Famous Scottish Historical Personalities

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 1 Robert the Bruce

Robert the Bruce.
7
Famous As: King of Scotland
Birthdate: July 11, 1274
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Turnberry Castle, Scotland
Died: June 7, 1329
King of Scots Robert I, better known as Robert the Bruce, is revered as a Scottish national hero. He successfully led his country against England in the First War of Scottish Independence. Legends state he was inspired by a spider’s relentless effort to spin a web, to ultimately defeat England.

 2 James IV of Scotland

James IV of Scotland.
5
Famous As: King
Birthdate: March 17, 1473
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Stirling Castle, Stirling,Scotland, United Kingdom
Died: September 9, 1513

James IV of Scotland reigned as the king of Scotland from 1488 until his death in 1513. Although his reign ended at the Battle of Flodden, where he was defeated, James is widely considered the most successful monarch of Scotland from the House of Stewart

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 3 James V of Scotland

James V of Scotland.
10
Famous As: Former King of Scotland
Birthdate: April 10, 1512
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Linlithgow Palace, Linlithgow, United Kingdom
Died: December 14, 1542
James V was the son of Scottish King James IV and Margaret Tudor, Henry VII's daughter. He ruled Scotland from 1513 till his death following his loss at the Battle of Solway Moss. His daughter, Mary, Queen of Scots, succeeded him, supported by regents, when she was 6 days old.

 4 Robert II of Scotland

Robert II of Scotland.
5
Famous As: King of Scots
Birthdate: March 2, 1316
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Paisley Abbey, Renfrewshire, Scotland
Died: April 19, 1390

Robert II of Scotland had been an heir presumptive for over 5 decades before he finally became the king of Scotland in 1371. He was a grandson of the legendary Robert the Bruce, through his mother, Marjorie. The first Stewart monarch, he had minimal impact on his kingdom’s administration.

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 5 Elizabeth de Burgh

Elizabeth de Burgh.
4
Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: 1284 AD
Birthplace: County Down, England
Died: October 27, 1327

 6 Margaret Tudor

Margaret Tudor.
8
Famous As: Queen Consort of Scotland
Birthdate: November 28, 1489
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Westminster Palace, London, Middlesex, Kingdom of England
Died: October 18, 1541
Margaret Tudor, daughter of King Henry VII of England, served as the Queen consort of Scotland, as wife of James IV, from 1503 to 1513. Following her husband’s death, she served as the regent till 1515. She was the great-grandmother of Scottish king James VI, or James I of England.

 7 James II of Scotland

James II of Scotland.
4
Famous As: King of Scots
Birthdate: October 16, 1430
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Holyrood Palace
Died: August 3, 1460

James II of Scotland reigned as the king of Scotland from 1437 to 1460. One of the most popular kings of Scotland, James socialized often with the commoners. Renowned for his restless energy, he traveled around the country and proved to be an active king. Thanks to his popularity, James is often depicted in historical novels, plays, and short stories.

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 8 James III of Scotland

James III of Scotland.
4
Famous As: King of Scotland
Birthdate: July 10, 1451
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: St Andrews Castle, St Andrews, United Kingdom
Died: June 11, 1488

James III of Scotland reigned as the king of Scotland from 1460 until his death in 1488. Remembered as an ineffective and unpopular monarch, James was criticized for pursuing the so-called unmanly interests, such as music. He was also criticized for leading the Kingdom of Scotland into war. Over the years, he has been depicted in several historical novels.

 9 David II of Scotland

David II of Scotland.
4
Famous As: King of Scotland
Birthdate: March 5, 1324
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Dunfermline Abbey, Dunfermline, United Kingdom
Died: February 22, 1371

David II of Scotland reigned as the king of Scotland from 1329 to 1371. He is credited with putting the Scottish monarchy in a strong position despite having to spend long periods in captivity or exile. Over the years, David II of Scotland has been depicted in several historical novels, such as Vagabond.

 10 David I of Scotland

David I of Scotland.
3
Famous As: Ruler
Birthdate: 1083 AD
Birthplace: Scotland
Died: May 24, 1153

David I of Scotland was the king of Scotland from 1124 to 1153. Prior to this, he was the prince of the Cumbrians from 1113 to 1124. He was the son of Malcolm III and Margaret of Wessex. He implemented many reforms in Scotland during his reign, in what came to be known as the "Davidian Revolution" in later centuries. 

 11 Robert III of Scotland

Robert III of Scotland.
3
Famous As: King of Scotland
Birthdate: 1337 AD
Birthplace: Scone Palace, Perth, Scotland
Died: April 4, 1406
Robert III of Scotland reigned as the king of Scotland from 1390 until his death in 1406. Widely regarded as a weak personality, Robert III of Scotland has been depicted in several novels, such as The Fair Maid of Perth, The Lords of Misrule, A Folly of Princes, and The Captive Crown.  

 12 Alexander III of Scotland

Alexander III of Scotland
3
Famous As: King
Birthdate: September 4, 1241
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Roxburgh
Died: March 19, 1286

 13 James I of Scotland

James I of Scotland.
4
Famous As: King of Scotland
Birthdate: December 10, 1394
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Dunfermline Abbey, Dunfermline, United Kingdom
Died: February 21, 1437

Son of King Robert III, James I, the king of Scotland, is remembered for his authority over the Scottish lords. He was immensely popular for his administrative efficiency but was eventually killed by Walter, Earl of Atholl’s men. James is credited as the author of The King’s Book.

 14 Duncan I of Scotland

Duncan I of Scotland
3
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 1001 AD
Birthplace: Scotland
Died: August 14, 1040

 15 Kenneth MacAlpin

Kenneth MacAlpin
3
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0810 AD
Birthplace: Iona, Scotland
Died: February 13, 0858

 16 Malcolm III of Scotland

Malcolm III of Scotland.
3
Famous As: King
Birthdate: March 26, 1031
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Scotland, United Kingdom
Died: November 13, 1093

Malcolm III of Scotland, also known as Canmore, was the son of King Duncan I. He remained in exile during the reign of Macbeth, who had killed his father, and then killed Macbeth and seized the throne. He was a significant character in William Shakespeare's iconic play Macbeth.

 17 Lulach

Lulach
3
Famous As: politician
Birthdate: 1030 AD
Birthplace: Moray
Died: March 17, 1058

 18 Malcolm IV of Scotland

Malcolm IV of Scotland
2
Famous As: King
Birthdate: April 23, 1141
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Scotland
Died: December 9, 1165

 19 Kenneth II of Scotland

Kenneth II of Scotland
2
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0932 AD
Birthplace: Scotland
Died: 0995 AD

 20 Malcolm I of Scotland

Malcolm I of Scotland
2
Famous As: King of Alba
Birthdate: 0900 AD
Birthplace: Scotland
Died: 0954 AD

 21 Walter Stewart, 6th High Steward of Scotland

Walter Stewart, 6th High Steward of Scotland
2
Famous As: 6th High Steward of Scotland
Birthdate: 1293 AD
Birthplace: Dundonald, United Kingdom
Died: April 9, 1327

 22 Kenneth III of Scotland

Kenneth III of Scotland
2
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0966 AD
Birthplace: Monzievaird, Scotland
Died: March 25, 1005

 23 Duncan II of Scotland

Duncan II of Scotland
2
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 1060 AD
Birthplace: Scotland
Died: November 12, 1094

 24 Mary of Guelders

Mary of Guelders
2
Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: 1434 AD
Birthplace: Grave, Netherlands
Died: December 1, 1463

 25 Robert Stewart, Duke of Albany

Robert Stewart, Duke of Albany
1
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: 1340 AD
Birthplace: Dundonald, Scotland
Died: September 3, 1420

 26 Áedán mac Gabráin

Áedán mac Gabráin
1
Famous As: King of Dál Riata
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: -
Died: April 17, 0609

 27 John Stewart, Duke of Albany

John Stewart, Duke of Albany
1
Famous As: Regent
Birthdate: 1481 AD
Birthplace: France
Died: July 2, 1536

 28 Alexander Stewart, Duke of Albany

Alexander Stewart, Duke of Albany
1
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 1454 AD
Birthplace: Scotland
Died: August 7, 1485

 29 Archibald Campbell, 1st Duke of Argyll

Archibald Campbell, 1st Duke of Argyll
1
Famous As: Peer
Birthdate: July 25, 1658
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Edinburgh, Scotland
Died: September 25, 1703

 30 Ecgfrith of Northumbria

Ecgfrith of Northumbria
0
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0645 AD
Birthplace: Scotland
Died: April 30, 0685

 31 Donald III of Scotland

Donald III of Scotland
0
Famous As: King of Scotland
Birthdate: 1032 AD
Birthplace: Atholl, Scotland
Died: 1099 AD