Famous People Who Died In 1844

Discover the most famous people died who died in the year 1844. This list includes people like John Dalton, Ching Shih, Joseph Bonaparte, Joseph Smith Jr., Charles XIV John of Sweden and many more. This list of celebrities is loosely sorted by popularity. People featured on this list, include political leaders, military leaders, emperors & kings and spiritual & religious leaders who died in 1844. This list includes people from France, United States, England and many more countries.
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 1 
John Dalton
(Chemist, Physicist and Meteorologist Best Known for Developing the 'Atomic Theory')
John Dalton
12
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: September 6, 1766
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Eaglesfield, Cumberland, England
Died: July 27

John Dalton was an English chemist, physicist, and meteorologist most famous for introducing the atomic theory into chemistry. He also contributed a lot to the study of color blindness, sometimes referred to as Daltonism in his honor. He was the first scientist to refer to the smallest particle of matter as an “atom.” He was a Quaker and lived modestly. 

 2 
Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
(Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (1806 - 1826))
Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
2
Birthdate: January 2, 1784
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Coburg, Germany
Died: January 29

Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha reigned as the Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld from 9 December 1806 to 12 November 1826. He oversaw the construction of many projects, including a court theatre, in Coburg. Ernest is also remembered for the educational, constitutional, and economic development of his territories.

 3 
Louis Antoine, Duke of Angoulême
(King)
Louis Antoine, Duke of Angoulême
2
Birthdate: August 6, 1775
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Palace of Versailles, Versailles, France
Died: June 3
 4 
Joseph Smith Jr.
(Religious Leader and Founder of 'Mormonism' and the Latter Day Saint Movement)
Joseph Smith Jr.
19
Birthdate: December 23, 1805
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Sharon, Vermont, United States
Died: May 27

Religious leader Joseph Smith Jr. is known as the founder of the Mormonism and the Latter Day Saint movement. He also published the Book of Mormon. He established his communities in Ohio and Missouri and eventually founded the city Nauvoo in Illinois, which became the center of his spiritual activities.

 5 
Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart
(Pianist, Composer, Conductor, and the Youngest Son of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart)
Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart
3
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: July 26, 1791
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: July 29

Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart was the youngest son of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Constanze. He followed in the footsteps of his father and went on to become a pianist, composer, conductor, and teacher. However, unlike his father, Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart was introverted and often underrated his talent. He also had a constant fear of being compared to his father.

 6 
Ivan Krylov
(Fabulist)
Ivan Krylov
0
Birthdate: February 13, 1769
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: November 21
 7 
Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire
(French Naturalist Who Is Known for Establishing the Principle of 'Unity of Composition')
Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire
0
Birthdate: April 15, 1772
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Étampes, France
Died: June 19

French naturalist Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire is best remembered for his principle of unity of composition. He also laid down the idea of teratology, or the study of animal abnormalities. He was also part of Napoleon’s scientific expedition in Egypt and later taught zoology at the University of Paris.

 8 
Bertel Thorvaldsen
(Danish Sculptor and Medalist)
Bertel Thorvaldsen
1
Birthdate: November 19, 1770
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Copenhagen, Denmark
Died: March 24

Bertel Thorvaldsen was a Danish sculptor and medallist. He was internationally famous and spent most of his life in Italy. He received his training at the Royal Danish Academy of Art and initially worked with his father, a woodcarver. He went on to become a famous sculptor and worked in a heroic neo-classicist style. He received many awards. 

 9 
Edmund Ignatius Rice
(Irish Catholic Missionary and Educationalist)
Edmund Ignatius Rice
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: June 1, 1762
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Callan, County Kilkenny, Ireland
Died: August 29
Irish businessman Edmund Ignatius Rice was a successful trader of livestock and other supplies. After his wife’s death, he devoted himself to several charitable causes, especially those related to the education and health of the poor. He later founded the Congregation of the Brothers of the Christian Schools of Ireland.
 10 
Yevgeny Baratynsky
(Poet)
Yevgeny Baratynsky
0
Birthdate: March 2, 1800
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Tambov Governorate, Russian Empire
Died: July 11
 11 
Alexander von Benckendorff
(General)
Alexander von Benckendorff
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: July 4, 1781
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Tallinn, Estonia
Died: October 5
 12 
Joseph Bonaparte
(Older Brother of Napoleon Bonaparte)
Joseph Bonaparte
3
Birthdate: January 7, 1768
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Corte, France
Died: July 28

Older brother of Napoleon, Joseph Bonaparte, had been the king of Naples and Spain. After Napoleon’s fall, he was exiled to New Jersey, U.S. Later, in Europe, he lived a lavish life at Point Breeze, surrounded by all the wealth he had inherited, along with a classy collection of paintings.

 13 
Charles Bulfinch
(Architect)
Charles Bulfinch
0
Listed In: Architects
Birthdate: August 8, 1763
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Massachusetts Bay Colony, United States
Died: April 15

Best known for designing government buildings, Charles Bulfinch was also the first American-born architect. Educated at Harvard, he was later influenced by Neoclassical art. His designs included the Massachusetts State House and the Maine Capitol. He was also one of the architects of the United States Capitol.

 14 
Thomas Campbell
(Poet)
Thomas Campbell
1
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: July 27, 1777
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Glasgow, Scotland
Died: June 15

Scottish poet Thomas Campbell is best known for his emotional war poems and songs, such as Ye Mariners of England. He was also one of the men behind the formation of University College London. Though he initially intended to study law, he later ended up writing some of the best patriotic lyrics.

 15 
Hudson Lowe
(Soldier)
Hudson Lowe
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: July 28, 1769
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Galway, Ireland
Died: January 10
 16 
Thomas Charles Hope
(Chemist)
Thomas Charles Hope
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: July 21, 1766
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Edinburgh, Scotland
Died: June 13

The third son of physician and botanist John Hope, Thomas Charles Hope began his career teaching chemistry and medicine and eventually chaired medicine at the University of Glasgow. He is remembered for discovering the element strontium and also explained why icebergs float. He eventually became a Fellow of The Royal Society.

 17 
Charles Nodier
(French Author and Librarian Who Introduced a Younger Generation of Romanticists)
Charles Nodier
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: April 29, 1780
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Besançon, France
Died: January 27

French author Charles Nodier inspired the Romantic writers of his time with his focus on gothic themes. As the director of the Bibliothèque de l’Arsenal, he led a group of young writers such as Victor Hugo and Alfred de Musset. His works include The Vampire Lord Ruthwen and The Book Collector.

 18 
Gabriel Duvall
(Jurist)
Gabriel Duvall
0
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: December 6, 1752
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Prince George's County, Maryland, United States
Died: March 6
 19 
Henri Gatien Bertrand
(General)
Henri Gatien Bertrand
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: March 28, 1773
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Châteauroux, France
Died: January 31
 20 
Francis Baily
(Astronomer)
Francis Baily
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: April 28, 1774
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Newbury, England
Died: August 30
 21 
Jacques Laffitte
(French banker)
Jacques Laffitte
0
Listed In: Business People
Birthdate: October 24, 1767
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Bayonne, France
Died: May 26
 22 
Henry Francis Cary
(British Author and Translator Known for His Blank Verse Translation of 'The Divine Comedy of Dante')
Henry Francis Cary
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: December 6, 1772
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Gibraltar
Died: August 14

Henry Francis Cary is best remembered for translating Dante’s Divine Comedy in blank verse. He had also penned several biographies of British and French authors. Educated at Oxford, he had also worked at the British Museum as an assistant librarian and was an Anglican clergy.

 23 
Johannes van den Bosch
(Governor-General)
Johannes van den Bosch
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: February 2, 1780
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Herwijnen, Netherlands
Died: January 28
 24 
Joseph Clement
(British Engineer Who Was the Maker of 'Charles Babbage’s' First 'Difference Engine')
Joseph Clement
0
Listed In: Engineers
Birthdate: June 13, 1779
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Asby, England
Died: February 28

Born to a weaver, Joseph Clement himself initially worked as a weaver and learned metal work. He began building power looms and then moved to London, where he worked with top engineering firms. His best achievement was his collaboration with Charles Babbage in building Babbage’s Difference Engine.

 25 
Henry Baldwin
(Jurist)
Henry Baldwin
0
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: January 14, 1780
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: New Haven, Connecticut, United States
Died: April 21
 26 
Grand Duchess Alexandra Nikolaevna of Russia
(Aristocrat)
Grand Duchess Alexandra Nikolaevna of Russia
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: June 24, 1825
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Pushkin, Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: August 10
 27 
Manuel Quimper
(Spanish Peruvian Cartographer, Explorer, Colonial Official, and Naval Officer)
Manuel Quimper
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 1757 AD
Birthplace: Lima, Peru
Died: April 2

Manuel Quimper was a Spanish Peruvian cartographer, explorer, colonial official, and naval officer. He is remembered for his participation in charting the Sandwich Islands and the Strait of Juan de Fuca in the late-18th century. He served as a colonial governor in Peru at the start of Peru's fight for independence. After Peru’s independence, Manuel Quimper pursued a literary career.

 28 
Basil Hall
(Naval officer)
Basil Hall
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: December 31, 1788
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Dunglass, Scotland
Died: September 11
 29 
Paul Storr
(English Goldsmith and Silversmith Working in the Neoclassical)
Paul Storr
0
Birthdate: 1770 AD
Birthplace: London, England
Died: March 18

Paul Storr was an English goldsmith and silversmith. He worked predominantly in the Neoclassical style in vogue in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. One of the most prominent silversmiths of his era, he created several magnificent sculptural pieces for royalty. He collaborated with John Mortimer to found their joint venture, Storr and Mortimer, in 1822. 

 30 
Charles XIV John of Sweden
(King of Sweden and Norway)
Charles XIV John of Sweden
4
Birthdate: January 26, 1763
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Pau, France
Died: March 8
 31 
René-Charles Guilbert de Pixérécourt
(French Theatre Director and Playwright Best Known for His Modern Melodramas Such as 'The Dog of Montarges')
René-Charles Guilbert de Pixérécourt
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: January 22, 1773
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Nancy, France
Died: July 27

Best remembered for melodramatic plays such as The Dog of Montarges and Coelina, theater director and playwright René-Charles Guilbert de Pixérécourt was known for his signature realistic sets. His melodramas set the tone for the theater of the 19th century. He had initially studied law and had then served the army.

 32 
Barton W. Stone
(American Evangelist During the Early 19th-Century Second Great Awakening in the United States)
Barton W. Stone
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: December 24, 1772
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Charles County, Maryland, United States
Died: November 9

Barton W. Stone was an evangelist who played an important role during the Second Great Awakening in the US. He is credited with forming the Christian Church, which worked towards restoring primitive Christianity. Today, many church groups including Churches of Christ have historical connection to Stone's efforts. Atlantic Christian College in North Carolina was renamed Barton College in his honor.

 33 
Thomas Henderson
(Astronomer)
Thomas Henderson
1
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: December 28, 1798
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Dundee, Scotland
Died: November 23

Scottish astronomer Thomas Henderson was the first to measure the parallax of the Alpha Centauri. He was also named the first Astronomer Royal of Scotland. Though initially trained as a lawyer, he later focused on his love for math and astronomy. He also taught at the University of Edinburgh.

 34 
Claude Charles Fauriel
(Scholar)
Claude Charles Fauriel
0
Birthdate: October 21, 1772
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Saint-Étienne, France
Died: July 15
 35 
Philipp Emanuel von Fellenberg
(Educationalist)
Philipp Emanuel von Fellenberg
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: June 27, 1771
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Bern, Switzerland
Died: November 21
 36 
Emilio Bandiera
(Author)
Emilio Bandiera
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: June 20, 1819
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Venice, Italy
Died: 1844 AD
 37 
William Crockford
(British Entrepreneur and Equestrian)
William Crockford
0
Listed In: Business People
Birthdate: January 13, 1776
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: City of London, England
Died: May 24
 38 
Jernej Kopitar
(Linguist)
Jernej Kopitar
0
Birthdate: August 21, 1780
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Repnje, Slovenia
Died: August 11
 39 
José Batres Montúfar
(Poet, Politician)
José Batres Montúfar
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: March 18, 1809
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: San Salvador, El Salvador
Died: July 9
 40 
Henry Addington, 1st Viscount Sidmouth
(Politician)
Henry Addington, 1st Viscount Sidmouth
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: May 30, 1757
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Holborn
Died: February 15
 41 
Flora Tristan
(Writer)
Flora Tristan
22
Listed In: Activists
Birthdate: April 7, 1803
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Bordeaux, France
Died: November 14
 42 
Nicholas Biddle
(Financier)
Nicholas Biddle
2
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: January 8, 1786
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: February 27
 43 
Jean-Baptiste Drouet, Comte d'Erlon
(French Soldier and a Marshal of France )
Jean-Baptiste Drouet, Comte d'Erlon
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: July 29, 1765
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Reims, France
Died: January 25
 44 
Francis Burdett
(Politicians)
Francis Burdett
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: January 25, 1770
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Wiltshire, England
Died: January 23