Childhood & Early Life
Theodore Hesburgh was born to Anne Murphy and Theodore Bernard Hesburgh in Syracuse, New York. He had four siblings, including one brother and three sisters.
In 1934, he was enrolled at Notre Dame. However, three years later, he was sent to Italy by his seminary. He earned a bachelor’s degree in philosophy from Gregorian University in 1939.
Due to the outbreak of World War II, he returned to Notre Dame and was ordained as a priest of the Congregation of Holy Cross at Sacred Heart Church in 1943.
Though he volunteered to render his service at the military chaplain, he was instead transferred to the Catholic University of America in Washington DC, from where he received a Doctorate degree in Sacred Theology in 1945.
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Completing his doctorate degree, he took up a teaching position in the Department of Religion at the University. In 1948, he was made head of the Department of Theology.
The following year, he was appointed to the post of the executive vice president at the University, which he served for three years. He gave up the position in 1952 to assume the responsibilities of the President of Notre Dame, thus becoming the 15thby rank and order.
During his term as the President of Notre Dame, he brought about numerous changes in the day to day working of the university to make it at par with the world’s best educational institutes.
He not only doubled the operating budget of the university, but raised the endowment and research funding by 40 and 20 per cent respectively. The massive increase led to doubling in the numbers of enrolment and degrees awarded.
In 1957, he was appointed to serve as the member of the United States Civil Rights Commission. In 1967, he was promoted to the rank of Chairman which he held for five years until his dismissal by the US President Richard Nixon in 1972.
From 1963 until 1970, he served as the chairman of the International Federation Catholic Universities.
It was while serving in the capacity of the President of Notre Dame that he brought about various changes in the governance of the university in 1967.
In 1972, he introduced undergraduate coeducation, something which was unheard of in those days. With this, Notre Dame became the first to admit female students to its baccalaureate programs.
He held an important role in the American higher education scenario and was a part of every important initiative and dealing regarding the same. He held a firm stand during the Vietnam War and against campus protestors thus protecting the right of others.
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Other than serving as the President of Notre Dame, he served a number of other posts on government commissions, non-profit organization boards, and Vatican missions.
In 1974, he was appointed as the member of the Holy See’s United Nations Delegations by Pope Paul VI. He was also named to the Presidency Clemency Board. Same year, he published ‘The Humane Imperative: A Challenge for the Year 2000’.
From 1977 to 1982, he served as the chairman of the Rockefeller Foundation
In 1979, he was appointed as ambassador to the United Nations Conference on Science and Technology for Development. The same year, he published his work ‘The Hesburgh Papers: Higher Values in Higher Education’
For two years, from 1979 to 1981, he served as the chair of the Select Commission on Immigration and Refugee Policy.
In 1983, he was appointed to the Pontifical Council for Culture by Pope John Paul II. Two years later, he created the Institute for International Peace Studies.
In 1987, he stepped down from the post of the President of Notre Dame after 35 years of service, the longest serving President to date.
In 1990, he authored his autobiography, ‘God, Country, Notre Dame’, which reached No. 11 position on the New York Times list of best-sellers in 1990.
Ever after his retirement from the prestigious position, he actively involved himself in the matters of American higher education system. He co-chaired the Knight Commission on Intercollegiate Athletics from 1990 to 1996 and was on the Harvard Board of Overseers from 1994 to 1995
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Awards & Achievements
In 1961, he was elected as the Honorary member of the Austrian catholic fraternity K�HV Alpenland.
In 1964, he was conferred with the prestigious Presidential Medal of Freedom by then President Lyndon Johnson.
In 1970, he was bestowed with the Meikle John Award by the American Association of University Professors.
In 1976, he was the recipient of the annual Award for Greatest Public Service Benefiting the Disadvantaged, by Jefferson Awards
In 1984, the National Academy of Sciences bestowed upon him the Public Welfare Medal.
He was awarded the Congressional Medal of Freedom in 1999.
In 2002, he received his 150th honorary degree from the University of San Diego. For the same, he holds a Guinness Book of World Record title for ‘Most Honorary Degrees’.
In 2004, he became the first recipient of the NCAA's Gerald R. Ford Award for leadership in intercollegiate athletics.
In 2006, he was the proud recipient of Sachem Award, Indiana's highest honor, in recognition of a lifetime of excellence and moral virtue that has brought credit and honor to the state.
In 2010, he became one of the 100 recipients of a Centennial Medal from Catholic Charities USA for his work on behalf of the poor.
In 2013, he was honoured with the honorary Navy Chaplain title.
Personal Life & Legacy
He resided in Notre Dame Campus. He had a private office on the thirteenth floor with the Olympic Torch from the 2002 Salt Lake City Olympic Games.
The library in the University of Notre Dame which first opened on September 16, 1963 was renamed after Father Hesburgh in 1987.
Theodore Hesburgh died on February 26, 2015, at the age of 97 at Notre Dame, Indiana, United States.