Famous 18th Century Educators

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 1 Antonio Lucio Vivaldi

Antonio Lucio Vivaldi
4
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: March 4, 1678
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Venice, Italy
Died: July 28, 1741

Italian Baroque composer, virtuoso violinist, and teacher, Antonio Lucio Vivaldi, is regarded as one of the greatest Baroque composers. He was extremely popular during his lifetime and composed many instrumental concertos and operas. He was also a Roman Catholic priest and worked at a home for abandoned children. Even though he died in 1741, his music continues to be popular.

 2 Friedrich Froebel

Friedrich Froebel
6
Famous As: Pedagogue
Birthdate: April 21, 1782
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Oberweißbach, Germany
Died: June 21, 1852

 3 Horace Mann

Horace Mann
4
Famous As: Educator & Politician
Birthdate: May 4, 1796
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Franklin
Died: August 2, 1859
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 4 Johann Pachelbel

Johann Pachelbel
4
Famous As: Composer, Organist
Birthdate: 1653 AD
Birthplace: Free Imperial City of Nuremberg
Died: March 7, 1706

Johann Pachelbel was a German composer, teacher, and organist who is credited with helping the south German organ schools achieve their peak. His contributions to the progression of the fugue and chorale prelude have established him as one of the most prominent composers of the middle Baroque era. During his lifetime, his music became a model for several German composers.

 5 Adam Weishaupt

Adam Weishaupt
5
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: February 6, 1748
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Ingolstadt, Germany
Died: November 18, 1830
On a night in 1776, deep within a forest near Ingolstadt, German law professor Adam Weishaupt and four others formed a secret society known as the Illuminati, which was supposed to be a parallel to religion. Since then, many conspiracy theories have held the society responsible for unexplained global events. 

 6 Leopold Mozart

Leopold Mozart
4
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: November 14, 1719
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Augsburg, Germany
Died: May 28, 1787

German violinist and composer Leopold Mozart is best remembered as the father and music teacher of legendary composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. However, Leopold was often blamed for exploiting his son’s musical talent by pushing him to perform as a child. He also had a troubled relationship with his adult son.

 7 Deborah Sampson

Deborah Sampson
4
Famous As: Military woman
Birthdate: December 17, 1760
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Plympton, Massachusetts, USA
Died: April 29, 1827
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 8 Charles-Michel de l'Épée

Charles-Michel de l'Épée
4
Famous As: Educator
Birthdate: November 24, 1712
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Versailles, Yvelines, France
Died: December 23, 1789

Eighteenth-century philanthropic educator Charles-Michel de l'Épée is regarded as the Father of the Deaf for pioneering the education of the deaf and dumb. He laid down the Signed French system, which enabled the deaf to participate in legal proceedings. His French Sign Language laid the path to the American Sign Language.

 9 Amos Bronson Alcott

Amos Bronson Alcott
4
Famous As: Teacher and Educator
Birthdate: November 29, 1799
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Wolcott, Connecticut
Died: March 4, 1888

 10 Noah Webster

Noah Webster
11
Famous As: Lexicographer
Birthdate: October 16, 1758
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Hartford, Connecticut, United States
Died: May 28, 1843

Noah Webster was an American textbook pioneer, lexicographer, political writer, English-language spelling reformer, author, and editor. Dubbed the Father of American Scholarship and Education, Webster's books have been credited with teaching the art of spelling and reading to five generations of American children. Thanks to his work as a spelling reformer, his name became synonymous with dictionary in the US.

 11 Johann Wolfgang Döbereiner

Johann Wolfgang Döbereiner
3
Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: December 13, 1780
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Hof, Germany
Died: March 24, 1849

German chemist Johann Wolfgang Döbereiner was born amid poverty but managed to get training as an apothecary. After his university education, he taught at the University of Jena. His discovery of the fact that certain chemical elements were similar later led to the development of the periodic law of chemistry.

 12 Edward Everett

Edward Everett
3
Famous As: Former American senator
Birthdate: April 11, 1794
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts
Died: January 15, 1865

Edward Everett was an American politician, diplomat, educator, pastor, and orator. Widely regarded as one of the great orators of the Civil War and antebellum eras, Everett is remembered for his two-hour speech at the Soldiers' National Cemetery in Gettysburg in 1863, where Abraham Lincoln delivered his popular Gettysburg Address. Edward Everett also taught ancient Greek literature at Harvard University.

 13 Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi

Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi
4
Famous As: Pedagogue
Birthdate: January 12, 1746
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Zürich, Switzerland
Died: February 17, 1827

 14 Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet

Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet
3
Famous As: Educator
Birthdate: December 10, 1787
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, US
Died: September 10, 1851

 15 Abigail Fillmore

Abigail Fillmore
3
Famous As: First Lady of America
Birthdate: March 13, 1798
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Saratoga County
Died: March 30, 1853

 16 Thomas Arnold

Thomas Arnold
3
Famous As: Educator
Birthdate: June 13, 1795
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: East Cowes, England
Died: June 12, 1842

 17 Aaron Burr Sr.

Aaron Burr Sr.
3
Famous As: Educator
Birthdate: January 4, 1716
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Fairfield, Connecticut, United States
Died: September 24, 1757

 18 Thomas Campbell

Thomas Campbell
3
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: July 27, 1777
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Glasgow, Scotland
Died: June 15, 1844

Scottish poet Thomas Campbell is best known for his emotional war poems and songs, such as Ye Mariners of England. He was also one of the men behind the formation of University College London. Though he initially intended to study law, he later ended up writing some of the best patriotic lyrics.

 19 Belva Ann Lockwood

Belva Ann Lockwood
3
Famous As: American lawyer
Birthdate: October 24, 1830
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Royalton, New York
Died: May 19, 1917

 20 Andrés Bello

Andrés Bello
3
Famous As: Poet, Legislator, Philosopher, Educator, Philologist, Diplomat, Politician, Translator, Writer
Birthdate: November 29, 1781
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Caracas
Died: October 15, 1865

 21 Mary Lyon

Mary Lyon
3
Famous As: Pioneer in Women's Education
Birthdate: February 28, 1797
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Buckland
Died: March 5, 1849

 22 Nano Nagle

Nano Nagle
3
Famous As: Educator
Birthdate: 1718 AD
Birthplace: Ballygriffin, County Cork, Ireland
Died: April 26, 1784

 23 David Bushnell

David Bushnell
3
Famous As: Inventor
Birthdate: August 30, 1740
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Connecticut, United States
Died: 1824 AD

 24 Anton Reicha

Anton Reicha
3
Famous As: Educator
Birthdate: February 26, 1770
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Prague, Czechia
Died: May 28, 1836

 25 Nicola Porpora

Nicola Porpora
3
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: August 17, 1686
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Naples, Italy
Died: March 3, 1768

 26 Rowland Hill

Rowland Hill
3
Famous As: Teacher
Birthdate: December 3, 1795
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Kidderminster, England
Died: August 27, 1879

Born to a schoolmaster, Rowland Hill followed in his father’s footsteps to become a teacher and explored subjects such as astronomy and math. He is, however, best remembered for his reform of the postal system, including increasing the speed of letter transfer and introducing the prototype of the postage stamp.  

 27 Fromental Halévy

Fromental Halévy
3
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: May 27, 1799
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: March 17, 1862

 28 August Heinrich Hoffmann von Fallersleben

August Heinrich Hoffmann von Fallersleben
3
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: April 2, 1798
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Fallersleben, Wolfsburg, Germany
Died: January 19, 1874

 29 Adamantios Korais

Adamantios Korais
3
Famous As: Scholar
Birthdate: April 27, 1748
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Smyrna, Greece
Died: April 6, 1833

 30 Francis Daniel Pastorius

Francis Daniel Pastorius
3
Famous As: Educator
Birthdate: September 26, 1651
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Sommerhausen, Germany
Died: 1720 AD

 31 John Baptist de La Salle

John Baptist de La Salle
4
Famous As: Priest
Birthdate: April 30, 1651
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Kingdom of France
Died: April 7, 1719

John Baptist de La Salle, also known as La Salle, is remembered as the founder of the Brothers of the Christian Schools, or the de La Salle Brothers. Apart from setting up charitable boarding schools, he also trained teachers. He is revered as the patron saint of school teachers and educators.

 32 Friedrich Rückert

Friedrich Rückert
3
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: May 16, 1788
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Schweinfurt, Germany
Died: January 31, 1866

 33 Richard Allen

Richard Allen
4
Famous As: Minister
Birthdate: February 14, 1760
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: March 26, 1831

Born to slave parents, American clergyman Richard Allen became a Methodist convert at 22. He later founded the African Methodist Episcopal Church and served as its first bishop. Apart from establishing the first church for Blacks in the U.S., he worked on various aspects to improve the lives of Blacks.

 34 Johan Rudolf Thorbecke

Johan Rudolf Thorbecke
3
Famous As: Statesman
Birthdate: January 14, 1798
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Zwolle, Netherlands
Died: June 4, 1872

One of the most significant 19th-century politicians from the Netherlands, Johan Rudolf Thorbecke led the country as its prime minister. The Liberal Party politician began his career as a lecturer. As a prime minister, he encouraged free trade by abolishing excise duties and built many new canals.

 35 Friedrich Kalkbrenner

Friedrich Kalkbrenner
3
Famous As: Musician
Birthdate: November 7, 1785
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: near Kassel, Germany
Died: June 10, 1849

Friedrich Kalkbrenner was a German pianist, piano teacher, composer, and piano manufacturer. He is credited with composing over 200 piano works, including several piano operas and concertos. He also taught many future pianists like Camille-Marie Stamaty and Marie Pleyel. Friedrich Kalkbrenner was also a successful businessman who became enormously rich through his business deals.

 36 William George Horner

William George Horner
3
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: June 9, 1786
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Bristol, England
Died: September 22, 1837

 37 Giovanni Bononcini

Giovanni Bononcini
2
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: July 18, 1670
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Modena, Italy
Died: July 9, 1747

 38 Johann Georg Albrechtsberger

Johann Georg Albrechtsberger
2
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: February 3, 1736
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Klosterneuburg, Austria
Died: March 7, 1809

 39 William Jackson Hooker

William Jackson Hooker
2
Famous As: Botanist
Birthdate: July 6, 1785
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Norwich, England
Died: August 12, 1865

Botanist William Jackson Hooker made history as the first director of the Kew Gardens, or the Royal Botanic Gardens. Born to a merchant’s clerk who was also an amateur botanist, Hooker developed an interest in insects, birds, and plants at an early age. He was also known for his plant illustrations.

 40 Timothy Dwight IV

Timothy Dwight IV
3
Famous As: Theologian
Birthdate: May 14, 1752
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Northampton, Massachusetts, United States
Died: January 11, 1817

 41 Françoise-Louise de Warens

Françoise-Louise de Warens
2
Famous As: Teacher
Birthdate: March 31, 1699
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Vevey, Switzerland
Died: November 29, 1762

 42 José Bonifácio de Andrada

José Bonifácio de Andrada
2
Famous As: Statesman
Birthdate: June 13, 1763
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Santos, State of São Paulo, Brazil
Died: April 6, 1838

 43 Hartley Coleridge

Hartley Coleridge
2
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: September 19, 1796
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Kingsdown, England
Died: January 6, 1849

The eldest son of Romantic poet Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Hartley Coleridge grew up spending most of his time reading and was closely associated with poets Robert Southey and William Wordworth. Though he gained a fellowship at Oriel, he later lost it due to his alcoholism and his inconsistency.

 44 Sarah Kemble Knight

Sarah Kemble Knight
2
Famous As: Teacher
Birthdate: April 19, 1666
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died: September 25, 1727

 45 Valentin Haüy

Valentin Haüy
2
Famous As: Founder
Birthdate: November 13, 1745
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Saint-Just-en-Chaussee, France
Died: March 19, 1822

 46 Anthony Benezet

Anthony Benezet
2
Famous As: Educator
Birthdate: January 31, 1713
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Saint-Quentin, France
Died: May 3, 1784

 47 Goldsworthy Gurney

Goldsworthy Gurney
2
Famous As: Surgeon
Birthdate: February 14, 1793
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Treator, Padstow, England
Died: February 28, 1875

 48 Stéphanie Félicité, comtesse de Genlis

Stéphanie Félicité, comtesse de Genlis
2
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: January 25, 1746
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Issy-l'Évêque, Saône-et-Loire
Died: December 31, 1830

 49 Stanisław Staszic

Stanisław Staszic
2
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: November 6, 1755
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Pila, Poland
Died: January 20, 1826

Stanisław Staszic was a Polish philosopher who played a leading role in the Polish Enlightenment. He was also a Catholic priest, geologist, writer, and translator. He supported many reforms in Poland and was the co-founder of the Warsaw Society of Friends of Learning. He later served as the minister of trade and industry in Congress Poland. 

 50 Wilhelm Gesenius

Wilhelm Gesenius
2
Famous As: Biblical critic
Birthdate: February 3, 1786
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Nordhausen, Germany
Died: October 23, 1842