Famous Turkish Leaders

Find out more about the greatest Turkish Leaders, including Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, Abdullah Öcalan, Muhtar Kent, Kenan Evren and Enver Pasha.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

Vote for Your Favourite Turkish Leaders

 1 Mustafa Kemal Ataturk

Mustafa Kemal Ataturk.
26
Famous As: Founder of the Republic of Turkey,
Birthdate: May 19, 1881
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Thessaloniki
Died: November 10, 1938
Kemal Atatürk, known as the founding father of the Republic of Turkey, was its first president. He unified Turkey into a secular country and invested in education and women’s rights. He also popularized the Latin-based Turkish alphabet and made minorities speak Turkish in public. His policies are known as “Kemalism.” 

 2 Suleiman The Magnificent

Suleiman The Magnificent.
4
Famous As: 10th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
Birthdate: November 6, 1494
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Trabzon, Ottoman Empire
Died: September 6, 1566
Suleiman The Magnificent ruled the Ottoman Empire from 1520 to 1566 and was instrumental in the empire’s expansion, leading the conquests of Belgrade, Rhodes, and Hungary. He was a patron of art and culture, and a talented poet and goldsmith himself. He married Roxelana, a Christian-turned-Muslim from his harem.
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 3 Osman I

Osman I.
6
Famous As: Political Leader
Birthdate: 1258 AD
Birthplace: Söğüt, Turkey
Died: August 1, 1326

Osman I was the founder of the Ottoman dynasty, which ruled the Ottoman Empire between 1299 and 1922. One of the most important historical figures in Turkey, Osman I is often depicted in popular culture. Interestingly, he is also one of the least documented leaders of the Ottoman Turks, making the factual information of his biographies questionable.

 4 Hayreddin Barbarossa

Hayreddin Barbarossa.
4
Famous As: 16th Century Naval Commander
Birthdate: 1478 AD
Birthplace: Ottoman Empire
Died: July 4, 1546
Remembered as the Pirate of Algiers and Redbeard, legendary Hayreddin Barbarossa from Lesbos, along with his brother Oruç, plundered ships and ports, terrorizing the Mediterranean coast. His exploits led him to become the admiral of the Ottoman Navy. His victory at Preveza remains his most celebrated one.
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 5 Ertuğrul

Ertuğrul.
13
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Ahlat
Died: 1281 AD

 6 Ali Kemal

Ali Kemal
5
Famous As: Journalist
Birthdate: September 7, 1867
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Fatih, Turkey
Died: November 6, 1922

 7 Mehmed III

Mehmed III
4
Famous As: Sultan
Birthdate: May 26, 1566
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Manisa
Died: December 22, 1603
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 8 Heraclius

Heraclius.
4
Famous As: Emperor of Byzantine Empire
Birthdate: 0575 AD
Birthplace: Cappadocia, present-day Turkey
Died: February 11, 0641

A skilled military leader, Heraclius was also deeply religious, having once read out passages from the Bible when his men wanted to invade Persia. He also treated his prisoners with respect. He is best remembered for his exploits in the Byzantine–Sasanian War and his clashes with the Arabs.

 9 Mehmed IV

Mehmed IV
4
Famous As: Sultan
Birthdate: January 2, 1642
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Istanbul
Died: January 6, 1693

 10 Mehmed II

Mehmed II
5
Birthdate: March 30, 1432
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Edirne, Rumelia Eyalet, Ottoman Sultanate
Died: May 3, 1481

 11 Kösem Sultan

Kösem Sultan
5
Famous As: Ottoman sultana
Birthdate: 1589 AD
Birthplace: Tinos, Republic of Venice (currently the territory of Greece)
Died: September 2, 1651

 12 Enver Pasha

Enver Pasha.
5
Famous As: Military Officer
Birthdate: November 22, 1881
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: İstanbul, Turkey
Died: August 4, 1922
Ottoman military officer Enver Pasha is remembered as one of the main figures of the Armenian Genocide. The Young Turk leader was one of the Three Pashas who ruled over the Ottoman Empire during World War I. He was killed by the Soviets during the Basmachi Revolt.

 13 Hakan Şükür

Hakan Şükür
4
Famous As: Footballer
Birthdate: September 1, 1971
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Adapazarı

 14 Timothy

Timothy
3
Famous As: Bishop
Birthdate: 0017 AD
Birthplace: Lystra, Turkey
Died: 0097 AD

 15 Zeno

Zeno
3
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: 0425 AD
Birthplace: Zenonopolis
Died: April 9, 0491

 16 Abdülmecid I

Abdülmecid I
5
Famous As: Ruler
Birthdate: April 23, 1823
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: İstanbul Eyaleti
Died: June 25, 1861

 17 Mehmed I

Mehmed I
3
Famous As: Sultan
Birthdate: 1381 AD
Birthplace: Bursa, Ottoman Sultanate
Died: May 26, 1421

 18 Abdullah Gül

Abdullah Gül
7
Famous As: Former President of Turkey
Birthdate: October 29, 1950
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Kayseri

 19 Orhan I

Orhan I
3
Famous As: Tribal Leader
Birthdate: 1281 AD
Birthplace: Söğüt, Turkey
Died: February 29, 1362

 20 Selim III

Selim III
3
Famous As: Sultan
Birthdate: December 24, 1761
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Constantinople
Died: July 28, 1808

 21 Emine Erdoğan

Emine Erdoğan
5
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: February 16, 1955
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Üsküdar, Istanbul, Turkey

 22 Abdullah Öcalan

Abdullah Öcalan
13
Famous As: Leader
Birthdate: April 4, 1949
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Turkey

 23 Ahmed II

Ahmed II
4
Famous As: Sultan
Birthdate: February 25, 1643
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Topkapı Palace, Istanbul
Died: February 6, 1695

 24 Piri Reis

Piri Reis.
4
Famous As: Ottoman Admiral, Geographer, Cartographer.
Birthdate: 1465 AD
Birthplace: Gelibolu, Turkey
Died: 1553 AD

Piri Reis was an Ottoman navigator, admiral, cartographer, and geographer. He is best remembered for his Book of Navigation, which contains maps and charts and information on navigational techniques. He gained international recognition in 1929 when a portion of his first world map was discovered at the Topkapı Palace in Turkey. Piri Reis finds mention in several popular video games.  

 25 Recep Tayyip Erdoğan

Recep Tayyip Erdoğan.
32
Famous As: 12th President of Turkey
Birthdate: February 26, 1954
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Kasımpaşa

Recep Tayyip Erdoğan is a Turkish politician and the current president of Turkey. After founding the Justice and Development Party (AKP), he played a major role in leading the party to election victories and thereby helping AKP become a force to reckon with in Turkey. Described as an authoritarian, his government has restricted access to sites like Wikipedia and YouTube.

 26 Maxentius

Maxentius
3
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: 0278 AD
Died: October 28, 0312

 27 Justinian II

Justinian II
3
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: 0669 AD
Birthplace: Constantinople
Died: December 11, 0711

 28 Mahmud I

Mahmud I
4
Famous As: Sultan
Birthdate: August 2, 1696
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Edirne
Died: December 13, 1754

 29 Osman III

Osman III
3
Famous As: Sultan
Birthdate: January 2, 1699
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Edirne
Died: October 30, 1757

 30 Süleyman Demirel

Süleyman Demirel
5
Famous As: Politician, Civil engineer, Engineer
Birthdate: November 1, 1924
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Isparta Province
Died: June 17, 2015

 31 Justin II

Justin II
3
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: 0520 AD
Birthplace: Constantinople
Died: October 5, 0578

 32 İsmet İnönü

İsmet İnönü
4
Famous As: President
Birthdate: September 24, 1884
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: İzmir
Died: December 25, 1973

 33 Adnan Menderes

Adnan Menderes
7
Famous As: politician, diplomat
Birthdate: 1899 AD
Birthplace: Aydın
Died: September 17, 1961

 34 Turgut Özal

Turgut Özal
5
Famous As: President
Birthdate: October 13, 1927
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Malatya
Died: April 17, 1993

 35 Theodosius II

Theodosius II
3
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: April 10, 0401
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Istanbul
Died: July 28, 0450

 36 Julius Martov

Julius Martov
3
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: November 24, 1873
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Constantinople, Turkey
Died: April 4, 1923

 37 Talaat Pasha

Talaat Pasha
4
Famous As: Political Leader
Birthdate: September 1, 1874
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Kardzali, Bulgaria
Died: March 15, 1921

 38 Jugurtha

Jugurtha
3
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0160 BC
Birthplace: Cirta
Died: 0104 BC

 39 Burhan Asaf Belge

Burhan Asaf Belge
4
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: February 1, 1899
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: İstanbul, Turkey
Died: January 12, 1967

 40 Kenan Evren

Kenan Evren
5
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: July 17, 1917
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Alaşehir
Died: May 9, 2015

 41 Ahmet Necdet Sezer

Ahmet Necdet Sezer
4
Famous As: Judge, Politician
Birthdate: September 13, 1941
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Afyonkarahisar

 42 Manuel II Palaiologos

Manuel II Palaiologos
3
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: June 27, 1350
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Constantinople
Died: July 21, 1425

 43 Sokollu Mehmed Pasha

Sokollu Mehmed Pasha
5
Famous As: Statesman
Birthdate: 1505 AD
Birthplace: Rudo, Sanjak of Herzegovina, Ottoman Empire
Died: October 11, 1579

 44 Necmettin Erbakan

Necmettin Erbakan
5
Famous As: politician, engineer, university teacher
Birthdate: October 29, 1926
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Sinop
Died: February 27, 2011

 45 Tiberius II Constantine

Tiberius II Constantine
3
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: 0540 AD
Birthplace: Thrace
Died: August 14, 0582

 46 Abdülâziz

Abdülâziz
4
Famous As: Sultan
Birthdate: February 8, 1830
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Istanbul
Died: June 4, 1876

 47 Ammianus Marcellinus

Ammianus Marcellinus
3
Famous As: Soldier,historian
Birthdate: 0330 AD
Birthplace: Antioch
Died: 0400 AD

 48 Nikephoros II Phokas

Nikephoros II Phokas
3
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: 0912 AD
Birthplace: Cappadocia, Turkey
Died: December 11, 0969

 49 Djemal Pasha

Djemal Pasha
4
Famous As: Military leader
Birthdate: May 6, 1872
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Mitilini, Greece
Died: July 21, 1922

 50 Meral Akşener

Meral Akşener
4
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: July 18, 1956
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: İzmit, Turkey