James II of Scotland Biography
(King of Scots)
Birthday: October 16, 1430 (Libra)
Born In: Holyrood Palace
James II was the king of Scotland from 1437 to 1460. He ascended to the throne at the tender age of 6, after the murder of his father. He was loved by commoners for his social skills and able administration. Nicknamed “Fiery Face” because of a birthmark on his face, James II was focused on organizing the central government and introducing central taxation. Although he never showed any special interest in education, the ‘University of Glasgow’ was created in 1451, during his reign. He also funded institutions such as ‘St. Salvatore’s, the new college of Archbishop Kennedy, in the town of St. Andrews. His other achievements include successfully turning the Lancastrians and the Yorkists in England against each other and besieging ‘Roxburgh Castle’ with a large army. A successful but restless ruler, James II was commanded by an ‘Act of Parliament’ in 1458 to check his behavior. He restored monarchial authority and destroyed one of the most powerful royal families, the Douglases. James II is remembered as one of the most successful rulers of Scotland. He was killed in a cannon explosion during the siege of ‘Roxburgh’ in 1460. He was only 29 at the time of his death.