German Male Artists & Painters

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 1 Albrecht Durer

Albrecht Durer
6
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: May 21, 1471
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Nuremberg, Germany
Died: April 6, 1528

Albrecht Durer was a German painter, theorist, and printmaker of the German Renaissance. During his 20s, Durer established his reputation as a popular printmaker across Europe, thanks to his high-quality woodcut prints. His popularity enabled him to work with major Italian artists like Leonardo da Vinci, Giovanni Bellini, and Raphael. Albrecht Durer also influenced generations of artists, especially in printmaking.

 2 Paul Klee

Paul Klee
6
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: December 18, 1879
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Münchenbuchsee, Switzerland
Died: May 29, 1940
The father of abstract art, Paul Klee’s works contained elements of surrealism, cubism, and expressionism, but they were not part of any specific school. He was also a skilled violinist and an avid reader. He also taught at the Bauhaus and experimented with various media, such as oil, watercolor, and ink.
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 3 Max Ernst

Max Ernst
5
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: April 2, 1891
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Brühl, Germany
Died: April 1, 1976

Max Ernst was a German painter, graphic artist, sculptor, and poet. A pioneer of the Dada movement, Ernst played an important role in popularizing surrealism during the early-20th century. He is also credited with inventing a couple of techniques, namely frottage and grattage. In 2005, the Max Ernst Museum was opened in his honor in Brühl, Germany.

 4 Sandro Kopp

Sandro Kopp
4
Famous As: Visual Artist
Birthdate: February 14, 1978
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Heildelberg

German/New Zealand visual artist Sandro Kopp is based in Scotland and explores “mediated presence.” His work merges new-age digital elements with classical painting. He is also known as the boyfriend of Academy Award-winning actor Tilda Swinton. His works have been exhibited all across the globe, including France and Italy.

 5 Hans Holbein the Younger

Hans Holbein the Younger
4
Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: April 2, 1497
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Augsburg, Germany
Died: November 29, 1543

Hans Holbein the Younger was a German printmaker and painter. Regarded as one of the 16th century's greatest portraitists, Holbein was also renowned for producing Reformation propaganda, satire, and religious art. Many of his portraits are now considered cultural icons. Holbein is also credited with contributing immensely to the evolution of book design.

 6 Caspar David Friedrich

Caspar David Friedrich
4
Famous As: Romantic landscape painter
Birthdate: September 5, 1774
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Greifswald, Germany
Died: May 7, 1840

Caspar David Friedrich was a German painter best remembered for painting mid-period allegorical landscapes. Widely regarded as the most important German painter of his era, Friedrich is celebrated as an important figure of the German Romantic movement. His works have influenced several painters, including Johan Christian Dahl, Arnold Böcklin, and Christiane Pooley.

 7 Franz Marc

Franz Marc
4
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: February 8, 1880
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Munich, Germany
Died: March 4, 1916

Best known as one of the founders of the German Expressionist group The Blue Rider, German painter Franz Marc mostly depicted animals through his works. The Tower of Blue Horses and Yellow Cow are two of his notable works. Children and the mentally disabled also appeared as his subjects.

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 8 Joseph Beuys

Joseph Beuys
4
Famous As: Sculptor, Choreographer, Painter, University teacher
Birthdate: May 12, 1921
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Krefeld
Died: January 23, 1986

It is believed Joseph Beuys was rescued by Tartars when his air force plane broke down in Crimea during World War II. He later gained fame as an avant-garde sculptor and artist and part of the group Fluxus. His works used unconventional media, with some even including staged actions.

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 9 Günter Grass

Günter Grass
4
Famous As: Novelist
Birthdate: October 16, 1927
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Free City of Danzig
Died: April 13, 2015

Günter Grass was a German novelist, illustrator, graphic artist, poet, playwright, and sculptor. A much revered and decorated writer, Grass was honored with the prestigious Nobel Prize in Literature in 1999. Over the course of his illustrious career, Günter Grass won many other awards, including the Georg Büchner Prize and the Hermann Kesten Prize.

 10 Jean Arp

Jean Arp
3
Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: September 16, 1886
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Strasbourg, France
Died: June 7, 1966

Jean Arp was born in Strasbourg, to a German father and a French mother. After studying art in Paris and Switzerland, he co-created The Modern Alliance and participated in the Dada and Abstraction-Création movements. An avant-garde painter and sculptor, he also experimented with media such as embroidery.

 11 Chris Barrie

Chris Barrie
4
Famous As: Actor
Birthdate: March 28, 1960
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Hannover, Lower Saxony, Germany

Born to an armyman father, Chris Barrie worked as a grave filler after dropping out of college. He then got a break on a TV show. Best known for his portrayal of Arnold Rimmer in the series Red Dwarf, he also gained fame with the BBC sitcom The Brittas Empire.

 12 Otto Dix

Otto Dix
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: December 2, 1891
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Untermhaus
Died: July 25, 1969

German painter, engraver and printmaker Otto Dix, counted among the most significant artists of Neue Sachlichkeit, is noted for his harsh and brutal depictions of war and severe situation of German society during the Weimar Republic. Some of his paintings, exhibited in Otto Dix House, which showcases materials on his life and work, include Selbstbildnis als Rauchern and Meine Freundin Elis.  

 13 E. T. A. Hoffmann

E. T. A. Hoffmann
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Famous As: Author
Birthdate: January 24, 1776
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Königsberg, Germany
Died: June 25, 1822

E. T. A. Hoffmann was a German author, jurist, artist, composer, and music critic. His stories served as an inspiration and laid the foundation for The Tales of Hoffmann by Jacques Offenbach. The Nutcracker by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky is also based on Hoffmann's The Nutcracker and the Mouse King. Hoffmann is among the most influential authors of the Romantic Movement.

 14 Lucas Cranach the Elder

Lucas Cranach the Elder
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: 1472 AD
Birthplace: Kronach, Germany
Died: October 16, 1553

German painter Lucas Cranach the Elder enriched the German Renaissance with his paintings and wood engravings. A court painter of the Electors of Saxony, he specialized in painting both nudes and ladies in fine clothing, and mostly depicted biblical and mythological themes. He also inspired the Danube school of Austria.

 15 Armin Mueller-Stahl

Armin Mueller-Stahl
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Famous As: Actor
Birthdate: December 17, 1930
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Sovetsk, Russia

German film and stage actor, director, painter and author Armin Mueller-Stahl is best-known for playing the abusive father of pianist David Helfgott in the 1996 Australian biographical drama film Shine. The role earned him an Academy Award nomination for Best Supporting Actor. He also featured in other films like Utz and made his directorial debut with Conversation with the Beast.

 16 Oskar Fischinger

Oskar Fischinger
4
Famous As: Animator
Birthdate: June 22, 1900
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: elnhausen, Germany
Died: January 31, 1967

German-American abstract animator, filmmaker, and painter Oskar Fischinger is most-noted for creating abstract musical animation decades before development of computer graphics. Among the 50 short films he made, the short animated film Motion Painting No. 1 is listed on the United States National Film Registry. He also created special effects for the German sci-fi silent film Woman in the Moon.

 17 Ernst Ludwig Kirchner

Ernst Ludwig Kirchner
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Famous As: Painter, Sculptor
Birthdate: May 6, 1880
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Aschaffenburg
Died: June 15, 1938

One of the pioneers of Expressionism, German painter Ernst Ludwig Kirchner co-established the artists’ group Die Brücke, or The Bridge. His iconic works such as Girl under Japanese Umbrella and Street, Berlin displayed psychological and erotic themes. Declared a "degenerate" by the Nazis, he later committed suicide.

 18 Albert Bierstadt

Albert Bierstadt
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: January 7, 1830
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Solingen, Germany
Died: February 18, 1902

Landscape painter Albert Bierstadt immortalized the natural attractions of the American West, such as the Rocky Mountains, in his works. One of the finest painters of the Hudson River school, he specialized in paintings that showcased bright lighting, or luminism, and created over 500 paintings throughout his career.

 19 Ernest Louis, Grand Duke of Hesse

Ernest Louis, Grand Duke of Hesse
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: November 25, 1868
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Darmstadt, Germany
Died: October 9, 1937
Ernest Louis, Grand Duke of Hesse was the son of Louis IV and Princess Alice and the grandson of Queen Victoria of England. An art lover, he established the Darmstadt Artists’ Colony for artists and craftsmen, and patronized the artists of the art nouveau Jugendstil movement. 

 20 Walter Sickert

Walter Sickert
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: May 31, 1860
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Munich
Died: January 22, 1942

Part of the Camden Town Group of painters, who showcased both Impressionist and Post-Impressionist art, German-born British painter Walter Sickert liked painting both people and scenes. His work Jack the Ripper's Bedroom gave rise to speculations that he could have been either the killer or his accomplice.

 21 Anselm Kiefer

Anselm Kiefer
6
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: March 8, 1945
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Donaueschingen, Germany

German painter and sculptor Anselm Kiefer, counted among leading figures of the Neo-Expressionist art movement of the late 20th century, is noted for his works like The Hierarchy of Angels (painting), The Secret Life of Plants (sculpture) and Grane (woodcut). Themes of Kiefer were often influenced by the spiritual concepts of Kabbalah, horror of the Holocaust and poems of Paul Celan.

 22 Oskar Schlemmer

Oskar Schlemmer
4
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: September 4, 1888
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Stuttgart, Germany
Died: April 13, 1943

German painter and sculptor Oskar Schlemmer had gained fame both for his paintings and for his choreographed avant-garde ballet productions such as Triadisches Ballett. He was a major influence behind bringing modern art exhibitions to the Stuttgart Academy of Fine Art. He had also served in World War I.

 23 Hans Memling

Hans Memling
3
Famous As: painter
Birthdate: 1430 AD
Birthplace: Seligenstadt
Died: August 11, 1494

Hans Memling was a 15th-century painter who worked in the tradition of Early Netherlandish painting. He trained in the Brussels workshop of prominent painter Rogier van der Weyden. With time, he became one of the leading artists in the region and ran a large workshop. He was extremely successful and died a wealthy man. 

 24 Gerhard Richter

Gerhard Richter
4
Famous As: Painter, University teacher, Visual artist
Birthdate: February 9, 1932
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Dresden

German visual artist Gerhard Richter started out as a Social Realist painter and was later exposed to avant-garde art. He mastered the art of painting scenes collected from newspapers and magazines, including terrorists and serial killer victims. He later also worked on stained-glass design and abstract art.

 25 Kurt Schwitters

Kurt Schwitters
3
Famous As: Painter, Artist, Sculptor, Graphic designer, Writer
Birthdate: June 20, 1887
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Hanover
Died: January 8, 1948

German artist and poet Kurt Schwitters, known for collage, artist's book, installation, sculpture and poetry, is noted for his collages and relief-constructions. Schwitters planned a Dada section in Hanover and the Merz art-style traces back to him, which he found by chance while forming a collage with the German word Kommerz. One of his notable works is Das Undbild, 1919.

 26 George Grosz

George Grosz
3
Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: July 26, 1893
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: July 6, 1959

German Expressionist artist George Grosz, later a naturalized US citizen, is most noted for his caricatural drawings and paintings of Berlin life. A leading member of the Berlin Dada and New Objectivity groups during the Weimar Republic, Grosz later departed from his earlier style and subjects and taught at the Art Students League of New York for several years.  

 27 Wolfgang Beltracchi

Wolfgang Beltracchi
3
Famous As: Art forger, Artist, Painter, Sculptor, Writer
Birthdate: February 4, 1951
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Höxter

German art-forger and artist Wolfgang Beltracchi gained notoriety for his involvement in an international art scam where he forged paintings of famous artists like Max Ernst, Fernand Léger, Heinrich Campendonk, and Kees van Dongen and sold them to make profits that surpassed $100m. Beltracchi and his wife, Helene, were found guilty and were given six-year and four-year prison terms respectively.

 28 Emil Nolde

Emil Nolde
3
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: August 7, 1867
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Duchy of Schleswig
Died: April 13, 1956

German-Danish painter, watercolourist and printmaker Emil Nolde is counted among the first Expressionists and oil painting and watercolour painters of the early 20th-century who explored colour. He was a Die Brücke member and is noted for his expressive choice of colours, his brushwork, and his violent religious works. Notable works of Nolde include Lesende junge Frau and Blumen und Wolken.

 29 Arno Breker

Arno Breker
3
Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: July 19, 1900
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Elberfeld, Wuppertal, Germany
Died: February 13, 1991

Arno Breker was a German architect and sculptor who was active during Nazi rule. The authorities endorsed his work as the antithesis of degenerate art. He created the statue Die Partei, representing the spirit of the Nazi Party. Hitler exempted Breker from military service and provided him several amenities for being the Nazi’s official sculptor. 

 30 Edgar Froese

Edgar Froese
3
Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: June 6, 1944
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Sovetsk, Russia
Died: January 20, 2015

A pioneer in electronic music and founder of music band Tangerine Dream, Edgar Willmar Froese started playing guitar at the age of 15. At nineteen, he formed his first group, which disbanded within three years. By then, he had started experimenting and eventually formed Tangerine Dream, concurrently continuing to sing solo and release solo albums.

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 31 Max Beckmann

Max Beckmann
3
Famous As: Painter, Sculptor, Draftsperson, Printmaker, Writer, University teacher, Graphic artist
Birthdate: February 12, 1884
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Leipzig
Died: December 27, 1950

Max Beckmann was a German painter, sculptor, draftsman, printmaker, and writer. Even though scholars classify him as an Expressionist artist, he personally never identified as one. He became involved with the New Objectivity movement in the 1920s. He taught at the St. Louis School of Fine Arts at Washington University in his last years.

 32 Matthias Grünewald

Matthias Grünewald
3
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: 1470 AD
Birthplace: Würzburg, Germany
Died: August 31, 1528

German Renaissance painter Matthias Grünewald, also known as Master Mathis, was the court painter of the elector of Mainz. His drawings were mostly made in black chalk. Of his religious works, the Isenheim Altarpiece still survives, though most of his works were destroyed in the Thirty Years' War.

 33 Hans Hofmann

Hans Hofmann
3
Famous As: Painter, Artist
Birthdate: March 21, 1880
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Weißenburg in Bayern
Died: February 17, 1966

Mostly hailed as an influential art teacher, Hans Hofmann was also a great artist and a pioneer in the use of improvisatory techniques. Born in Germany, he migrated to USA after Nazis came to power. There he opened his own school and moving away from Expressionistic landscapes developed totally an abstract manner, paving the way for Abstract Expressionism.

 34 Franz Xaver Winterhalter

Franz Xaver Winterhalter
3
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: April 20, 1805
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Menzenschwand, Sankt Blasien, Germany
Died: July 8, 1873

Born to a farmer in Germany’s Black Forest, Franz Xaver Winterhalter was initially trained as a lithographer. The nineteenth-century German painter later gained fame for his paintings and portraits of Europe’s royalty and aristocracy. Among his subjects were Queen Victoria of England and Elizabeth of Austria.

 35 Heinz Linge

Heinz Linge
3
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: March 23, 1913
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Bremen
Died: March 9, 1980

Heinz Linge went from being a bricklayer to a Schutzstaffel official. He joined Adolf Hitler’s household staff, as his valet. Stationed at the Führerbunker with Hitler during the fall of the Nazis, he was eventually tasked with cremating Hitler’s body. Captured by the Red Army, he later penned a memoir.

 36 Josef Albers

Josef Albers
5
Famous As: Painter, Artist, University teacher
Birthdate: March 19, 1888
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Bottrop
Died: March 25, 1976
German-born painter, artist, and art teacher Josef Albers initially experimented with colored-glass art, furniture design, and metal art, and later pioneered innovative styles of art such as Color Field painting and Op art. His best-known work, Homage to the Square, consists of a series of superimposed squares.

 37 Peter Behrens

Peter Behrens
3
Famous As: Poster artist, Architect, Typographer, Painter, Designer, Graphic designer, University teacher
Birthdate: April 14, 1868
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Hamburg
Died: February 27, 1940

Considered one of the pioneers of industrial design, German architect Peter Behrens had built his own house and all his furniture at the Darmstadt artists’ colony. The AEG Turbine Factory was one of his best-known works, and he had also designed their electric fans, lamps, and retail shops.

 38 John Heartfield

John Heartfield
3
Famous As: Photographer, Painter, Poster artist
Birthdate: June 19, 1891
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Schmargendorf
Died: April 26, 1968

John Heartfield was a German visual artist. He is credited to have pioneered the use of art as a political weapon. He used photomontages to satirize Adolf Hitler and depict his anti-Nazi and anti-fascist sentiments. He studied at the Royal Bavarian Arts and Crafts School and went on to launch a publishing house, Malik-Verlag, with his brother.  

 39 August Macke

August Macke
3
Famous As: Expressionist Painter
Birthdate: January 3, 1887
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Meschede, Germany
Died: September 26, 1914

A leader of the Expressionist group The Blue Rider, German artist August Macke had initially drawn inspiration from his amateur artist father’s paintings. His works, such as Three Girls in a Barque, focused on human subjects and mingled German and French traditions. He was killed while fighting in World War I.

 40 Georg Baselitz

Georg Baselitz
3
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: January 23, 1938
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Kamenz, Germany

Georg Baselitz is a German painter, sculptor, and graphic artist known for his figurative, expressive paintings. He grew up in the wake of World War II, and the concept of destruction is an underlying theme seen in many of his works. He is known for inverting all his paintings. He is a recipient of the Chevalier de la Légion d'Honneur

 41 Max Liebermann

Max Liebermann
3
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: July 20, 1847
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Berlin
Died: February 8, 1935

Although considered the foremost promoter of Impressionism in Germany, painter and printmaker Max Liebermann never fully detached himself from his subject matters.  Known for his works on the life and labor of the poor, including peasants, urban laborers, and orphans, portraying their plight through paintings like The Flax Spinners., he successfully maintained the narrative tradition of the German art.   

 42 Lothar-Günther Buchheim

Lothar-Günther Buchheim
3
Famous As: Author
Birthdate: February 6, 1918
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Weimar, Germany
Died: February 22, 2007

 43 Hermann Zapf

Hermann Zapf
3
Famous As: Type designer, Graphic designer, Calligrapher, University teacher, Postage stamp designer, Painter
Birthdate: November 8, 1918
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Nuremberg
Died: June 4, 2015

 44 Lyonel Feininger

Lyonel Feininger
4
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: July 17, 1871
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: New York, New York, United States
Died: January 13, 1956

 45 Peter Lely

Peter Lely
3
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: September 14, 1618
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Soest, Germany
Died: November 30, 1680

 46 Carl Spitzweg

Carl Spitzweg
3
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: February 5, 1808
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Germering, Germany
Died: September 23, 1885

 47 Heinrich Lossow

Heinrich Lossow
3
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: March 10, 1843
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Munich, Germany
Died: May 19, 1897

 48 Adolph Menzel

Adolph Menzel
3
Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: December 8, 1815
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Poland
Died: February 9, 1905

 49 Anton Raphael Mengs

Anton Raphael Mengs
3
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: March 22, 1728
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Ústí nad Labem, Czechia
Died: June 29, 1779

 50 Neo Rauch

Neo Rauch
3
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: April 18, 1960
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Leipzig

Neo Rauch is a German artist whose artworks are displayed in places, such as the Kunstmuseum Den Haag, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Kunstmuseum Wolfsburg, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Museum Ludwig, Museum der Bildenden Künste Leipzig, The Museum of Modern Art, and Pinakothek der Moderne among many other museums. He has also received awards like the prestigious Vincent Award.