The Republic of El Salvador is the smallest and the most densely populated country in Central America. The country has a diverse culture as it was for centuries inhabited by several Mesoamerican nations, including the Cuzcatlecs, the Lenca and Maya. European influence on the culture is also prominent as the nation was once under Spanish colonial rule. Salvadoran priest and doctor José Matías Delgado y León was a leader in the independence movement of El Salvador from the Spanish Empire as was General Manuel José Arce y Fagoaga. Even after gaining independence in the early 19th century, the country went through several decades of political instability and violence. Farabundo Martí, a Marxist-Leninist activist and a revolutionary leader during the 1932 Salvadoran peasant massacre, is regarded as a martyr in Salvadoran history. Decades later the Salvadoran Civil War happened and Gen. Majano and Gen. Gutierrez emerged as major figures in that period. The recent years have been relatively peaceful in the nation, encouraging Salvadorans to build their legacy in the areas of arts, academics, entertainment and sports. Read on to discover about the life and works of famous Salvadorans.