Canada is a democratic country governed by a three tier government. At the grass root level there are municipal governments, then there are provincial and territorial governments at tier 2 and at the highest tier is the federal government. Though the monarch is the head of the state, the Members of Parliament belonging to various political parties are involved in the law-making. The Prime Minister is the head of Government in the country. The country has seen some of the greatest political leaders who have contributed to the development and well-being of their subjects. William Aberhart played an instrumental part in reviving the economy from the Great Depression with his statist economic theories. The contributions of George-Etienne Cartier in uniting the French and English Canadians and that of Amor DeCosmos in influencing the merger of British Columbian province with Canada is etched in the history of the nation. The political history of Canada is incomplete without the mention of Thomas D’Arcy Etienne Hughes McGee, who is the only political leader of the country to be assassinated. Other notable political leaders of the country include the likes of Sir Wilfrid Laurier, William Lyon Mackenzie King and the Nobel Peace Prize winning Prime Minister Lester Bowles Pearson. Here we present to you a collection of biographies of some of the most famous Canadian political leaders. Read on to know more about their lives, timeline and achievements. Here, you will also find some interesting facts and trivia about these personalities.
Justin TrudeauJustin Trudeau
25 December 1971
23rd Prime Minister of Canada
Pierre TrudeauPierre Trudeau
18 October 1919
15th Prime Minister of Canada

Rob FordRob Ford
28 May 1969
Former Mayor of Toronto

Tommy DouglasTommy Douglas
20 October 1904
Former Canadian Politician & Baptist Minister

Jean ChretienJean Chrétien
11 January 1934
Politician, Lawyer, Diplomat

Lester B. PearsonLester B. Pearson
23 April 1897
14th Prime Minister of Canada
Joe ClarkJoe Clark
05 June 1939
Former Prime Minister of Canada

John ToryJohn Tory
28 May 1954
Mayor of Toronto

John TurnerJohn Turner
07 June 1929
Former Prime Minister of Canada

Agnes MacphailAgnes Macphail
24 March 1890
Canadian Politician
Tony ClementTony Clement
27 January 1961
Member of the Canadian House of Commons

Stephen LewisStephen Lewis
11 November 1937
Politician, Broadcaster and Diplomat
Paul Martin, SrPaul Martin, Sr
23 June 1903
Father of Medicare.

Jason KenneyJason Kenney
30 May 1968

Andrew ScheerAndrew Scheer
20 May 1979
Louis RielLouis Riel
22 October 1844

Brian MulroneyBrian Mulroney
20 March 1939
Politician, Prime Minister
John A. MacdonaldJohn A. Macdonald
11 January 1815
Politician, Lawyer

Kim CampbellKim Campbell
10 March 1947
19th Prime Minister of Canada

John DiefenbakerJohn Diefenbaker
18 September 1895
Politician, Lawyer, Diplomat
Elizabeth MayElizabeth May
09 June 1954
Writer, Politician, Journalist, Lawyer

Maxime BernierMaxime Bernier
18 January 1963
Lawyer, Diplomat, Politician
Roméo DallaireRoméo Dallaire
25 June 1946
Politician, Autobiographer, Writer, Military

Paul MartinPaul Martin
28 August 1938
Politician, Lawyer, Entrepreneur

Wilfrid LaurierWilfrid Laurier
20 November 1841
Politician, Lawyer, Journalist

Kathleen WynneKathleen Wynne
21 May 1953
Jack LaytonJack Layton
18 July 1950
Politician, University teacher, Political
Rona AmbroseRona Ambrose
15 March 1969

Ezra LevantEzra Levant
19 February 1972

Sheila CoppsSheila Copps
27 November 1952
Journalist, Politician, Autobiographer, Writer

Lisa RaittLisa Raitt
07 May 1968
Michael IgnatieffMichael Ignatieff
12 May 1947
Journalist, Historian, Politician, Novelist,

Robert BordenRobert Borden
26 June 1854
Politician, Lawyer, Diplomat

Alison RedfordAlison Redford
07 March 1965

Paul HellyerPaul Hellyer
06 August 1923
Politician, Ufologist, Writer

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Ralph KleinRalph Klein
01 November 1942
Politician, News presenter, Journalist,
Jim PrenticeJim Prentice
20 July 1956
Lawyer, Politician

Pierre PoilievrePierre Poilievre
03 June 1979
David JohnstonDavid Johnston
28 June 1941
Diplomat, Academic, University teacher, Lawyer

Adrienne ClarksonAdrienne Clarkson
10 February 1939
26th Governor General of Canada

Nellie McClungNellie McClung
20 October 1873
Novelist, Writer, Politician, Human rights
Ralph GoodaleRalph Goodale
05 October 1949
Lawyer, Politician

Peter MacKayPeter MacKay
27 September 1965
Lawyer, Politician, Diplomat, Rugby union player
John AbbottJohn Abbott
12 March 1821
Politician, Lawyer

Belinda StronachBelinda Stronach
02 May 1966
Politician, Businesswoman, Philanthropist

Bob RaeBob Rae
02 August 1948
Politician, Lawyer

R. B. BennettR. B. Bennett
03 July 1870
Politician, Lawyer, Diplomat

Maurice DuplessisMaurice Duplessis
20 April 1890
Politician, Lawyer
Joyce MurrayJoyce Murray
11 July 1954

Christy ClarkChristy Clark
29 October 1965
Politician, Radio personality

Georges VanierGeorges Vanier
23 April 1888
Diplomat, Military personnel

Scott BrisonScott Brison
10 May 1967
Hazel McCallionHazel McCallion
14 February 1921
Ice hockey player, Politician

Dalton McGuintyDalton McGuinty
19 July 1955
Politician, Lawyer
Erik NielsenErik Nielsen
24 February 1924
Lawyer, Politician

Brian JeanBrian Jean
03 February 1963
Lawyer, Politician

Charles TupperCharles Tupper
02 July 1821
Politician, Lawyer, Diplomat, Physician
Brad WallBrad Wall
24 November 1965
Politician, Entrepreneur

Stéphane DionStéphane Dion
28 September 1955
Politician, Sociologist, Academic, Writer,
Preston ManningPreston Manning
10 June 1942

Navdeep BainsNavdeep Bains
16 June 1977

Peter LougheedPeter Lougheed
26 July 1928
Politician, Lawyer
Adrien ArcandAdrien Arcand
03 October 1899
Journalist, Politician

Pierre LaportePierre Laporte
25 February 1921
Politician, Lawyer, Journalist
Arthur MeighenArthur Meighen
16 June 1874
Politician, Lawyer, Diplomat

Geoff ReganGeoff Regan
22 November 1959

Stockwell DayStockwell Day
16 August 1950

Jean CharestJean Charest
24 June 1958
Politician, Lawyer
Amarjeet SohiAmarjeet Sohi
08 March 1964
Lawrence MacAulayLawrence MacAulay
09 September 1946
Politician, Farmer

Ujjal DosanjhUjjal Dosanjh
09 September 1947
Politician, Lawyer

Carolyn BennettCarolyn Bennett
20 December 1950
Politician, Physician

Dominic LeBlancDominic LeBlanc
14 December 1967
Lawyer, Politician
Marc EmeryMarc Emery
13 February 1958

Jim FlahertyJim Flaherty
30 December 1949
Lawyer, Politician

Anne McLellanAnne McLellan
31 August 1950
Lawyer, Politician

John McCallumJohn McCallum
09 April 1950
Economist, Politician

Robert BourassaRobert Bourassa
14 July 1933
Politician, Lawyer, Non-fiction writer, Economist
Nathan CullenNathan Cullen
13 July 1972

Olivia ChowOlivia Chow
24 March 1957
Bonnie CrombieBonnie Crombie
05 February 1960

Joey SmallwoodJoey Smallwood
24 December 1900
Politician, Journalist, Writer, Trade unionist

Jeanne SauvéJeanne Sauvé
26 April 1922
23rd Governor General of Canada
Michael ChongMichael Chong
22 November 1971

Niki AshtonNiki Ashton
09 September 1982
Mackenzie BowellMackenzie Bowell
27 December 1823
Politician, Entrepreneur, Journalist

John Sparrow David ThompsonJohn Sparrow David Thompson
10 November 1845
Politician, Lawyer

Mike DuffyMike Duffy
27 May 1946
Journalist, Politician

Philippe CouillardPhilippe Couillard
26 June 1957
Neurosurgeon, Politician
Gordon CampbellGordon Campbell
12 January 1948
Politician, Diplomat

Pauline MaroisPauline Marois
29 March 1949
Hunter TootooHunter Tootoo
18 August 1963
Curler, Entrepreneur

Kirsty DuncanKirsty Duncan
31 October 1966

Irwin CotlerIrwin Cotler
08 May 1940
Lawyer, Politician, Human rights activist,

William AberhartWilliam Aberhart
30 December 1878
Norm KellyNorm Kelly
11 August 1941