Famous 1st Century Emperors & Kings

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 1 Nero

Nero.
20
Famous As: Roman Emperor
Birthdate: December 15, 0037
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Anzio, Italy
Died: June 9, 0068

Nero was the fifth Roman emperor whose rule was associated with tyranny. Five years into his reign, he had his mother Agrippina killed. The Great Fire of Rome, which occurred during his reign, is believed to have been instigated by him for political reasons. He was also responsible for eliminating many Christians from the empire.

 2 Caligula

Caligula.
18
Famous As: Roman Emperor
Birthdate: August 31, 0012
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Anzio, Italy
Died: January 24, 0041

Caligula, the third Roman emperor, is often described as a cruel man who forced his subjects to worship him as their god. Considered an insane tyrant, Caligula is accused of incest and forcing the audience to enter a sporting arena to be eaten alive by wild beasts during the intermission. His stories are famous in popular culture.

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 3 Titus

Titus.
8
Famous As: Roman Emperor
Birthdate: December 30, 0039
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Rome
Died: September 13, 0081

Titus was the ruler of the Roman Empire from 79 to 81 CE. Before ascending the throne, he played a crucial role as a military commander, working alongside his father Vespasian during the First Jewish-Roman War. After becoming the emperor, Titus oversaw the completion of the Colosseum. His life and work are depicted in literature, paintings, and visual arts.

 4 Vespasian

Vespasian.
8
Famous As: Roman Emperor
Birthdate: November 17, 0009
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Falacrine
Died: June 23, 0079
Vespasian, the Roman emperor from 69 to 79 AD, established the Flavian dynasty. He was the first emperor from an equestrian family and a great military leader who was the legate of Legio II Augusta. Nero committed suicide when Vespasian besieged Jerusalem, leading to the Year of the Four Emperors.

 5 Domitian

Domitian.
7
Famous As: Roman Emperor
Birthdate: October 24, 0051
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Rome
Died: September 18, 0096
Domitian, son of Vespasian, reigned as the Roman emperor from 81 to 96. He was the last ruler of the Flavian dynasty and was assassinated by his own court officials. His authoritarian regime witnessed the reduction of the Senate’s powers and the strengthening of the defenses and the Roman economy.

 6 Elagabalus

Elagabalus.
10
Famous As: Emperor of Rome
Birthdate: 0204 AD
Birthplace: Emesa, Syria
Died: March 11, 0222
Elagabalus, or Marcus Aurelius Antoninus, was the Roman emperor from 218 to 222. Related to the Severan dynasty, he was a head priest of the sun god Elagabal in his youth. He was rumored to be a transgender, had married four women, and reportedly had male lovers, too. 

 7 Nerva

Nerva.
5
Famous As: Roman Emperor
Birthdate: November 8, 0030
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Narni, Italy
Died: January 27, 0098

Nerva was the Roman emperor from 96 to 98. He was aged 66 when he ascended the throne, after serving other emperors for several decades. Even though he ruled for just 15 months, historians consider him a wise and moderate emperor. He selected Trajan as his heir, thus ensuring a peaceful transition of power after his death.

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 8 Galba

Galba.
5
Famous As: Roman Emperor
Birthdate: December 24, 0003
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Terracina, Italy
Died: January 15, 0069
Galba reigned as the Roman emperor from 68 to 69 and was the Year of the Four Emperors’ first emperor. He was the governor of Hispania when the rebellion of Gaius Julius Vindex broke out in Gaul, and he took over the throne after the tyrannical Nero's suicide.

 9 Hezekiah

Hezekiah.
5
Famous As: King of Judah
Birthdate: 0739 BC
Birthplace: Jerusalem, Israel
Died: 0687 BC
Often likened to David, Hezekiah was the ruler of the southern kingdom of Judah. He succeeded his father, Ahaz, at 25. He reformed the Temple and abolished idolatry. His reign witnessed the Assyrians capture Israel and Sennacherib lead the siege of Jerusalem, following which a plague destroyed the Assyrian army.

 10 Vitellius

Vitellius
10
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: September 24, 0015
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: December 22, 0069

 11 Herod Antipas

Herod Antipas.
5
Famous As: Ruler
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Judea
Died: 0039 AD

Herod Antipas reigned as the ruler of Galilee and Perea during the first century. He is widely known for his role in events leading up to the executions of Jesus of Nazareth and John the Baptist. It is said that Jesus was initially handed over to Antipas by Pontius Pilate before Antipas decided to send Jesus back to Pilate's court.

 12 Otho

Otho.
5
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: April 28, 0032
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Ferentium, Italy
Died: April 16, 0069

Though Otho lost his wife, Poppaea, to Nero, who later married her, he governed Lusitania for 10 years diligently, before he joined a revolt against Nero. He reigned as the Roman emperor for merely 3 months, before committing suicide while fighting the Battle of Bedriacum against Vitellius.

 13 Al-Maʾmūn

Al-Maʾmūn
3
Famous As: Caliph of Baghdad
Birthdate: September 14, 0786
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Baghdad, Iraq
Died: August 9, 0833

 14 King Dongmyeong of Goguryeo

King Dongmyeong of Goguryeo
3
Famous As: Ruler
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: South Korea

 15 Onesimus

Onesimus
2
Famous As: Empire
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Phrygia
Died: 0095 AD

 16 Herod Agrippa II

Herod Agrippa II
2
Famous As: King of Chalcis
Birthdate: 0027 AD
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: 0100 AD

 17 Ptolemy Philadelphus

Ptolemy Philadelphus
2
Famous As: Prince
Birthdate: 0036 AD
Birthplace: Antioch, Turkey
Died: 0029 AD

 18 Juba II

Juba II
2
Famous As: King of Numidia
Birthdate: 0048 AD
Birthplace: Numidia
Died: 0023 AD

 19 Emperor Guangwu of Han

Emperor Guangwu of Han
2
Famous As: Emperor of Han dynasty
Birthdate: January 15, 0005
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Luoyang, China
Died: March 29, 0057

 20 Ptolemy of Mauretania

Ptolemy of Mauretania
2
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0009 AD
Birthplace: Cherchell, Algeria
Died: 0040 AD

 21 Ptolemy XIV Theos Philopator II

Ptolemy XIV Theos Philopator II
2
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0061 AD
Birthplace: Egypt
Died: 0044 AD

 22 Emperor Shōmu

Emperor Shōmu
1
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: 0701 AD
Birthplace: Yamato, Japan
Died: June 4, 0756

 23 Hyrcanus II

Hyrcanus II
1
Famous As: Priest
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 0030 AD

 24 Cunobeline

Cunobeline
1
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 0041 AD

 25 Emperor Xuan of Han

Emperor Xuan of Han
1
Famous As: Prince
Birthdate: 0091 AD
Birthplace: Chang'an, China
Died: 0048 AD

 26 Emperor Ming of Han

Emperor Ming of Han
1
Famous As: Prince
Birthdate: June 15, 0028
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Luoyang, China
Died: September 5, 0075

 27 Gondophares

Gondophares
1
Famous As: King
Birthdate: October 31, 0000
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 0046 AD

 28 Juba I of Numidia

Juba I of Numidia
1
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0085 AD
Birthplace: Annaba, Algeria
Died: 0046 AD

 29 Nabis

Nabis
1
Famous As: Ruler of Sparta
Birthdate: 0230 AD
Birthplace: Sparta
Died: 0192 AD

 30 Emperor Yuan of Han

Emperor Yuan of Han
1
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: 0075 AD
Birthplace: Chang'an, China
Died: July 8, 0033

 31 Maroboduus

Maroboduus
1
Famous As: king of Marcomanni
Birthdate: 0030 AD
Birthplace: Germany
Died: 0037 AD

 32 Mithridates II of Parthia

Mithridates II of Parthia
1
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0000 BC
Birthplace: Parthia, Iran
Died: 0091 BC

 33 Emperor Ping of Han

Emperor Ping of Han
1
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: 0009 AD
Birthplace: Dingzhou, Baoding, China
Died: February 3, 0006

 34 Aristobulus II

Aristobulus II
1
Famous As: High priest
Birthdate: 0100 AD
Birthplace: Israel
Died: 0049 AD

Aristobulus II reigned as the King of Judaea from 66 to 63 BCE. He also served as the Jewish High Priest of Judaea during his reign. Aristobulus II succeeded his mother Salome Alexandra to the throne after defeating his brother John Hyrcanus II. He was the last of the Maccabean kings of Judaea.

 35 Dinh Bo Linh

Dinh Bo Linh
1
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: March 22, 0929
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Gia Viễn District, Vietnam
Died: 0979 AD

 36 Emperor Zhang of Han

Emperor Zhang of Han
1
Famous As: Emperor of Han dynasty
Birthdate: 0057 AD
Birthplace: China
Died: 0088 AD

 37 Olaf Guthfrithson

Olaf Guthfrithson
1
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 0941 AD

 38 Vologases I of Parthia

Vologases I of Parthia
1
Famous As: King of Parthia
Birthdate: 0025 AD
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 0078 AD

 39 Artavasdes II of Armenia

Artavasdes II of Armenia
1
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Kingdom of Armenia
Died: November 30, 0031

 40 Orodes II

Orodes II
0
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Iran
Died: 0037 AD

 41 Artabanus II of Parthia

Artabanus II of Parthia
0
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Parthian Empire, Iran
Died: 0038 AD

 42 Phraates II

Phraates II
0
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0147 AD
Birthplace: Parthian Empire
Died: 0126 AD

 43 Vonones I

Vonones I
0
Famous As: Prince
Birthdate: 0025 AD
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 0019 AD

 44 Phraates V

Phraates V
0
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0001 AD
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 0019 AD

 45 Gotarzes I

Gotarzes I
0
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Parthian Empire, Iran
Died: 0087 AD

 46 Bocchus II

Bocchus II
0
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 0033 AD

 47 Cottius

Cottius
0
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Alpes Taurinae, Cottian Alps, France
Died: 0010 AD

 48 Tiridates II

Tiridates II
0
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0098 AD
Birthplace: ParthiaParthia

 49 Gotarzes II of Parthia

Gotarzes II of Parthia
0
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 0051 AD

 50 Trưng sisters

Trưng sisters
0
Famous As: Ruler
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: China