Famous German Sculptors

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 1 
Max Ernst
(Primary Pioneer of the 'Dada Movement' and 'Surrealism' Known for His Work 'A Week of Kindness')
Max Ernst
7
Birthdate: April 2, 1891
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Brühl, Germany
Died: April 1, 1976

Max Ernst was a German painter, graphic artist, sculptor, and poet. A pioneer of the Dada movement, Ernst played an important role in popularizing surrealism during the early-20th century. He is also credited with inventing a couple of techniques, namely frottage and grattage. In 2005, the Max Ernst Museum was opened in his honor in Brühl, Germany.

 2 
Günter Grass
(German Novelist & Nobel Prize Laureate, Best Known for His 1959 Novel, 'The Tin Drum')
Günter Grass
5
Birthdate: October 16, 1927
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Free City of Danzig, Poland
Died: April 13, 2015

Günter Grass was a German novelist, illustrator, graphic artist, poet, playwright, and sculptor. A much revered and decorated writer, Grass was honored with the prestigious Nobel Prize in Literature in 1999. Over the course of his illustrious career, Günter Grass won many other awards, including the Georg Büchner Prize and the Hermann Kesten Prize.

 3 
Joseph Beuys
(German Abstract Painter and Founder of a Provocative Art Movement Known as 'Fluxus')
Joseph Beuys
5
Birthdate: May 12, 1921
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Krefeld, Germany
Died: January 23, 1986

It is believed Joseph Beuys was rescued by Tartars when his air force plane broke down in Crimea during World War II. He later gained fame as an avant-garde sculptor and artist and part of the group Fluxus. His works used unconventional media, with some even including staged actions.

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 4 
Käthe Kollwitz
(German Artist Known for Depicting Poverty, Hunger and War in Her Works 'The Weavers' and 'The Peasant War')
Käthe Kollwitz
5
Birthdate: July 8, 1867
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Königsberg, Russia
Died: April 22, 1945

Noted for series like Weavers’ Revolt and Peasants’ War, sculptor and graphic artist, Käthe Kollwitz, came in contact with the urban poor when she moved into Berlin's working class area. Touched by their plight, she soon started portraying them through her etchings, lithographs, woodcuts, and drawings, quickly becoming a powerful advocate for those suffering from social injustice, war, and inhumanity.

 5 
Jean Arp
(German-French-Sculptor Best Known for His Biomorphic Sculptures)
Jean Arp
4
Birthdate: September 16, 1886
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Strasbourg, France
Died: June 7, 1966

Jean Arp was born in Strasbourg, to a German father and a French mother. After studying art in Paris and Switzerland, he co-created The Modern Alliance and participated in the Dada and Abstraction-Création movements. An avant-garde painter and sculptor, he also experimented with media such as embroidery.

 6 
Anselm Kiefer
(German Painter and Sculptor)
Anselm Kiefer
5
Birthdate: March 8, 1945
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Donaueschingen, Germany

German painter and sculptor Anselm Kiefer, counted among leading figures of the Neo-Expressionist art movement of the late 20th century, is noted for his works like The Hierarchy of Angels (painting), The Secret Life of Plants (sculpture) and Grane (woodcut). Themes of Kiefer were often influenced by the spiritual concepts of Kabbalah, horror of the Holocaust and poems of Paul Celan.

 7 
Eva Hesse
(American Sculptor)
Eva Hesse
4
Birthdate: January 11, 1936
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Hamburg, GermanyEva Hesse
Died: May 29, 1970

Born in Germany, Eva Hesse moved with her family to England, and then to the U.S., in a bid to escape the Nazi regime. Her death due to brain tumor at age 34 cut short her dynamic career. A sculptor and painter, she experimented with media such latex, metal, and mesh.

 8 
Kurt Schwitters
(German Artist Best Known for His Collages and Relief Constructions)
Kurt Schwitters
5
Birthdate: June 20, 1887
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Hanover, Germany
Died: January 8, 1948

German artist and poet Kurt Schwitters, known for collage, artist's book, installation, sculpture and poetry, is noted for his collages and relief-constructions. Schwitters planned a Dada section in Hanover and the Merz art-style traces back to him, which he found by chance while forming a collage with the German word Kommerz. One of his notable works is Das Undbild, 1919.

 9 
Oskar Schlemmer
(Artist and Choreographer Known for His Association with the 'Bauhaus School' & His Ballet 'Triadisches Ballett')
Oskar Schlemmer
6
Birthdate: September 4, 1888
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Stuttgart, Germany
Died: April 13, 1943

German painter and sculptor Oskar Schlemmer had gained fame both for his paintings and for his choreographed avant-garde ballet productions such as Triadisches Ballett. He was a major influence behind bringing modern art exhibitions to the Stuttgart Academy of Fine Art. He had also served in World War I.

 10 
Wolfgang Beltracchi
(Art forger, Artist, Painter, Sculptor, Writer)
Wolfgang Beltracchi
4
Birthdate: February 4, 1951
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Höxter

German art-forger and artist Wolfgang Beltracchi gained notoriety for his involvement in an international art scam where he forged paintings of famous artists like Max Ernst, Fernand Léger, Heinrich Campendonk, and Kees van Dongen and sold them to make profits that surpassed $100m. Beltracchi and his wife, Helene, were found guilty and were given six-year and four-year prison terms respectively.

 11 
Max Beckmann
(German Expressionist Painter and Printmaker)
Max Beckmann
4
Birthdate: February 12, 1884
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Leipzig, Germany
Died: December 27, 1950

Max Beckmann was a German painter, sculptor, draftsman, printmaker, and writer. Even though scholars classify him as an Expressionist artist, he personally never identified as one. He became involved with the New Objectivity movement in the 1920s. He taught at the St. Louis School of Fine Arts at Washington University in his last years.

 12 
Arno Breker
(German Architect and Sculptor Best Known for His Public Works in Nazi Germany)
Arno Breker
5
Birthdate: July 19, 1900
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Elberfeld, Wuppertal, Germany
Died: February 13, 1991

Arno Breker was a German architect and sculptor who was active during Nazi rule. The authorities endorsed his work as the antithesis of degenerate art. He created the statue Die Partei, representing the spirit of the Nazi Party. Hitler exempted Breker from military service and provided him several amenities for being the Nazi’s official sculptor. 

 13 
Karl Blossfeldt
(German Photographer and Sculptor Best Known for His Close-up Photographs of Plants and Living Things)
Karl Blossfeldt
4
Birthdate: June 13, 1865
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Schielo, Germany
Died: December 9, 1932

Karl Blossfeldt was a German photographer, artist, sculptor, and teacher. He is best remembered for his work Urformen der Kunst, a collection of close-up photos of animals and plants. The book became highly influential and Blossfeldt's works were used as teaching tools in Berlin. Blossfeldt also served as a professor at the United State Schools for Fine and Applied Art. 

 14 
Georg Baselitz
(German Neo-Expressionist Artist Best Known for Painting and Exhibiting Many of His Works Upside Down)
Georg Baselitz
3
Birthdate: January 23, 1938
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Kamenz, Germany

Georg Baselitz is a German painter, sculptor, and graphic artist known for his figurative, expressive paintings. He grew up in the wake of World War II, and the concept of destruction is an underlying theme seen in many of his works. He is known for inverting all his paintings. He is a recipient of the Chevalier de la Légion d'Honneur

 15 
Hans Bellmer
(German Artist Best Known for the Life-Sized Pubescent Female Dolls He Produced in the Mid-1930s)
Hans Bellmer
3
Birthdate: March 13, 1902
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Katowice, Poland
Died: February 24, 1975

German Surrealist artist Hans Bellmer is best known for his life-sized female dolls and erotic photography. He released the anonymous book Die Puppe. It is believed some of his dolls featured grotesque additions to reflect the Nazi obsession with perfection. He also collaborated with Unica Zürn for a bizarre photo series.

 16 
Franz Stuck
(Known for his paintings of ancient mythology, receiving substantial critical acclaim with The Sin in 1892)
Franz Stuck
3
Birthdate: February 23, 1863
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Tettenweis, Germany
Died: August 30, 1928
 17 
Sascha Schneider
(Painter)
Sascha Schneider
3
Birthdate: September 21, 1870
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: August 18, 1927
 18 
Martin Kippenberger
(Artist)
Martin Kippenberger
3
Birthdate: February 25, 1953
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Dortmund, Germany
Died: March 7, 1997
 19 
Gottfried Böhm
(Architect)
Gottfried Böhm
2
Birthdate: January 23, 1920
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Offenbach, Germany
 20 
Max Klinger
(Painter)
Max Klinger
2
Birthdate: February 18, 1857
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Leipzig, Germany
Died: July 5, 1920
 21 
Rebecca Horn
(German Visual Artist)
Rebecca Horn
3
Birthdate: March 24, 1944
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Michelstadt, Germany

Rebecca Horn is a German visual artist best known for her body art, film directing, and installation art. Horn achieved popularity for her body sculptures where she attaches instruments and objects to the human body in order to create art. In 1992, Rebecca Horn received the Goslarer Kaiserring award, becoming the first woman to win the prestigious award.

 22 
Ernst Barlach
(Sculptor)
Ernst Barlach
2
Birthdate: January 2, 1870
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Wedel, Germany
Died: October 24, 1938
 23 
Tilman Riemenschneider
(Sculptor)
Tilman Riemenschneider
4
Birthdate: 1460 AD
Birthplace: Heilbad Heiligenstadt, Germany
Died: July 7, 1531
 24 
Franz Xaver Messerschmidt
(German-Austrian Sculptor Best Known for His Series of Dramatic 'Character Heads')
Franz Xaver Messerschmidt
3
Birthdate: February 6, 1736
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Swabia, Germany
Died: August 19, 1783

German-Austrian Franz Xaver Messerschmidt was a court sculptor in Vienna but was later forced to move to Pressburg, now Bratislava, where he worked on a series of over 60 heads, made of either tin alloy or alabaster. The heads have peculiar expressions, but their meaning hasn’t yet been unearthed.

 25 
Clara Westhoff
(Sculptor)
Clara Westhoff
2
Birthdate: September 21, 1878
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Bremen, Germany
Died: March 9, 1954
 26 
Isa Genzken
(Artist)
Isa Genzken
2
Birthdate: November 27, 1948
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Bad Oldesloe, Germany
 27 
Elisabet Ney
(Sculptor)
Elisabet Ney
2
Birthdate: January 26, 1833
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Münster, Germany
Died: June 29, 1907
 28 
Wolf Vostell
(Painter)
Wolf Vostell
2
Birthdate: October 14, 1932
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Leverkusen, Germany
Died: April 3, 1998
 29 
Marianne Brandt
(German Painter, Sculptor, Photographer, Metalsmith and Designer)
Marianne Brandt
2
Birthdate: October 1, 1893
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Chemnitz, Germany
Died: June 18, 1983

Marianne Brandt was a German painter, photographer, sculptor, designer, and metalsmith. She is credited with designing several household objects like ashtrays, teapots, and lamps that are regarded as a paradigm of modern industrial design. After studying at the Bauhaus art school in Weimar, Marianne Brandt went on to serve as the head of the school's Metal Workshop in Dessau.

 30 
Veit Stoss
(Sculptor)
Veit Stoss
2
Birthdate: 1447 AD
Birthplace: Horb am Neckar, Germany
Died: September 20, 1533
 31 
Thomas Demand
(German Photographer Known for His Large-Scale Photographs of Paper-And-Cardboard Reconstructions of Indoor Scenes)
Thomas Demand
2
Birthdate: 1964 AD
Birthplace: Munich, Germany

Thomas Demand is a German photographer and sculptor who had his debut solo exhibition in 1992 at Tanit Galerie in Munich. He then went on to display his works at popular art galleries like the Museum of Modern Art, Neue Nationalgalerie, and the Irish Museum of Modern Art. In 2011, he was nominated for the prestigious Deutsche Börse Photography Prize.

 32 
Jörg Immendorff
(Painter)
Jörg Immendorff
2
Birthdate: June 14, 1945
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Bleckede, Lower Saxony, Germany
Died: May 28, 2007
 33 
Peter Parler
(Architect)
Peter Parler
2
Birthdate: 1333 AD
Birthplace: Schwäbisch Gmünd, Germany
Died: July 13, 1399
 34 
A.R. Penck
(Painter)
A.R. Penck
2
Birthdate: October 5, 1939
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Dresden, Germany
Died: May 2, 2017
 35 
Andre Heller
(Artist)
Andre Heller
2
Birthdate: March 22, 1947
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
 36 
Wilhelm Lehmbruck
(Sculptor)
Wilhelm Lehmbruck
2
Birthdate: January 4, 1881
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Duisburg, Germany
Died: March 25, 1919
 37 
Gottfried Schadow
(Sculptor)
Gottfried Schadow
1
Birthdate: May 20, 1764
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: January 27, 1850
 38 
Andreas Schlüter
(sculptor)
Andreas Schlüter
1
Birthdate: May 20, 1664
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Hamburg, Germany
Died: April 30, 1714
 39 
Master E.S.
(Engraver)
Master E.S.
1
Birthdate: 1420 AD
Birthplace: Germany
Died: 1468 AD
 40 
Adolf von Hildebrand
(Sculptor)
Adolf von Hildebrand
1
Birthdate: October 6, 1847
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Marburg, Germany
Died: January 17, 1921
 41 
Ruth Duckworth
(Artist)
Ruth Duckworth
1
Birthdate: April 10, 1919
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Hamburg, Germany
Died: October 18, 2009
 42 
Egid Quirin Asam
(Sculptor)
Egid Quirin Asam
1
Birthdate: September 1, 1692
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Tegernsee, Germany
Died: April 29, 1750
 43 
Johann Joachim Kändler
(Sculptor)
Johann Joachim Kändler
1
Birthdate: June 15, 1706
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Arnsdorf, Germany
Died: May 18, 1775
 44 
Adam Kraft
(Sculptor)
Adam Kraft
1
Birthdate: 1460 AD
Birthplace: Nuremberg, Germany
Died: December 31, 1509
 45 
Bernhard Hoetger
(Former sculptor, painter and handicrafts artist of the Expressionist movement)
Bernhard Hoetger
1
Birthdate: May 4, 1874
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Dortmund, Germany
Died: July 18, 1949
 46 
Franz Anton Bustelli
(German Artist Known for His Work in the Light, Asymmetric, Lavishly Decorated Rococo Style)
Franz Anton Bustelli
2
Birthdate: April 12, 1723
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Locarno, Switzerland
Died: April 18, 1763

Not much is known about artist Franz Anton Bustelli’s early life, except that he worked at a porcelain factory. One of the greatest figures of the Rococo style of art, he created porcelain figures of gods, street vendors, and even Oriental characters. His signature style included the use of rich colors.

 47 
Reinhold Begas
(Sculptor)
Reinhold Begas
1
Birthdate: July 15, 1831
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: August 3, 1911
 48 
Conrat Meit
(German sculptor)
Conrat Meit
0
Birthdate: 1480 AD
Birthplace: Worms, Germany
Died: 1551 AD
 49 
Adam Friedrich Oeser
(Painter)
Adam Friedrich Oeser
0
Birthdate: February 17, 1717
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Bratislava, Slovakia
Died: March 18, 1799
 50 
Ignaz Günther
(Sculptor)
Ignaz Günther
0
Birthdate: November 22, 1725
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Altmannstein, Germany
Died: June 27, 1775