Famous Spanish Historical Personalities

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 1 Philip II of Spain

Philip II of Spain.
12
Famous As: King of Spain
Birthdate: May 21, 1527
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Pimentel Palace, Valladolid, Spain
Died: September 13, 1598
Philip II, son of Charles V, was a 16-th century king of Spain and Portugal. Also known as Philip the Prudent, he became the king of Ireland and England through his marriage to Mary I. Following Mary’s death, he attempted to overthrow Elizabeth I with his armada invasions, but failed.

 2 Isabella I of Castile

Isabella I of Castile.
4
Famous As: Queen of Castile
Birthdate: April 22, 1451
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Madrigal de las Altas Torres, Spain
Died: November 26, 1504
Isabella I, the 15th-century queen of Castile and Leon and the wife of Ferdinand II, was the first Queen of Spain de facto. She was named a Servant of God by the Catholic Church and reformed the government, thus reducing crimes. She also funded Christopher Columbus's voyages to the Americas.
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 3 Infanta Leonor of Spain

Infanta Leonor of Spain.
9
Famous As: Princess
Birthdate: October 31, 2005
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Madrid

 4 Charles II of Spain

Charles II of Spain.
14
Famous As: Ruler
Birthdate: November 6, 1661
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Madrid
Died: November 1, 1700

Charles II of Spain reigned as the king of Spain from 1665 to 1700. He was the last king from the House of Habsburg to rule the Spanish Empire. Despite suffering from many illnesses throughout his life, Charles proved to be a reasonably influential king. The town of Charleroi and the Caroline Islands in modern Belgium were named after Charles.

 5 Joanna of Castile

Joanna of Castile.
6
Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: November 6, 1479
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Toledo, Spain
Died: April 12, 1555
Joanna, the 16th-century queen of Castile and Aragon, also known as "Joanna the Mad," was declared insane and locked up at the Royal Convent of Santa Clara by her father. Following her father’s death, she nominally co-ruled the kingdom with her son, Charles I, but remained imprisoned till her death.

 6 Ferdinand II of Aragon

Ferdinand II of Aragon.
5
Famous As: King of Aragon
Birthdate: March 10, 1452
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Sada Palace, Sos, Aragon
Died: January 23, 1516

Ferdinand II of Aragon reigned as the King of Aragon from 1479 until his death in 1516. He sponsored Christopher Columbus' first voyage and therefore is credited with playing a key role in the discovery of the New World. He has been depicted in several films, including Christopher Columbus: The Discovery, 1492: Conquest of Paradise, and Assassin's Creed.

 7 Queen Letizia of Spain

Queen Letizia of Spain.
4
Famous As: Queen of Spain
Birthdate: September 15, 1972
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Oviedo, Spain

Queen Letizia of Spain was initially a journalist for EFE and ABC and then worked as an anchor for Televisión Española and CNN+. She had covered events such as the 9/11 attacks. She is married to King Felipe VI of Spain and was previously married to a high-school teacher.

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 8 Felipe VI of Spain

Felipe VI of Spain.
5
Famous As: King of Spain
Birthdate: January 30, 1968
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain

Felipe VI of Spain is the current King of Spain, reigning since 2014. He ascended the throne upon the abdication of his father, Juan Carlos I. His mother is Queen Sofía. As the king, he is head of state and commander-in-chief of the Spanish Armed Forces as well. He also serves as the honorary president of several associations and foundations. 

 9 Philip III of Spain

Philip III of Spain.
5
Famous As: King
Birthdate: April 14, 1578
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: March 31, 1621

Philip III of Spain was the king of Spain from 1598 to 1621. He also reigned over Portugal, Naples, Sicily, and Sardinia as Philip II. He was the son of Philip II of Spain and Anna of Austria. He was believed to be a weak man, who relied too much on his corrupt chief minister, the Duke of Lerma.

 10 Isabella II of Spain

Isabella II of Spain.
5
Famous As: Queen of Spain
Birthdate: October 10, 1830
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: April 9, 1904

Isabella II was the queen of Spain from 1833 until 1868. She took to the throne shortly before turning 3, according to a Pragmatic Sanction issued by her father before her birth. Her uncles’ resistance caused the Carlist Wars. Spain became a constitutional monarchy under her mother’s regency.

 11 Charles III of Spain

Charles III of Spain.
4
Famous As: King
Birthdate: January 20, 1716
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: December 14, 1788

Charles III succeeded his heir-less half-brother, King Ferdinand VI, to the throne of Spain. Apart from rejuvenating the areas of scientific research and agriculture, Charles also reduced the powers of the Church. He was also known for his signature Bourbon nose, his cynicism, and his sharp tongue.

 12 Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor

Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor.
5
Famous As: King
Birthdate: March 10, 1503
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Alcala de Henares, Spain
Died: July 25, 1564
“Let justice be done, though the world perish” was the motto that Roman Emperor Ferdinand I abided by. His reign was known for his clashes with the Ottomans. His Peace of Augsburg ended religious issues in Germany. An art connoisseur, he invited many architects and humanists to his kingdom.

 13 Juan Carlos I

Juan Carlos I.
6
Famous As: Former King of Spain (1975-2014)
Birthdate: January 5, 1938
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Rome

 14 Ferdinand VII of Spain

Ferdinand VII of Spain.
5
Famous As: King of Spain
Birthdate: October 14, 1784
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: San Lorenzo de El Escorial, Spain
Died: September 29, 1833

Ferdinand VII of Spain reigned as the king of Spain during the 19th century. Widely regarded as despotic and incompetent, Ferdinand is often criticized by historians and scholars for having failed to disallow the disintegration of the Spanish territories in the Americas. Thus, he is often blamed for the termination of the Spanish rule in the Americas.

 15 Infanta Elena, Duchess of Lugo

Infanta Elena, Duchess of Lugo
3
Birthdate: December 20, 1963
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain

 16 Alfonso XIII of Spain

Alfonso XIII of Spain.
4
Famous As: King of Spain
Birthdate: May 17, 1886
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: February 28, 1941

Alfonso XIII began ruling as the king of Spain under the regency of his mother, María Cristina. His strategy of rotating governments led to 33 governments in 21 years. Known as El Africano for his support to those who wished to colonialize African countries, he eventually had to leave Spain.

 17 Eugénie de Montijo

Eugénie de Montijo
3
Famous As: Empress of France
Birthdate: May 5, 1826
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Granada, Spain
Died: July 11, 1920

 18 Túpac Amaru

Túpac Amaru
4
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 1545 AD
Birthplace: Peru
Died: September 24, 1572

 19 Ferdinand III of Castile

Ferdinand III of Castile
3
Famous As: King
Birthdate: August 5, 1199
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Zamora
Died: May 30, 1252

 20 Ferdinand VI of Spain

Ferdinand VI of Spain
4
Famous As: King
Birthdate: September 23, 1713
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: August 10, 1759

 21 Isabella of Portugal

Isabella of Portugal.
3
Famous As: Queen of Spain
Birthdate: October 24, 1503
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Lisbon
Died: May 1, 1539

Isabella of Portugal was Holy Roman Empress and Queen consort of Italy by her marriage to Emperor Charles V. She also served as the Queen consort of Spain, Queen of the Romans, and Lady of the Netherlands from 1526 to 1539. Due to Emperor Charles V's constant travels, she was  the regent of Spain and under her regency Spain was quite prosperous .

 22 Mariana of Austria

Mariana of Austria
3
Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: December 24, 1634
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Wiener Neustadt, Austria
Died: May 16, 1696

 23 Magnus Maximus

Magnus Maximus
3
Famous As: Roman Emperor
Birthdate: 0335 AD
Birthplace: Hispania
Died: August 28, 0388

 24 Muhammad XII of Granada

Muhammad XII of Granada
5
Famous As: Naṣrid ruler
Birthdate: 1460 AD
Birthplace: Alhambra, Granada, Spain
Died: 1533 AD

 25 Alfonso VI of León and Castile

Alfonso VI of León and Castile
3
Famous As: King
Birthdate: November 30, 1042
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Santiago de Compostela, Spain
Died: July 1, 1109

 26 Peter of Castile

Peter of Castile.
3
Famous As: King of Castile and León
Birthdate: August 30, 1334
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Burgos
Died: March 23, 1369

Peter of Castile was the king of Castile and León from 1350 to 1369. He was the son of  Alfonso XI of Castile and Maria of Portugal and a member of the main branch of the House of Ivrea. He began his reign when he was almost 16 years old and became notorious as a vicious and cruel ruler. 

 27 Henry IV of Castile

Henry IV of Castile
3
Famous As: King
Birthdate: January 5, 1425
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Valladolid, Spain
Died: December 11, 1474

 28 James I of Aragon

James I of Aragon
3
Famous As: King
Birthdate: February 2, 1208
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Montpellier, France
Died: July 27, 1276

 29 Alfonso, Prince of Asturias

Alfonso, Prince of Asturias
3
Famous As: Prince of Asturias
Birthdate: May 10, 1907
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Royal Palace of Madrid
Died: September 6, 1938

 30 Abd al-Rahman I

Abd al-Rahman I
3
Famous As: Ruler
Birthdate: 0731 AD
Birthplace: Palmyra, Syria
Died: August 31, 0788

 31 John II of Castile

John II of Castile
3
Famous As: King
Birthdate: March 6, 1405
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Toro, Spain
Died: July 20, 1454

 32 Maria Anna of Spain

Maria Anna of Spain
3
Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: August 18, 1606
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: El Escorial, Spain
Died: May 13, 1646

 33 Pelayo of Asturias

Pelayo of Asturias
3
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0685 AD
Birthplace: Cosgaya
Died: 0737 AD

 34 Margaret Theresa of Spain

Margaret Theresa of Spain
3
Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: July 12, 1651
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Royal Alcazar, Madrid, Spain
Died: March 12, 1673

 35 Louis of Spain

Louis of Spain
5
Famous As: King
Birthdate: August 25, 1707
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Buen Retiro Palace, Spain
Died: August 31, 1724

 36 Alfonso XII of Spain

Alfonso XII of Spain
3
Famous As: King
Birthdate: November 28, 1857
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Madrid
Died: November 25, 1885

 37 Isabella Clara Eugenia

Isabella Clara Eugenia
5
Famous As: Sovereign
Birthdate: August 12, 1566
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Palacio de Valsaín, Segovia, Spain
Died: December 1, 1633

 38 Alfonso V of Aragon

Alfonso V of Aragon
2
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 1396 AD
Birthplace: Medina del Campo
Died: June 27, 1458

 39 Anna of Austria, Queen of Spain

Anna of Austria, Queen of Spain
2
Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: November 2, 1549
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Cigales DO, Spain
Died: October 26, 1580

 40 Infante Jaime, Duke of Segovia

Infante Jaime, Duke of Segovia
3
Famous As: King
Birthdate: June 23, 1908
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Real Sitio de San Ildefonso, Spain
Died: March 20, 1975

 41 Alfonso XI of Castile

Alfonso XI of Castile
2
Famous As: King
Birthdate: August 13, 1311
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Salamanca, Spain
Died: March 26, 1350

 42 Alfonso VII of Leon and Castile

Alfonso VII of Leon and Castile
2
Famous As: King
Birthdate: March 1, 1105
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Caldas de Reis, Spain
Died: August 21, 1157

 43 Alfonso VIII of Castile

Alfonso VIII of Castile
2
Famous As: King
Birthdate: November 11, 1155
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Soria, Spain
Died: October 5, 1214

 44 John I of Castile

John I of Castile
2
Famous As: King
Birthdate: August 24, 1358
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Épila, Spain
Died: October 9, 1390

 45 Catherine of Lancaster

Catherine of Lancaster
2
Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: March 13, 1373
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Hertford Castle, Hertfordshire, England
Died: June 2, 1418

 46 Ferdinand I of Aragon

Ferdinand I of Aragon
2
Famous As: King
Birthdate: November 27, 1380
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Medina del Campo, Spain
Died: April 2, 1416

 47 Alfonso IX of León

Alfonso IX of León
2
Famous As: King
Birthdate: August 15, 1171
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Zamora, Spain
Died: September 23, 1230

 48 Henry III of Castile

Henry III of Castile
2
Famous As: Monarch
Birthdate: October 4, 1379
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Burgos
Died: December 25, 1406

 49 Louis Alphonse, Duke of Anjou

Louis Alphonse, Duke of Anjou.
3
Famous As: Member of the Royal House of Bourbon
Birthdate: April 25, 1974
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain

Louis Alphonse, Duke of Anjou is a member of the Bourbons, a Spanish royal family, which formerly ruled many countries, including France. A direct descendant of Louis XIV of France, Louis Alphonse is a pretender to the French throne. However, the rival pretenders argue that Louis is ineligible for the throne as he is a Spanish citizen. 

 50 John II of Aragon

John II of Aragon
2
Famous As: Ruler
Birthdate: June 29, 1398
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Medina del Campo
Died: January 20, 1479