James V of Scotland Biography
(Former King of Scotland)
Birthday: April 10, 1512 (Aries)
Born In: Linlithgow Palace, Linlithgow, United Kingdom
James V of the House of Stewart was a King of Scotland in the 16th Century. Following the death of his father King James IV of Scotland at the Battle of Flodden Field, he ascended to the Scottish throne when he was only seventeen months old. Several regents—including his mother, John Stewart, 2nd Duke of Albany, and Robert Maxwell, 5th Lord Maxwell—successively ruled in his name during the early years of his reign. At the age of 12, he dismissed the regents and was declared the king. However, it was decided that he would still be under the guardianship of a selected group of high nobility and spend three months with each, rotating among them. In 1528, he assumed the control of the government himself. He was not a popular king but he managed to accomplish most of his administrative endeavours. He strengthened his finances, empowered the crown and central authority, and enforced law and order in the borders, in the Highlands and islands. His relationship with the Catholic Church was complex; while he was fervently religious and imposed brutal punishment for whatever he considered as heresy, it did not stop him from levying heavy taxes on the Church properties. He ruled over a Scotland which was largely peaceful and an important country in the contemporary Europe. His only legitimate surviving child, Mary I of Scotland, succeeded him upon his death.