Robert II of Scotland Biography
(King of Scots)
Birthday: March 2, 1316 (Pisces)
Born In: Paisley Abbey, Renfrewshire, Scotland
Robert II, also remembered as Robert the Steward, was the King of Scots who ruled from 1371 to his death. He was the only child of Walter Stewart, 6th High Steward of Scotland and his first wife Marjorie Bruce, daughter of Robert the Bruce and Isabella of Mar. On the death of his father in 1326, he became the hereditary steward of Scotland. In 1318, Robert II was named heir to King Robert I, his maternal grandfather. Although he lost his position after King Robert’s son David was born, he was made heir apparent to David. Robert II was then made a guardian of the kingdom in 1334 when David escaped to France. He succeeded the throne after David’s death in 1371. During his reign as the king, he took no active part in the renewed war for independence. He married Elizabeth Mure in 1336; he had four sons and five daughters with her. A superior claim to the throne was asserted on behalf of the king’s two daughters and two sons by his second wife, Euphemia Ross. From 1384, the kingdom was reigned over by Robert’s oldest son with Mure, John, Earl of Carrick aka King Robert III, and later by another son, Robert, Earl of Fife. Robert II died in 1390 in Dundonald Castle in Ayrshire.