William Thomas Stead Biography
(British Journalist, Editor and Publisher Known for His Work ‘The Maiden Tribute of Modern Babylon’)
William Thomas Stead was a news paper editor of England. He is considered as the forefather of investigative journalism. His ‘New journalism’ inspired the rise of tabloid journalism of the 20th century. Through the paper “Northern Echo” , he severely criticized Prime Minister Disraeli for his inactiveness regarding Turkey’s role in murdering 12,000 Bulgarian Christians. He believed that newspapers should be entertaining besides being informative. While working as an editor of “Pall Mall Gazette”, he introduced several changes like usage of short paragraphs, maps and illustrations in the news articles, application of banner headlines and publication of personal opinion while publishing interviews of famous persons. To him, newspaper is a medium to express views on social justice, equality and to promote liberalism. Through one of his articles, he disclosed the issue of child prostitution that created much uproar in the country. He was an active supporter of women’s rights. He played a vital role in the formation of the Law and Liberty League by Annie Besant, a women’s rights activist. Through his paper, he crusaded for issues like old age pension. Through his articles he used to express his strong support for the charity works of the Salvation Army. As a passenger of RMS Titanic, he lost his life when it sank.