Italian Male Spiritual & Religious Leaders

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 1 
Thomas Aquinas
(Italian Theologian & Philosopher)
Thomas Aquinas
6
Birthdate: January 25, 1225
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Roccasecca, Italy
Died: March 7, 1274
Dominican friar and Catholic priest Thomas Aquinas was also a Doctor of the Church. He tried to mingle Aristotelian philosophy and Christianity. His works, including Summa Theologica and Disputed Questions on Truth, and his views on the Scriptures have been studied as prominent texts on theology, philosophy, and canon law.
 2 
Pope John Paul I
5
Birthdate: October 17, 1912
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Canale d'Agordo, Italy
Died: September 28, 1978
Pope John Paul I, also known as The Smiling Pope and The September Pope, was the shortest-reigning Pope and died 33 days after being made the Pope. He was the first Pope to choose a double name, including the names of his predecessors, John XXIII and Paul VI.
 3 
Pope Paul VI
6
Birthdate: September 26, 1897
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Concesio, Italy
Died: August 6, 1978
Succeeding Pope John XXIII, Pope Paul VI was elected the head of the Catholic Church and sovereign of the Vatican City State in June 1963 and continued in his role till his death in August 1978. He reconvened the Second Vatican Council and after its conclusion worked towards implementation of its reforms. He was canonised in 2018 by Pope Francis.
 4 
Pope John XXIII
(Head of the Catholic Church from 1958 to 1963)
Pope John XXIII
4
Birthdate: November 25, 1881
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Sotto il Monte Giovanni XXIII, Italy
Died: June 3, 1963

Pope John XXIII served as the Bishop of Rome and head of the Catholic Church from 1958 until his death in 1963. He took many people by surprise when he called the historic Second Vatican Council, which addressed relations between the modern world and the Catholic Church. Pope John XXIII was canonized on 27 April 2014.

 5 
Pope Pius XII
(Pope (1939-1958))
Pope Pius XII
5
Birthdate: March 2, 1876
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: October 9, 1958

Pope Pius XII served as the head of the Catholic Church and the sovereign of the Vatican City from 1939 till 1958. Of the many positions he had held, one was the secretaryship of the Department of Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs. He is remembered for negotiating the treaty of Reichskonkordat.

Pio of Pietrelcina
5
Birthdate: May 25, 1887
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Pietrelcina
Died: September 23, 1968

Born Francesco Forgione, Pio of Pietrelcina changed his name after joining the Capuchin order at age 15. He later became famous for exhibiting stigmata, marks on his body symbolizing the wounds of Jesus. He is revered as the patron saint of adolescents and civil defense volunteers.

 7 
Pope Leo X
5
Birthdate: December 11, 1475
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: December 1, 1521
Son of Lorenzo the Magnificent and part of the Medici banking family of Florence, Giovanni de’ Medici, was tonsured at 7, as a mark of his entry into ecclesiastical life. He took over as Pope Leo X after Julius II’s death. An art connoisseur, he was a true Renaissance pope.
 8 
Pope Gregory I
(Bishop of Rome from 590 to 604)
Pope Gregory I
4
Birthdate: 0540 AD
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: March 12, 0604

Pope Gregory I served as the bishop of Rome from 590 until his death in 604. He is best remembered for sending the Gregorian Mission to Britain, which was successful in converting the Anglo-Saxons to Christianity. He is also credited with developing the Divine Liturgy of the Presanctified Gifts and is widely regarded as its de facto author.

 9 
Pope Clement VII
4
Birthdate: May 26, 1478
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: September 25, 1534

Pope Clement VII was head of the Catholic Church from 1523 to 1534. He also served as the ruler of the Papal States and is considered the most unfortunate of the popes as his reign was marked by military, political, and religious struggles. Despite his troubled papacy, Pope Clement left a remarkable cultural legacy, having commissioned artworks by personalities like Michelangelo.

 10 
Pope Julius II
4
Birthdate: December 5, 1443
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Albisola Superiore, Italy
Died: February 21, 1513

Pope Julius II served as the ruler of the Papal States and head of the Catholic Church from 1503 until his death in 1513. One of the most influential and powerful popes, Julius II left a significant political and cultural legacy. He commissioned a series of architecture and art projects, which beautified and improved the city to a great extent.

 11 
Pope Leo XIII
4
Birthdate: March 2, 1810
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Carpineto Romano, Italy
Died: July 20, 1903
Pope Leo XIII is best remembered for writing the Prayer to St. Michael and his encyclicals on the Rosary, which earned him the nickname Rosary Pope. He advocated for age-old Christian ways and means and was the first pope to have no authority over the Papal States.
 12 
Pope Pius IX
(Head of the Catholic Church from 1846 to 1878)
Pope Pius IX
4
Birthdate: May 13, 1792
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Senigallia, Italy
Died: February 7, 1878

Pope Pius IX served as the longest-tenured pope. His reign also witnessed the first Vatican Council and was thus the last pope who had control over the Papal States. He also issued the Syllabus of Errors and inspired books such as The Pope Who Would Be King by David Kertzer.

 13 
John Bosco
(Italian Catholic Priest Known for Educating the Poor and Founded the Education System 'Salesian Preventive System')
John Bosco
4
Birthdate: August 16, 1815
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Castelnuovo Don Bosco, Italy
Died: January 31, 1888

The founder of the Salesian Order, John Bosco, also known as Don Bosco, started his life as a priest in Turin. He began teaching young boys who came to Turin for jobs and later branched out to form a similar institution for girls too, with St. Mary Mazzarello.

 14 
Pope Pius X
(Head of the Catholic Church from 1903 to 1914)
Pope Pius X
5
Birthdate: June 2, 1835
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Riese Pio X, Italy
Died: August 20, 1914

Pope Pius X was the head of the Catholic Church from 1903 to 1914. He is credited for initiating the preparation of the 1917 Code of Canon Law. He was vehemently opposed to modernism as a pope. He regularly gave homily sermons in the pulpit, a rare practice for popes. He was beatified in 1951 and canonized in 1954.

 15 
Pope Pius XI
4
Birthdate: May 31, 1857
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Desio, Italy
Died: February 10, 1939

A man who believed in the motto “The peace of Christ in the kingdom of Christ,” Pope Pius XI was also an avid scholar. His reign witnessed the rise of Benito Mussolini and the signing of the Lateran Treaty, which recognized Vatican City as an independent nation state.

 16 
Pope Urban II
(Head of the Catholic Church and Ruler of the Papal States from 1088 to 1099)
Pope Urban II
4
Birthdate: 1035 AD
Birthplace: Lagery, France
Died: July 29, 1099

Pope Urban II, also known as Otho de Lagery, began as an archdeacon in Reims. He gradually rose through the ranks to become the bishop of Ostia. Later, as the pope, he dealt with conflicts within Christianity and also had a major role in promoting the Crusades against Muslims.

 17 
Pope Innocent III
5
Birthdate: February 22, 1161
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Gavignano, Italy
Died: July 16, 1216

Pope Innocent III served as the Pope of the Catholic Church from 1198 until his death in 1216. One of the most influential and powerful of the medieval popes, Pope Innocent exerted influence over the European Christian states, claiming supremacy over kings of Europe.

 18 
Pope Clement I
3
Birthdate: 0035 AD
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: 0099 AD

Pope Clement I served as the fourth Bishop of Rome from 88 AD until his death in 99 AD. Regarded as the first Apostolic Father of the Church, Clement is revered as a saint and is regarded as a patron saint of mariners. According to a legend, Clement was responsible for the conversion of large numbers of pagans to Christianity.

 19 
Pope Sixtus IV
3
Birthdate: July 21, 1414
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Celle Ligure, Italy
Died: August 12, 1484

Remembered as a patron of the arts, Pope Sixtus IV devoted himself to the reconstruction of Roman churches and also sponsored the construction of the Sistine Chapel. He also developed the Vatican Library and made it available for scholars. He was a key force behind making Rome a Renaissance city.

 20 
Pope Boniface VIII
(Head of the Roman Catholic Church (1294 - 1303))
Pope Boniface VIII
3
Birthdate: 1230 AD
Birthplace: Anagni, Italy
Died: October 11, 1303

A 16th-century Italian Catholic bishop, Pope Boniface VIII initially held important positions in the papal government. He collated canon law in the Liber Sextus and also brought about peace between France and Aragon. Though he died of natural causes, an alternate theory states his enemies probably had a role in his death.

 21 
Saints Methodius
3
Birthdate: 0815 AD
Birthplace: Thessalonica, Greece
Died: April 6, 0885
 22 
Pope Paul III
(Head of the Catholic Church (1534 - 1549))
Pope Paul III
3
Birthdate: February 29, 1468
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Canino, Italy
Died: November 10, 1549

Alessandro Farnese, who later came to be known as Pope Paul III, was the last Renaissance pope and the first pope who belonged to the Counter-Reformation era. A patron of the arts, he commissioned legendary painter Michelangelo to paint frescoes in the Pauline Chapel of the Vatican.

 23 
St Francis of Assisi
(Founder of the Franciscans and One of the Most Venerated Figures in Christianity)
St Francis of Assisi
3
Birthdate: 1181 AD
Birthplace: Assisi, Italy
Died: October 3, 1226

An Italian Catholic friar, deacon, mystic, and preacher, St Francis of Assisi was the founder of the men's Order of Friars Minor and the women's Order of Saint Clare. He arranged for the first Christmas live nativity scene in 1223. Also known as Francesco, he is one of the most venerated religious figures in Christianity.

 24 
Pope Gregory VII
(Head of the Catholic Church from 1073 to 1085)
Pope Gregory VII
3
Birthdate: 1015 AD
Birthplace: Sovana, Italy
Died: May 25, 1085

Pope Gregory VII is remembered for his role in the Investiture Controversy or the Gregorian Reform. He became the first pope to depose a ruler, Emperor Henry IV, leading to a long conflict between the Catholic Church and the monarchy. He is now revered as a Catholic saint.

 25 
Pope John XII
3
Birthdate: 0937 AD
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: May 14, 0964

John XII was made the pope by his father, Alberic II of Spoleto, the prince of Rome. While John crowned Otto I the king of Germany, he went against the Ottonian Privilege, which called for his allegiance to the king. John was also infamous for his sexually reckless life.

 26 
Pope Gregory XIII
3
Birthdate: January 7, 1502
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Bologna, Italy
Died: April 10, 1585
 27 
Pope Celestine V
3
Birthdate: 1215 AD
Birthplace: Sant'Angelo Limosano, Italy
Died: May 19, 1296

Pope Celestine V was the founder of the order of the Celestines of the Benedictine order. Though he became a pope in his 80s, Celestine proved to be highly inefficient and resigned, becoming the first pope to do so. In his final years, he was imprisoned in the Fumone castle.

 28 
Pope Formosus
(Bishop of Rome)
Pope Formosus
3
Birthdate: 0816 AD
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: April 4, 0896
 29 
Antipope John XXIII
3
Birthdate: 1370 AD
Birthplace: Naples, Italy
Died: December 22, 1419

Baldassarre Cossa, also known as Antipope John XXIII, was an antipope during the Western Schism. He is remembered for opposing Pope Gregory XII, who is regarded as the rightful heir of Saint Peter. A popular figure in the history of the Catholic Church, Antipope John XXIII has been depicted in various TV series, including Medici: Masters of Florence.

 30 
Pope Pius V
3
Birthdate: January 17, 1504
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Bosco Marengo, Italy
Died: May 1, 1572
 31 
Pope Innocent VIII
3
Birthdate: 1432 AD
Birthplace: Genoa, Italy
Died: July 25, 1492
 32 
Pope Pius III
3
Birthdate: May 9, 1439
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Sarteano, Italy
Died: October 18, 1503
 33 
Pope Pius VII
3
Birthdate: August 14, 1742
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Cesena, Italy
Died: August 20, 1823
 34 
Pope Benedict XIII
3
Birthdate: February 2, 1649
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Gravina in Puglia, Italy

Pope Benedict XIII served as the ruler of the Papal States and head of the Catholic Church from 1724 to 1730. A man who was not interested in worldly matters, Benedict XIII chose to maintain a monastic lifestyle. He abolished the lottery in the Papal States and built several hospitals. He is also credited with founding the University of Camerino.

 35 
Pope Leo III
3
Birthdate: 0750 AD
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: June 12, 0816
 36 
Dionysius Exiguus
3
Birthdate: 0470 AD
Birthplace: Scythia Minor
Died: 0544 AD
 37 
Vitus
(Saint)
Vitus
3
Birthdate: 0290 AD
Birthplace: Sicily
Died: 0303 AD
 38 
Pope Pius VI
3
Birthdate: December 25, 1717
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Cesena, Italy
Died: August 29, 1799
 39 
Pope Urban VIII
3
Birthdate: April 5, 1568
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: July 29, 1644
 40 
Augustine of Canterbury
(Archbishop of Canterbury)
Augustine of Canterbury
3
Birthplace: Rome
Died: May 26, 0604

Saint Augustine of Canterbury, or Austin, had been the archbishop of Canterbury and established the Christian church in southern England. Probably born in Rome, he later set out on a voyage to England to convert its largely Pagan population. He baptized many of King Aethelberht’s subjects.

 41 
Cardinal Mazarin
(Italian Cardinal and Chief Minister of France under Louis XIII and Louis XIV)
Cardinal Mazarin
3
Birthdate: July 14, 1602
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Pescina, Italy
Died: March 9, 1661

Italian cardinal, diplomat, and politician Jules Mazarin served as a papal diplomat for Pope Urban VIII. He later became Chief Minister of France and served under Monarchs Louis XIII and Louis XIV until his death. While serving the position for almost two decades, Mazarin emerged as the de facto ruler of France and remained instrumental in establishing the Westphalian principles.   

 42 
Pope Fabian
4
Birthdate: 0200 AD
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: January 20, 0250
 43 
Pope Innocent X
3
Birthdate: May 6, 1574
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: January 7, 1655
 44 
Pope Martin V
3
Birthdate: January 26, 1369
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Genazzano, Italy
Died: February 20, 1431
 45 
Pope Paul IV
3
Birthdate: June 28, 1476
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Capriglia Irpina, Italy
Died: August 18, 1559
 46 
Carlo Maria Viganò
(Italian Catholic Archbishop Who Accused Pope Francis for Covering Up a Sex Scandal)
Carlo Maria Viganò
3
Birthdate: January 16, 1941
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Varese, Italy

An Italian-born archbishop of the Catholic church, Carlo Maria Viganò has also previously been the Apostolic Nuncio to the US. He made headlines because of a 2018 letter in which he called for Pope Francis’s resignation for covering up a sexual abuse scandal. He also faced criticism for his conspiracy theories about COVID-19.

 47 
Pope Sixtus V
3
Birthdate: December 13, 1521
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Grottammare, Italy
Died: August 27, 1590
 48 
Aloysius Gonzaga
3
Birthdate: March 9, 1568
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Castiglione delle Stiviere, Italy
Died: June 21, 1591
 49 
Pope Victor I
3
Birthplace: Africa Proconsularis, Tunisia
Died: 0199 AD
 50 
Pope Clement VIII
3
Birthdate: February 24, 1536
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Fano, Italy
Died: March 3, 1605