Famous People Who Died In 1781

Discover the most famous people died who died in the year 1781. This list includes people like Túpac Amaru II, Gotthold Ephraim Lessing, Anne Robert Jacques Turgot, Baron de Laune, Garret Wesley, 1st Earl of Mornington, Edward Hawke, 1st Baron Hawke and many more. This list of celebrities is loosely sorted by popularity. People featured on this list, include political leaders, military leaders, playwrights and poets who died in 1781. This list includes people from England, France and many more countries.
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 1 
Túpac Amaru II
(Revolutionary)
Túpac Amaru II
5
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: March 19, 1738
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Surimana-Canas, Cuzco, Viceroyalty of Peru
Died: May 18

Túpac Amaru II  was the leader of a large Andean uprising against the Spanish in Peru. His wife was also a revolutionary and played a key role in the uprising. They were both captured, tortured, and put to death by the Spaniards. Following his death, he became known as a mythical figure in the Peruvian struggle for independence. 

 2 
Gotthold Ephraim Lessing
(German Writer, Dramatist, Art Critic and a Spokesperson of the Enlightenment Era)
Gotthold Ephraim Lessing
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: January 22, 1729
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Kamenz, Germany
Died: February 15

Gotthold Ephraim Lessing was a noted German dramatist, critic, and author, remembered especially for his contribution towards liberating German theatre from the influence of its classical and French counterpart. Known for such literary masterpieces like Miss Sara Sampson; Emilia Galotti; Minna von Barnhelm; Nathan the Wise; Laocoön; Hamburg Dramaturgy, he is now considered an outstanding representative of the Enlightenment era.

 3 
Mariana Victoria of Spain
(Queen)
Mariana Victoria of Spain
0
Birthdate: March 31, 1718
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Royal Alcazar of Madrid, Spain
Died: January 15
 4 
John Needham
(British Naturalist, Biologist, and Clergyman Who Supported the 'Theory of Spontaneous Generation')
John Needham
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: September 10, 1713
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: London, England
Died: December 30

British naturalist and biologist John Needham was also a Roman Catholic priest who became the first Catholic clergyman to be named a Fellow of the Royal Society of London. He supported the theories of spontaneous generation and vitalism. He also served the Imperial Academy in Brussels as its director.

 5 
Anne Robert Jacques Turgot
(Former Chief minister of France and Economist)
Anne Robert Jacques Turgot
2
Birthdate: May 10, 1727
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: March 18

Anne Robert Jacques Turgot was a chief economist of 18th-century France. One of the pioneers of economic liberalism, he was previously clubbed with the economists of the Physiocratic school. Many of Adam Smith’s ideas in the pathbreaking book Wealth of Nations were hugely inspired by Turgot’s.

 6 
Richard Challoner
(Priest)
Richard Challoner
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: September 29, 1691
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Lewes, England
Died: January 12
 7 
Micaela Bastidas
(Peruvian Leader Who Campaigned Against the Spanish Rule in South America)
Micaela Bastidas
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 1744 AD
Birthplace: Tamburco District, Peru
Died: May 18

Micaela Bastidas was a Peruvian leader who campaigned against the Spanish rule in South America. She was martyred during the Peruvian struggle for independence. Along with her husband José Gabriel Condorcanqui, Micaela Bastidas fought against the Spanish forces and suffered martyrdom when the revolt failed.

 8 
Jean-Baptiste de La Curne de Sainte-Palaye
(Historian)
Jean-Baptiste de La Curne de Sainte-Palaye
0
Birthdate: June 16, 1697
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Auxerre, France
Died: March 1
 9 
James Abercrombie
(General)
James Abercrombie
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 1706 AD
Birthplace: Banffshire, Scotland
Died: April 23
 10 
Faustina Bordoni
(Italian Mezzo-Soprano Who Ruled the 18th Century Opera Scene)
Faustina Bordoni
1
Listed In: Singers
Birthdate: March 30, 1697
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Venice, Italy
Died: November 4

Italian operatic mezzo-soprano Faustina Bordoni was a prima donna of the 18th century. Known both for her vocal range and her beauty, she was a noblewoman who made her musical debut with Ariodante. She was a prominent rival of fellow opera singer Francesca Cuzzoni, and both were satirized in John Gay’s The Beggar’s Opera.

 11 
Peter Scheemakers
(Flemish Sculptor)
Peter Scheemakers
0
Birthdate: 1691 AD
Birthplace: Antwerp, Belgium
Died: September 12

Peter Scheemakers was a Flemish sculptor who lived and worked for most part of his life in London. Scheemakers' church and public sculptures in a classicist style had a significant impact on the progression of modern sculpture in England. Peter Scheemakers is best remembered for executing a memorial to William Shakespeare which is part of Poets' Corner in Westminster Abbey.

 12 
Soga Shōhaku
(Japanese Painter of the Mid-Tokugawa Period)
Soga Shōhaku
0
Birthdate: 1730 AD
Birthplace: Ise or Kyōto, Japan
Died: January 30

Edo period Japanese painter Miura Sakonjirō, better known as Soga Shōhaku, was a master of the brush-style drawing of the Muromachi period. Though he was initially trained according to the Kanō school, he was later inspired by the works of Soga Jasoku. He was also known to be eccentric by nature.

 13 
Richard Stockton
(Judge, Lawyer)
Richard Stockton
0
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: October 1, 1730
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Princeton, New Jersey, United States
Died: February 28
 14 
Josef Mysliveček
(Czech Composer Known for His Friendship and Collaborations With Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart)
Josef Mysliveček
0
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: March 9, 1737
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Prague, Czechia
Died: February 4

Josef Mysliveček was a Czech composer who made immense contributions to the development of late 18th-century classicism in music. He is best remembered for his collaborations with Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Josef Mysliveček was also close to the Mozart family.

 15 
Francis Peirson
(British Army officer who was serving on Jersey, in the Channel Islands off the coast of France)
Francis Peirson
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 1757
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: London, England
Died: January 6
 16 
José Francisco de Isla
(Preacher)
José Francisco de Isla
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: April 24, 1703
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Cistierna, Spain
Died: November 2
 17 
Franz Joseph I, Prince of Liechtenstein
(Prince of Liechtenstein)
Franz Joseph I, Prince of Liechtenstein
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: November 19, 1726
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Milan, Italy
Died: August 18
 18 
Edward Hawke, 1st Baron Hawke
(Navy Admiral)
Edward Hawke, 1st Baron Hawke
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: February 21, 1705
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: London, England
Died: October 17
 19 
George Taylor
(Politician)
George Taylor
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 1716 AD
Birthplace: Ireland
Died: February 23
 20 
Johann August Ernesti
(Theologian, Writer, Classical philologist)
Johann August Ernesti
0
Birthdate: August 4, 1707
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Bad Tennstedt, Germany
Died: September 11
 21 
Garret Wesley, 1st Earl of Mornington
(Politician)
Garret Wesley, 1st Earl of Mornington
2
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: July 19, 1735
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Meath, Ireland
Died: May 22
 22 
Jean-Frédéric Phélypeaux, Count of Maurepas
(Statesman)
Jean-Frédéric Phélypeaux, Count of Maurepas
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: July 9, 1701
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Versailles, France
Died: November 21
 23 
Tobias Furneaux
(Navigator)
Tobias Furneaux
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: August 21, 1735
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Plymouth, England
Died: September 18
 24 
Johannes Ewald
(Dramatist)
Johannes Ewald
1
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: November 18, 1743
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Copenhagen, Denmark
Died: March 17
 25 
Zenón de Somodevilla, 1st Marquess of Ensenada
(Statesman)
Zenón de Somodevilla, 1st Marquess of Ensenada
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: April 20, 1702
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: La Rioja, Spain
Died: December 2
 26 
Siribunyasan
(King)
Siribunyasan
0
Birthdate: 1730 AD
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 1781 AD