Famous Canadian Political Leaders

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 1 
Stephen Harper
(Former Prime Minister of Canada (2006 - 2015))
Stephen Harper
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Birthdate: April 30, 1959
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Leaside, Toronto, Canada

Stephen Harper is a Canadian politician and economist. From 2006 to 2015, Harper served as the prime minister of Canada. In 2019, he was made the Companion of the Order of Canada for his service to the nation and for his illustrious career in politics.

 2 
Jagmeet Singh
(Canadian Politician and Leader of the New Democratic Party)
Jagmeet Singh
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Birthdate: January 2, 1979
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Scarborough, Toronto, Canada

Jagmeet Singh is a Canadian politician and lawyer. Since 2017, Singh has been serving as the leader of the popular Canadian political party, New Democratic Party. Jagmeet Singh serves as an inspiration to other Canadian politicians of Indian origin as he is the first member from a visible minority group to lead a prominent federal political party in Canada.

 3 
Pierre Trudeau
(15th Prime Minister of Canada)
Pierre Trudeau
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Birthdate: October 18, 1919
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Montreal, Canada
Died: September 28, 2000

Pierre Trudeau was a Canadian politician who served as the 15th prime minister of the country. His personality generated excitement within Canada's mass media, which gave rise to the term Trudeaumania. The effects of Trudeau's contribution to Canadian nationalism can still be felt in Canada. 

 4 
William Lyon Mackenzie King
(10th Prime Minister of Canada (1935 - 1948))
William Lyon Mackenzie King
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Birthdate: December 17, 1874
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Kitchener, Ontario, Canada
Died: July 22, 1950

Canadian statesman and politician Mackenzie King OM CMG PC, was the 10th prime minister of Canada. He held the position for three non-consecutive terms with a total of over 21 years in office and emerged as the longest-serving prime minister in the history of Canada. He remained instrumental in laying the foundations of the Canadian welfare state.

 5 
Chrystia Freeland
(10th Deputy Prime Minister of Canada )
Chrystia Freeland
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Birthdate: August 2, 1968
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Peace River, Canada
Known as the Minister of Everything, Christina Freeland is Canada’s 10th deputy prime minister. She is also Canada’s finance minister and the first woman to hold the office. She has previously worked with the Financial Times, Thomson Reuters, and The Globe and Mail. She has also authored a bestselling book. 
 6 
Brian Mulroney
(18th Prime minister of Canada (1984 - 1993))
Brian Mulroney
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Birthdate: March 20, 1939
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Baie-Comeau, Quebec, Canada

Brian Mulroney is a Canadian politician who served as the 18th prime minister of Canada. He was in office from September 1984 to June 1993. He is a lawyer by qualification. As the prime minister, he implemented major economic reforms and championed immigration. His tenure also saw the addition of significant new national parks. 

 7 
Louis Riel
(Canadian Political Leader and Founder of the Province of 'Manitoba')
Louis Riel
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Birthdate: October 22, 1844
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Red River Colony, Canada
Died: November 16, 1885

Louis Riel was a Canadian politician. He is credited with founding the province of Manitoba. He holds a significant place in the history of the Métis people as he served as their political leader in pre-Manitoba Northwest Territories. Louis Riel is regarded as a folk hero by the Métis and other Canadian minorities for his efforts to defend their rights.

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 8 
Jean Chrétien
(20th Prime Minister of Canada (1993-2003))
Jean Chrétien
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Birthdate: January 11, 1934
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Shawinigan, Canada
Jean Chrétien was the Canadian prime minister from 1993 to 2003. He has previously served in cabinet posts such as the minister of justice and the minister of finance. He has led the Liberal Party of Canada and helped in the passage of the Clarity Act.
 9 
Tommy Douglas
(7th Premier of Saskatchewan (1944-61))
Tommy Douglas
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Birthdate: October 20, 1904
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Camelon, Falkirk, Scotland
Died: February 24, 1986

Tommy Douglas was a Scottish Canadian politician. From 1944 to 1961, he served as premier of Saskatchewan. His cabinet was the first to introduce North America's first single-payer, universal health care program. His life and career inspired a TV miniseries titled Prairie Giant: The Tommy Douglas Story, in which Douglas was played by actor Michael Therriault.

 10 
Joe Clark
(Former Prime Minister of Canada)
Joe Clark
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Birthdate: June 5, 1939
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: High River, Canada

Joe Clark is a Canadian statesman, businessman, and politician. In 1979, he became the youngest person to be elected as the prime minister of Canada and served in this position until 1980. He lost the leadership of the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada in 1983 before gaining prominence once again in 1984 when he served as a senior cabinet minister. 

 11 
Seth Bullock
(Politician)
Seth Bullock
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Birthdate: July 23, 1849
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Amherstburg, Canada
Died: September 23, 1919

Canadian-American frontiersman, hardware store owner, sheriff, U.S. Marshal, horse breeder and hotel owner Seth Bullock is best known for building the Bullock Hotel, the oldest hotel in Deadwood. Bullock was appointed the first sheriff of the then lawless Dakota where he eventually emerged as a prominent figure civilizing the rowdy camp without killing anyone.

 12 
Lester B. Pearson
(14th Prime Minister of Canada (1963 - 1968))
Lester B. Pearson
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Birthdate: April 23, 1897
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Newtonbrook, Toronto, Canada
Died: December 27, 1972

Lester B. Pearson was a Canadian statesman, scholar, diplomat, and soldier. He is best remembered for organizing the first United Nations Emergency Force (UNEF) in an attempt to resolve the Suez Canal Crisis, for which he was honored with the Nobel Peace Prize in 1957. From 1963 to 1968, Lester B. Pearson served as the prime minister of Canada.

 13 
Kim Campbell
(19th Prime Minister of Canada (June 1993 - November 1993))
Kim Campbell
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Birthdate: March 10, 1947
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Port Alberni, British Columbia, Canada

Canadian politician and Progressive Conservative leader Kim Campbell made headlines when she became the first woman to serve as the prime minister of Canada and remains the only woman to have achieved the feat. After quitting her doctoral studies, she studied law and joined the British Columbia Bar.

 14 
Jason Kenney
(18th Premier of Alberta)
Jason Kenney
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Birthdate: May 30, 1968
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Oakville, Canada

Jason Kenney is a Canadian politician and the current premier of Alberta. An influential figure in Alberta, Kenney is also the current head of the United Conservative Party (UCP). During the 2019 Alberta general election, Kenney led the UCP to the majority government, defeating the previous government headed by the New Democratic Party's Rachel Anne Notley.

 15 
Paul Martin
(21st Prime Minister of Canada (2003 - 2006))
Paul Martin
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Birthdate: August 28, 1938
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Windsor, Canada

Though a qualified lawyer, Paul Martin never practiced law. He focused on business instead and purchased the domestic-freight carrier Canada Steamship Lines. He later joined the Liberal Party and also served as the prime minister of Canada. He has also received awards such as the Companion of the Order of Canada.

 16 
Rob Ford
(64th Mayor of Toronto (2010 - 2014))
Rob Ford
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Birthdate: May 28, 1969
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Toronto, Canada
Died: March 22, 2016

Canadian politician, Rob Ford, served as the 64th mayor of Toronto from 2010 to 2014. His political career was marred by many personal and work-related controversies and legal proceedings. He suffered from alcoholism and drug addiction, and his involvement in a substance abuse scandal nearly killed his career. He was diagnosed with cancer in 2014 and died in 2016.

 17 
Pierre Poilievre
(Canadian politician who has served as a member of Parliament since 2004)
Pierre Poilievre
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Birthdate: June 3, 1979
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Calgary, Alberta, Canada
 18 
Justin Trudeau
(23rd Prime Minister of Canada)
Justin Trudeau
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Birthdate: December 25, 1971
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Ottawa, Canada

Justin Trudeau is one of the most popular and good-looking Canadian politicians of all time. His good looks have made women and men go weak in their knees. After becoming the second-youngest prime minister of Canada, Justin went on to become one of the most liked politicians around the world.

 19 
Rona Ambrose
(Former Member of the Canadian House of Commons)
Rona Ambrose
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Birthdate: March 15, 1969
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Valleyview, Alberta, Canada
 20 
Michaëlle Jean
(Governor General of Canada (2005-10))
Michaëlle Jean
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Birthdate: September 6, 1957
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Port-au-Prince, Haiti

Michaëlle Jean is a Canadian stateswoman who became the first black person and Haitian Canadian to serve as Governor General of Canada, a position which she held from 2005 to 2010. In 2015, Jean became the first woman to serve as the secretary-general of the International Organisation of La Francophonie, a position which she held until the end of 2018.

 21 
John Turner
(17th Prime Minister of Canada (June 1984 - September 1984))
John Turner
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Birthdate: June 7, 1929
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Richmond, Surrey, England
Died: September 19, 2020
John Turner was the Canadian prime minister from June to September, 1984, for only 79 days, which was the second-shortest tenure in the history of Canada. He had been the leader of the Liberal Party, and of the Opposition, and had held important posts, such as the minister of finance.
 22 
Paul Hellyer
(Politician, Ufologist, Writer)
Paul Hellyer
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Birthdate: August 6, 1923
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Waterford, Ontario
 23 
John Tory
(Mayor of Toronto (Since 2014))
John Tory
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Birthdate: May 28, 1954
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Toronto, Canada

John Tory is a Canadian politician who is serving as the current mayor of Toronto. Before establishing himself as a politician, Tory was a businessman, lawyer, and political strategist. John Tory has several honors under his belt, including the prestigious Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal. In 2011, he was honored with a Harry Jerome Award. 

 24 
Wilfrid Laurier
(7th Prime Minister of Canada (1896 -1911))
Wilfrid Laurier
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Birthdate: November 20, 1841
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Saint-Lin-Laurentides, Canada
Died: February 17, 1919

Wilfrid Laurier was a Canadian politician who served as the seventh prime minister of Canada; he was in office from 1896 to 1911. Counted amongst the country's greatest statesmen, he envisioned Canada as a “land of individual liberty and decentralized federalism.” He was placed first on Maclean's historical ranking of Canadian prime ministers in 2011.

 25 
David Johnston
(Diplomat, Academic, University teacher, Lawyer)
David Johnston
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Birthdate: June 28, 1941
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Greater Sudbury

David Johnston is a Canadian academic, author, and politician. He served as the governor-general of Canada from 2010 to 2017. He attended Trinity Hall, Cambridge, and Queen's University and pursued an academic career. Alongside his academic career, he also involved himself with politics and public service. He is a recipient of the Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal. 

 26 
Andrew Scheer
(Politician)
Andrew Scheer
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Birthdate: May 20, 1979
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Ottawa, Canada

Andrew Scheer is a Canadian politician who served as leader of the Official Opposition from 2017 until 2020. At the young age of 32, he became the speaker of the House of Commons and held this role for the entirety of the 41st Canadian Parliament. He is considered pro-life and opposes same-sex marriage. He is a firearm owner and hunter. 

 27 
Jack Layton
(Politician)
Jack Layton
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Birthdate: July 18, 1950
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Died: August 22, 2011

Canadian politician John Layton was Member of the Canadian Parliament for Toronto—Danforth from 2004 till his death in 2011. He served as Leader of the New Democratic Party from January 2003 till his death and led the party to garner increased support in each election, in particular during the 2011 election following which Layton became Leader of the Opposition.   

 28 
Peter MacKay
(50th Minister of Justice Attorney General of Canada)
Peter MacKay
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Birthdate: September 27, 1965
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: New Glasgow, Canada
 29 
Doug Ford
(26th Premier of Ontario)
Doug Ford
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Birthdate: November 20, 1964
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Etobicoke, Toronto, Canada
Canadian entrepreneur and politician Doug Ford is currently serving as the premier of Ontario. He belongs to the Progressive Conservative party and also co-owns the printing business Deco Labels and Tags. He is an ethical vegetarian. He has also co-authored a book with his brother, Rob Ford.
 30 
Erin O'Toole
(Politician)
Erin O'Toole
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Birthdate: January 22, 1973
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Montreal, Canada
 31 
Christy Clark
(Politician, Radio personality)
Christy Clark
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Birthdate: October 29, 1965
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Burnaby
 32 
Patrick Brown
(politician)
Patrick Brown
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Birthdate: May 26, 1978
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Toronto
 33 
Kathleen Wynne
(Politician)
Kathleen Wynne
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Birthdate: May 21, 1953
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Toronto

Kathleen Wynne is a Canadian politician who took office as the 25th premier of Ontario in February 2013 and served for a term of five years. She is the first female premier of Ontario. During her tenure, she implemented reforms to increase the minimum wages and bring down the unemployment rate. She is openly lesbian. 

 34 
Maxime Bernier
(Politician)
Maxime Bernier
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Birthdate: January 18, 1963
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: St-Georges-de-Beauce, Quebec, Canada
 35 
Harjit Sajjan
(Politician)
Harjit Sajjan
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Birthdate: September 6, 1970
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Bombeli, Punjab, India
 36 
Robert Borden
(8th Prime Minister of Canada (1911 - 1920))
Robert Borden
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Birthdate: June 26, 1854
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Grand Pré, Canada
Died: June 10, 1937

Robert Borden was a Canadian lawyer and politician. He served as the eighth prime minister of Canada from 1911 to 1920. World War I started during his tenure, and he received much admiration for his leadership throughout the war. As the prime minister, he introduced women's suffrage for federal elections. 

 37 
William Lyon Mackenzie
(1st Mayor of Toronto, Member of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada (1851–1858))
William Lyon Mackenzie
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Birthdate: March 12, 1795
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Dundee, Scotland
Died: August 28, 1861

Born in Scotland, William Lyon Mackenzie moved to Canada as a merchant but soon got involved in the country’s politics. He later stepped into journalism and launched his own newspaper, the Colonial Advocate. He spearheaded the Canadian Rebellion of 1837, a failed uprising against the Canadian government.

 38 
Elizabeth May
(Leader of the Green Party of Canada from 2006 to 2019)
Elizabeth May
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Birthdate: June 9, 1954
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Hartford, Connecticut, United States
 39 
John Abbott
(Politician, Lawyer)
John Abbott
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Birthdate: March 12, 1821
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: St.-André-Est, Canada
Died: October 30, 1893
 40 
Agnes Macphail
(Member of Ontario Provincial Parliament (1943-45, 1948-51))
Agnes Macphail
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Birthdate: March 24, 1890
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Dundalk, Canada
Died: February 13, 1954
 41 
John Diefenbaker
(Former Prime Minister of Canada)
John Diefenbaker
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Birthdate: September 18, 1895
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Neustadt, Canada
Died: August 16, 1979

Known as Dief the Chief, former Canadian prime minister John Diefenbaker is remembered for his efforts in passing the Canadian Bill of Rights and extending voting rights to First Nations people. He had also had a successful stint as a defense lawyer before being elected to the parliament.

 42 
Naheed Nenshi
(36th Mayor of Calgary)
Naheed Nenshi
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Birthdate: February 2, 1972
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Toronto, Ontario, Canada
 43 
Adrienne Clarkson
(26th Governor General of Canada)
Adrienne Clarkson
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Birthdate: February 10, 1939
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Central, Hong Kong
 44 
Jean Charest
(Politician, Lawyer)
Jean Charest
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Birthdate: June 24, 1958
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Sherbrooke
 45 
Belinda Stronach
(Former Member of the House of Commons of Canada)
Belinda Stronach
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Birthdate: May 2, 1966
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Newmarket, Canada
 46 
Nellie McClung
(Writer, Human rights activist, Politician)
Nellie McClung
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Birthdate: October 20, 1873
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Chatsworth, Ontario, Canada
Died: September 1, 1951

Canadian author and social reformer Nellie McClung had struck gold with her first novel, Sowing Seeds in Danny, a bestseller. She also spoke widely about woman suffrage and was part of the Alberta legislature. She was part of The Famous Five, a group of women who launched the Persons Case.

 47 
Catherine McKenna
(Politician)
Catherine McKenna
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Birthdate: August 5, 1971
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
 48 
Roméo Dallaire
(Canadian humanitarian, author, retired senator and Canadian Forces lieutenant-general)
Roméo Dallaire
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Birthdate: June 25, 1946
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Denekamp, Netherlands
 49 
René Lévesque
(Politician)
René Lévesque
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Birthdate: August 24, 1922
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Campbellton, Canada
Died: November 1, 1987
 50 
Stéphane Dion
(Canadian ambassador to Germany and special envoy to the European Union since 2017)
Stéphane Dion
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Birthdate: September 28, 1955
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Quebec City, Canada

Canadian diplomat, political-scientist and retired politician Stéphane Dion is the Canadian Ambassador to Germany and special envoy to the EU. He was a Member of Parliament for the Montreal riding of Saint-Laurent for over two decades, and held several ministries. He also held office as Leader of Liberal Party of Canada and Leader of the Opposition in House of Commons.

Canada is a democratic country governed by a three tier government. At the grass root level there are municipal governments, then there are provincial and territorial governments at tier 2 and at the highest tier is the federal government. Though the monarch is the head of the state, the Members of Parliament belonging to various political parties are involved in the law-making. The Prime Minister is the head of Government in the country. The country has seen some of the greatest political leaders who have contributed to the development and well-being of their subjects. William Aberhart played an instrumental part in reviving the economy from the Great Depression with his statist economic theories. The contributions of George-Etienne Cartier in uniting the French and English Canadians and that of Amor DeCosmos in influencing the merger of British Columbian province with Canada is etched in the history of the nation. The political history of Canada is incomplete without the mention of Thomas D’Arcy Etienne Hughes McGee, who is the only political leader of the country to be assassinated. Other notable political leaders of the country include the likes of Sir Wilfrid Laurier, William Lyon Mackenzie King and the Nobel Peace Prize winning Prime Minister Lester Bowles Pearson. Here we present to you a collection of biographies of some of the most famous Canadian political leaders. Read on to know more about their lives, timeline and achievements. Here, you will also find some interesting facts and trivia about these personalities.