Canada is a democratic country governed by a three tier government. At the grass root level there are municipal governments, then there are provincial and territorial governments at tier 2 and at the highest tier is the federal government. Though the monarch is the head of the state, the Members of Parliament belonging to various political parties are involved in the law-making. The Prime Minister is the head of Government in the country. The country has seen some of the greatest political leaders who have contributed to the development and well-being of their subjects. William Aberhart played an instrumental part in reviving the economy from the Great Depression with his statist economic theories. The contributions of George-Etienne Cartier in uniting the French and English Canadians and that of Amor DeCosmos in influencing the merger of British Columbian province with Canada is etched in the history of the nation. The political history of Canada is incomplete without the mention of Thomas D’Arcy Etienne Hughes McGee, who is the only political leader of the country to be assassinated. Other notable political leaders of the country include the likes of Sir Wilfrid Laurier, William Lyon Mackenzie King and the Nobel Peace Prize winning Prime Minister Lester Bowles Pearson. Here we present to you a collection of biographies of some of the most famous Canadian political leaders. Read on to know more about their lives, timeline and achievements. Here, you will also find some interesting facts and trivia about these personalities.
Justin TrudeauJustin Trudeau
25 December 1971
Prime Minister
Pierre TrudeauPierre Trudeau
18 October 1919
15th Prime Minister of Canada

Jagmeet SinghJagmeet Singh
02 January 1979
Political Leader

Rob FordRob Ford
28 May 1969
Former Mayor of Toronto

Chrystia FreelandChrystia Freeland
02 August 1968
Deputy Prime Minister of Canada

Doug FordDoug Ford
20 November 1964
Businessman, Politician
John TurnerJohn Turner
07 June 1929
Former Prime Minister of Canada

Jean ChretienJean Chrétien
11 January 1934
Politician, Lawyer, Diplomat

Louis RielLouis Riel
22 October 1844
Tommy DouglasTommy Douglas
20 October 1904
Former Canadian Politician & Baptist Minister

Andrew ScheerAndrew Scheer
20 May 1979
Joe ClarkJoe Clark
05 June 1939
Former Prime Minister of Canada

Lester B. PearsonLester B. Pearson
23 April 1897
14th Prime Minister of Canada

John ToryJohn Tory
28 May 1954
Mayor of Toronto

John DiefenbakerJohn Diefenbaker
18 September 1895
Former Prime Minister of Canada

Agnes MacphailAgnes Macphail
24 March 1890
Canadian Politician
Stephen LewisStephen Lewis
11 November 1937
Politician, Broadcaster and Diplomat

Tony ClementTony Clement
27 January 1961
Member of the Canadian House of Commons

Paul Martin, SrPaul Martin, Sr
23 June 1903
Father of Medicare.

Jennifer Mulhern GranholmJennifer Mulhern Granholm
05 February 1959
Erin O'TooleErin O'Toole
22 January 1973

Kim CampbellKim Campbell
10 March 1947
19th Prime Minister of Canada
Jason KenneyJason Kenney
30 May 1968

Brian MulroneyBrian Mulroney
20 March 1939
Politician, Prime Minister

William Lyon Mackenzie KingWilliam Lyon Mackenzie King
17 December 1874
Former Prime Minister of Canada
Paul MartinPaul Martin
28 August 1938
Politician, Lawyer, Entrepreneur

Pierre PoilievrePierre Poilievre
03 June 1979
Seth BullockSeth Bullock
23 July 1849

Pierre LaportePierre Laporte
25 February 1921
Politician, Lawyer, Journalist

Roméo DallaireRoméo Dallaire
25 June 1946
Politician, Autobiographer, Writer, Military
Jack LaytonJack Layton
18 July 1950
Politician, University teacher, Political

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Maxime BernierMaxime Bernier
18 January 1963
Paul HellyerPaul Hellyer
06 August 1923
Politician, Ufologist, Writer

Ezra LevantEzra Levant
19 February 1972

John AbbottJohn Abbott
12 March 1821
Politician, Lawyer

Elizabeth MayElizabeth May
09 June 1954
Writer, Politician, Journalist, Lawyer
Lisa RaittLisa Raitt
07 May 1968
Christy ClarkChristy Clark
29 October 1965
Politician, Radio personality

Robert BordenRobert Borden
26 June 1854

Bob RaeBob Rae
02 August 1948
Politician, Lawyer

David JohnstonDavid Johnston
28 June 1941
Diplomat, Academic, University teacher, Lawyer
Kathleen WynneKathleen Wynne
21 May 1953

Michael IgnatieffMichael Ignatieff
12 May 1947
Journalist, Historian, Politician, Novelist,

Erik NielsenErik Nielsen
24 February 1924
Lawyer, Politician

William Lyon MackenzieWilliam Lyon Mackenzie
12 March 1795

Peter MacKayPeter MacKay
27 September 1965
Lawyer, Politician, Diplomat, Rugby union player
Yasmin RatansiYasmin Ratansi
04 January 1951

Henry ClintonHenry Clinton
16 April 1730
Military officer
Brad WallBrad Wall
24 November 1965
Politician, Entrepreneur

Rona AmbroseRona Ambrose
15 March 1969

S.I. HayakawaS.I. Hayakawa
18 July 1906
Bonnie CrombieBonnie Crombie
05 February 1960

George BrownGeorge Brown
29 November 1818
politician, publisher, journalist
Adrienne ClarksonAdrienne Clarkson
10 February 1939
26th Governor General of Canada

Hazel McCallionHazel McCallion
14 February 1921
Ice hockey player, Politician

R. B. BennettR. B. Bennett
03 July 1870
Politician, Lawyer, Diplomat

Maurice DuplessisMaurice Duplessis
20 April 1890

Charles TupperCharles Tupper
02 July 1821
Patrick BrownPatrick Brown
26 May 1978

Mike HarrisMike Harris
23 January 1945

Lucien BouchardLucien Bouchard
22 December 1938

Navdeep BainsNavdeep Bains
16 June 1977
Ujjal DosanjhUjjal Dosanjh
09 September 1947
Politician, Lawyer

Nellie McClungNellie McClung
20 October 1873
Novelist, Writer, Politician, Human rights
Thomas MulcairThomas Mulcair
24 October 1954

Jim FlahertyJim Flaherty
30 December 1949
Lawyer, Politician

Arthur MeighenArthur Meighen
16 June 1874
Politician, Lawyer, Diplomat
Jean CharestJean Charest
24 June 1958
Politician, Lawyer

Belinda StronachBelinda Stronach
02 May 1966
Politician, Businesswoman, Philanthropist
Ralph KleinRalph Klein
01 November 1942

Thomas D'Arcy McGeeThomas D'Arcy McGee
13 April 1825

Adrien ArcandAdrien Arcand
03 October 1899
Journalist, Politician
Doug Ford Sr.Doug Ford Sr.
27 February 1933

Dalton McGuintyDalton McGuinty
19 July 1955
Politician, Lawyer
James SinclairJames Sinclair
26 May 1908

Robert BourassaRobert Bourassa
14 July 1933
Politician, Lawyer, Non-fiction writer, Economist

Gordon CampbellGordon Campbell
12 January 1948
Politician, Diplomat

Stéphane DionStéphane Dion
28 September 1955
Politician, Sociologist, Academic, Writer,
Peter LougheedPeter Lougheed
26 July 1928
Politician, Lawyer
Niki AshtonNiki Ashton
09 September 1982

John Sparrow David ThompsonJohn Sparrow David Thompson
10 November 1845
Politician, Lawyer

George-Étienne CartierGeorge-Étienne Cartier
06 September 1814
Politician, Lawyer

Sir George-Étienne Cartier, BaronetSir George-Étienne Cartier, Baronet
06 September 1814
Canadian statesman
Mackenzie BowellMackenzie Bowell
27 December 1823

Olivia ChowOlivia Chow
24 March 1957

Preston ManningPreston Manning
10 June 1942

Jeanne SauvéJeanne Sauvé
26 April 1922

Pauline MaroisPauline Marois
29 March 1949
Glen ClarkGlen Clark
22 November 1957

Jacques ParizeauJacques Parizeau
09 August 1930
Politician, Economist
David Miller (Politician)David Miller (Politician)
26 December 1958

Jim PrenticeJim Prentice
20 July 1956
Lawyer, Politician
Dominic LeBlancDominic LeBlanc
14 December 1967
Lawyer, Politician
Gabriel DumontGabriel Dumont
01 December 1837
Political figure