Famous Spanish Historical Personalities

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 1 
Philip II of Spain
(King of Spain (1556 - 1598), King of Portugal (1580 - 1598))
Philip II of Spain
16
Birthdate: May 21, 1527
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Valladolid, Spain
Died: September 13, 1598
Philip II, son of Charles V, was a 16-th century king of Spain and Portugal. Also known as Philip the Prudent, he became the king of Ireland and England through his marriage to Mary I. Following Mary’s death, he attempted to overthrow Elizabeth I with his armada invasions, but failed.
 2 
Isabella I of Castile
(Former Queen of Castile and Leon (1474 - 1504))
Isabella I of Castile
9
Birthdate: April 22, 1451
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Madrigal de las Altas Torres, Spain
Died: November 26, 1504
Isabella I, the 15th-century queen of Castile and Leon and the wife of Ferdinand II, was the first Queen of Spain de facto. She was named a Servant of God by the Catholic Church and reformed the government, thus reducing crimes. She also funded Christopher Columbus's voyages to the Americas.
 3 
Felipe VI of Spain
(King of Spain)
Felipe VI of Spain
7
Birthdate: January 30, 1968
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain

Felipe VI of Spain is the current King of Spain, reigning since 2014. He ascended the throne upon the abdication of his father, Juan Carlos I. His mother is Queen Sofía. As the king, he is head of state and commander-in-chief of the Spanish Armed Forces as well. He also serves as the honorary president of several associations and foundations. 

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 4 
Maria Theresa of Spain
(Queen Consort of France from 1660 to 1683)
Maria Theresa of Spain
7
Birthdate: September 10, 1638
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Lorenzo de El Escorial, San Lorenzo de El Escorial, Spain
Died: July 30, 1683
Maria Theresa of Spain was the queen consort of France from 1660 to 1683, as the wife of Louis XIV of France. She lost five of her six children early and was also often ignored by the court. She died due to a wound on her arm at age 44.
 5 
Infanta Leonor of Spain
(Heir presumptive to the throne of Spain as the elder daughter of King Felipe VI and Queen Letizia)
Infanta Leonor of Spain
16
Birthdate: October 31, 2005
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
 6 
Joanna of Castile
(Former Queen of Castile (1504 - 1555))
Joanna of Castile
7
Birthdate: November 6, 1479
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Toledo, Spain
Died: April 12, 1555
Joanna, the 16th-century queen of Castile and Aragon, also known as "Joanna the Mad," was declared insane and locked up at the Royal Convent of Santa Clara by her father. Following her father’s death, she nominally co-ruled the kingdom with her son, Charles I, but remained imprisoned till her death.
 7 
Ferdinand II of Aragon
(King of Aragon,Valencia, Majorca and Sardinia (1479 - 1516))
Ferdinand II of Aragon
6
Birthdate: March 10, 1452
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Sos del Rey Católico, Spain
Died: January 23, 1516

Ferdinand II of Aragon reigned as the King of Aragon from 1479 until his death in 1516. He sponsored Christopher Columbus' first voyage and therefore is credited with playing a key role in the discovery of the New World. He has been depicted in several films, including Christopher Columbus: The Discovery, 1492: Conquest of Paradise, and Assassin's Creed.

 8 
Queen Letizia of Spain
(Queen Consort of Spain)
Queen Letizia of Spain
7
Birthdate: September 15, 1972
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Oviedo, Spain

Queen Letizia of Spain was initially a journalist for EFE and ABC and then worked as an anchor for Televisión Española and CNN+. She had covered events such as the 9/11 attacks. She is married to King Felipe VI of Spain and was previously married to a high-school teacher.

 9 
Catherine of Aragon
(Queen Consort of England (1509 - 1533))
Catherine of Aragon
12
Birthdate: December 16, 1485
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Alcala de Henares, Spain
Died: January 7, 1536

Catherine of Aragon was one of the most popular English royal consorts of all time. A patron of Renaissance humanism, she gained widespread admiration for starting a program for the relief of the poor. A woman who was ahead of her time, Catherine commissioned The Education of a Christian Woman, a controversial book promoting women's right to education.

 10 
Charles II of Spain
(King of Spain from 1665 to 1700)
Charles II of Spain
20
Birthdate: November 6, 1661
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: November 1, 1700

Charles II of Spain reigned as the king of Spain from 1665 to 1700. He was the last king from the House of Habsburg to rule the Spanish Empire. Despite suffering from many illnesses throughout his life, Charles proved to be a reasonably influential king. The town of Charleroi and the Caroline Islands in modern Belgium were named after Charles.

 11 
Theodosius I
(Emperor)
Theodosius I
9
Birthdate: January 11, 0347
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Coca, Segovia, Spain
Died: January 17, 0395

Theodosius I, or Theodosius the Great, ruled as the Roman emperor from 379 to 395. He made Christianity the state religion of his empire and constructed architectural marvels, such as the Column of Theodosius, the Golden Gate, and the Theodosian Walls, in Constantinople. He ended conflicts with the Goths and barred pagan rituals in the Olympics.

Queen Sofía of Spain
7
Birthdate: November 2, 1938
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Tatoi Palace, Greece
 13 
Philip III of Spain
(King of Spain (1598 - 1621))
Philip III of Spain
6
Birthdate: April 14, 1578
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: March 31, 1621

Philip III of Spain was the king of Spain from 1598 to 1621. He also reigned over Portugal, Naples, Sicily, and Sardinia as Philip II. He was the son of Philip II of Spain and Anna of Austria. He was believed to be a weak man, who relied too much on his corrupt chief minister, the Duke of Lerma.

 14 
Philip IV of Spain
(King of Portugal (1621 - 1640), King of Spain (1621 - 1665))
Philip IV of Spain
5
Birthdate: April 8, 1605
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Valladolid, Spain
Died: September 17, 1665

Philip IV of Spain was the king of Spain from 1621 to 1665 and the king of Portugal from 1621 to 1640. He was a fine horseman and a keen hunter but was considered a weak ruler with excessive dependence on the ministers. Even though the Spanish empire expanded considerably during his reign, he was not a popular king.

 15 
Juan Carlos I
(King of Spain (1975-2014))
Juan Carlos I
11
Birthdate: January 5, 1938
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
 16 
Ferdinand VII of Spain
(Former King of Spain (1813 - 1833))
Ferdinand VII of Spain
8
Birthdate: October 14, 1784
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: San Lorenzo de El Escorial, Spain
Died: September 29, 1833

Ferdinand VII of Spain reigned as the king of Spain during the 19th century. Widely regarded as despotic and incompetent, Ferdinand is often criticized by historians and scholars for having failed to disallow the disintegration of the Spanish territories in the Americas. Thus, he is often blamed for the termination of the Spanish rule in the Americas.

 17 
Charles IV of Spain
(Former King of Spain (1788 - 1808))
Charles IV of Spain
4
Birthdate: November 11, 1748
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Portici, Italy
Died: January 20, 1819
Charles IV of Spain reigned as the king of Spain from 1788 to 1808. His reign turned out to be a turning point in the history of Spain for various reasons. His reign is often criticized for allowing Spain to enter a series of unpropitious alliances, which eventually led to his abdication. 
 18 
Anne of Austria
(Queen Consort of France from 1615 to 1643)
Anne of Austria
4
Birthdate: September 22, 1601
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Valladolid, Spain
Died: January 20, 1666

Spanish princess Anne of Austria was also an archduchess of the House of Habsburg. She later became the queen of France, as King Louis XIII’s wife, and also ruled as the regent for her son, Louis XIV. She is one of main characters in The Three Musketeers by Alexandre Dumas.

 19 
Alfonso XIII of Spain
(King of Spain from 1886 to 1931)
Alfonso XIII of Spain
6
Birthdate: May 17, 1886
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: February 28, 1941

Alfonso XIII began ruling as the king of Spain under the regency of his mother, María Cristina. His strategy of rotating governments led to 33 governments in 21 years. Known as El Africano for his support to those who wished to colonialize African countries, he eventually had to leave Spain.

 20 
Charles III of Spain
(Former King of Spain (1759 - 1788))
Charles III of Spain
4
Birthdate: January 20, 1716
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: December 14, 1788

Charles III succeeded his heir-less half-brother, King Ferdinand VI, to the throne of Spain. Apart from rejuvenating the areas of scientific research and agriculture, Charles also reduced the powers of the Church. He was also known for his signature Bourbon nose, his cynicism, and his sharp tongue.

 21 
Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor
(Holy Roman Emperor (1556 - 1564))
Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor
5
Birthdate: March 10, 1503
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Alcala de Henares, Spain
Died: July 25, 1564
“Let justice be done, though the world perish” was the motto that Roman Emperor Ferdinand I abided by. His reign was known for his clashes with the Ottomans. His Peace of Augsburg ended religious issues in Germany. An art connoisseur, he invited many architects and humanists to his kingdom.
 22 
Eugénie de Montijo
(Empress of France)
Eugénie de Montijo
3
Birthdate: May 5, 1826
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Granada, Spain
Died: July 11, 1920
 23 
Isabella II of Spain
(Queen of Spain (1833 - 1868))
Isabella II of Spain
7
Birthdate: October 10, 1830
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: April 9, 1904

Isabella II was the queen of Spain from 1833 until 1868. She took to the throne shortly before turning 3, according to a Pragmatic Sanction issued by her father before her birth. Her uncles’ resistance caused the Carlist Wars. Spain became a constitutional monarchy under her mother’s regency.

 24 
Joseph Bonaparte
(Older Brother of Napoleon Bonaparte)
Joseph Bonaparte
5
Birthdate: January 7, 1768
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Corte, France
Died: July 28, 1844

Older brother of Napoleon, Joseph Bonaparte, had been the king of Naples and Spain. After Napoleon’s fall, he was exiled to New Jersey, U.S. Later, in Europe, he lived a lavish life at Point Breeze, surrounded by all the wealth he had inherited, along with a classy collection of paintings.

 25 
Túpac Amaru
5
Birthdate: 1545 AD
Birthplace: Peru
Died: September 24, 1572
 26 
Amadeo I of Spain
3
Birthdate: May 30, 1845
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Royal Palace of Turin, Turin, Italy
Died: January 18, 1890
Ferdinand VI of Spain
5
Birthdate: September 23, 1713
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: August 10, 1759
 28 
Ferdinand III of Castile
(Former King of Castile and Toledo (1217 - 1252))
Ferdinand III of Castile
3
Birthdate: August 5, 1199
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Monastery of Valparaíso, Peleas de Arriba, Spain
Died: May 30, 1252

King Ferdinand III of Castile, the son of Alfonso IX of León, inherited Castile from his mother’s side but had to counter his father’s resistance to finally unite Castile and León. He also conquered Muslim regions such as Córdoba and Jaén (1246), while Granada turned into his vassal.

 29 
Magnus Maximus
(Former Roman Emperor (383 - 388))
Magnus Maximus
3
Birthdate: 0335 AD
Birthplace: Hispania
Died: August 28, 0388
 30 
Infanta Elena, Duchess of Lugo
(First Child, Elder Daughter of King Juan Carlos I of Spain)
Infanta Elena, Duchess of Lugo
3
Birthdate: December 20, 1963
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
 31 
Alfonso X of Castile
(King of Castile and León)
Alfonso X of Castile
3
Birthdate: November 23, 1221
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Toledo, Spain
Died: April 4, 1284

Alfonso X had served as the king of Castile and Leon in the 13th century. A patron of scholars, he readily participated in editing and writing their treatises. Apart from encouraging law and science, he also penned Galician poetry and established the Siete partidas law code, inspired by Roman law.

 32 
Mariana of Austria
3
Birthdate: December 24, 1634
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Wiener Neustadt, Austria
Died: May 16, 1696
Alfonso VI of León and Castile
3
Birthdate: November 30, 1042
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Santiago de Compostela, Spain
Died: July 1, 1109
Brunhilda of Austrasia
5
Birthdate: 0543 AD
Birthplace: Toledo, Spain
Died: 0613 AD

Brunhilda was queen of Austrasia, which was part of Francia. The daughter of Visigothic king Athanagild, she was also one of the most powerful fighters of Merovingian age. Her conflict with Fredegund, the queen consort of Chilperic I, ended in her death by being torn apart by four horses.

Henry IV of Castile
3
Birthdate: January 5, 1425
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Valladolid, Spain
Died: December 11, 1474
 36 
Muhammad XII of Granada
(Naṣrid ruler)
Muhammad XII of Granada
6
Birthdate: 1460 AD
Birthplace: Alhambra, Granada, Spain
Died: 1533 AD
 37 
Maria Christina of Austria
(Queen Consort of Spain (1879 – 1885))
Maria Christina of Austria
3
Birthdate: July 21, 1858
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Brno, Czechia
Died: February 6, 1929

María Cristina De Habsburgo-Lorena is better known as the Spanish king Alfonso XII’s queen consort, who acted as the queen regent after her husband’s death and before her son came of age to rule on his own. Her regency was the longest in the history of Spanish royalty.

 38 
Peter of Castile
(King of Castile and León from 1350 to 1369)
Peter of Castile
3
Birthdate: August 30, 1334
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Burgos, Spain
Died: March 23, 1369

Peter of Castile was the king of Castile and León from 1350 to 1369. He was the son of  Alfonso XI of Castile and Maria of Portugal and a member of the main branch of the House of Ivrea. He began his reign when he was almost 16 years old and became notorious as a vicious and cruel ruler. 

Infante Jaime, Duke of Segovia
3
Birthdate: June 23, 1908
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Real Sitio de San Ildefonso, Spain
Died: March 20, 1975
 40 
James I of Aragon
3
Birthdate: February 2, 1208
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Montpellier, France
Died: July 27, 1276
 41 
Isabella of Portugal
(Former Holy Roman Empress (1530 - 1539))
Isabella of Portugal
3
Birthdate: October 24, 1503
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Lisbon, Portugal
Died: May 1, 1539

Isabella of Portugal was Holy Roman Empress and Queen consort of Italy by her marriage to Emperor Charles V. She also served as the Queen consort of Spain, Queen of the Romans, and Lady of the Netherlands from 1526 to 1539. Due to Emperor Charles V's constant travels, she was  the regent of Spain and under her regency Spain was quite prosperous .

 42 
Pelayo of Asturias
3
Birthdate: 0685 AD
Birthplace: Cosgaya
Died: 0737 AD
 43 
John II of Castile
3
Birthdate: March 6, 1405
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Toro, Spain
Died: July 20, 1454
 44 
Blanche of Castile
3
Birthdate: March 4, 1188
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Palencia, Spain
Died: November 27, 1252
 45 
Abd al-Rahman I
4
Birthdate: 0731 AD
Birthplace: Palmyra, Syria
Died: August 31, 0788
Margaret Theresa of Spain
3
Birthdate: July 12, 1651
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Royal Alcazar, Madrid, Spain
Died: March 12, 1673
 47 
Eleanor of Austria
(Queen consort)
Eleanor of Austria
3
Birthdate: November 15, 1498
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Leuven, Belgium
Died: February 25, 1558
 48 
Robert I, Duke of Parma
2
Birthdate: July 9, 1848
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: November 16, 1907
 49 
Louis Alphonse, Duke of Anjou
(Member of the Royal House of Bourbon)
Louis Alphonse, Duke of Anjou
3
Birthdate: April 25, 1974
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain

Louis Alphonse, Duke of Anjou is a member of the Bourbons, a Spanish royal family, which formerly ruled many countries, including France. A direct descendant of Louis XIV of France, Louis Alphonse is a pretender to the French throne. However, the rival pretenders argue that Louis is ineligible for the throne as he is a Spanish citizen. 

 50 
Isabella Clara Eugenia
5
Birthdate: August 12, 1566
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Palacio de Valsaín, Segovia, Spain
Died: December 1, 1633