Famous Turkish Military Leaders

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 1 
Mustafa Kemal Ataturk
(Founder of the Republic of Turkey,)
Mustafa Kemal Ataturk
30
Birthdate: May 19, 1881
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Thessaloniki
Died: November 10, 1938
Kemal Atatürk, known as the founding father of the Republic of Turkey, was its first president. He unified Turkey into a secular country and invested in education and women’s rights. He also popularized the Latin-based Turkish alphabet and made minorities speak Turkish in public. His policies are known as “Kemalism.” 
 2 
Osman I
(Political Leader)
Osman I
14
Birthdate: 1258 AD
Birthplace: Söğüt, Turkey
Died: August 1, 1326

Osman I was the founder of the Ottoman dynasty, which ruled the Ottoman Empire between 1299 and 1922. One of the most important historical figures in Turkey, Osman I is often depicted in popular culture. Interestingly, he is also one of the least documented leaders of the Ottoman Turks, making the factual information of his biographies questionable.

 3 
Mehmed II
(Sultan of the Ottoman Empire)
Mehmed II
9
Birthdate: March 30, 1432
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Edirne, Rumelia Eyalet, Ottoman Sultanate
Died: May 3, 1481

Mehmed II reigned as the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire on two separate occasions; from 1444 to 1446 and again from 1451 to 1481. During his first reign, Mehmed II defeated the military expedition led by John Hunyadi. During his second reign, Mehmed II strengthened the Ottoman navy and conquered Constantinople at age 21, which ended the Byzantine Empire. 

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 4 
Hayreddin Barbarossa
(Ottoman Navy Admiral )
Hayreddin Barbarossa
14
Birthdate: 1478 AD
Birthplace: Paleokipos, Greece
Died: July 4, 1546
Remembered as the Pirate of Algiers and Redbeard, legendary Hayreddin Barbarossa from Lesbos, along with his brother Oruç, plundered ships and ports, terrorizing the Mediterranean coast. His exploits led him to become the admiral of the Ottoman Navy. His victory at Preveza remains his most celebrated one.
 5 
Heraclius
(Emperor of Byzantine Empire)
Heraclius
5
Birthdate: 0575 AD
Birthplace: Cappadocia, present-day Turkey
Died: February 11, 0641

A skilled military leader, Heraclius was also deeply religious, having once read out passages from the Bible when his men wanted to invade Persia. He also treated his prisoners with respect. He is best remembered for his exploits in the Byzantine–Sasanian War and his clashes with the Arabs.

 6 
Enver Pasha
(Ottoman Military Officer, Revolutionary and Convicted War Criminal Who Formed One-Third of the 'Three Pashas' Triumvirate)
Enver Pasha
17
Birthdate: November 22, 1881
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: İstanbul, Turkey
Died: August 4, 1922
Ottoman military officer Enver Pasha is remembered as one of the main figures of the Armenian Genocide. The Young Turk leader was one of the Three Pashas who ruled over the Ottoman Empire during World War I. He was killed by the Soviets during the Basmachi Revolt.
 7 
Piri Reis
(Ottoman Admiral, Geographer, Cartographer.)
Piri Reis
8
Birthdate: 1465 AD
Birthplace: Gelibolu, Turkey
Died: 1553 AD

Piri Reis was an Ottoman navigator, admiral, cartographer, and geographer. He is best remembered for his Book of Navigation, which contains maps and charts and information on navigational techniques. He gained international recognition in 1929 when a portion of his first world map was discovered at the Topkapı Palace in Turkey. Piri Reis finds mention in several popular video games.  

 8 
Cemal Gürsel
(4th President of Turkey)
Cemal Gürsel
7
Birthdate: October 13, 1895
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Erzurum, Turkey
Died: September 14, 1966
 9 
Nikephoros II Phokas
(Emperor)
Nikephoros II Phokas
5
Birthdate: 0912 AD
Birthplace: Cappadocia, Turkey
Died: December 11, 0969
 10 
Osman Nuri Pasha
(Military Commander)
Osman Nuri Pasha
3
Birthdate: 1832 AD
Birthplace: Tokat, Turkey
Died: April 5, 1900
 11 
Fevzi Çakmak
(Turkish Politician and Military Personnel)
Fevzi Çakmak
3
Birthdate: January 12, 1876
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Constantinople
Died: April 10, 1950
 12 
Djemal Pasha
(Military leader)
Djemal Pasha
8
Birthdate: May 6, 1872
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Mitilini, Greece
Died: July 21, 1922
 13 
Isaac I Komnenos
(Military officer)
Isaac I Komnenos
2
Birthdate: 1007 AD
Birthplace: Constantinople
Died: May 31, 1061
 14 
Hakan Fidan
(Chief of the National Intelligence Organization of Turkey since 2015)
Hakan Fidan
10
Birthdate: 1968 AD
Birthplace: Ankara, Turkey
 15 
Romanos I Lekapenos
(Byzantine-Armenian Naval Admiral became Byzantine emperor and reigned from December 919)
Romanos I Lekapenos
2
Birthdate: 0870 AD
Birthplace: Lakape
Died: June 5, 0948
 16 
Mahmud Shevket Pasha
(Statesman)
Mahmud Shevket Pasha
5
Birthdate: 1856 AD
Birthplace: Baghdad, Iraq
Died: June 11, 1913
 17 
Midhat Pasha
(Political figure)
Midhat Pasha
6
Birthdate: October 18, 1822
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: İstanbul, Turkey
Died: May 8, 1884
 18 
Aristagoras
(Political leader)
Aristagoras
1
Birthplace: Miletus Ancient Theater, Turkey
Died: 0498 AD

Aristagoras was a political leader who led the Ionian city of Miletus during the initial stages of the Ionian Revolt against the Achaemenid Empire. The son-in-law of Histiaeus, who had ruled Miletus in the 6th century BC, Aristagoras inherited the tyranny from his father-in-law and led Miletus in the late 6th century and early 5th century BC.

 19 
Markos Vafiades
(Political leader)
Markos Vafiades
1
Birthdate: January 28, 1906
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Tosya, Turkey
Died: February 22, 1992
 20 
Süleyman Pasha
(Military leader)
Süleyman Pasha
1
Birthdate: 1316 AD
Birthplace: Turkey
Died: 1357 AD
 21 
Deiotarus
(King)
Deiotarus
1
Birthdate: 0105 AD
Birthplace: Galatia, Turkey
Died: 0041 AD
 22 
Ali Rıza Pasha
(Military leader, Politician)
Ali Rıza Pasha
3
Birthdate: 1860 AD
Birthplace: Istanbul, Turkey
Died: 1932 AD
 23 
Aytaç Yalman
(General)
Aytaç Yalman
4
Birthdate: July 29, 1940
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: İstanbul, Turkey
Died: March 15, 2020
 24 
Ragıp Gümüşpala
(Military Leader)
Ragıp Gümüşpala
3
Birthdate: 1897 AD
Birthplace: Edirne, Turkey
Died: June 6, 1964
 25 
Augustus Charles Hobart-Hampden
(Admiral)
Augustus Charles Hobart-Hampden
3
Birthdate: April 1, 1822
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Leicestershire, England
Died: June 19, 1886