Famous Turkish Historical Personalities

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 1 Kösem Sultan

Kösem Sultan
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Famous As: Ottoman sultana
Birthdate: 1589 AD
Nationality: Turkish
Died: September 2, 1651

 2 Suleiman The Magnificent

Suleiman the Magnificent
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Famous As: 10th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
Birthdate: November 6, 1494
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Turkish
Died: September 6, 1566
Suleiman The Magnificent ruled the Ottoman Empire from 1520 to 1566 and was instrumental in the empire’s expansion, leading the conquests of Belgrade, Rhodes, and Hungary. He was a patron of art and culture, and a talented poet and goldsmith himself. He married Roxelana, a Christian-turned-Muslim from his harem.
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 3 Osman I

Osman I
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Famous As: Political Leader
Birthdate: 1258 AD
Nationality: Turkish
Died: August 1, 1326

Osman I was the founder of the Ottoman dynasty, which ruled the Ottoman Empire between 1299 and 1922. One of the most important historical figures in Turkey, Osman I is often depicted in popular culture. Interestingly, he is also one of the least documented leaders of the Ottoman Turks, making the factual information of his biographies questionable.

 4 Abdul Hamid II

Abdul Hamid II
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Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: September 21, 1842
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Turkish
Died: February 10, 1918

 5 Heraclius

Heraclius
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Famous As: Emperor of Byzantine Empire
Birthdate: 0575 AD
Nationality: Turkish
Died: February 11, 0641

A skilled military leader, Heraclius was also deeply religious, having once read out passages from the Bible when his men wanted to invade Persia. He also treated his prisoners with respect. He is best remembered for his exploits in the Byzantine–Sasanian War and his clashes with the Arabs.

 6 Selim II

Selim II
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Famous As: Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
Birthdate: May 28, 1524
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Turkish
Died: December 15, 1574

Known as a generous Ottoman monarch, Selim II was the successor of the empire’s longest-reigning sultan, Suleiman I. His reign saw his navy decisively defeated by the Holy League in the Battle of Lepanto before the Ottomans regained control of Tunis from Spain. Selim, who was married to Nurbanu Sultan, was noted for helping his subjects during a severe famine.

 7 Mehmed VI

Mehmed VI
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Famous As: Last Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
Birthdate: January 14, 1861
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: Turkish
Died: May 16, 1926

Mehmed VI was the last Sultan of the famous Ottoman Empire. He reigned from 1918 to 1922 before the empire was dissolved, making way for the creation of the Republic of Turkey. Apart from ruling the Ottoman Empire, Mehmed VI also enjoyed music, calligraphy, and writing poems. In 1922, he stepped down, enabling the abolition of the Ottoman Sultanate.

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 8 Caracalla

Caracalla
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Famous As: Roman emperor
Birthdate: April 4, 0188
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: Turkish
Died: April 8, 0217

 9 Murad IV

Murad IV
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Famous As: Ottoman Sultan
Birthdate: July 26, 1612
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Turkish
Died: February 8, 1640

Murad IV, who ruled as the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1623 to 1640, was infamous for his cruelty. He took over the throne at 11 and subsequently came to be known for his exploits in the Ottoman–Safavid War, which changed the map of the Caucasus.

 10 Selim I

Selim I
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Famous As: ottoman Sultan
Birthdate: October 10, 1470
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Turkish
Died: September 22, 1520

Selim I reigned as the ninth Sultan of the Ottoman Empire. Although his reign lasted only eight years, Selim I is credited for the vast expansion of the Ottoman Empire; his conquest of the entire Mamluk Sultanate of Egypt is widely regarded as his best achievement. A hardworking ruler, Selim was one of the most respected emperors of the Empire.

 11 Murad III

Murad III
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Famous As: Ottoman Sultan
Birthdate: July 4, 1546
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Turkish
Died: December 31, 1595
Murad III, son of Şehzade Selim and Nurbanu Sultan, was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1574 to 1595. He was dominated by his mother and his harem, particularly by his favorite wife, Safiye Sultan. He also fought wars with the Safavid Empire and was an art connoisseur.

 12 Ibrahim of the Ottoman Empire

Ibrahim of the Ottoman Empire
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Famous As: Sultan
Birthdate: November 4, 1615
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Turkish
Died: August 18, 1648

 13 Mehmed III

Mehmed III
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Famous As: Sultan
Birthdate: May 26, 1566
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Turkish
Died: December 22, 1603

 14 Mehmed V

Mehmed V
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Famous As: Ottoman King
Birthdate: November 2, 1844
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Turkish
Died: July 3, 1918

Mehmed V was the 35th and penultimate Ottoman Sultan who reigned from 1909 to 1918. One of the sons of Sultan Abdulmejid I, he succeeded his brother Abdul Hamid II after the Young Turk revolution. His reign was marked by the loss of the empire’s many territories and witnessed the Ottoman Empire’s entry into World War I.

 15 Mehmed IV

Mehmed IV
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Famous As: Sultan
Birthdate: January 2, 1642
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: Turkish
Died: January 6, 1693

 16 Murad II

Murad II
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Famous As: Ottoman Sultan
Birthdate: May 31, 1404
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Turkish
Died: February 3, 1451

 17 Bayezid II

Bayezid II
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Famous As: Sultan
Birthdate: December 3, 1447
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Turkish
Died: May 26, 1512

 18 Hussein bin Ali Sharif of Mecca

Hussein bin Ali Sharif of Mecca
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Famous As: King
Birthdate: 1853 AD
Nationality: Jordanian, Saudi Arabian, Turkish
Died: June 4, 1931
Hussein bin Ali Sharif had been the emir of Mecca and the king of Hejaz. While leading the Arab rebellion against the Ottomans, he had declared himself the “king of the Arab countries.” Later, he proclaimed himself the caliph but had to abdicate in the face of Ibn Saud’s attack.

 19 Nurbanu Sultan

Nurbanu Sultan
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Famous As: Sultan Selim II
Birthdate: 1525 AD
Nationality: Turkish
Died: December 7, 1583

 20 Bayezid I

Bayezid I
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Famous As: Sultan of Ottoman Empire
Birthdate: 1354 AD
Nationality: Turkish
Died: March 8, 1403

Bayezid I reigned as the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1389 to 1402. He is credited with building one of the largest armies of the world, with which he defeated the Crusaders at Nicopolis in 1396. His only defeat at the Battle of Ankara, which turned out to be fatal, became a subject for writers, painters, and composers.

 21 Mahmud II

Mahmud II
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Famous As: Sultan of Ottoman Empire
Birthdate: July 20, 1785
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Turkish
Died: July 1, 1839

Mahmud II reigned as the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1808 to 1839. His reign was marked by the extensive military, administrative, and fiscal reforms which he initiated. The reforms that he initiated eventually led to the formation of the modern Turkish Republic. He is also credited with rebuilding a strong naval force for the empire.

 22 Alexios I Komnenos

Alexios I Komnenos
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Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: 1048 AD
Nationality: Turkish
Died: August 15, 1118

 23 Zeno

Zeno
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Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: 0425 AD
Nationality: Turkish
Died: April 9, 0491

 24 Abdülmecid I

Abdülmecid I
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Famous As: Ruler
Birthdate: April 23, 1823
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Turkish
Died: June 25, 1861

 25 Mehmed I

Mehmed I
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Famous As: Sultan
Birthdate: 1381 AD
Nationality: Turkish
Died: May 26, 1421

 26 Honorius

Honorius
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Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: September 9, 0384
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Turkish
Died: August 15, 0423

 27 Turhan Sultan

Turhan Sultan
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: 1627 AD
Nationality: Turkish
Died: August 4, 1683

 28 Murad V

Murad V
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Famous As: Sultan
Birthdate: September 21, 1840
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Turkish
Died: August 29, 1904

 29 Selim III

Selim III
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Famous As: Sultan
Birthdate: December 24, 1761
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: Turkish
Died: July 28, 1808

 30 Theodosius II

Theodosius II
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Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: April 10, 0401
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: Turkish
Died: July 28, 0450

 31 Orhan I

Orhan I
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Famous As: Tribal Leader
Birthdate: 1281 AD
Nationality: Turkish
Died: February 29, 1362

 32 Arcadius

Arcadius
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Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: January 1, 0377
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: Turkish
Died: May 1, 0408

 33 Maxentius

Maxentius
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Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: 0278 AD
Nationality: Turkish
Died: October 28, 0312

 34 Justinian II

Justinian II
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Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: 0669 AD
Nationality: Turkish
Died: December 11, 0711

 35 Michael VIII Palaiologos

Michael VIII Palaiologos
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Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: 1223 AD
Nationality: Turkish
Died: December 11, 1282

 36 Mahmud I

Mahmud I
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Famous As: Sultan
Birthdate: August 2, 1696
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Turkish
Died: December 13, 1754

 37 Leo III the Isaurian

Leo III the Isaurian
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Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: 0685 AD
Nationality: Turkish
Died: June 18, 0741

 38 Sargon II

Sargon II
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Famous As: king
Birthdate: 0765 BC
Nationality: Turkish
Died: 0705 BC

 39 Mustafa IV

Mustafa IV
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Famous As: Sultan
Birthdate: September 8, 1779
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Turkish
Died: November 17, 1808

 40 Mustafa III

Mustafa III
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Famous As: Sultan
Birthdate: January 28, 1717
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Turkish
Died: January 21, 1774

 41 Abdul Hamid I

Abdul Hamid I
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Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: March 20, 1725
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Turkish
Died: April 7, 1789

 42 Phocas

Phocas
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Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Nationality: Turkish
Died: October 5, 0610

 43 Basil I

Basil I
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Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: 0811 AD
Nationality: Turkish
Died: August 29, 0886

 44 Justin II

Justin II
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Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: 0520 AD
Nationality: Turkish
Died: October 5, 0578

 45 Constantine VII

Constantine VII
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Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: May 18, 0905
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Turkish
Died: November 9, 0959

 46 Osman III

Osman III
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Famous As: Sultan
Birthdate: January 2, 1699
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: Turkish
Died: October 30, 1757

 47 Leo VI the Wise

Leo VI the Wise
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Famous As: Byzantine ruler
Birthdate: September 19, 0866
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Turkish
Died: May 11, 0912

 48 John II Komnenos

John II Komnenos
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Famous As: Monarch
Birthdate: September 13, 1087
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Turkish
Died: April 8, 1143

 49 Constantine VI

Constantine VI
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Famous As: Ruler
Birthdate: January 14, 0771
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: Turkish
Died: 0797 AD

 50 Andronicus I Comnenus

Andronicus I Comnenus
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Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: 1118 AD
Nationality: Turkish
Died: September 12, 1185