Pope Sixtus IV Biography
Birthday: July 21, 1414 (Cancer)
Born In: Celle Ligure, Italy
Pope Sixtus IV was the 212th Pope, whose 13 years long papacy was embroiled in controversies and internal wars. He was also a noted theological writer and teacher who gave lectures at universities in Siena, Pavia, Padua, Florence and Bologna. Due to his scholarly background, many were surprised by his ambition and political acumen, which helped him rise through the ranks of papacy. Although he was a non-noble by birth, he was determined to excel in the papal political scenario and create a name for himself and his kinsmen. On one hand, he was accused of nepotism, trading sexual favours for appointing people in powerful positions and being involved in murder conspiracies; on the other, he was responsible for the transformation of Rome into a beautiful city. He is credited with building the Vatican library, being a patron of arts and sciences and the construction of the Sistine Chapel. However, his achievements were overshadowed by controversies, and his reign as a Pope is considered to be a failure on all fronts.