Najib Razak Biography

Najib Razak is the current Prime Minister of Malaysia, in office since April 2009. This biography of Najib Razak provides detailed information about his childhood, life, achievements, works & timeline.

Quick Facts

Also Known As:
Haji Mohammad Najib bin Tun Haji Abdul Razak
Famous as:
Prime Minister of Malaysia
Birth Date:
Sun Sign:
1.78 m
Born in:
Kuala Lipis
Abdul Razak Hussein
Rahah Noah
Nizam Razak, Johari Razak, Nazir Razak
Tengku Puteri Zainah Tengku Eskandar, Rosmah Mansor
Norashman Najib, Nizar Najib, Nooryana Najwa Najib, Nazifuddin Najib, Puteri Norlisa Najib
Islam, Sunni Islam
More Facts
University of Nottingham, Malvern College

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Credit "Najib Razak 2008-08-21" by Malaysian government - photosubmission. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Common
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Najib Razak is the sixth and current Prime Minister of Malaysia, in office since April 2009. Before assuming the office of the Prime Minister he had served in a number of cabinet ministries, including two terms as minister of defence. Currently he is also the President of the United Malays National Organization, the leading party in Malaysia's ruling Barisan Nasional coalition. Razak’s illustrious political career is not surprising given that he was born into a family of high-profile politicians; both his father and uncle had also served as the Prime Minister of Malaysia. It was the untimely demise of his father that pushed the young Razak into politics when he was just 22 years old. Within weeks of his father’s death he was elected to fill the Pekan vacancy left by his father, thereby becoming the youngest person ever elected as Member of Parliament in Malaysia. That was just the beginning and over the next few decades he rose to assume the same position his father had once held. As prime minister, he has implemented several progressive reforms to facilitate economic liberalization of the country and to set the pace for Malaysia to become a modern, progressive and forward-looking democracy. He has also launched the 1Malaysia campaign calling for more harmony, national unity and better governance in the nation.

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Najib Razak
Childhood & Early Life
  • He was born as Haji Mohammad Najib bin Tun Haji Abdul Razak on 23 July 1953 in Kuala Lipis, Pahang, Malaya (now Malaysia) as the eldest son of Malaysian Prime Minister Abdul Razak. He has five younger brothers. His uncle Hussein Onn has also served as the country’s Prime Minister.
  • He received his primary and secondary education at St. John's Institution, Kuala Lumpur. Then he went to England to pursue higher studies and attended Malvern College in Worcestershire before moving on to the University of Nottingham, from where he received a bachelor's degree in industrial economics in 1974.
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  • After returning to Malaysia after completing his studies, he entered the business world. For a while he worked with the Bank Negara before moving on to Petronas, Malaysia's national oil company, as a public affairs manager.
  • His father died unexpectedly in 1976 and Razak was elected to take his father’s place in the lower house of parliament. Aged just 22, he became the youngest person ever to be elected as Member of Parliament in Malaysia.
  • Having been born into a family of politicians, politics came easily to him and early on he established himself as an emerging star in Malaysian politics by reconciling the tensions between the government and the hereditary ruling class in the Pahang region.
  • He was hailed as a rising star within the United Malays National Organization (UMNO) and chosen as the Deputy Chief of UMNO Youth. In 1982, the Prime Minister Dr Mahathir Mohamad selected him to contest the State Assembly seat of Pekan.
  • He easily won the election and became the Menteri Besar of Pahang at the age of 29. He also played a key role in establishing Yayasan Pahang, a foundation dedicated to promoting education and sports among the youth of Pahang through scholarships and funding, in 1982.
  • In 1991 Mahathir appointed him as Minister of Defence. Under him, the Malaysian troops were deployed to assist the UN peacekeeping forces in Bosnia in 1993. The same year Malaysia also assisted peacekeeping operations in Somalia.
  • After serving as in the Defence Ministry for four years, Najib became the Minister for Education in 1995. He restructured the Ministry and encouraged collaboration with foreign universities and institutions. He implemented reforms to ensure that teachers receive higher monthly salary and enacted laws to provide for greater educational opportunities to Malaysians.
  • He returned to the Ministry of Defence in 2000 for a second term. Several national security issues came up during his tenure including the Indian Ocean Tsunami of 2004 and the Bali bombings in the same year.
  • As Defence Minister, he implemented the "Malaysian National Service", a program intended to promote tolerance, team work, and community engagement. Over 339,000 Malaysian youth participated in the program although later on several safety issues in the program were reported.
  • Mahathir retired in 2004 and was replaced by his deputy, Abdullah Ahmad Badawi. Following this, Najib was appointed as Deputy Prime Minister. He was given a broad portfolio of responsibilities, including oversight of FELDA, the Human Rights Commission (SUHAKAM), and the Election Commission. He also chaired more than 28 cabinet committees.
  • In 2008, he became he became the Minister for Finance. Malaysia was going through a financial crisis, reeling under the global recession when he assumed office. He implemented a series of reforms to stabilize the economy and propel it towards growth and development.
  • In October 2008 Prime Minister Badawi announced he would step down in March 2009, paving the way for Najib to succeed him on the condition that Najib had to win party elections set for March 2009. Najib won the UMNO presidency unopposed.
  • Najib was sworn in as Prime Minister of Malaysia on 3 April 2009. He focused on domestic economic issues and political reform. He launched the 1Malaysia campaign which calls for increasing national unity and bringing about more efficient governance.
  • He introduced a New Economic Model that is expected speed Malaysia's transition to a high-income country, and implemented substantial measures to attract foreign investment into the nation. He has also stated that education and health care would be priorities in his government. His vision is to make Malaysia a high-income nation and a developed country by 2020.
Personal Life & Legacy
  • He married Tengku Puteri Zainah Tengku Eskandar in 1976. The couple had three children before divorcing in 1987.
  • Shortly after divorcing his first wife he tied the knot for the second time with Datin Seri Rosmah Mansor. This marriage resulted in the birth of two children.

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- Najib Razak Biography
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Last Updated
- October 16, 2017

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