Salvador Dali Biography
Died At Age: 84
Sun Sign: Taurus
Born in: Figueres
Famous as: Surrealist Painter
political ideology: Anarchist and Monarchist
father: Salvador Dalí i Cusí
mother: Felipa Domenech Ferrés
Diseases & Disabilities: Parkinson's Disease
Salvador Dali is popularly known as Dali. He is hugely popular around the world for creating a new genre in art – surrealism. Dali is known for his strange, right in the eye bizarre images. Dali got strongly influenced by thoughts, ideas and artworks of the Renaissance period. Dali was eccentric by nature and he drew attention of his critics who remained mostly irritated by his weird antics and outrageous behaviour and public actions. Dali was passionate about style, statement making and luxury. There have been several films, sculptures and photography exhibitions carried pout by Dali in collaboration with other artists. Dali was an excellent draftsman who produced skilled technical drawings. Dali gave many art lectures around Europe. But his fame was greatly popular in the USA. Dali’s most famous paintings include “The Metamorphosis of Narcissus”, “Landscape Near Figueras”, “Dream Caused by the Flight of a Bee Around a Pomegranate a Second Before Awakening” and “The Great Masturbator” which are some of his greatest symbolic art representations. Besides painting Dali indulged in writing and produced some great literary works like “The Secret Life of Salvador Dalí”, “Diary of a Genius” and “Oui: The Paranoid-Critical Revolution”. Dali created great many lithographs, etchings and graphic arts. Dali was a self proclaimed genius who is referred for his paintings even in the modern times.
SALVADOR DALI TIMELINE
Dali was born as Salvador Doménec Felip Jacint Dalí i Domènech on 11 May
Dali made a summer trip to Cadaqués with the family of Ramon Pichot, a local artist who made regular trips to Paris, and was greatly inspired by modern painting
Dali’s father organized an exhibition that featured Dali’s charcoal drawings and the show was held in their family home
It was not before 1919 that Dali held his very first public art exhibition at the Municipal Theater in Figueres
Dali was 16 years old when he lost his mother in February. She died after suffering from breast cancer
Dali shifted into the Residencia de Estudiantes (Students' Residence) in Madrid to pursue his studies at the Academia de San Fernando (School of Fine Arts)
Dali did his first illustration of a book
Dali got expelled from his Art College for making a statement that there was no one so competent as to examine him and his work
Dali produced his brilliant artwork, ‘Basket of Bread’ which upheld his highest mastery of painting
Dali made another move by moving to Paris, where he met with Pablo Picasso (a pioneer of Cubism), whom the young Dalí revered
He went into collaboration with surrealist film director Luis Buñuel to bring out the short film Un Chien Andalou (An Andalusian Dog)
In August Dali met his future wife, Elena Ivanovna Diakonova who was the artist’s inspiration and was better known as Gala.
Dali got involved with his several significant exhibitions and he also became an official member of the Surrealist group in the Montparnasse quarter of Paris
Dali’s growing dissent with his father (relating to Dali’s affair with Gala and an exhibition featuring Dali’s drawing of the “Sacred Heart of Jesus Christ” where he had inscribed “Sometimes, I spit for fun on my mother's portrait” which enraged him completely) led him to be thrown out of his paternal home on 28 December
Dalí painted one of his most famous works “The Persistence of Memory” which reflected the core of surrealism soft, melting pocket watches for the first time.
Dalio and Gala married at a civil ceremony after living together for several years since 1929
Dali got introduced to USA by Julian Levy, an art dealer
Dali attended a masquerade party in New York, hosted for them by heiress Caresse Crosby
Dali participated in the London International Surrealist Exhibition where he lectured his Fantomes paranoiaques authentiques wearing a deep-sea diving suit and helmet
Dali was helped greatly by his London based patron, Edward James who was very rich and had purchased several works of Dali.
Dali met Sigmund Freud with the help of Stefan Zweig.
In late September Salvador Dalí was invited by Gabrielle Coco Chanel to her house La Pausa in Roquebrune. He painted several paintings there which he later exhibited at Julien Levy Gallery in New York
Dali faced an insult in the hands of Breton who coined the term “Avida Dollars” which was an anagram for Salvador Dalí, and a phonetic rendering of the French avide à dollars, which when translated comes as "eager for dollars". This was a direct derision for Dali as his works were pointed as commercial works. It was being perceived that Dali wanted all the fame and fortune and there were surrealists who started speaking about Dali as if he was dead
During World War II had swept the whole of Europe and Dali moved to the United States along with his wife Gala living there for 8 years
Dalí made a film draft for Jean Gabin named “Moontide”
Dalí published his autobiography, “The Secret Life of Salvador Dalí”.
He wrote several catalogs for his exhibitions one of which is the notable exhibition at Knoedler Gallery in New York
Dali wrote a novel about a fashion salon for automobiles
André Breton organized an exhibition that was named “Homage to Surrealism” which featured the works of Dalí, Joan Miró, Enrique Tábara, and Eugenio Granell as a celebration of the fortieth anniversary of Surrealism
Dalí filmed a humorous television advertisement for Lanvin chocolates which he claimed in French "Je suis fou de chocolat Lanvin!" (I'm crazy about Lanvin chocolate).
Dali designed the Chupa Chups logo
Dali completed working on the film, “Impressions of Upper Mongolia” where Dali narrated a story about an expedition in search of giant hallucinogenic mushrooms
Dali’s wife Gala died on 10 June
In November Dali was admitted to the hospital after heart failure
Dali died on January 23, 1988
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