Christoph Willibald Gluck
Birthday: July 2, 1714
Died At Age: 73
Sun Sign: Cancer
Born in: Berching
Famous as: Composer
Spouse/Ex-: Marianne Pergin
father: Alexander Johannes
mother: Maria Walburga
Died on: November 15, 1787
place of death: Vienna
education: Charles University in Prague
A prolific opera composer of the classical period, Christoph Gluck was credited for bringing in concrete reforms to the opera's dramaturgical practices. His opera compositions were spread over various operatic genres. Born to a Bohemian (Czech) father in 1714, Gluck learned music at a tender age of three. After completing his studies in Prague, he moved to Milan to gain practical knowledge of all the instruments. His passion for music took him around the world such as London, Prague, Vienna, and Venice. He was also awarded the ‘Order of the Golden Spur’ in 1756 by Pope Benedict XIV. His musical legacy includes around 35 complete operas and numerous other compositions. He was also widely credited for his countless ballets and instrumental works. His disciples ardently followed his styles of music throughout the Revolutionary and the Napoleonic period. The composer died in 1787 after he suffered a stroke. Read on to know more about this great opera composer and his life.
While rehearsing for ‘Echo et Narcisse’, Gluck suffered his first stroke after which he moved to Vienna. During his last years, he lost interest in composing for opera houses, despite countless offers. His health continued to deteriorate and he suffered three more strokes. On November 15, 1787, Gluck suffered another fatal stroke and passed away a few days later. He was interred at the ‘Matzleinsdorfer Friedhof’ before being moved to a tomb in the Vienna Zentralfriedhof as the former cemetery was converted into a park in 1923.
- Demofoonte, 1743
- Ezio, 1750
- Le cinesi, 1754
- La fausse esclave,1758
- Le diable à quatre, ou La double métamorphose, 1759
- Le cadi dupé, 1761
- Orfeo ed Euridice, 1762
- La rencontre imprévue, 1764
- Telemaco, ossia L'isola di Circe, 1765
- Alceste, 1767
- Le feste d'Apollo, 1769
- Paride ed Elena, 1770
- Iphigénie en Aulide,1774
- Armide, 1777
- Iphigénie en Tauride,1779
- Echo et Narcisse, 1779
- Les amours de Flore et Zéphire, 1759
- Le naufrage, 1759
- La halte des Calmouckes, 1761
- Don Juan, ou Le festin de Pierre, 1761
- Citera assediata, 1762
- Alessandro (Les amours d’Alexandre et de Roxane), 1764
- Sémiramis, 1765
- Iphigénie, 1765
- Klopstocks Oden und Lieder beym Clavier zu Singen, 1785
- An den Tod ("O Anblick der Glanznacht"), 1792
- "Minona lieblich und hold", 1795
- Siegsgesang für Freie ("Laut, wie des Stroms donnernder Sturz"), 1795
CHRISTOPH WILLIBALD GLUCK TIMELINE
Christoph Willibald Gluck was born on July 2nd to a Bohemian family in Erasbach, Germany.
The family moved to Bohemia where he learned music as a part of church choir.
Joined the University of Prague to study logic and mathematics, but failed to earn his degree.
Learned music under G. B. Sammartini.
Performed his first opera at the Teatro Regio Ducal.
He was accorded the post of house composer at London's King's Theatre.
His two London operas, ‘La caduta de'giganti’ and ‘Artamene’ were performed.
Composed an opera for a royal double wedding and composed ‘Metastasio's Semiramide riconosciuta’ for Maria Theresa's birthday.
Toured with Mingotti's troupe. Also composed ‘La contesa de' numi’ the same year.
Composed ‘Ezio’ for the Prague Carnival.
Married Maria Anna Bergin on 15th September.
Asked to perform Metastasio's, ‘La clemenza di Tito’ for nameday celebrations of King Charles VII of Naples.
Honored as ‘Knight of the Golden Spur’ by Pope Benedict XIV.
Produced ‘Don Juan’ with choreographer Gasparo Angiolini.
He worked on his famous composition ‘Alceste.’
Christoph Willibald Gluck passed away after he suffered a stroke on 15th November.
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