Famous German Sculptors

Find out more about the greatest German Sculptors, including Max Ernst, Arno Breker, Joseph Beuys, Käthe Kollwitz and Kurt Schwitters.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Max Ernst

Max Ernst
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: April 2, 1891
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Brühl, Germany
Died: April 1, 1976

Max Ernst was a German painter, graphic artist, sculptor, and poet. A pioneer of the Dada movement, Ernst played an important role in popularizing surrealism during the early-20th century. He is also credited with inventing a couple of techniques, namely frottage and grattage. In 2005, the Max Ernst Museum was opened in his honor in Brühl, Germany.

 2 Joseph Beuys

Joseph Beuys
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Famous As: Sculptor, Choreographer, Painter, University teacher
Birthdate: May 12, 1921
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Krefeld
Died: January 23, 1986

It is believed Joseph Beuys was rescued by Tartars when his air force plane broke down in Crimea during World War II. He later gained fame as an avant-garde sculptor and artist and part of the group Fluxus. His works used unconventional media, with some even including staged actions.

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 3 Käthe Kollwitz

Käthe Kollwitz
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: July 8, 1867
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Kaliningrad, Russia
Died: April 22, 1945

Noted for series like Weavers’ Revolt and Peasants’ War, sculptor and graphic artist, Käthe Kollwitz, came in contact with the urban poor when she moved into Berlin's working class area. Touched by their plight, she soon started portraying them through her etchings, lithographs, woodcuts, and drawings, quickly becoming a powerful advocate for those suffering from social injustice, war, and inhumanity.

 4 Gunther von Hagens

Gunther von Hagens
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Famous As: Anatomist, Sculptor, Inventor, University teacher
Birthdate: January 10, 1945
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Skalmierzyce, Greater Poland Voivodeship

 5 Anselm Kiefer

Anselm Kiefer
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: March 8, 1945
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Donaueschingen, Germany

German painter and sculptor Anselm Kiefer, counted among leading figures of the Neo-Expressionist art movement of the late 20th century, is noted for his works like The Hierarchy of Angels (painting), The Secret Life of Plants (sculpture) and Grane (woodcut). Themes of Kiefer were often influenced by the spiritual concepts of Kabbalah, horror of the Holocaust and poems of Paul Celan.

 6 Ernst Ludwig Kirchner

Ernst Ludwig Kirchner
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Famous As: Painter, Sculptor
Birthdate: May 6, 1880
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Aschaffenburg
Died: June 15, 1938

One of the pioneers of Expressionism, German painter Ernst Ludwig Kirchner co-established the artists’ group Die Brücke, or The Bridge. His iconic works such as Girl under Japanese Umbrella and Street, Berlin displayed psychological and erotic themes. Declared a "degenerate" by the Nazis, he later committed suicide.

 7 Oskar Schlemmer

Oskar Schlemmer
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: September 4, 1888
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Stuttgart, Germany
Died: April 13, 1943

German painter and sculptor Oskar Schlemmer had gained fame both for his paintings and for his choreographed avant-garde ballet productions such as Triadisches Ballett. He was a major influence behind bringing modern art exhibitions to the Stuttgart Academy of Fine Art. He had also served in World War I.

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 8 Eva Hesse

Eva Hesse
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Famous As: Sculptor, Painter
Birthdate: January 11, 1936
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Hamburg
Died: May 29, 1970

Born in Germany, Eva Hesse moved with her family to England, and then to the U.S., in a bid to escape the Nazi regime. Her death due to brain tumor at age 34 cut short her dynamic career. A sculptor and painter, she experimented with media such latex, metal, and mesh.

 9 Kurt Schwitters

Kurt Schwitters
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Famous As: Painter, Artist, Sculptor, Graphic designer, Writer
Birthdate: June 20, 1887
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Hanover
Died: January 8, 1948

German artist and poet Kurt Schwitters, known for collage, artist's book, installation, sculpture and poetry, is noted for his collages and relief-constructions. Schwitters planned a Dada section in Hanover and the Merz art-style traces back to him, which he found by chance while forming a collage with the German word Kommerz. One of his notable works is Das Undbild, 1919.

 10 Wolfgang Beltracchi

Wolfgang Beltracchi
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Famous As: Art forger, Artist, Painter, Sculptor, Writer
Birthdate: February 4, 1951
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Höxter

German art-forger and artist Wolfgang Beltracchi gained notoriety for his involvement in an international art scam where he forged paintings of famous artists like Max Ernst, Fernand Léger, Heinrich Campendonk, and Kees van Dongen and sold them to make profits that surpassed $100m. Beltracchi and his wife, Helene, were found guilty and were given six-year and four-year prison terms respectively.

 11 Arno Breker

Arno Breker
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: July 19, 1900
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Elberfeld, Wuppertal, Germany
Died: February 13, 1991

Arno Breker was a German architect and sculptor who was active during Nazi rule. The authorities endorsed his work as the antithesis of degenerate art. He created the statue Die Partei, representing the spirit of the Nazi Party. Hitler exempted Breker from military service and provided him several amenities for being the Nazi’s official sculptor. 

 12 Max Beckmann

Max Beckmann
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Famous As: Painter, Sculptor, Draftsperson, Printmaker, Writer, University teacher, Graphic artist
Birthdate: February 12, 1884
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Leipzig
Died: December 27, 1950

Max Beckmann was a German painter, sculptor, draftsman, printmaker, and writer. Even though scholars classify him as an Expressionist artist, he personally never identified as one. He became involved with the New Objectivity movement in the 1920s. He taught at the St. Louis School of Fine Arts at Washington University in his last years.

 13 Georg Baselitz

Georg Baselitz
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: January 23, 1938
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Kamenz, Germany

Georg Baselitz is a German painter, sculptor, and graphic artist known for his figurative, expressive paintings. He grew up in the wake of World War II, and the concept of destruction is an underlying theme seen in many of his works. He is known for inverting all his paintings. He is a recipient of the Chevalier de la Légion d'Honneur

 14 Elsa von Freytag-Loringhoven

Elsa von Freytag-Loringhoven
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Famous As: Sculptor, Writer, Painter, Model, Poet, Artist
Birthdate: July 12, 1874
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Świnoujście
Died: December 15, 1927

Part of the German avant-garde movement and a prominent Dadaist, poet and artist Elsa von Freytag-Loringhoven is best remembered for her sound poetry and her posthumously published book Body Sweats. It is believed the famous urinal Fountain sculpture thought to be a work of Marcel Duchamp was actually created by Elsa.

 15 Franz Stuck

Franz Stuck
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Famous As: Sculptor, Painter, University teacher, Architect
Birthdate: February 23, 1863
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Tettenweis
Died: August 30, 1928

 16 Martin Kippenberger

Martin Kippenberger
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: February 25, 1953
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Dortmund, Germany
Died: March 7, 1997

 17 Lovis Corinth

Lovis Corinth
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Famous As: Painter, Sculptor, University teacher, Graphic artist
Birthdate: July 21, 1858
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Gvardeysk
Died: July 17, 1925

 18 Karl Schmidt-Rottluff

Karl Schmidt-Rottluff
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Famous As: Sculptor, Painter, University teacher, Graphic artist
Birthdate: December 1, 1884
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Chemnitz
Died: August 10, 1976

 19 Sascha Schneider

Sascha Schneider
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: September 21, 1870
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: August 18, 1927

 20 Max Klinger

Max Klinger
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: February 18, 1857
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Leipzig, Germany
Died: July 5, 1920

 21 Rebecca Horn

Rebecca Horn
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Famous As: Sculptor, Choreographer, Film director
Birthdate: March 24, 1944
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Michelstadt

 22 Tilman Riemenschneider

Tilman Riemenschneider
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: 1460 AD
Birthplace: Heilbad Heiligenstadt, Germany
Died: July 7, 1531

 23 Gottfried Böhm

Gottfried Böhm
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: January 23, 1920
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Offenbach, Germany

 24 Ernst Barlach

Ernst Barlach
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: January 2, 1870
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Wedel, Germany
Died: October 24, 1938

 25 Elisabet Ney

Elisabet Ney
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: January 26, 1833
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Münster, Germany
Died: June 29, 1907

 26 Wolf Vostell

Wolf Vostell
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: October 14, 1932
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Leverkusen, Germany
Died: April 3, 1998

 27 Isa Genzken

Isa Genzken
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: November 27, 1948
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Bad Oldesloe, Germany

 28 Marianne Brandt

Marianne Brandt
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Famous As: Photographer
Birthdate: October 1, 1893
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Chemnitz, Germany
Died: June 18, 1983

Marianne Brandt was a German painter, photographer, sculptor, designer, and metalsmith. She is credited with designing several household objects like ashtrays, teapots, and lamps that are regarded as a paradigm of modern industrial design. After studying at the Bauhaus art school in Weimar, Marianne Brandt went on to serve as the head of the school's Metal Workshop in Dessau.

 29 Jörg Immendorff

Jörg Immendorff
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: June 14, 1945
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Bleckede, Lower Saxony, Germany
Died: May 28, 2007

 30 Veit Stoss

Veit Stoss
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: 1447 AD
Birthplace: Horb am Neckar, Germany
Died: September 20, 1533

 31 Thomas Demand

Thomas Demand
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: 1964 AD
Birthplace: Munich, Germany

Thomas Demand is a German photographer and sculptor who had his debut solo exhibition in 1992 at Tanit Galerie in Munich. He then went on to display his works at popular art galleries like the Museum of Modern Art, Neue Nationalgalerie, and the Irish Museum of Modern Art. In 2011, he was nominated for the prestigious Deutsche Börse Photography Prize.

 32 A.R. Penck

A.R. Penck
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: October 5, 1939
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Dresden, Germany
Died: May 2, 2017

 33 Clara Westhoff

Clara Westhoff
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: September 21, 1878
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Bremen, Germany
Died: March 9, 1954

 34 Andre Heller

Andre Heller
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: March 22, 1947
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria

 35 Wilhelm Lehmbruck

Wilhelm Lehmbruck
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: January 4, 1881
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Duisburg, Germany
Died: March 25, 1919

 36 Gottfried Schadow

Gottfried Schadow
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: May 20, 1764
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: January 27, 1850

 37 Andreas Schlüter

Andreas Schlüter
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Famous As: sculptor
Birthdate: May 20, 1664
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Hamburg, Germany
Died: April 30, 1714

 38 Master E.S.

Master E.S.
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Famous As: Engraver
Birthdate: 1420 AD
Birthplace: Germany
Died: 1468 AD

 39 Adolf von Hildebrand

Adolf von Hildebrand
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: October 6, 1847
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Marburg, Germany
Died: January 17, 1921

 40 Ruth Duckworth

Ruth Duckworth
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: April 10, 1919
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Hamburg, Germany
Died: October 18, 2009

 41 Adam Kraft

Adam Kraft
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: 1460 AD
Birthplace: Nuremberg, Germany
Died: December 31, 1509

 42 Egid Quirin Asam

Egid Quirin Asam
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: September 1, 1692
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Tegernsee, Germany
Died: April 29, 1750

 43 Johann Joachim Kändler

Johann Joachim Kändler
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: June 15, 1706
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Arnsdorf, Germany
Died: May 18, 1775

 44 Reinhold Begas

Reinhold Begas
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: July 15, 1831
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: August 3, 1911

 45 Bernhard Hoetger

Bernhard Hoetger
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Famous As: Painter, Sculptor, Architect
Birthdate: May 4, 1874
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Dortmund
Died: July 18, 1949

 46 Rolf Nesch

Rolf Nesch
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: January 7, 1893
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Germany
Died: October 27, 1975

 47 Ignaz Günther

Ignaz Günther
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: November 22, 1725
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Altmannstein, Germany
Died: June 27, 1775

 48 Conrat Meit

Conrat Meit
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Famous As: German sculptor
Birthdate: 1480 AD
Birthplace: Worms, Germany
Died: 1551 AD

 49 Adam Friedrich Oeser

Adam Friedrich Oeser
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: February 17, 1717
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Bratislava, Slovakia
Died: March 18, 1799

 50 Johann Peter Melchior

Johann Peter Melchior
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: March 8, 1747
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Lintorf, Ratingen, Germany
Died: June 13, 1825