length film made in America.
‘The Birth of a Nation’ was a huge hit amongst its audience and changed the face of cinema. It was controversial in nature due to its portrayal of Slavery during the Civil War.
In 1916, he directed a film called ‘Tolerance’. It was a silent movie which portrayed many storylines, all set in different eras of prominence. It was a high budget film which failed to prove itself commercially.
In 1917, Griffith formed partnership with first Artcraft and then First National. He formed United Artist with Charlie Chaplin, Mary Pickford and Douglas Fairbanks.
From 1919 to 1924, he made movies like ‘Broken Blossoms’, ‘Way Down East’, ‘Orphans of the Strom’, ‘Dream Street’, ‘One Exciting Night’ and ‘America’ and ‘Isn’t Life Wonderful’.
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In 1929, Griffith spoke on the radio show “The Dodge Brothers Hour”, along with other artists like Fairbanks, Pickford, Chaplin, John Barrymore, etc., over the issue whether or not he could make talking movies.
In 1929, he directed the movie ‘Lady of the Pavements’. It was a semi-talkie movie and he made two sound films ‘Abraham Lincoln’ and ‘The Struggle’ but they failed at the box office and he never directed a movie again.
In 1936, he helped shoot a famous earthquake sequence for the film ‘San Francisco’ for Woody Van Dyke, who worked with him in ‘Intolerance’, but he never received any commercial credit for his work.
In 1930 and 1940, he produced movies like ‘Of Mice and Men’ and ‘One Million B.C.’, on the request of Hal Roach. He also directed some of the scenes of these movies. He actively involved himself in the production process.
Awards and Achievements
In the 1930s, Griffith was awarded an Oscar by the Academy of Motion Pictures Arts and Sciences for his contribution to American cinema and making movies like ‘The Birth of a Nation’.
Personal Life & Legacy
In 1948, Griffith was found unconscious in the lobby of a hotel in Los Angeles and died of a cerebral hemorrhage. His public service was held at the Hollywood Masonic Temple but not many celebrities came to pay their respects.
In 1975, a ten cent postage stamp was dedicated in honor of Griffith and the Directors Guild of America created its highest award in his honor, called the D. W. Griffith Award.
Facts About D. W. Griffith
Griffith was known for his meticulous attention to detail, often insisting on multiple takes to get a scene just right.
Despite being known for his epic films, Griffith actually got his start in the industry as an actor.
Griffith was one of the first directors to use close-up shots in his films, revolutionizing storytelling in cinema.
He had a passion for experimenting with new film techniques, pushing the boundaries of what was possible in the early days of filmmaking.
Griffith was a mentor to many successful filmmakers who went on to make significant contributions to the industry, showcasing his lasting impact on cinema.
Recommended Lists:

See the events in life of D. W. Griffith in Chronological Order

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- D. W. Griffith Biography
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