Famous Turkish Historical Personalities

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 1 
Suleiman The Magnificent
(Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1520-1566))
Suleiman The Magnificent
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Birthdate: November 6, 1494
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Trabzon, Turkey
Died: September 6, 1566
Suleiman The Magnificent ruled the Ottoman Empire from 1520 to 1566 and was instrumental in the empire’s expansion, leading the conquests of Belgrade, Rhodes, and Hungary. He was a patron of art and culture, and a talented poet and goldsmith himself. He married Roxelana, a Christian-turned-Muslim from his harem.
Mehmed II
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Birthdate: March 30, 1432
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Edirne, Rumelia Eyalet, Ottoman Sultanate
Died: May 3, 1481
 3 
Ertuğrul
(Osman I's father)
Ertuğrul
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Birthplace: Turkey
Died: 1280 AD
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 4 
Osman I
(Political Leader)
Osman I
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Birthdate: 1258 AD
Birthplace: Söğüt, Turkey
Died: August 1, 1326

Osman I was the founder of the Ottoman dynasty, which ruled the Ottoman Empire between 1299 and 1922. One of the most important historical figures in Turkey, Osman I is often depicted in popular culture. Interestingly, he is also one of the least documented leaders of the Ottoman Turks, making the factual information of his biographies questionable.

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 5 
Mahmud of Ghazni
(Sultan of the Ghaznavid Empire (998-1030))
Mahmud of Ghazni
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Birthdate: November 2, 0971
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Ghazni, Afghanistan
Died: April 30, 1030

Mahmud of Ghazni was the sultan of the Ghaznavid Empire on two separate occasions. He first ascended the throne upon the death of his father, Mahmud, in 1030. However, he was soon overthrown by his twin brother Ma'sud I. Years later, he was reinstated as sultan but was soon executed by his nephew Maw'dud. His entire family was also killed. 

 6 
Ahmed I
(Ottoman Emperor)
Ahmed I
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Birthdate: April 18, 1590
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Manisa, Turkey
Died: November 22, 1617
Ahmed I reigned as the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1603 till 1617. He ended the Ottoman tradition of royal fratricide upon taking over the throne. He constructed the iconic Blue Mosque of Turkey. He also patronized art, especially calligraphy, and wrote poems under the pseudonym Bahti.
 7 
Kösem Sultan
(Ottoman sultana)
Kösem Sultan
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Birthdate: 1589 AD
Birthplace: Tinos, Republic of Venice (currently the territory of Greece)
Died: September 2, 1651
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 8 
Abdul Hamid II
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Birthdate: September 21, 1842
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Constantinople, Constantinople Vilayet, Ottoman Empire
Died: February 10, 1918
 9 
Hurrem Sultan
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Birthdate: 1502 AD
Birthplace: Rohatyn, Ukraine
Died: April 15, 1558
 10 
Selim I
(ottoman Sultan)
Selim I
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Birthdate: October 10, 1470
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Amasya, Ottoman Empire, Turkey
Died: September 22, 1520

Selim I reigned as the ninth Sultan of the Ottoman Empire. Although his reign lasted only eight years, Selim I is credited for the vast expansion of the Ottoman Empire; his conquest of the entire Mamluk Sultanate of Egypt is widely regarded as his best achievement. A hardworking ruler, Selim was one of the most respected emperors of the Empire.

 11 
Caracalla
(Roman emperor)
Caracalla
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Birthdate: April 4, 0188
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Lugdunum
Died: April 8, 0217
 12 
Murad III
(Ottoman Sultan)
Murad III
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Birthdate: July 4, 1546
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Manisa, Turkey
Died: December 31, 1595
Murad III, son of Şehzade Selim and Nurbanu Sultan, was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1574 to 1595. He was dominated by his mother and his harem, particularly by his favorite wife, Safiye Sultan. He also fought wars with the Safavid Empire and was an art connoisseur.
 13 
Mehmed III
(Sultan)
Mehmed III
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Birthdate: May 26, 1566
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Manisa
Died: December 22, 1603
Ibrahim of the Ottoman Empire
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Birthdate: November 4, 1615
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: İstanbul, Turkey
Died: August 18, 1648
 15 
Mehmed IV
(Sultan)
Mehmed IV
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Birthdate: January 2, 1642
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Istanbul
Died: January 6, 1693
 16 
Murad II
(Ottoman Sultan)
Murad II
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Birthdate: 1404
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Amasya
Died: February 3, 1451
 17 
Julian
(Roman emperor)
Julian
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Birthdate: 0331 AD
Birthplace: Istanbul, Turkey
Died: June 26, 0363
 18 
Bayezid I
(Sultan of Ottoman Empire)
Bayezid I
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Birthdate: 1354 AD
Birthplace: Edirne, Turkey
Died: March 8, 1403

Bayezid I reigned as the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1389 to 1402. He is credited with building one of the largest armies of the world, with which he defeated the Crusaders at Nicopolis in 1396. His only defeat at the Battle of Ankara, which turned out to be fatal, became a subject for writers, painters, and composers.

 19 
Heraclius
(Emperor of Byzantine Empire)
Heraclius
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Birthdate: 0575 AD
Birthplace: Cappadocia, present-day Turkey
Died: February 11, 0641

A skilled military leader, Heraclius was also deeply religious, having once read out passages from the Bible when his men wanted to invade Persia. He also treated his prisoners with respect. He is best remembered for his exploits in the Byzantine–Sasanian War and his clashes with the Arabs.

 20 
Mahmud II
(Sultan of Ottoman Empire)
Mahmud II
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Birthdate: July 20, 1785
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: İstanbul, Turkey
Died: July 1, 1839

Mahmud II reigned as the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1808 to 1839. His reign was marked by the extensive military, administrative, and fiscal reforms which he initiated. The reforms that he initiated eventually led to the formation of the modern Turkish Republic. He is also credited with rebuilding a strong naval force for the empire.

 21 
Selim II
(Sultan of the Ottoman Empire)
Selim II
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Birthdate: May 28, 1524
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Topkapi Palace Museum, İstanbul, Turkey
Died: December 15, 1574

Known as a generous Ottoman monarch, Selim II was the successor of the empire’s longest-reigning sultan, Suleiman I. His reign saw his navy decisively defeated by the Holy League in the Battle of Lepanto before the Ottomans regained control of Tunis from Spain. Selim, who was married to Nurbanu Sultan, was noted for helping his subjects during a severe famine.

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Mehmed VI
(Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1918-22))
Mehmed VI
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Birthdate: March 30, 1861
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: İstanbul, Turkey
Died: May 16, 1926

Mehmed VI was the last Sultan of the famous Ottoman Empire. He reigned from 1918 to 1922 before the empire was dissolved, making way for the creation of the Republic of Turkey. Apart from ruling the Ottoman Empire, Mehmed VI also enjoyed music, calligraphy, and writing poems. In 1922, he stepped down, enabling the abolition of the Ottoman Sultanate.

 23 
Theodora
(Empress consort of the Byzantine Empire (527-48))
Theodora
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Birthdate: 0500 AD
Birthplace: Paphlagonia
Died: June 28, 0548

Theodora was an Eastern Roman empress who was married to Emperor Justinian. She was one of Justinian's chief advisers; she had a strong influence on Justinian. A saint in the Oriental Orthodox Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church, Theodora is commemorated on 28 June. Over the years, she has been the subject of several books, films, and video games.

 24 
Mehmed I
(5th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire)
Mehmed I
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Birthdate: 1389 AD
Birthplace: Bursa, Turkey
Died: May 26, 1421
 25 
Abdülmecid I
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Birthdate: April 23, 1823
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: İstanbul Eyaleti
Died: June 25, 1861
 26 
Alexios I Komnenos
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Birthdate: 1048 AD
Birthplace: Constantinople, Turkey
Died: August 15, 1118
 27 
Zeno
(Emperor)
Zeno
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Birthdate: 0425 AD
Birthplace: Zenonopolis
Died: April 9, 0491
 28 
Mehmed V
(Ottoman King)
Mehmed V
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Birthdate: November 2, 1844
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Topkapi Palace Museum, İstanbul, Turkey
Died: July 3, 1918

Mehmed V was the 35th and penultimate Ottoman Sultan who reigned from 1909 to 1918. One of the sons of Sultan Abdulmejid I, he succeeded his brother Abdul Hamid II after the Young Turk revolution. His reign was marked by the loss of the empire’s many territories and witnessed the Ottoman Empire’s entry into World War I.

 29 
Bayezid II
(Sultan)
Bayezid II
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Birthdate: December 3, 1447
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Didymoteicho
Died: May 26, 1512
 30 
Honorius
(Emperor)
Honorius
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Birthdate: September 9, 0384
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Constantinople
Died: August 15, 0423
 31 
Orhan I
(Tribal Leader)
Orhan I
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Birthdate: 1281 AD
Birthplace: Söğüt, Turkey
Died: February 29, 1362
 32 
Turhan Sultan
(Politician)
Turhan Sultan
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Birthdate: 1627 AD
Birthplace: Slobodskaya Ukraina
Died: August 4, 1683
 33 
Murad I
(Ottoman prince)
Murad I
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Birthdate: June 29, 1326
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Bursa, Turkey
Died: June 15, 1389
 34 
Selim III
(Sultan)
Selim III
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Birthdate: December 24, 1761
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Constantinople
Died: July 28, 1808
Hussein bin Ali Sharif of Mecca
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Birthdate: 1853 AD
Birthplace: Istanbul, Turkey
Died: June 4, 1931
Hussein bin Ali Sharif had been the emir of Mecca and the king of Hejaz. While leading the Arab rebellion against the Ottomans, he had declared himself the “king of the Arab countries.” Later, he proclaimed himself the caliph but had to abdicate in the face of Ibn Saud’s attack.
 36 
Murad V
(Sultan)
Murad V
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Birthdate: September 21, 1840
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Beşiktaş, Istanbul
Died: August 29, 1904
 37 
Mithridates VI of Pontus
(King of Pontus (120-63))
Mithridates VI of Pontus
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Birthdate: 0135 BC
Birthplace: Sinop, Turkey
Died: 0063 BC

Mithridates VI of Pontus, also known as Mithridates the Great, came to power as a young boy after his father, Mithridates V, was assassinated by poisoning. However, since Mithridates VI’s mother acted as a regent and favored his brother, Mithridates got them both imprisoned and took over the throne.

 38 
Nurbanu Sultan
(Sultan Selim II)
Nurbanu Sultan
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Birthdate: 1525 AD
Died: December 7, 1583
 39 
Basil II
(Byzantine Emperor)
Basil II
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Birthdate: 0958 AD
Birthplace: Constantinople, Byzantine Empire
Died: December 15, 1025

Basil II reigned as the emperor of the Byzantine Empire from 976 until his death in 1025. He supervised the expansion of the empire's eastern frontier. He was also instrumental in annexing part of Crimea and conducted several victorious campaigns against the Kingdom of Georgia. His work as emperor ensured that the Empire flourished several years after his death.

 40 
Justinian II
(Emperor)
Justinian II
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Birthdate: 0669 AD
Birthplace: Constantinople
Died: December 11, 0711
 41 
Dündar Aliosman
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Birthdate: December 30, 1930
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Damascus, Syria
Michael VIII Palaiologos
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Birthdate: 1223 AD
Birthplace: Anatolia
Died: December 11, 1282
 43 
Maxentius
(Emperor)
Maxentius
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Birthdate: 0283 AD
Birthplace: not known
Died: October 28, 0312
 44 
Abdul Hamid I
(Emperor)
Abdul Hamid I
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Birthdate: March 20, 1725
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Topkapi Palace Museum, İstanbul, Turkey
Died: April 7, 1789
 45 
Mahmud I
(Sultan)
Mahmud I
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Birthdate: August 2, 1696
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Edirne
Died: December 13, 1754
 46 
Leo III the Isaurian
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Birthdate: 0685 AD
Birthplace: Kahramanmaraş, Turkey
Died: June 18, 0741
 47 
Mustafa IV
(Sultan)
Mustafa IV
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Birthdate: September 8, 1779
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Istanbul
Died: November 17, 1808
 48 
Mustafa III
(Sultan)
Mustafa III
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Birthdate: January 28, 1717
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Constantinople
Died: January 21, 1774
 49 
Nabonidus
(king)
Nabonidus
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Birthplace: Harran
Died: 0539 BC

Nabonidus was the last ruler of Neo-Babylonian Empire. A strong believer of the moon god Sin, Nabonidus was faced with a revolt by the worshippers of Babylon’s national god, Marduk, and thus left his kingdom in the hands of his son, co-regent Belshazzar. He was later exiled.

 50 
Constantine VII
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Birthdate: May 18, 0905
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Constantinople, Turkey
Died: November 9, 0959