Spanish Monarchs

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Find out more about the greatest Spanish Monarchs, including Juan Carlos I of Spain, Ferdinand II of Aragon, Alfonso XIII of Spain, Charles III of Spain and Isabella II of Spain.
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 1 
Philip II of Spain
(King of Spain (1556 - 1598), King of Portugal (1580 - 1598))
Philip II of Spain
22
Birthdate: May 21, 1527
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Valladolid, Spain
Died: September 13, 1598
Philip II, son of Charles V, was a 16-th century king of Spain and Portugal. Also known as Philip the Prudent, he became the king of Ireland and England through his marriage to Mary I. Following Mary’s death, he attempted to overthrow Elizabeth I with his armada invasions, but failed.
 2 
Ferdinand II of Aragon
(King of Aragon,Valencia, Majorca and Sardinia (1479 - 1516))
Ferdinand II of Aragon
11
Birthdate: March 10, 1452
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Sos del Rey Católico, Spain
Died: January 23, 1516

Ferdinand II of Aragon reigned as the King of Aragon from 1479 until his death in 1516. He sponsored Christopher Columbus' first voyage and therefore is credited with playing a key role in the discovery of the New World. He has been depicted in several films, including Christopher Columbus: The Discovery, 1492: Conquest of Paradise, and Assassin's Creed.

 3 
Felipe VI of Spain
(King of Spain)
Felipe VI of Spain
14
Birthdate: January 30, 1968
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain

Felipe VI of Spain is the current King of Spain, reigning since 2014. He ascended the throne upon the abdication of his father, Juan Carlos I. His mother is Queen Sofía. As the king, he is head of state and commander-in-chief of the Spanish Armed Forces as well. He also serves as the honorary president of several associations and foundations. 

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 4 
Theodosius I
(Emperor)
Theodosius I
9
Birthdate: January 11, 0347
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Coca, Segovia, Spain
Died: January 17, 0395

Theodosius I, or Theodosius the Great, ruled as the Roman emperor from 379 to 395. He made Christianity the state religion of his empire and constructed architectural marvels, such as the Column of Theodosius, the Golden Gate, and the Theodosian Walls, in Constantinople. He ended conflicts with the Goths and barred pagan rituals in the Olympics.

 5 
Joanna of Castile
(Former Queen of Castile (1504 - 1555))
Joanna of Castile
12
Birthdate: November 6, 1479
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Toledo, Spain
Died: April 12, 1555
Joanna, the 16th-century queen of Castile and Aragon, also known as "Joanna the Mad," was declared insane and locked up at the Royal Convent of Santa Clara by her father. Following her father’s death, she nominally co-ruled the kingdom with her son, Charles I, but remained imprisoned till her death.
 6 
Philip III of Spain
(King of Spain (1598 - 1621))
Philip III of Spain
8
Birthdate: April 14, 1578
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: March 31, 1621

Philip III of Spain was the king of Spain from 1598 to 1621. He also reigned over Portugal, Naples, Sicily, and Sardinia as Philip II. He was the son of Philip II of Spain and Anna of Austria. He was believed to be a weak man, who relied too much on his corrupt chief minister, the Duke of Lerma.

 7 
Charles II of Spain
(King of Spain from 1665 to 1700)
Charles II of Spain
27
Birthdate: November 6, 1661
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: November 1, 1700

Charles II of Spain reigned as the king of Spain from 1665 to 1700. He was the last king from the House of Habsburg to rule the Spanish Empire. Despite suffering from many illnesses throughout his life, Charles proved to be a reasonably influential king. The town of Charleroi and the Caroline Islands in modern Belgium were named after Charles.

 8 
Philip IV of Spain
(King of Portugal (1621 - 1640), King of Spain (1621 - 1665))
Philip IV of Spain
7
Birthdate: April 8, 1605
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Valladolid, Spain
Died: September 17, 1665

Philip IV of Spain was the king of Spain from 1621 to 1665 and the king of Portugal from 1621 to 1640. He was a fine horseman and a keen hunter but was considered a weak ruler with excessive dependence on the ministers. Even though the Spanish empire expanded considerably during his reign, he was not a popular king.

 9 
Charles IV of Spain
(Former King of Spain (1788 - 1808))
Charles IV of Spain
5
Birthdate: November 11, 1748
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Portici, Italy
Died: January 20, 1819
Charles IV of Spain reigned as the king of Spain from 1788 to 1808. His reign turned out to be a turning point in the history of Spain for various reasons. His reign is often criticized for allowing Spain to enter a series of unpropitious alliances, which eventually led to his abdication. 
 10 
Juan Carlos I
(King of Spain (1975-2014))
Juan Carlos I
16
Birthdate: January 5, 1938
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
 11 
Alfonso XIII of Spain
(King of Spain from 1886 to 1931)
Alfonso XIII of Spain
7
Birthdate: May 17, 1886
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: February 28, 1941

Alfonso XIII began ruling as the king of Spain under the regency of his mother, María Cristina. His strategy of rotating governments led to 33 governments in 21 years. Known as El Africano for his support to those who wished to colonialize African countries, he eventually had to leave Spain.

 12 
Charles III of Spain
(Former King of Spain (1759 - 1788))
Charles III of Spain
5
Birthdate: January 20, 1716
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: December 14, 1788

Charles III succeeded his heir-less half-brother, King Ferdinand VI, to the throne of Spain. Apart from rejuvenating the areas of scientific research and agriculture, Charles also reduced the powers of the Church. He was also known for his signature Bourbon nose, his cynicism, and his sharp tongue.

 13 
Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor
(Holy Roman Emperor (1556 - 1564))
Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor
8
Birthdate: March 10, 1503
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Alcala de Henares, Spain
Died: July 25, 1564
“Let justice be done, though the world perish” was the motto that Roman Emperor Ferdinand I abided by. His reign was known for his clashes with the Ottomans. His Peace of Augsburg ended religious issues in Germany. An art connoisseur, he invited many architects and humanists to his kingdom.
 14 
Ferdinand VII of Spain
(Former King of Spain (1813 - 1833))
Ferdinand VII of Spain
14
Birthdate: October 14, 1784
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: San Lorenzo de El Escorial, Spain
Died: September 29, 1833

Ferdinand VII of Spain reigned as the king of Spain during the 19th century. Widely regarded as despotic and incompetent, Ferdinand is often criticized by historians and scholars for having failed to disallow the disintegration of the Spanish territories in the Americas. Thus, he is often blamed for the termination of the Spanish rule in the Americas.

 15 
Joseph Bonaparte
(Older Brother of Napoleon Bonaparte)
Joseph Bonaparte
6
Birthdate: January 7, 1768
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Corte, France
Died: July 28, 1844

Older brother of Napoleon, Joseph Bonaparte, had been the king of Naples and Spain. After Napoleon’s fall, he was exiled to New Jersey, U.S. Later, in Europe, he lived a lavish life at Point Breeze, surrounded by all the wealth he had inherited, along with a classy collection of paintings.

 16 
Amadeo I of Spain
4
Birthdate: May 30, 1845
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Royal Palace of Turin, Turin, Italy
Died: January 18, 1890
 17 
Magnus Maximus
(Former Roman Emperor (383 - 388))
Magnus Maximus
3
Birthdate: 0335 AD
Birthplace: Hispania
Died: August 28, 0388
 18 
Alfonso X of Castile
(King of Castile and León)
Alfonso X of Castile
3
Birthdate: November 23, 1221
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Toledo, Spain
Died: April 4, 1284

Alfonso X had served as the king of Castile and Leon in the 13th century. A patron of scholars, he readily participated in editing and writing their treatises. Apart from encouraging law and science, he also penned Galician poetry and established the Siete partidas law code, inspired by Roman law.

Ferdinand VI of Spain
5
Birthdate: September 23, 1713
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: August 10, 1759
 20 
Ferdinand III of Castile
(Former King of Castile and Toledo (1217 - 1252))
Ferdinand III of Castile
4
Birthdate: August 5, 1199
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Monastery of Valparaíso, Peleas de Arriba, Spain
Died: May 30, 1252

King Ferdinand III of Castile, the son of Alfonso IX of León, inherited Castile from his mother’s side but had to counter his father’s resistance to finally unite Castile and León. He also conquered Muslim regions such as Córdoba and Jaén (1246), while Granada turned into his vassal.

 21 
Túpac Amaru
6
Birthdate: 1545 AD
Birthplace: Peru
Died: September 24, 1572
Alfonso VI of León and Castile
3
Birthdate: November 30, 1042
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Santiago de Compostela, Spain
Died: July 1, 1109
Henry IV of Castile
3
Birthdate: January 5, 1425
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Valladolid, Spain
Died: December 11, 1474
 24 
Muhammad XII of Granada
(Naṣrid ruler)
Muhammad XII of Granada
7
Birthdate: 1460 AD
Birthplace: Alhambra, Granada, Spain
Died: 1533 AD
 25 
Peter of Castile
(King of Castile and León from 1350 to 1369)
Peter of Castile
3
Birthdate: August 30, 1334
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Burgos, Spain
Died: March 23, 1369

Peter of Castile was the king of Castile and León from 1350 to 1369. He was the son of  Alfonso XI of Castile and Maria of Portugal and a member of the main branch of the House of Ivrea. He began his reign when he was almost 16 years old and became notorious as a vicious and cruel ruler. 

Infante Jaime, Duke of Segovia
3
Birthdate: June 23, 1908
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Real Sitio de San Ildefonso, Spain
Died: March 20, 1975
 27 
James I of Aragon
3
Birthdate: February 2, 1208
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Montpellier, France
Died: July 27, 1276
 28 
Pelayo of Asturias
2
Birthdate: 0685 AD
Birthplace: Cosgaya
Died: 0737 AD
 29 
John II of Castile
2
Birthdate: March 6, 1405
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Toro, Spain
Died: July 20, 1454
 30 
Isabella Clara Eugenia
2
Birthdate: August 12, 1566
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Palacio de Valsaín, Segovia, Spain
Died: December 1, 1633
 31 
Abd al-Rahman I
4
Birthdate: 0731 AD
Birthplace: Palmyra, Syria
Died: August 31, 0788
 32 
Robert I, Duke of Parma
2
Birthdate: July 9, 1848
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: November 16, 1907
 33 
Louis Alphonse, Duke of Anjou
(Member of the Royal House of Bourbon)
Louis Alphonse, Duke of Anjou
4
Birthdate: April 25, 1974
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain

Louis Alphonse, Duke of Anjou is a member of the Bourbons, a Spanish royal family, which formerly ruled many countries, including France. A direct descendant of Louis XIV of France, Louis Alphonse is a pretender to the French throne. However, the rival pretenders argue that Louis is ineligible for the throne as he is a Spanish citizen. 

 34 
Alfonso V of Aragon
(King of Aragon and King of Sicily)
Alfonso V of Aragon
2
Birthdate: 1396 AD
Birthplace: Medina del Campo, Spain
Died: June 27, 1458
 35 
Alfonso XII of Spain
(King of Spain)
Alfonso XII of Spain
4
Birthdate: November 28, 1857
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: November 25, 1885
 36 
Louis of Spain
3
Birthdate: August 25, 1707
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Buen Retiro Palace, Spain
Died: August 31, 1724
Alfonso XI of Castile
2
Birthdate: August 13, 1311
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Salamanca, Spain
Died: March 26, 1350
Alfonso VII of Leon and Castile
2
Birthdate: March 1, 1105
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Caldas de Reis, Spain
Died: August 21, 1157
Alfonso VIII of Castile
2
Birthdate: November 11, 1155
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Soria, Spain
Died: October 5, 1214
Ferdinand I of Aragon
2
Birthdate: November 27, 1380
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Medina del Campo, Spain
Died: April 2, 1416
 41 
John I of Castile
2
Birthdate: August 24, 1358
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Épila, Spain
Died: October 9, 1390
Ferdinand I of León
2
Birthdate: 1015 AD
Died: December 24, 1065
Alfonso IX of León
2
Birthdate: August 15, 1171
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Zamora, Spain
Died: September 23, 1230
 44 
Henry III of Castile
2
Birthdate: October 4, 1379
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Burgos
Died: December 25, 1406
Muhammad I of Granada
0
Birthdate: 1195 AD
Birthplace: Arjona, Spain
Died: January 22, 1273
Henry II of Navarre
2
Birthdate: April 18, 1503
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Sangüesa, Spain
Died: May 25, 1555
Peter III of Aragon
2
Birthdate: 1239 AD
Birthplace: Valencia
Died: November 11, 1285
 48 
John II of Aragon
2
Birthdate: June 29, 1398
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Medina del Campo
Died: January 20, 1479
 49 
Carlos Fitz-James Stuart, 19th Duke of Alba
(Head of the House of Alba, one of the most prominent families of the Spanish nobility)
Carlos Fitz-James Stuart, 19th Duke of Alba
0
Birthdate: October 2, 1948
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
 50 
Peter IV of Aragon
2
Birthdate: September 5, 1319
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Balaguer, Spain
Died: January 6, 1387