Hermann Joseph Muller Biography
Birthday: December 21, 1890 (Sagittarius)
Born In: New York City, New York, United States
Hermann Joseph Muller was an American geneticist, who won the 1946 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for the discovery of the production of mutations by means of X-ray irradiation. During his career, he focused on understanding genetics and gene mutations, thereby, laying a conceptual and empirical foundation for modern molecular biology. He was interested in pursuing science as a child and later grew interested in studying genetics in college. After completing his Ph.D., he began his career as a teacher as well as a researcher and continued both the professions throughout his life. His studies were primarily focused on understanding genetic structure and developing theories as well as identifying processes to induce mutations artificially. His work on the genetic and physiological consequences of radiation exposure earned him the Nobel Prize in 1946. Hermann Joseph Muller continuously strived to educate people on the dangers of radiation. He had very strong political beliefs and an argumentative character, and therefore had to face several difficulties in his career.