German Female Artists & Painters

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 1 Käthe Kollwitz

Käthe Kollwitz
4
Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: July 8, 1867
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Kaliningrad, Russia
Died: April 22, 1945

Noted for series like Weavers’ Revolt and Peasants’ War, sculptor and graphic artist, Käthe Kollwitz, came in contact with the urban poor when she moved into Berlin's working class area. Touched by their plight, she soon started portraying them through her etchings, lithographs, woodcuts, and drawings, quickly becoming a powerful advocate for those suffering from social injustice, war, and inhumanity.

 2 Christiane Kubrick

Christiane Kubrick
4
Famous As: Actress
Birthdate: May 10, 1932
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Brunswick, Germany

German actress, dancer, painter, and singer Christiane Kubrick, wife of accomplished filmmaker Stanley Kubrick, thrived as a painter showcasing a passion for floral settings and still life paintings. She featured in films like Paths of Glory and Love Is Just a Fairytale, while her works featured in two hit films of Stanley, namely A Clockwork Orange  and Eyes Wide Shut.  

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 3 Eva Hesse

Eva Hesse
3
Famous As: Sculptor, Painter
Birthdate: January 11, 1936
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Hamburg
Died: May 29, 1970

Born in Germany, Eva Hesse moved with her family to England, and then to the U.S., in a bid to escape the Nazi regime. Her death due to brain tumor at age 34 cut short her dynamic career. A sculptor and painter, she experimented with media such latex, metal, and mesh.

 4 Hannah Höch

Hannah Höch
3
Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: November 1, 1889
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Gotha, Germany
Died: May 31, 1978

Apart from being the only female member of the Berlin Dada group, German artist Hannah Höch was also the pioneer of the photomontage form of art. Her works explored the sexually and financially independent New Woman and challenged gender stereotypes. She also experimented with textiles and patterns.

 5 Anita Pallenberg

Anita Pallenberg
4
Famous As: Actress
Birthdate: April 6, 1942
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: June 13, 2017

Known as the Rolling Stones muse, for her affairs with at least two of the iconic rock band’s members, Anita Pallenberg was an actor-model. The Rolling Stones tracks such as You Got The Silver and Angie were inspired by her. She had also studied fashion designing after recovering from drug addiction.

 6 Traudl Junge

Traudl Junge
4
Famous As: Memoirist, Painter, Secretary, Writer
Birthdate: March 16, 1920
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Munich
Died: February 10, 2002

After being rejected by a dance school, Traudl Junge ditched her plan of becoming a ballerina and mastered typing instead. She later served as Adolf Hitler’s typist and was the youngest of his secretaries. After staying silent for years, she eventually revealed her experience to Austrian filmmaker Andre Heller.

 7 Gloria, Princess of Thurn and Taxis

Gloria, Princess of Thurn and Taxis
3
Famous As: Entrepreneur
Birthdate: February 23, 1960
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg West Germany

German socialite and philanthropist Gloria, Princess of Thurn and Taxis, or Princess TNT, had met her husband, Prince Johannes, when she was 19 and he was 53. Following his death, she was faced with a $500 million debt, sold off her riches, and became a Catholic activist.  

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 8 Charlotte Salomon

Charlotte Salomon
3
Famous As: Artist, Painter
Birthdate: April 16, 1917
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Berlin
Died: October 10, 1943

German Jewish artist Charlotte Salomon was killed along with her unborn child by the Nazis at Auschwitz when she was barely 26. Her haunting memoir, Life? or Theater?, provides a graphic portrayal of her life through innovative transparencies and signature images. Its subtitle, singspiel, signifies it was a light opera.

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 9 Gabriele Munter

Gabriele Munter
3
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: February 19, 1877
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: May 19, 1962

Gabriele Munter was a German expressionist painter who led the Munich avant-garde movement in the early 20th century. She began to draw as a child and was supported in her ambitions by her parents. She went on to have a successful career and became a founding member of the expressionist group Der Blaue Reiter. She lived with painter Wassily Kandinsky.  

 10 Méret Oppenheim

Méret Oppenheim
3
Famous As: Photographer, Writer, Painter, Model, Visual artist
Birthdate: October 6, 1913
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Berlin-Charlottenburg
Died: November 15, 1985
Méret Oppenheim is best remembered for her surrealist art such as Object: Breakfast in Fur. She also modeled for artists. Throughout her career, she had created furniture, jewelry, and even poetry. In her performance piece Spring Feast, she laid out a banquet on top of a nude woman.

 11 Anni Albers

Anni Albers
3
Famous As: Textile Artist
Birthdate: June 12, 1899
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: May 9, 1994

German-born American textile designer Anni Albers redefined textile arts in the 20th century. While studying painting initially, she had reluctantly joined a weaving workshop, considered a woman’s art back then, and ended up being inspired by it. She and her husband later fled to the U.S. to escape the Nazi regime.

 12 Elsa von Freytag-Loringhoven

Elsa von Freytag-Loringhoven
3
Famous As: Sculptor, Writer, Painter, Model, Poet, Artist
Birthdate: July 12, 1874
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Świnoujście
Died: December 15, 1927

Part of the German avant-garde movement and a prominent Dadaist, poet and artist Elsa von Freytag-Loringhoven is best remembered for her sound poetry and her posthumously published book Body Sweats. It is believed the famous urinal Fountain sculpture thought to be a work of Marcel Duchamp was actually created by Elsa.

 13 Margret Rey

Margret Rey
3
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: May 16, 1906
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Hamburg, Germany
Died: December 21, 1996

 14 Maria Innocentia Hummel

Maria Innocentia Hummel
2
Famous As: Nun
Birthdate: May 21, 1909
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Massing, Germany Massing, Germany
Died: November 6, 1946

 15 Elisabet Ney

Elisabet Ney
2
Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: January 26, 1833
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Münster, Germany
Died: June 29, 1907

 16 Isa Genzken

Isa Genzken
2
Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: November 27, 1948
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Bad Oldesloe, Germany

 17 Gunta Stölzl

Gunta Stölzl
2
Famous As: Textile artist
Birthdate: March 5, 1897
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Munich, Germany
Died: April 22, 1983

 18 Louise Hollandine of the Palatinate

Louise Hollandine of the Palatinate
2
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: April 18, 1622
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: The Hague, Netherlands
Died: February 11, 1709

 19 Marianne Brandt

Marianne Brandt
2
Famous As: Photographer
Birthdate: October 1, 1893
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Chemnitz, Germany
Died: June 18, 1983

Marianne Brandt was a German painter, photographer, sculptor, designer, and metalsmith. She is credited with designing several household objects like ashtrays, teapots, and lamps that are regarded as a paradigm of modern industrial design. After studying at the Bauhaus art school in Weimar, Marianne Brandt went on to serve as the head of the school's Metal Workshop in Dessau.

 20 Marianne von Werefkin

Marianne von Werefkin
2
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: September 10, 1860
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Tula, Russia
Died: February 6, 1938

 21 Unica Zürn

Unica Zürn
2
Famous As: Author
Birthdate: July 6, 1916
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: German
Died: October 19, 1970

 22 Anna Maria van Schurman

Anna Maria van Schurman
2
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: November 5, 1607
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Cologne, Germany
Died: May 4, 1678

 23 Elfriede Lohse-Wächtler

Elfriede Lohse-Wächtler
2
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: December 4, 1899
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Dresden, Germany
Died: July 31, 1940

 24 Clara Westhoff

Clara Westhoff
2
Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: September 21, 1878
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Bremen, Germany
Died: March 9, 1954

 25 Ruth Duckworth

Ruth Duckworth
1
Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: April 10, 1919
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Hamburg, Germany
Died: October 18, 2009

 26 Tabea Blumenschein

Tabea Blumenschein
0
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: August 11, 1952
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Rietheim-Weilheim, Germany
Died: March 2, 2020

 27 Sibylle Szaggars

Sibylle Szaggars
0
Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: April 14, 1957
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Hamburg