Gian Carlo Menotti Biography
Died At Age: 95
Sun Sign: Cancer
Born Country: Italy
Born in: Cadegliano-Viconago
Famous as: Composer and librettist
father: Alfonso Menotti
mother: Ines Menotti
children: Francis (adopted)
place of death: Monte Carlo
education: Milan Conservatory, Curtis Institute of Music
One of the bigwigs of twentieth century American opera accredited for bringing in contemporary charm into traditional operas, Gian Carlo Menotti’s standing in the realms of music is in no way small. With an impressive career that boasts of seven operas, one operatic ballet and two Pulitzer Prizes, Menotti had secured for himself a place that very few can dream of, let alone achieve. Composer, conductor, pianist, and librettist, Gian Carlo Menotti merged twentieth-century dramatic traditions with traditional Italian opera forms. He used dissonance and polytonality to accentuate the dramatic effect of his traditional harmonies. A man of many feats and deeds, Gian Carlo Menotti’s music was highly dramatic and often marked by transparent orchestration, expressive recitation, fluent and idiomatic vocals, and mind-boggling melody. ‘Christmas opera’ and ‘Amahl and the Night Visitors’ are two of his most distinguished works. Explore this biography to know all about the life and accomplishments of this legendary Italian-American composer.
Gian Carlo Menotti received several awards including Guggenheim Award (fellowship), 1946-47, Pulitzer Prize in Music and New York Drama Critics Award for ‘The Consul’ (1950). Menotti was honored with the Pulitzer Prize for the opera ‘The Saint of Bleecker Street’ (1955). In 1984, he got Kennedy Center Award for Lifetime Achievement in the Arts and in 1991, he was given the Musical America Musician of the Year.
GIAN CARLO MENOTTI TIMELINE
Menotti was born on 7 July in Italy.
He went to Milan Conservatory.
He moved to US with his mother.
He completed his graduation from Curtis Institute of Music.
Menotti wrote Pastorale for Piano and Strings.
His first mature opera ‘Amelia al Ballo’ was premiered at Curtis. Poemetti, which was a collection of piano works for kids.
NBC commissioned his first English opera ‘The Old Maid and the Thief’, which was written for mainly for radio broadcast.
‘The Island God’, commissioned by the Metropolitan Opera was failure.
His chamber opera ‘The Medium’ was premiered in May and had a run of 212 performances on Broadway during the following season, paired with his one-act comedy The Telephone.
He received the Guggenheim Award (fellowship).
‘The Consul’, his first full-length opera was his masterpiece and won him Pulitzer Prize and the New York Drama Critic's Circle Award.
Composed ‘Amahl and the Night Visitors’, the Christmas classic , which was made for NBC-TV.
He established the Festival of Two Worlds in Spoleto, Italy.
He penned the cantata ‘The Death of the Bishop Brindisi’.
Menotti adopted Francis ‘Chip’ Phelan who was an American actor and a well-known athlete from the early 1960s.
He wrote the cantata Landscapes and Remembrances.
He set up the fellow Festival of Two Worlds, in Charleston, South Carolina.
He was given Kennedy Center Award for Lifetime Achievement in the Arts.
He composed Goya with which he returned to a traditional Giovane Scuola Italian style and expanded the idea to a Spoleto Festival in Melbourne, Australia.
He received The Musical America Musician of the Year.
He composed The Singing Child. He left Spoleto to take the control of the Rome Opera.
‘Amahl and the Night Visitors’, the opera celebrated the golden jubilee of its premiere.
Died on 1 February in Monaco.
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