Joseph ben Caiaphas, better known as Caiaphas, is a biblical character from the New Testament. He has been mentioned in the gospels as the high priest who conspired to kill Jesus and sent him to the governor of Judea, Pontius Pilate, to be executed. Caiaphas was the son-in-law of Annas, the high priest. Caiaphas succeeded his brother-in-law Eleazar ben Ananus, to be the high priest in 18 A.D. He continued to reign as the high priest for 18 years. Caiaphas finds mention in a huge number of films, books, and other works of art. His hurried indictment of Jesus was later explained by scholars as a politically motivated move so as not to involve all the members of the priestly council.