Famous Scottish Historical Personalities

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 1 
Mary, Queen of Scots
(Queen of Scotland (1542 - 1567))
Mary, Queen of Scots
41
Birthdate: December 8, 1542
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Linlithgow Palace, Linlithgow, Scotland
Died: February 8, 1587

Mary, Queen of Scots was the ruler of Scotland till 24 July 1567. After an uprising against her, Mary sought protection from her first cousin, Queen Elizabeth I of England. However, the Queen perceived her as a threat and kept Mary in confinement for eighteen and a half years. Ultimately Mary was beheaded for plotting to assassinate the Queen.

 2 
Charles II
(King of England, Scotland and Ireland from 1660 to 1685)
Charles II
21
Birthdate: May 29, 1630
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: St James's Palace, London, England
Died: February 6, 1685
Charles II, son of King Charles I of England, ruled England, Scotland, and Ireland from 1660 to 1685. He was initially defeated by Oliver Cromwell and forced to go into exile, but returned to England after Cromwell’s death. He introduced the Clarendon Code and later sided with the Tories.
 3 
Margaret Tudor
(Queen Consort of Scotland)
Margaret Tudor
10
Birthdate: November 28, 1489
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Westminster Palace, London, Middlesex, Kingdom of England
Died: October 18, 1541
Margaret Tudor, daughter of King Henry VII of England, served as the Queen consort of Scotland, as wife of James IV, from 1503 to 1513. Following her husband’s death, she served as the regent till 1515. She was the great-grandmother of Scottish king James VI, or James I of England.
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 4 
Mary II of England
(Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland (1689 - 1694))
Mary II of England
8
Birthdate: April 30, 1662
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: London, England
Died: December 28, 1694

Mary II of England was Queen of England, Ireland, and Scotland from 1689 to 1694. Although she co-reigned along with her husband William III of England, she also took major decisions by herself whenever William was abroad. Mary has been portrayed in films, such as Orlando and England, My England.

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 5 
James V of Scotland
(Former King of Scotland)
James V of Scotland
10
Birthdate: April 10, 1512
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Linlithgow Palace, Linlithgow, United Kingdom
Died: December 14, 1542
James V was the son of Scottish King James IV and Margaret Tudor, Henry VII's daughter. He ruled Scotland from 1513 till his death following his loss at the Battle of Solway Moss. His daughter, Mary, Queen of Scots, succeeded him, supported by regents, when she was 6 days old.
 6 
Robert II of Scotland
(King of Scots)
Robert II of Scotland
6
Birthdate: March 2, 1316
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Paisley Abbey, Renfrewshire, Scotland
Died: April 19, 1390

Robert II of Scotland had been an heir presumptive for over 5 decades before he finally became the king of Scotland in 1371. He was a grandson of the legendary Robert the Bruce, through his mother, Marjorie. The first Stewart monarch, he had minimal impact on his kingdom’s administration.

 7 
Robert the Bruce
(King of Scotland)
Robert the Bruce
11
Birthdate: July 11, 1274
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Turnberry Castle, Scotland
Died: June 7, 1329
King of Scots Robert I, better known as Robert the Bruce, is revered as a Scottish national hero. He successfully led his country against England in the First War of Scottish Independence. Legends state he was inspired by a spider’s relentless effort to spin a web, to ultimately defeat England.
 8 
James II of Scotland
(King of Scots)
James II of Scotland
4
Birthdate: October 16, 1430
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Holyrood Palace
Died: August 3, 1460

James II of Scotland reigned as the king of Scotland from 1437 to 1460. One of the most popular kings of Scotland, James socialized often with the commoners. Renowned for his restless energy, he traveled around the country and proved to be an active king. Thanks to his popularity, James is often depicted in historical novels, plays, and short stories.

 9 
David II of Scotland
(King of Scots from 1329 to 1371)
David II of Scotland
4
Birthdate: March 1, 1324
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Dunfermline, Scotland
Died: February 1, 1371

David II of Scotland reigned as the king of Scotland from 1329 to 1371. He is credited with putting the Scottish monarchy in a strong position despite having to spend long periods in captivity or exile. Over the years, David II of Scotland has been depicted in several historical novels, such as Vagabond.

 10 
James III of Scotland
(King of Scotland from 1460 to 1488)
James III of Scotland
4
Birthdate: July 10, 1451
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Stirling, Scotland
Died: June 11, 1488

James III of Scotland reigned as the king of Scotland from 1460 until his death in 1488. Remembered as an ineffective and unpopular monarch, James was criticized for pursuing the so-called unmanly interests, such as music. He was also criticized for leading the Kingdom of Scotland into war. Over the years, he has been depicted in several historical novels.

 11 
William III of England
(Former King of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1689 - 1702))
William III of England
15
Birthdate: November 14, 1650
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: The Hague, Netherlands
Died: March 8, 1702
King William III of England, son of William II, Prince of Orange, was also known as William of Orange. A staunch Protestant, he is remembered for his joint rule with his wife, Queen Mary II, and for his exploits such as the Glorious Revolution and the Nine Years' War.
 12 
David I of Scotland
(King of Scotland from 1124 to 1153)
David I of Scotland
3
Birthdate: 1084 AD
Birthplace: Scotland
Died: May 24, 1153

David I of Scotland was the king of Scotland from 1124 to 1153. Prior to this, he was the prince of the Cumbrians from 1113 to 1124. He was the son of Malcolm III and Margaret of Wessex. He implemented many reforms in Scotland during his reign, in what came to be known as the "Davidian Revolution" in later centuries. 

 13 
Mary of Guise
(Queen Consort of Scotland from 1538 to 1542)
Mary of Guise
6
Birthdate: November 22, 1515
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Bar-le-Duc, France
Died: June 11, 1560
Mary of Guise, or Mary of Lorraine, was the regent of Scotland from 1554 until her death in 1542. She was the wife of King James V of Scotland and the mother of Mary, Queen of Scots. Her main objective was to maintain healthy ties between France and Scotland.
 14 
James IV of Scotland
(King of Scotland from 1488 to 1513)
James IV of Scotland
5
Birthdate: March 17, 1473
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Stirling, Scotland
Died: September 9, 1513

James IV of Scotland reigned as the king of Scotland from 1488 until his death in 1513. Although his reign ended at the Battle of Flodden, where he was defeated, James is widely considered the most successful monarch of Scotland from the House of Stewart

 15 
Robert III of Scotland
(King of Scotland from 1390 to 1406)
Robert III of Scotland
3
Birthdate: 1337 AD
Birthplace: Scone Palace, Perth, Scotland
Died: April 4, 1406
Robert III of Scotland reigned as the king of Scotland from 1390 until his death in 1406. Widely regarded as a weak personality, Robert III of Scotland has been depicted in several novels, such as The Fair Maid of Perth, The Lords of Misrule, A Folly of Princes, and The Captive Crown.  
Alexander III of Scotland
3
Birthdate: September 4, 1241
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Roxburgh Castle, Roxburghshire
Died: March 19, 1286
 17 
Saint Margaret of Scotland
(Queen Consort of Scotland (1070 - 1093), Famous as 'The Pearl of Scotland')
Saint Margaret of Scotland
3
Birthdate: 1045 AD
Birthplace: Hungary
Died: November 16, 1093

Saint Margaret of Scotland, the Queen consort of Scotland, was a devout Christian reputed for her compassion for the poor of Scotland, for her charitable works and for promoting the interests of the church. She died shortly after receiving news of her husband, King of Scotland Malcolm III’s death in a battle. She was later canonized by Pope Innocent IV. 

 18 
Elizabeth de Burgh
5
Birthdate: 1284 AD
Birthplace: County Down, England
Died: October 27, 1327

Elizabeth de Burgh was the wife of Robert the Bruce and the queen consort of Scotland. Born to an advisor of Edward I of England, she spent most of her childhood at the English court. After the Scots were defeated by the English at Methven, she spent her days under house arrest.

 19 
Macbeth of Scotland
(Macbeth son of Findlay)
Macbeth of Scotland
4
Birthdate: 1005 AD
Birthplace: Scotland, United Kingdom
Died: August 15, 1057
 20 
James I of Scotland
(King of Scotland)
James I of Scotland
4
Birthdate: December 10, 1394
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Dunfermline Abbey, Dunfermline, United Kingdom
Died: February 21, 1437

Son of King Robert III, James I, the king of Scotland, is remembered for his authority over the Scottish lords. He was immensely popular for his administrative efficiency but was eventually killed by Walter, Earl of Atholl’s men. James is credited as the author of The King’s Book.

 21 
Kenneth MacAlpin
3
Birthdate: 0810 AD
Birthplace: Iona, Scotland
Died: February 13, 0858
Duncan I of Scotland
3
Birthdate: 1001 AD
Birthplace: Scotland
Died: August 14, 1040
 23 
Mary, Princess Royal and Princess of Orange
(Princess consort of Orange; Countess consort of Nassau (1647 - 1650))
Mary, Princess Royal and Princess of Orange
6
Birthdate: November 4, 1631
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: London, England
Died: December 24, 1660

Mary, Princess Royal was the eldest-daughter of English King Charles I and became Princess of Orange and Countess of Nassau through her marriage with William II of Orange. Her son William III of Orange, born 8 days after her husband's death, became the King of England, Scotland and Ireland. Mary acted as the regent for her minor son for the principality of Orange

 24 
Malcolm III of Scotland
(King of the Scots from 1005 to 1093)
Malcolm III of Scotland
3
Birthdate: October 5, 0954
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Scotland
Died: November 13, 1093

Malcolm III of Scotland, also known as Canmore, was the son of King Duncan I. He remained in exile during the reign of Macbeth, who had killed his father, and then killed Macbeth and seized the throne. He was a significant character in William Shakespeare's iconic play Macbeth.

 25 
John Stuart, 3rd earl of Bute
2
Birthdate: May 25, 1713
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Parliament Square, Edinburgh, Scotland
Died: March 10, 1792
Alexander I of Scotland
3
Birthdate: 1078 AD
Birthplace: Dunfermline,Scotland
Died: April 23, 1124
Kenneth II of Scotland
2
Birthdate: 0932 AD
Birthplace: Scotland
Died: 0995 AD
 28 
Edward Bruce
(High King of Ireland (1315–1318))
Edward Bruce
2
Birthdate: 1275 AD
Birthplace: Scotland
Died: 1318 AD
 29 
Malcolm I of Scotland
(King of Alba)
Malcolm I of Scotland
2
Birthdate: 0900 AD
Birthplace: Scotland
Died: 0954 AD
 30 
Lulach
(politician)
Lulach
3
Birthdate: 1030 AD
Birthplace: Moray
Died: March 17, 1058
Malcolm IV of Scotland
2
Birthdate: April 23, 1141
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Scotland
Died: December 9, 1165
Kenneth III of Scotland
2
Birthdate: 0966 AD
Birthplace: Monzievaird, Scotland
Died: March 25, 1005
 33 
Walter Stewart, 6th High Steward of Scotland
(6th High Steward of Scotland)
Walter Stewart, 6th High Steward of Scotland
2
Birthdate: 1293 AD
Birthplace: Dundonald, United Kingdom
Died: April 9, 1327
Duncan II of Scotland
2
Birthdate: 1060 AD
Birthplace: Scotland
Died: November 12, 1094
 35 
Mary of Guelders
(Queen consort of Scotland (1449 - 1460))
Mary of Guelders
2
Birthdate: 1434 AD
Birthplace: Grave, Netherlands
Died: December 1, 1463

Mary of Guelders was crowned Queen of Scotland following her marriage with King James II of Scotland. She founded the Trinity College Church in her husband’s memory. She led the government of Scotland as regent during early years of her son James III's reign and emerged as a competent ruler following a pragmatic foreign policy during the Wars of the Roses.

Robert Stewart, Duke of Albany
1
Birthdate: 1340 AD
Birthplace: Dundonald, Scotland
Died: September 3, 1420
 37 
Áedán mac Gabráin
(King of Dál Riata)
Áedán mac Gabráin
1
Birthplace: -
Died: April 17, 0609
 38 
Margaret of Scotland, Queen of Norway
(Queen Consort of Norway (1281 - 1283))
Margaret of Scotland, Queen of Norway
1
Birthdate: February 28, 1261
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Windsor Castle, Windsor, England
Died: April 9, 1283

Margaret of Scotland was the Queen of Norway, as the wife of King Eric II of Norway. The daughter of Scottish king Alexander III, she was married off to Eric II to strengthen political ties between Norway and Scotland. She was known to have taught Eric French and English.

Archibald Campbell, 1st Duke of Argyll
1
Birthdate: July 25, 1658
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Edinburgh, Scotland
Died: September 25, 1703
John Stewart, Duke of Albany
1
Birthdate: 1481 AD
Birthplace: France
Died: July 2, 1536
Alexander Stewart, Duke of Albany
1
Birthdate: 1454 AD
Birthplace: Scotland
Died: August 7, 1485
Ecgfrith of Northumbria
0
Birthdate: 0645 AD
Birthplace: Scotland
Died: April 30, 0685
 43 
Donald III of Scotland
(King of Scotland)
Donald III of Scotland
0
Birthdate: 1032 AD
Birthplace: Atholl, Scotland
Died: 1099 AD