Famous Turkish Historical Personalities

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 1 Suleiman The Magnificent

Suleiman The Magnificent.
19
Famous As: 10th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
Birthdate: November 6, 1494
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Trabzon, Ottoman Empire
Died: September 6, 1566
Suleiman The Magnificent ruled the Ottoman Empire from 1520 to 1566 and was instrumental in the empire’s expansion, leading the conquests of Belgrade, Rhodes, and Hungary. He was a patron of art and culture, and a talented poet and goldsmith himself. He married Roxelana, a Christian-turned-Muslim from his harem.

 2 Osman I

Osman I.
10
Famous As: Political Leader
Birthdate: 1258 AD
Birthplace: Söğüt, Turkey
Died: August 1, 1326

Osman I was the founder of the Ottoman dynasty, which ruled the Ottoman Empire between 1299 and 1922. One of the most important historical figures in Turkey, Osman I is often depicted in popular culture. Interestingly, he is also one of the least documented leaders of the Ottoman Turks, making the factual information of his biographies questionable.

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 3 Abdul Hamid II

Abdul Hamid II.
7
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: September 21, 1842
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Constantinople, Constantinople Vilayet, Ottoman Empire
Died: February 10, 1918

 4 Ahmed I

Ahmed I.
8
Famous As: Ottoman Emperor
Birthdate: April 18, 1590
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Manisa, Turkey
Died: November 22, 1617
Ahmed I reigned as the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1603 till 1617. He ended the Ottoman tradition of royal fratricide upon taking over the throne. He constructed the iconic Blue Mosque of Turkey. He also patronized art, especially calligraphy, and wrote poems under the pseudonym Bahti.
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 5 Murad IV

Murad IV.
5
Famous As: Ottoman Sultan
Birthdate: July 26, 1612
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Constantinople, Ottoman Empire
Died: February 8, 1640

Murad IV, who ruled as the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1623 to 1640, was infamous for his cruelty. He took over the throne at 11 and subsequently came to be known for his exploits in the Ottoman–Safavid War, which changed the map of the Caucasus.

 6 Selim I

Selim I.
5
Famous As: ottoman Sultan
Birthdate: October 10, 1470
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Amasya, Ottoman Empire, Turkey
Died: September 22, 1520

Selim I reigned as the ninth Sultan of the Ottoman Empire. Although his reign lasted only eight years, Selim I is credited for the vast expansion of the Ottoman Empire; his conquest of the entire Mamluk Sultanate of Egypt is widely regarded as his best achievement. A hardworking ruler, Selim was one of the most respected emperors of the Empire.

 7 Caracalla

Caracalla
7
Famous As: Roman emperor
Birthdate: April 4, 0188
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Lugdunum
Died: April 8, 0217
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 8 Mehmed VI

Mehmed VI.
7
Famous As: Last Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
Birthdate: January 14, 1861
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Dolmabahçe Palace, İstanbul, Turkey
Died: May 16, 1926

Mehmed VI was the last Sultan of the famous Ottoman Empire. He reigned from 1918 to 1922 before the empire was dissolved, making way for the creation of the Republic of Turkey. Apart from ruling the Ottoman Empire, Mehmed VI also enjoyed music, calligraphy, and writing poems. In 1922, he stepped down, enabling the abolition of the Ottoman Sultanate.

 9 Hurrem Sultan

Hurrem Sultan
4
Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: 1502 AD
Birthplace: Rohatyn, Ukraine
Died: April 15, 1558

 10 Murad III

Murad III.
5
Famous As: Ottoman Sultan
Birthdate: July 4, 1546
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Manisa, Turkey
Died: December 31, 1595
Murad III, son of Şehzade Selim and Nurbanu Sultan, was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1574 to 1595. He was dominated by his mother and his harem, particularly by his favorite wife, Safiye Sultan. He also fought wars with the Safavid Empire and was an art connoisseur.

 11 Mehmed III

Mehmed III
3
Famous As: Sultan
Birthdate: May 26, 1566
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Manisa
Died: December 22, 1603

 12 Mehmed II

Mehmed II
10
Birthdate: March 30, 1432
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Edirne, Rumelia Eyalet, Ottoman Sultanate
Died: May 3, 1481

 13 Heraclius

Heraclius.
5
Famous As: Emperor of Byzantine Empire
Birthdate: 0575 AD
Birthplace: Cappadocia, present-day Turkey
Died: February 11, 0641

A skilled military leader, Heraclius was also deeply religious, having once read out passages from the Bible when his men wanted to invade Persia. He also treated his prisoners with respect. He is best remembered for his exploits in the Byzantine–Sasanian War and his clashes with the Arabs.

 14 Ibrahim of the Ottoman Empire

Ibrahim of the Ottoman Empire
4
Famous As: Sultan
Birthdate: November 4, 1615
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: İstanbul, Turkey
Died: August 18, 1648

 15 Mehmed V

Mehmed V.
4
Famous As: Ottoman King
Birthdate: November 2, 1844
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Topkapi Palace Museum, İstanbul, Turkey
Died: July 3, 1918

Mehmed V was the 35th and penultimate Ottoman Sultan who reigned from 1909 to 1918. One of the sons of Sultan Abdulmejid I, he succeeded his brother Abdul Hamid II after the Young Turk revolution. His reign was marked by the loss of the empire’s many territories and witnessed the Ottoman Empire’s entry into World War I.

 16 Bayezid II

Bayezid II
3
Famous As: Sultan
Birthdate: December 3, 1447
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Didymoteicho
Died: May 26, 1512

 17 Mehmed IV

Mehmed IV
3
Famous As: Sultan
Birthdate: January 2, 1642
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Istanbul
Died: January 6, 1693

 18 Kösem Sultan

Kösem Sultan
6
Famous As: Ottoman sultana
Birthdate: 1589 AD
Birthplace: Tinos, Republic of Venice (currently the territory of Greece)
Died: September 2, 1651

 19 Hussein bin Ali Sharif of Mecca

Hussein bin Ali Sharif of Mecca.
4
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 1853 AD
Birthplace: Istanbul, Turkey
Died: June 4, 1931
Hussein bin Ali Sharif had been the emir of Mecca and the king of Hejaz. While leading the Arab rebellion against the Ottomans, he had declared himself the “king of the Arab countries.” Later, he proclaimed himself the caliph but had to abdicate in the face of Ibn Saud’s attack.

 20 Murad II

Murad II
3
Famous As: Ottoman Sultan
Birthdate: May 31, 1404
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Amasya
Died: February 3, 1451

 21 Bayezid I

Bayezid I.
3
Famous As: Sultan of Ottoman Empire
Birthdate: 1354 AD
Birthplace: Edirne, Turkey
Died: March 8, 1403

Bayezid I reigned as the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1389 to 1402. He is credited with building one of the largest armies of the world, with which he defeated the Crusaders at Nicopolis in 1396. His only defeat at the Battle of Ankara, which turned out to be fatal, became a subject for writers, painters, and composers.

 22 Mahmud II

Mahmud II.
3
Famous As: Sultan of Ottoman Empire
Birthdate: July 20, 1785
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: İstanbul, Turkey
Died: July 1, 1839

Mahmud II reigned as the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1808 to 1839. His reign was marked by the extensive military, administrative, and fiscal reforms which he initiated. The reforms that he initiated eventually led to the formation of the modern Turkish Republic. He is also credited with rebuilding a strong naval force for the empire.

 23 Selim II

Selim II.
5
Famous As: Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
Birthdate: May 28, 1524
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Topkapi Palace Museum, İstanbul, Turkey
Died: December 15, 1574

Known as a generous Ottoman monarch, Selim II was the successor of the empire’s longest-reigning sultan, Suleiman I. His reign saw his navy decisively defeated by the Holy League in the Battle of Lepanto before the Ottomans regained control of Tunis from Spain. Selim, who was married to Nurbanu Sultan, was noted for helping his subjects during a severe famine.

 24 Alexios I Komnenos

Alexios I Komnenos
3
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: 1048 AD
Birthplace: Constantinople, Turkey
Died: August 15, 1118

 25 Zeno

Zeno
3
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: 0425 AD
Birthplace: Zenonopolis
Died: April 9, 0491

 26 Nurbanu Sultan

Nurbanu Sultan
5
Famous As: Sultan Selim II
Birthdate: 1525 AD
Died: December 7, 1583

 27 Mehmed I

Mehmed I
3
Famous As: Sultan
Birthdate: 1381 AD
Birthplace: Bursa, Ottoman Sultanate
Died: May 26, 1421

 28 Honorius

Honorius
3
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: September 9, 0384
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Constantinople
Died: August 15, 0423

 29 Theodora

Theodora.
2
Famous As: Byzantine empresses
Birthdate: 0497 AD
Birthplace: Famagusta
Died: June 28, 0548

Theodora was an Eastern Roman empress who was married to Emperor Justinian. She was one of Justinian's chief advisers; she had a strong influence on Justinian. A saint in the Oriental Orthodox Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church, Theodora is commemorated on 28 June. Over the years, she has been the subject of several books, films, and video games.

 30 Abdülmecid I

Abdülmecid I
4
Famous As: Ruler
Birthdate: April 23, 1823
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: İstanbul Eyaleti
Died: June 25, 1861

 31 Turhan Sultan

Turhan Sultan
3
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: 1627 AD
Birthplace: Slobodskaya Ukraina
Died: August 4, 1683

 32 Orhan I

Orhan I
3
Famous As: Tribal Leader
Birthdate: 1281 AD
Birthplace: Söğüt, Turkey
Died: February 29, 1362

 33 Selim III

Selim III
3
Famous As: Sultan
Birthdate: December 24, 1761
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Constantinople
Died: July 28, 1808

 34 Murad V

Murad V
4
Famous As: Sultan
Birthdate: September 21, 1840
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Beşiktaş, Istanbul
Died: August 29, 1904

 35 Basil II

Basil II.
7
Famous As: Byzantine Emperor
Birthdate: 0958 AD
Birthplace: Constantinople, Byzantine Empire
Died: December 15, 1025

Basil II reigned as the emperor of the Byzantine Empire from 976 until his death in 1025. He supervised the expansion of the empire's eastern frontier. He was also instrumental in annexing part of Crimea and conducted several victorious campaigns against the Kingdom of Georgia. His work as emperor ensured that the Empire flourished several years after his death.

 36 Maxentius

Maxentius
3
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: 0278 AD
Died: October 28, 0312

 37 Justinian II

Justinian II
3
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: 0669 AD
Birthplace: Constantinople
Died: December 11, 0711

 38 Michael VIII Palaiologos

Michael VIII Palaiologos
3
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: 1223 AD
Birthplace: Anatolia
Died: December 11, 1282

 39 Mustafa III

Mustafa III
3
Famous As: Sultan
Birthdate: January 28, 1717
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Constantinople
Died: January 21, 1774

 40 Mahmud I

Mahmud I
4
Famous As: Sultan
Birthdate: August 2, 1696
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Edirne
Died: December 13, 1754

 41 Sargon II

Sargon II
3
Famous As: king
Birthdate: 0765 BC
Died: 0705 BC

 42 Mustafa IV

Mustafa IV
4
Famous As: Sultan
Birthdate: September 8, 1779
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Istanbul
Died: November 17, 1808

 43 Leo III the Isaurian

Leo III the Isaurian
3
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: 0685 AD
Birthplace: Kahramanmaraş, Turkey
Died: June 18, 0741

 44 Abdul Hamid I

Abdul Hamid I
3
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: March 20, 1725
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Topkapi Palace Museum, İstanbul, Turkey
Died: April 7, 1789

 45 Basil I

Basil I
3
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: 0811 AD
Birthplace: Macedonia
Died: August 29, 0886

 46 Justin II

Justin II
3
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: 0520 AD
Birthplace: Constantinople
Died: October 5, 0578

 47 Phocas

Phocas
3
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Died: October 5, 0610

 48 Osman III

Osman III
3
Famous As: Sultan
Birthdate: January 2, 1699
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Edirne
Died: October 30, 1757

 49 Constantine VII

Constantine VII
4
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: May 18, 0905
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Constantinople, Turkey
Died: November 9, 0959

 50 Theodosius II

Theodosius II
3
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: April 10, 0401
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Istanbul
Died: July 28, 0450