Famous Turkish Leaders

Find out more about the greatest Turkish Leaders, including Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, Abdullah Öcalan, Muhtar Kent, Kenan Evren and Enver Pasha.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

Vote for Your Favourite Turkish Leaders

 1 Mustafa Kemal Ataturk

Mustafa Kemal Ataturk
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Famous As: Founder of the Republic of Turkey,
Birthdate: May 19, 1881
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Turkish
Died: November 10, 1938
Kemal Atatürk, known as the founding father of the Republic of Turkey, was its first president. He unified Turkey into a secular country and invested in education and women’s rights. He also popularized the Latin-based Turkish alphabet and made minorities speak Turkish in public. His policies are known as “Kemalism.” 

 2 Osman I

Osman I
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Famous As: Political Leader
Birthdate: 1258 AD
Nationality: Turkish
Died: August 1, 1326

Osman I was the founder of the Ottoman dynasty, which ruled the Ottoman Empire between 1299 and 1922. One of the most important historical figures in Turkey, Osman I is often depicted in popular culture. Interestingly, he is also one of the least documented leaders of the Ottoman Turks, making the factual information of his biographies questionable.

 3 Mehmed II

Mehmed II
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Birthdate: March 30, 1432
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: Turkish
Died: May 3, 1481

 4 Murad IV

Murad IV
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Famous As: Ottoman Sultan
Birthdate: July 26, 1612
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Turkish
Died: February 8, 1640

Murad IV, who ruled as the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1623 to 1640, was infamous for his cruelty. He took over the throne at 11 and subsequently came to be known for his exploits in the Ottoman–Safavid War, which changed the map of the Caucasus.

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 5 Kösem Sultan

Kösem Sultan
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Famous As: Ottoman sultana
Birthdate: 1589 AD
Nationality: Turkish
Died: September 2, 1651

 6 Mustafa I

Mustafa I
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Famous As: Saint
Birthdate: 1591 AD
Nationality: Turkish
Died: January 20, 1639
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 7 Hayreddin Barbarossa

Hayreddin Barbarossa
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Famous As: 16th Century Naval Commander
Birthdate: 1478 AD
Nationality: Turkish
Died: July 4, 1546
Remembered as the Pirate of Algiers and Redbeard, legendary Hayreddin Barbarossa from Lesbos, along with his brother Oruç, plundered ships and ports, terrorizing the Mediterranean coast. His exploits led him to become the admiral of the Ottoman Navy. His victory at Preveza remains his most celebrated one.
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 8 Mehmed III

Mehmed III
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Famous As: Sultan
Birthdate: May 26, 1566
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Turkish
Died: December 22, 1603

 9 Mehmed IV

Mehmed IV
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Famous As: Sultan
Birthdate: January 2, 1642
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: Turkish
Died: January 6, 1693

 10 Ali Kemal

Ali Kemal
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Famous As: Journalist
Birthdate: September 7, 1867
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Turkish
Died: November 6, 1922

 11 Osman II

Osman II
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Famous As: Sultan
Birthdate: November 3, 1604
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Turkish
Died: May 20, 1622

 12 Suleiman II

Suleiman II
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Famous As: Sultan
Birthdate: April 15, 1642
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: Turkish
Died: June 22, 1691

 13 John Chrysostom

John Chrysostom
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Famous As: Religious Leader
Birthdate: 0347 AD
Nationality: Turkish
Died: September 14, 0407

John Chrysostom was an influential Early Church Father best remembered for his public speaking and preaching. Regarded as one of the Three Holy Hierarchs of the Greek Church, John continues to be a prominent theologian in Eastern Christianity. He is recognized as a saint by various churches, including the Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox, Anglican, Catholic, and Lutheran churches.

 14 Abdullah Gül

Abdullah Gül
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Famous As: Former President of Turkey
Birthdate: October 29, 1950
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Turkish

 15 Abdülmecid I

Abdülmecid I
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Famous As: Ruler
Birthdate: April 23, 1823
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Turkish
Died: June 25, 1861

 16 Mehmed I

Mehmed I
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Famous As: Sultan
Birthdate: 1381 AD
Nationality: Turkish
Died: May 26, 1421

 17 Timothy

Timothy
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Famous As: Bishop
Birthdate: 0017 AD
Nationality: Turkish

 18 Hakan Şükür

Hakan Şükür
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Famous As: Footballer
Birthdate: September 1, 1971
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Turkish

 19 Zeno

Zeno
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Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: 0425 AD
Nationality: Turkish
Died: April 9, 0491

 20 Enver Pasha

Enver Pasha
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Famous As: Military Officer
Birthdate: November 22, 1881
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Turkish
Died: August 4, 1922
Ottoman military officer Enver Pasha is remembered as one of the main figures of the Armenian Genocide. The Young Turk leader was one of the Three Pashas who ruled over the Ottoman Empire during World War I. He was killed by the Soviets during the Basmachi Revolt.

 21 Selim III

Selim III
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Famous As: Sultan
Birthdate: December 24, 1761
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: Turkish
Died: July 28, 1808

 22 Orhan I

Orhan I
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Famous As: Tribal Leader
Birthdate: 1281 AD
Nationality: Turkish
Died: February 29, 1362

 23 Ahmed II

Ahmed II
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Famous As: Sultan
Birthdate: February 25, 1643
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Turkish
Died: February 6, 1695

 24 Sabbatai Zevi

Sabbatai Zevi
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Famous As: Rabbi
Birthdate: August 1, 1626
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Turkish
Died: September 17, 1676
Born to wealthy merchants in Smyrna, Sabbatai Zevi later claimed to be the Jewish Messiah. He gained a huge base of followers and gave rise to the Sabbatean movement. Threatened by the Ottoman sultan, he converted to Islam and later died in oblivion. His followers are known as crypto-Jews.

 25 Mahmud I

Mahmud I
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Famous As: Sultan
Birthdate: August 2, 1696
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Turkish
Died: December 13, 1754

 26 İsmet İnönü

İsmet İnönü
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Famous As: President
Birthdate: September 24, 1884
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Turkish
Died: December 25, 1973

 27 Piri Reis

Piri Reis
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Famous As: Ottoman Admiral, Geographer, Cartographer.
Birthdate: 1465 AD
Nationality: Turkish
Died: 1553 AD

Piri Reis was an Ottoman navigator, admiral, cartographer, and geographer. He is best remembered for his Book of Navigation, which contains maps and charts and information on navigational techniques. He gained international recognition in 1929 when a portion of his first world map was discovered at the Topkapı Palace in Turkey. Piri Reis finds mention in several popular video games.  

 28 Bartholomew I of Constantinople

Bartholomew I of Constantinople
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Famous As: Archbishop
Birthdate: February 29, 1940
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Turkish

 29 Mustafa II

Mustafa II
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Famous As: Sultan
Birthdate: February 6, 1664
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Turkish, Kosovar
Died: December 29, 1703

 30 Theodosius II

Theodosius II
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Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: April 10, 0401
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: Turkish
Died: July 28, 0450

 31 Talaat Pasha

Talaat Pasha
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Famous As: Political Leader
Birthdate: September 1, 1874
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Turkish
Died: March 15, 1921

 32 Maxentius

Maxentius
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Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: 0278 AD
Nationality: Turkish
Died: October 28, 0312

 33 Osman III

Osman III
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Famous As: Sultan
Birthdate: January 2, 1699
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: Turkish
Died: October 30, 1757

 34 Justinian II

Justinian II
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Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: 0669 AD
Nationality: Turkish
Died: December 11, 0711

 35 Adnan Menderes

Adnan Menderes
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Famous As: politician, diplomat
Birthdate: 1899 AD
Nationality: Turkish
Died: September 17, 1961

 36 Bülent Ecevit

Bülent Ecevit
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Famous As: Politician, Writer, Poet, Translator, Journalist, Diplomat
Birthdate: May 28, 1925
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Turkish
Died: November 5, 2006

 37 Süleyman Demirel

Süleyman Demirel
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Famous As: Politician, Civil engineer, Engineer
Birthdate: November 1, 1924
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Turkish
Died: June 17, 2015

 38 Turgut Özal

Turgut Özal
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Famous As: President
Birthdate: October 13, 1927
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Turkish
Died: April 17, 1993

 39 Justin II

Justin II
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Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: 0520 AD
Nationality: Turkish
Died: October 5, 0578

 40 Gregory of Nazianzus

Gregory of Nazianzus
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Famous As: Saint
Birthdate: 0329 AD
Nationality: Turkish
Died: January 24, 0390

 41 Gregory of Nyssa

Gregory of Nyssa
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Famous As: Saint
Birthdate: 0335 AD
Nationality: Turkish
Died: 0394 AD

 42 Kenan Evren

Kenan Evren
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: July 17, 1917
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Turkish
Died: May 9, 2015

 43 Burhan Asaf Belge

Burhan Asaf Belge
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: February 1, 1899
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Turkish
Died: January 12, 1967

 44 Julius Martov

Julius Martov
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: November 24, 1873
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Turkish
Died: April 4, 1923

 45 Margaret the Virgin

Margaret the Virgin
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Famous As: Saint
Birthdate: 0289 AD
Nationality: Turkish
Died: 0304 AD

 46 Ephrem the Syrian

Ephrem the Syrian
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Birthdate: 0306 AD
Nationality: Turkish
Died: June 9, 0373

 47 Jugurtha

Jugurtha
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Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0160 BC
Nationality: Turkish
Died: 0104 BC

 48 Necmettin Erbakan

Necmettin Erbakan
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Famous As: politician, engineer, university teacher
Birthdate: October 29, 1926
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Turkish
Died: February 27, 2011

 49 Ahmet Necdet Sezer

Ahmet Necdet Sezer
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Famous As: Judge, Politician
Birthdate: September 13, 1941
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Turkish

 50 Manuel II Palaiologos

Manuel II Palaiologos
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Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: June 27, 1350
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Turkish
Died: July 21, 1425