Famous Spanish Historical Personalities

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 1 Charles II of Spain

Charles II of Spain
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Famous As: Ruler
Birthdate: November 6, 1661
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Spanish
Died: November 1, 1700

Charles II of Spain reigned as the king of Spain from 1665 to 1700. He was the last king from the House of Habsburg to rule the Spanish Empire. Despite suffering from many illnesses throughout his life, Charles proved to be a reasonably influential king. The town of Charleroi and the Caroline Islands in modern Belgium were named after Charles.

 2 Philip II of Spain

Philip II of Spain
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Famous As: King of Spain
Birthdate: May 21, 1527
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Spanish
Died: September 13, 1598
Philip II, son of Charles V, was a 16-th century king of Spain and Portugal. Also known as Philip the Prudent, he became the king of Ireland and England through his marriage to Mary I. Following Mary’s death, he attempted to overthrow Elizabeth I with his armada invasions, but failed.
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 3 Infanta Leonor of Spain

Infanta Leonor of Spain
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Famous As: Princess
Birthdate: October 31, 2005
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Spanish

 4 Isabella I of Castile

Isabella I of Castile
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Famous As: Queen of Castile
Birthdate: April 22, 1451
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Spanish
Died: November 26, 1504
Isabella I, the 15th-century queen of Castile and Leon and the wife of Ferdinand II, was the first Queen of Spain de facto. She was named a Servant of God by the Catholic Church and reformed the government, thus reducing crimes. She also funded Christopher Columbus's voyages to the Americas.

 5 Joanna of Castile

Joanna of Castile
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Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: November 6, 1479
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Spanish
Died: April 12, 1555
Joanna, the 16th-century queen of Castile and Aragon, also known as "Joanna the Mad," was declared insane and locked up at the Royal Convent of Santa Clara by her father. Following her father’s death, she nominally co-ruled the kingdom with her son, Charles I, but remained imprisoned till her death.

 6 Ferdinand II of Aragon

Ferdinand II of Aragon
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Famous As: King of Aragon
Birthdate: March 10, 1452
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Spanish
Died: January 23, 1516

Ferdinand II of Aragon reigned as the King of Aragon from 1479 until his death in 1516. He sponsored Christopher Columbus' first voyage and therefore is credited with playing a key role in the discovery of the New World. He has been depicted in several films, including Christopher Columbus: The Discovery, 1492: Conquest of Paradise, and Assassin's Creed.

 7 Queen Letizia of Spain

Queen Letizia of Spain
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Famous As: Queen of Spain
Birthdate: September 15, 1972
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Spanish

Queen Letizia of Spain was initially a journalist for EFE and ABC and then worked as an anchor for Televisión Española and CNN+. She had covered events such as the 9/11 attacks. She is married to King Felipe VI of Spain and was previously married to a high-school teacher.

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 8 Isabella II of Spain

Isabella II of Spain
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Famous As: Queen of Spain
Birthdate: October 10, 1830
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Spanish
Died: April 9, 1904

Isabella II was the queen of Spain from 1833 until 1868. She took to the throne shortly before turning 3, according to a Pragmatic Sanction issued by her father before her birth. Her uncles’ resistance caused the Carlist Wars. Spain became a constitutional monarchy under her mother’s regency.

 9 Charles III of Spain

Charles III of Spain
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Famous As: King
Birthdate: January 20, 1716
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: Spanish
Died: December 14, 1788

Charles III succeeded his heir-less half-brother, King Ferdinand VI, to the throne of Spain. Apart from rejuvenating the areas of scientific research and agriculture, Charles also reduced the powers of the Church. He was also known for his signature Bourbon nose, his cynicism, and his sharp tongue.

 10 Philip III of Spain

Philip III of Spain
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Famous As: King
Birthdate: April 14, 1578
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: Spanish
Died: March 31, 1621

Philip III of Spain was the king of Spain from 1598 to 1621. He also reigned over Portugal, Naples, Sicily, and Sardinia as Philip II. He was the son of Philip II of Spain and Anna of Austria. He was believed to be a weak man, who relied too much on his corrupt chief minister, the Duke of Lerma.

 11 Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor

Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor
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Famous As: King
Birthdate: March 10, 1503
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Spanish
Died: July 25, 1564
“Let justice be done, though the world perish” was the motto that Roman Emperor Ferdinand I abided by. His reign was known for his clashes with the Ottomans. His Peace of Augsburg ended religious issues in Germany. An art connoisseur, he invited many architects and humanists to his kingdom.

 12 Felipe VI of Spain

Felipe VI of Spain
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Famous As: King of Spain
Birthdate: January 30, 1968
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Spanish

Felipe VI of Spain is the current King of Spain, reigning since 2014. He ascended the throne upon the abdication of his father, Juan Carlos I. His mother is Queen Sofía. As the king, he is head of state and commander-in-chief of the Spanish Armed Forces as well. He also serves as the honorary president of several associations and foundations. 

 13 Felipe, Prince of Asturias

Felipe, Prince of Asturias
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Famous As: King
Birthdate: January 30, 1968
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Spanish

 14 Ferdinand VII of Spain

Ferdinand VII of Spain
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Famous As: King of Spain
Birthdate: October 14, 1784
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Spanish
Died: September 29, 1833

Ferdinand VII of Spain reigned as the king of Spain during the 19th century. Widely regarded as despotic and incompetent, Ferdinand is often criticized by historians and scholars for having failed to disallow the disintegration of the Spanish territories in the Americas. Thus, he is often blamed for the termination of the Spanish rule in the Americas.

 15 Juan Carlos I

Juan Carlos I of Spain
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Famous As: Former King of Spain (1975-2014)
Birthdate: January 5, 1938
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: Spanish

 16 Túpac Amaru

Túpac Amaru
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Famous As: King
Birthdate: 1545 AD
Nationality: Spanish
Died: September 24, 1572

 17 Infanta Elena, Duchess of Lugo

Infanta Elena, Duchess of Lugo
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Birthdate: December 20, 1963
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Spanish

 18 Eugénie de Montijo

Eugénie de Montijo
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Famous As: Empress of France
Birthdate: May 5, 1826
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Spanish
Died: July 11, 1920

 19 Alfonso XIII of Spain

Alfonso XIII of Spain
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Famous As: King of Spain
Birthdate: May 17, 1886
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Spanish
Died: February 28, 1941

Alfonso XIII began ruling as the king of Spain under the regency of his mother, María Cristina. His strategy of rotating governments led to 33 governments in 21 years. Known as El Africano for his support to those who wished to colonialize African countries, he eventually had to leave Spain.

 20 Ferdinand VI of Spain

Ferdinand VI of Spain
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Famous As: King
Birthdate: September 23, 1713
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Spanish
Died: August 10, 1759

 21 Isabella of Portugal

Isabella of Portugal
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Famous As: Queen of Spain
Birthdate: October 24, 1503
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Spanish
Died: May 1, 1539

Isabella of Portugal was Holy Roman Empress and Queen consort of Italy by her marriage to Emperor Charles V. She also served as the Queen consort of Spain, Queen of the Romans, and Lady of the Netherlands from 1526 to 1539. Due to Emperor Charles V's constant travels, she was  the regent of Spain and under her regency Spain was quite prosperous .

 22 Ferdinand III of Castile

Ferdinand III of Castile
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Famous As: King
Birthdate: August 5, 1199
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Spanish
Died: May 30, 1252

 23 Muhammad XII of Granada

Muhammad XII of Granada
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Famous As: Naṣrid ruler
Birthdate: 1460 AD
Nationality: Spanish
Died: 1533 AD

 24 Magnus Maximus

Magnus Maximus
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Famous As: Roman Emperor
Birthdate: 0335 AD
Nationality: Spanish
Died: August 28, 0388

 25 Carmen Franco, 1st Duchess of Franco

Carmen Franco, 1st Duchess of Franco
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Famous As: 1st dutch of franco
Birthdate: February 14, 1926
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Spanish

 26 Alfonso VI of León and Castile

Alfonso VI of León and Castile
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Famous As: King
Birthdate: November 30, 1042
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Spanish
Died: July 1, 1109

 27 Peter of Castile

Peter of Castile
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Famous As: King of Castile and León
Birthdate: August 30, 1334
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Spanish
Died: March 23, 1369

Peter of Castile was the king of Castile and León from 1350 to 1369. He was the son of  Alfonso XI of Castile and Maria of Portugal and a member of the main branch of the House of Ivrea. He began his reign when he was almost 16 years old and became notorious as a vicious and cruel ruler. 

 28 Alfonso, Prince of Asturias

Alfonso, Prince of Asturias
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Famous As: Prince of Asturias
Birthdate: May 10, 1907
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Spanish
Died: September 6, 1938

 29 Abd al-Rahman I

Abd al-Rahman I
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Famous As: Ruler
Birthdate: 0731 AD
Nationality: Spanish, Syrian
Died: August 31, 0788

 30 Alfonso XII of Spain

Alfonso XII of Spain
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Famous As: King
Birthdate: November 28, 1857
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Spanish
Died: November 25, 1885

 31 Pelayo of Asturias

Pelayo of Asturias
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Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0685 AD
Nationality: Spanish
Died: 0737 AD

 32 Alfonso V of Aragon

Alfonso V of Aragon
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Famous As: King
Birthdate: 1396 AD
Nationality: Spanish
Died: June 27, 1458

 33 Alfonso XI of Castile

Alfonso XI of Castile
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Famous As: King
Birthdate: August 13, 1311
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Spanish
Died: March 26, 1350

 34 John, Prince of Asturias

John, Prince of Asturias
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Birthdate: June 30, 1478
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Spanish
Died: October 4, 1497

 35 Alfonso VII of Leon and Castile

Alfonso VII of Leon and Castile
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Famous As: King
Birthdate: March 1, 1105
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Spanish
Died: August 21, 1157

 36 Alfonso VIII of Castile

Alfonso VIII of Castile
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Famous As: King
Birthdate: November 11, 1155
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Spanish
Died: October 5, 1214

 37 Maria of Austria, Holy Roman Empress

Maria of Austria, Holy Roman Empress
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Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: June 21, 1528
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Spanish
Died: February 26, 1603

 38 Alfonso IX of León

Alfonso IX of León
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Famous As: King
Birthdate: August 15, 1171
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Spanish
Died: September 23, 1230

 39 Peter III of Aragon

Peter III of Aragon
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Famous As: King
Birthdate: 1239 AD
Nationality: Spanish
Died: November 11, 1285

 40 Francis Borgia, 4th Duke of Gandía

Francis Borgia, 4th Duke of Gandía
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Famous As: Jesuits
Birthdate: October 28, 1510
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Spanish
Died: September 30, 1572

 41 Joanna la Beltraneja

Joanna la Beltraneja
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Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: February 28, 1462
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Spanish
Died: April 12, 1530

 42 Ferdinand I of León

Ferdinand I of León
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Famous As: King
Birthdate: 1015 AD
Nationality: Spanish
Died: December 24, 1065

 43 Peter IV of Aragon

Peter IV of Aragon
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Famous As: King
Birthdate: September 5, 1319
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Spanish
Died: January 6, 1387

 44 Philip, Duke of Parma

Philip, Duke of Parma
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Birthdate: March 15, 1720
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Spanish
Died: July 18, 1765

 45 Louis Alphonse, Duke of Anjou

Louis Alphonse, Duke of Anjou
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Famous As: Member of the Royal House of Bourbon
Birthdate: April 25, 1974
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Spanish

Louis Alphonse, Duke of Anjou is a member of the Bourbons, a Spanish royal family, which formerly ruled many countries, including France. A direct descendant of Louis XIV of France, Louis Alphonse is a pretender to the French throne. However, the rival pretenders argue that Louis is ineligible for the throne as he is a Spanish citizen. 

 46 Martin of Aragon

Martin of Aragon
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Famous As: King
Birthdate: July 29, 1356
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Spanish
Died: May 31, 1410

 47 Roderic

Roderic
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Famous As: King of Visigoths
Birthdate: 0688 AD
Nationality: Spanish
Died: July 19, 0711

 48 Alfonso III of León

Alfonso III of León
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Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0848 AD
Nationality: Spanish
Died: December 20, 0910

 49 Urraca of León

Urraca of León
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Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: March 31, 1079
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: Spanish
Died: March 8, 1126

 50 Sancho VII

Sancho VII
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Famous As: King of Navarre
Birthdate: April 17, 1154
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: Spanish
Died: April 7, 1234