Famous 1st Century Historical Personalities

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 1 Cleopatra

Cleopatra.
39
Famous As: Queen of the Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt
Birthdate: 0069 BC
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
Died: July 31, 0030

The last active ruler of the Ptolemaic Kingdom and the last true pharaoh of Egypt, Cleopatra is described as an extremely beautiful woman who was also intelligent and educated with command over numerous languages. Her romance and military alliances with Julius Caesar and Mark Antony have inspired numerous art works.

 2 Boudica

Boudica.
10
Famous As: Queen of the Iceni Tribe
Birthdate: 0030 AD
Birthplace: Britannia
Died: 0061 AD

Boudica served as a queen of the Iceni tribe. She is regarded as a British folk hero for leading an uprising against the Roman Empire, which wanted to conquer her land. She has remained a prominent cultural symbol in the UK. A bronze statue named Boadicea and Her Daughters is located in London, facing the Palace of Westminster.

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 3 Caligula

Caligula.
21
Famous As: Roman Emperor
Birthdate: August 31, 0012
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Anzio, Italy
Died: January 24, 0041

Caligula, the third Roman emperor, is often described as a cruel man who forced his subjects to worship him as their god. Considered an insane tyrant, Caligula is accused of incest and forcing the audience to enter a sporting arena to be eaten alive by wild beasts during the intermission. His stories are famous in popular culture.

 4 Nero

Nero.
22
Famous As: Roman Emperor
Birthdate: December 15, 0037
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Anzio, Italy
Died: June 9, 0068

Nero was the fifth Roman emperor whose rule was associated with tyranny. Five years into his reign, he had his mother Agrippina killed. The Great Fire of Rome, which occurred during his reign, is believed to have been instigated by him for political reasons. He was also responsible for eliminating many Christians from the empire.

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 5 Domitian

Domitian.
6
Famous As: Roman Emperor
Birthdate: October 24, 0051
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Rome
Died: September 18, 0096
Domitian, son of Vespasian, reigned as the Roman emperor from 81 to 96. He was the last ruler of the Flavian dynasty and was assassinated by his own court officials. His authoritarian regime witnessed the reduction of the Senate’s powers and the strengthening of the defenses and the Roman economy.

 6 Titus

Titus.
8
Famous As: Roman Emperor
Birthdate: December 30, 0039
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Rome
Died: September 13, 0081

Titus was the ruler of the Roman Empire from 79 to 81 CE. Before ascending the throne, he played a crucial role as a military commander, working alongside his father Vespasian during the First Jewish-Roman War. After becoming the emperor, Titus oversaw the completion of the Colosseum. His life and work are depicted in literature, paintings, and visual arts.

 7 Vespasian

Vespasian.
8
Famous As: Roman Emperor
Birthdate: November 17, 0009
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Falacrine
Died: June 23, 0079
Vespasian, the Roman emperor from 69 to 79 AD, established the Flavian dynasty. He was the first emperor from an equestrian family and a great military leader who was the legate of Legio II Augusta. Nero committed suicide when Vespasian besieged Jerusalem, leading to the Year of the Four Emperors.
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 8 Elagabalus

Elagabalus.
11
Famous As: Emperor of Rome
Birthdate: 0204 AD
Birthplace: Emesa, Syria
Died: March 11, 0222
Elagabalus, or Marcus Aurelius Antoninus, was the Roman emperor from 218 to 222. Related to the Severan dynasty, he was a head priest of the sun god Elagabal in his youth. He was rumored to be a transgender, had married four women, and reportedly had male lovers, too. 

 9 Galba

Galba.
4
Famous As: Roman Emperor
Birthdate: December 24, 0003
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Terracina, Italy
Died: January 15, 0069
Galba reigned as the Roman emperor from 68 to 69 and was the Year of the Four Emperors’ first emperor. He was the governor of Hispania when the rebellion of Gaius Julius Vindex broke out in Gaul, and he took over the throne after the tyrannical Nero's suicide.

 10 Nerva

Nerva.
5
Famous As: Roman Emperor
Birthdate: November 8, 0030
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Narni, Italy
Died: January 27, 0098

Nerva was the Roman emperor from 96 to 98. He was aged 66 when he ascended the throne, after serving other emperors for several decades. Even though he ruled for just 15 months, historians consider him a wise and moderate emperor. He selected Trajan as his heir, thus ensuring a peaceful transition of power after his death.

 11 Agrippina the Younger

Agrippina the Younger.
5
Famous As: Roman Empress
Birthdate: November 6, 0015
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Colonia Claudia Ara Agrippinensium
Died: March 23, 0059

Agrippina the Younger was a Roman empress who ruled from 49 to 54 AD. She is regarded as one of the most prominent women in the Julio-Claudian dynasty. She was the younger sister of emperor Caligula and was married to emperor Claudius. A beautiful and ambitious woman, she has been described as ruthless, violent, and domineering. 

 12 Hezekiah

Hezekiah.
4
Famous As: King of Judah
Birthdate: 0739 BC
Birthplace: Jerusalem, Israel
Died: 0687 BC
Often likened to David, Hezekiah was the ruler of the southern kingdom of Judah. He succeeded his father, Ahaz, at 25. He reformed the Temple and abolished idolatry. His reign witnessed the Assyrians capture Israel and Sennacherib lead the siege of Jerusalem, following which a plague destroyed the Assyrian army.

 13 Vitellius

Vitellius
9
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: September 24, 0015
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: December 22, 0069

 14 Cleopatra Selene II

Cleopatra Selene II
3
Famous As: Princess
Birthdate: 0040 AD
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
Died: 0005 AD

 15 Herod Antipas

Herod Antipas.
5
Famous As: Ruler
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Judea
Died: 0039 AD

Herod Antipas reigned as the ruler of Galilee and Perea during the first century. He is widely known for his role in events leading up to the executions of Jesus of Nazareth and John the Baptist. It is said that Jesus was initially handed over to Antipas by Pontius Pilate before Antipas decided to send Jesus back to Pilate's court.

 16 Livia

Livia
5
Famous As: Empress
Birthdate: January 30, 0058
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: September 28, 0029

 17 Octavia the Younger

Octavia the Younger
3
Famous As: Wife of Mark Antony
Birthdate: 0069 AD
Birthplace: Nola, Italy
Died: 0011 AD

 18 Otho

Otho.
4
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: April 28, 0032
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Ferentium, Italy
Died: April 16, 0069

Though Otho lost his wife, Poppaea, to Nero, who later married her, he governed Lusitania for 10 years diligently, before he joined a revolt against Nero. He reigned as the Roman emperor for merely 3 months, before committing suicide while fighting the Battle of Bedriacum against Vitellius.

 19 Caiaphas

Caiaphas.
3
Famous As: High priest
Birthdate: 0014 BC
Died: 0036 AD

Caiaphas was a Jewish high priest who organized a plot to kill Jesus of Nazareth, according to the gospels. He is best remembered for presiding over the Sanhedrin trial of Jesus Christ. Over the years, Caiaphas has been depicted in several films like The Greatest Story Ever Told, The Passion of the Christ, King of Kings, and Son of God.

 20 Poppaea Sabina

Poppaea Sabina
3
Famous As: Empress
Birthdate: 0030 AD
Birthplace: Pompeii, Italy
Died: 0065 AD

 21 Al-Maʾmūn

Al-Maʾmūn
3
Famous As: Caliph of Baghdad
Birthdate: September 14, 0786
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Baghdad, Iraq
Died: August 9, 0833

 22 Herodias

Herodias
7
Famous As: Queen of Galilee
Birthdate: 0015 AD
Birthplace: Jerusalem
Died: 0039 AD

 23 King Dongmyeong of Goguryeo

King Dongmyeong of Goguryeo
5
Famous As: Ruler
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: South Korea

 24 Gnaeus Julius Agricola

Gnaeus Julius Agricola
3
Famous As: General
Birthdate: June 13, 0040
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Fréjus, France
Died: August 23, 0093

 25 Onesimus

Onesimus
2
Famous As: Empire
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Phrygia
Died: 0095 AD

 26 Herod Agrippa II

Herod Agrippa II
2
Famous As: King of Chalcis
Birthdate: 0027 AD
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: 0100 AD

 27 Ptolemy Philadelphus

Ptolemy Philadelphus
2
Famous As: Prince
Birthdate: 0036 AD
Birthplace: Antioch, Turkey
Died: 0029 AD

 28 Juba II

Juba II
2
Famous As: King of Numidia
Birthdate: 0048 AD
Birthplace: Numidia
Died: 0023 AD

 29 Emperor Guangwu of Han

Emperor Guangwu of Han
2
Famous As: Emperor of Han dynasty
Birthdate: January 15, 0005
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Luoyang, China
Died: March 29, 0057

 30 Arsinoe IV

Arsinoe IV
2
Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: 0068 BC
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
Died: 0041 BC

 31 Ptolemy of Mauretania

Ptolemy of Mauretania
2
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0009 AD
Birthplace: Cherchell, Algeria
Died: 0040 AD

 32 Peitho

Peitho
2
Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Greece

 33 Ptolemy XIV Theos Philopator II

Ptolemy XIV Theos Philopator II
2
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0061 AD
Birthplace: Egypt
Died: 0044 AD

 34 Cartimandua

Cartimandua
2
Famous As: Queen of Brigantes
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Great Britain, United Kingdom
Died: 0069 AD

 35 Cleopatra I Syra

Cleopatra I Syra
2
Famous As: Princess
Birthdate: 0205 AD
Birthplace: Seleucid Empire
Died: 0176 AD

 36 Emperor Shōmu

Emperor Shōmu
2
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: 0701 AD
Birthplace: Yamato, Japan
Died: June 4, 0756

 37 Hyrcanus II

Hyrcanus II
1
Famous As: Priest
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 0030 AD

 38 Cunobeline

Cunobeline
1
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 0041 AD

 39 Emperor Xuan of Han

Emperor Xuan of Han
1
Famous As: Prince
Birthdate: 0091 AD
Birthplace: Chang'an, China
Died: 0048 AD

 40 Berenice IV of Egypt

Berenice IV of Egypt
1
Famous As: Princess
Birthdate: 0077 AD
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
Died: 0055 AD

 41 Emperor Ming of Han

Emperor Ming of Han
1
Famous As: Prince
Birthdate: June 15, 0028
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Luoyang, China
Died: September 5, 0075

 42 Gondophares

Gondophares
1
Famous As: King
Birthdate: October 31, 0000
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 0046 AD

 43 Juba I of Numidia

Juba I of Numidia
1
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0085 AD
Birthplace: Annaba, Algeria
Died: 0046 AD

 44 Nabis

Nabis
1
Famous As: Ruler of Sparta
Birthdate: 0230 AD
Birthplace: Sparta
Died: 0192 AD

 45 Emperor Yuan of Han

Emperor Yuan of Han
1
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: 0075 AD
Birthplace: Chang'an, China
Died: July 8, 0033

 46 Anula of Anuradhapura

Anula of Anuradhapura
1
Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Sri Lanka
Died: 0042 AD

 47 Maroboduus

Maroboduus
1
Famous As: king of Marcomanni
Birthdate: 0030 AD
Birthplace: Germany
Died: 0037 AD

 48 Mithridates II of Parthia

Mithridates II of Parthia
1
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0000 BC
Birthplace: Parthia, Iran
Died: 0091 BC

 49 Emperor Ping of Han

Emperor Ping of Han
1
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: 0009 AD
Birthplace: Dingzhou, Baoding, China
Died: February 3, 0006

 50 Trưng Trắc

Trưng Trắc
1
Famous As: Military Leader
Birthdate: September 13, 0014
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Mê Linh, Vietnam
Died: March 5, 0043