Canada is a democratic country governed by a three tier government. At the grass root level there are municipal governments, then there are provincial and territorial governments at tier 2 and at the highest tier is the federal government. Though the monarch is the head of the state, the Members of Parliament belonging to various political parties are involved in the law-making. The Prime Minister is the head of Government in the country. The country has seen some of the greatest political leaders who have contributed to the development and well-being of their subjects. William Aberhart played an instrumental part in reviving the economy from the Great Depression with his statist economic theories. The contributions of George-Etienne Cartier in uniting the French and English Canadians and that of Amor DeCosmos in influencing the merger of British Columbian province with Canada is etched in the history of the nation. The political history of Canada is incomplete without the mention of Thomas D’Arcy Etienne Hughes McGee, who is the only political leader of the country to be assassinated. Other notable political leaders of the country include the likes of Sir Wilfrid Laurier, William Lyon Mackenzie King and the Nobel Peace Prize winning Prime Minister Lester Bowles Pearson. Here we present to you a collection of biographies of some of the most famous Canadian political leaders. Read on to know more about their lives, timeline and achievements. Here, you will also find some interesting facts and trivia about these personalities.
Justin TrudeauJustin Trudeau
25 December 1971
23rd Prime Minister of Canada
Pierre TrudeauPierre Trudeau
18 October 1919
15th Prime Minister of Canada

Jagmeet SinghJagmeet Singh
02 January 1979
Political Leader

Rob FordRob Ford
28 May 1969
Former Mayor of Toronto

Jean ChretienJean Chrétien
11 January 1934
Politician, Lawyer, Diplomat

Tommy DouglasTommy Douglas
20 October 1904
Former Canadian Politician & Baptist Minister
Joe ClarkJoe Clark
05 June 1939
Former Prime Minister of Canada

Lester B. PearsonLester B. Pearson
23 April 1897
14th Prime Minister of Canada

John TurnerJohn Turner
07 June 1929
Former Prime Minister of Canada

John ToryJohn Tory
28 May 1954
Mayor of Toronto
Agnes MacphailAgnes Macphail
24 March 1890
Canadian Politician

Stephen LewisStephen Lewis
11 November 1937
Politician, Broadcaster and Diplomat
Tony ClementTony Clement
27 January 1961
Member of the Canadian House of Commons

Paul Martin, SrPaul Martin, Sr
23 June 1903
Father of Medicare.

Andrew ScheerAndrew Scheer
20 May 1979
Politician
Maxime BernierMaxime Bernier
18 January 1963
Lawyer, Diplomat, Politician

Kim CampbellKim Campbell
10 March 1947
19th Prime Minister of Canada
Elizabeth MayElizabeth May
09 June 1954
Writer, Politician, Journalist, Lawyer

Brian MulroneyBrian Mulroney
20 March 1939
Politician, Prime Minister

John A. MacdonaldJohn A. Macdonald
11 January 1815
Politician, Lawyer
Paul MartinPaul Martin
28 August 1938
Politician, Lawyer, Entrepreneur

Jason KenneyJason Kenney
30 May 1968
Politician
Jack LaytonJack Layton
18 July 1950
Politician, University teacher, Political

Louis RielLouis Riel
22 October 1844
Politician

John DiefenbakerJohn Diefenbaker
18 September 1895
Politician, Lawyer, Diplomat

Wilfrid LaurierWilfrid Laurier
20 November 1841
Politician, Lawyer, Journalist
Ezra LevantEzra Levant
19 February 1972
lawyer
Roméo DallaireRoméo Dallaire
25 June 1946
Politician, Autobiographer, Writer, Military

Bob RaeBob Rae
02 August 1948
Politician, Lawyer

Paul HellyerPaul Hellyer
06 August 1923
Politician, Ufologist, Writer

David JohnstonDavid Johnston
28 June 1941
Diplomat, Academic, University teacher, Lawyer
Michael IgnatieffMichael Ignatieff
12 May 1947
Journalist, Historian, Politician, Novelist,

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Rona AmbroseRona Ambrose
15 March 1969
Politician

Kathleen WynneKathleen Wynne
21 May 1953
Politician

John AbbottJohn Abbott
12 March 1821
Politician, Lawyer

Ralph GoodaleRalph Goodale
05 October 1949
Lawyer, Politician
Robert BordenRobert Borden
26 June 1854
Politician, Lawyer, Diplomat

Adrienne ClarksonAdrienne Clarkson
10 February 1939
26th Governor General of Canada
Hazel McCallionHazel McCallion
14 February 1921
Ice hockey player, Politician

Peter MacKayPeter MacKay
27 September 1965
Lawyer, Politician, Diplomat, Rugby union player

Belinda StronachBelinda Stronach
02 May 1966
Politician, Businesswoman, Philanthropist
Stéphane DionStéphane Dion
28 September 1955
Politician, Sociologist, Academic, Writer,

Lisa RaittLisa Raitt
07 May 1968
Politician
Erik NielsenErik Nielsen
24 February 1924
Lawyer, Politician

Pierre PoilievrePierre Poilievre
03 June 1979
Politician

Maurice DuplessisMaurice Duplessis
20 April 1890
Politician, Lawyer

Christy ClarkChristy Clark
29 October 1965
Politician, Radio personality

R. B. BennettR. B. Bennett
03 July 1870
Politician, Lawyer, Diplomat
Pierre LaportePierre Laporte
25 February 1921
Politician, Lawyer, Journalist

Dalton McGuintyDalton McGuinty
19 July 1955
Politician, Lawyer

Jean CharestJean Charest
24 June 1958
Politician, Lawyer

Amarjeet SohiAmarjeet Sohi
08 March 1964
Politician
Navdeep BainsNavdeep Bains
16 June 1977
Politician

Charles TupperCharles Tupper
02 July 1821
Politician, Lawyer, Diplomat, Physician
Olivia ChowOlivia Chow
24 March 1957
Politician

Adrien ArcandAdrien Arcand
03 October 1899
Journalist, Politician

Peter LougheedPeter Lougheed
26 July 1928
Politician, Lawyer
Ralph KleinRalph Klein
01 November 1942
Politician, News presenter, Journalist,

Stockwell DayStockwell Day
16 August 1950
Politician
Preston ManningPreston Manning
10 June 1942
Politician

Brad WallBrad Wall
24 November 1965
Politician, Entrepreneur

Ujjal DosanjhUjjal Dosanjh
09 September 1947
Politician, Lawyer
Arthur MeighenArthur Meighen
16 June 1874
Politician, Lawyer, Diplomat

John McCallumJohn McCallum
09 April 1950
Economist, Politician
Nellie McClungNellie McClung
20 October 1873
Novelist, Writer, Politician, Human rights

Marc EmeryMarc Emery
13 February 1958
Activist

Vivian BarbotVivian Barbot
07 July 1941
Politician, Trade unionist

Gilles DuceppeGilles Duceppe
22 July 1947
Politician, Trade unionist
Niki AshtonNiki Ashton
09 September 1982
Politician
Robert BourassaRobert Bourassa
14 July 1933
Politician, Lawyer, Non-fiction writer, Economist

Joey SmallwoodJoey Smallwood
24 December 1900
Politician, Journalist, Writer, Trade unionist

Jim FlahertyJim Flaherty
30 December 1949
Lawyer, Politician

Geoff ReganGeoff Regan
22 November 1959
Politician
Hedy FryHedy Fry
06 August 1941
Politician

Carolyn BennettCarolyn Bennett
20 December 1950
Politician, Physician

Dominic LeBlancDominic LeBlanc
14 December 1967
Lawyer, Politician

Bonnie CrombieBonnie Crombie
05 February 1960
Politician

Brian JeanBrian Jean
03 February 1963
Lawyer, Politician
Sheila CoppsSheila Copps
27 November 1952
Journalist, Politician, Autobiographer, Writer

John Sparrow David ThompsonJohn Sparrow David Thompson
10 November 1845
Politician, Lawyer
George-Étienne CartierGeorge-Étienne Cartier
06 September 1814
Politician, Lawyer

Jeanne SauvéJeanne Sauvé
26 April 1922
23rd Governor General of Canada

Pauline MaroisPauline Marois
29 March 1949
Politician
Hunter TootooHunter Tootoo
18 August 1963
Curler, Entrepreneur

Thomas MulcairThomas Mulcair
24 October 1954
 
Patrick BrazeauPatrick Brazeau
11 November 1974
Politician

Peter KentPeter Kent
27 July 1943
Politician, Journalist

Adam VaughanAdam Vaughan
1961 AD
politician

Jim PrenticeJim Prentice
20 July 1956
Lawyer, Politician
Mackenzie BowellMackenzie Bowell
27 December 1823
Politician, Entrepreneur, Journalist

Ed BroadbentEd Broadbent
21 March 1936
Politician
Jacques ParizeauJacques Parizeau
09 August 1930
Politician, Economist

Robert StanfieldRobert Stanfield
11 April 1914
Politician, Lawyer
Joyce MurrayJoyce Murray
11 July 1954
Politician

Gordon CampbellGordon Campbell
12 January 1948
Politician, Diplomat
Ray HnatyshynRay Hnatyshyn
16 March 1934
Politician, Lawyer