Famous Turkish Leaders

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 1 
Mustafa Kemal Ataturk
(Founder of the Republic of Turkey,)
Mustafa Kemal Ataturk
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Birthdate: May 19, 1881
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Thessaloniki
Died: November 10, 1938
Kemal Atatürk, known as the founding father of the Republic of Turkey, was its first president. He unified Turkey into a secular country and invested in education and women’s rights. He also popularized the Latin-based Turkish alphabet and made minorities speak Turkish in public. His policies are known as “Kemalism.” 
 2 
Osman I
(Political Leader)
Osman I
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Birthdate: 1258 AD
Birthplace: Söğüt, Turkey
Died: August 1, 1326

Osman I was the founder of the Ottoman dynasty, which ruled the Ottoman Empire between 1299 and 1922. One of the most important historical figures in Turkey, Osman I is often depicted in popular culture. Interestingly, he is also one of the least documented leaders of the Ottoman Turks, making the factual information of his biographies questionable.

Mehmed II
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Birthdate: March 30, 1432
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Edirne, Rumelia Eyalet, Ottoman Sultanate
Died: May 3, 1481
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 4 
Hayreddin Barbarossa
(Ottoman admiral)
Hayreddin Barbarossa
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Birthdate: 1478 AD
Birthplace: Paleokipos, Greece
Died: July 4, 1546
Remembered as the Pirate of Algiers and Redbeard, legendary Hayreddin Barbarossa from Lesbos, along with his brother Oruç, plundered ships and ports, terrorizing the Mediterranean coast. His exploits led him to become the admiral of the Ottoman Navy. His victory at Preveza remains his most celebrated one.
 5 
Kösem Sultan
(Ottoman sultana)
Kösem Sultan
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Birthdate: 1589 AD
Birthplace: Tinos, Republic of Venice (currently the territory of Greece)
Died: September 2, 1651
 6 
Mehmed III
(Sultan)
Mehmed III
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Birthdate: May 26, 1566
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Manisa
Died: December 22, 1603
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 7 
Ali Kemal
(Journalist)
Ali Kemal
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Birthdate: September 7, 1867
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Fatih, Turkey
Died: November 6, 1922
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 8 
Mehmed IV
(Sultan)
Mehmed IV
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Birthdate: January 2, 1642
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Istanbul
Died: January 6, 1693
 9 
Enver Pasha
(Minister of War of the Ottoman Empire (1914-18))
Enver Pasha
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Birthdate: November 22, 1881
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: İstanbul, Turkey
Died: August 4, 1922
Ottoman military officer Enver Pasha is remembered as one of the main figures of the Armenian Genocide. The Young Turk leader was one of the Three Pashas who ruled over the Ottoman Empire during World War I. He was killed by the Soviets during the Basmachi Revolt.
 10 
Abdülmecid I
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Birthdate: April 23, 1823
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: İstanbul Eyaleti
Died: June 25, 1861
 11 
Mehmed I
(5th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire)
Mehmed I
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Birthdate: 1389 AD
Birthplace: Bursa, Turkey
Died: May 26, 1421
 12 
Heraclius
(Emperor of Byzantine Empire)
Heraclius
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Birthdate: 0575 AD
Birthplace: Cappadocia, present-day Turkey
Died: February 11, 0641

A skilled military leader, Heraclius was also deeply religious, having once read out passages from the Bible when his men wanted to invade Persia. He also treated his prisoners with respect. He is best remembered for his exploits in the Byzantine–Sasanian War and his clashes with the Arabs.

 13 
Orhan I
(Tribal Leader)
Orhan I
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Birthdate: 1281 AD
Birthplace: Söğüt, Turkey
Died: February 29, 1362
 14 
Zeno
(Emperor)
Zeno
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Birthdate: 0425 AD
Birthplace: Zenonopolis
Died: April 9, 0491
 15 
İsmet İnönü
(President)
İsmet İnönü
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Birthdate: September 24, 1884
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: İzmir
Died: December 25, 1973
 16 
Selim III
(Sultan)
Selim III
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Birthdate: December 24, 1761
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Constantinople
Died: July 28, 1808
 17 
Tariq Aziz
(Politician, Diplomat, Journalist)
Tariq Aziz
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Birthdate: April 28, 1936
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Tel Keppe
Died: June 5, 2015
 18 
Hakan Şükür
(Footballer striker)
Hakan Şükür
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Birthdate: September 1, 1971
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Sapanca, Turkey
 19 
Ahmed II
(Sultan)
Ahmed II
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Birthdate: February 25, 1643
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Topkapı Palace, Istanbul
Died: February 6, 1695
 20 
Talaat Pasha
(Political Leader)
Talaat Pasha
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Birthdate: September 1, 1874
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Kardzali, Bulgaria
Died: March 15, 1921
 21 
Piri Reis
(Ottoman Admiral, Geographer, Cartographer.)
Piri Reis
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Birthdate: 1465 AD
Birthplace: Gelibolu, Turkey
Died: 1553 AD

Piri Reis was an Ottoman navigator, admiral, cartographer, and geographer. He is best remembered for his Book of Navigation, which contains maps and charts and information on navigational techniques. He gained international recognition in 1929 when a portion of his first world map was discovered at the Topkapı Palace in Turkey. Piri Reis finds mention in several popular video games.  

 22 
Mahmud I
(Sultan)
Mahmud I
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Birthdate: August 2, 1696
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Edirne
Died: December 13, 1754
 23 
Justinian II
(Emperor)
Justinian II
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Birthdate: 0669 AD
Birthplace: Constantinople
Died: December 11, 0711
 24 
Antigonus I Monophthalmus
(Macedonian general)
Antigonus I Monophthalmus
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Birthdate: 0382 BC
Birthplace: Elimiotis, Greece
Died: 0301 BC
 25 
Süleyman Demirel
(Politician, Civil engineer, Engineer)
Süleyman Demirel
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Birthdate: November 1, 1924
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Isparta Province
Died: June 17, 2015
 26 
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
(12th President of Turkey)
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
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Birthdate: February 26, 1954
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Kasımpaşa

Recep Tayyip Erdoğan is a Turkish politician and the current president of Turkey. After founding the Justice and Development Party (AKP), he played a major role in leading the party to election victories and thereby helping AKP become a force to reckon with in Turkey. Described as an authoritarian, his government has restricted access to sites like Wikipedia and YouTube.

 27 
Maxentius
(Emperor)
Maxentius
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Birthdate: 0283 AD
Birthplace: not known
Died: October 28, 0312
 28 
Abdullah Gül
(Former President of Turkey)
Abdullah Gül
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Birthdate: October 29, 1950
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Kayseri
 29 
Julius Martov
(Politician)
Julius Martov
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Birthdate: November 24, 1873
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Constantinople, Turkey
Died: April 4, 1923
 30 
Turgut Özal
(President)
Turgut Özal
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Birthdate: October 13, 1927
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Malatya
Died: April 17, 1993
 31 
Adnan Menderes
(9th Prime Minister of Turkey)
Adnan Menderes
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Birthdate: 1899 AD
Birthplace: Koçarlı, Turkey
Died: September 17, 1961
 32 
Bülent Ecevit
(Politician, Writer, Poet, Translator, Journalist, Diplomat)
Bülent Ecevit
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Birthdate: May 28, 1925
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Istanbul
Died: November 5, 2006
 33 
Theodosius II
(Emperor)
Theodosius II
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Birthdate: April 10, 0401
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Istanbul
Died: July 28, 0450
 34 
Ahmet Necdet Sezer
(Judge, Politician)
Ahmet Necdet Sezer
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Birthdate: September 13, 1941
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Afyonkarahisar
 35 
Abdülâziz
(Sultan)
Abdülâziz
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Birthdate: February 8, 1830
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Istanbul
Died: June 4, 1876
 36 
Burhan Asaf Belge
(Politician)
Burhan Asaf Belge
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Birthdate: February 1, 1899
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: İstanbul, Turkey
Died: January 12, 1967
 37 
Kenan Evren
(Politician)
Kenan Evren
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Birthdate: July 17, 1917
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Alaşehir
Died: May 9, 2015
 38 
Sokollu Mehmed Pasha
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Birthdate: 1505 AD
Birthplace: Rudo, Sanjak of Herzegovina, Ottoman Empire
Died: October 11, 1579
 39 
Osman III
(Sultan)
Osman III
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Birthdate: January 2, 1699
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Edirne
Died: October 30, 1757
 40 
Abdullah Öcalan
(Leader, founding member of the militant Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK))
Abdullah Öcalan
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Birthdate: April 4, 1949
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Ömerli, Turkey
 41 
Manuel II Palaiologos
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Birthdate: June 27, 1350
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Constantinople
Died: July 21, 1425
 42 
Justin II
(Emperor)
Justin II
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Birthdate: 0520 AD
Birthplace: Constantinople
Died: October 5, 0578
 43 
Nikephoros II Phokas
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Birthdate: 0912 AD
Birthplace: Cappadocia, Turkey
Died: December 11, 0969
 44 
Djemal Pasha
(Military leader)
Djemal Pasha
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Birthdate: May 6, 1872
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Mitilini, Greece
Died: July 21, 1922
 45 
Cemal Gürsel
(Politician, Officer)
Cemal Gürsel
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Birthdate: October 13, 1895
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Erzurum
Died: September 14, 1966
 46 
Emine Erdoğan
(Politician)
Emine Erdoğan
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Birthdate: February 16, 1955
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Üsküdar, Istanbul, Turkey
 47 
Ammianus Marcellinus
(Soldier,historian)
Ammianus Marcellinus
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Birthdate: 0330 AD
Birthplace: Antioch
Died: 0400 AD
 48 
Basiliscus
(Emperor)
Basiliscus
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Died: 0476 AD
 49 
Meral Akşener
(Politician)
Meral Akşener
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Birthdate: July 18, 1956
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: İzmit, Turkey
 50 
Celâl Bayar
(President)
Celâl Bayar
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Birthdate: May 16, 1883
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Umurbey, Turkey
Died: August 22, 1986
Find out more about the greatest Turkish Leaders, including Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, Abdullah Öcalan, Muhtar Kent, Kenan Evren and Enver Pasha.