Chief Justices

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The chief justice is the presiding justice of the supreme court of a country. Over the course of history, several distinguished judges have presided over the supreme courts of various countries. Here is a compilation of the most famous supreme court judges from all over the world.
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 1 
Clarence Thomas
(Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States)
Clarence Thomas
6
Birthdate: June 23, 1948
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Montgomery, Georgia, United States

The second African-American justice to serve on the Supreme Court of America, the appointment of Clarence Thomas in 1991 was controversial. He was accused of sexual harassment by lawyer Anita Hill in public hearings, but was eventually cleared. He is on the conservative side of the court and has been criticised by liberals for opposing issues like gay marriage.

 2 
William Howard Taft
(27th President of the United States)
William Howard Taft
4
Birthdate: September 15, 1857
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Cincinnati, Ohio, United States
Died: March 8, 1930

The 27th president of the United States, William Howard Taft also served as the tenth Chief Justice of the US; he is the only person in the history of the US to have held both the offices. He had a great impact as chief justice and has been regarded as the greatest US chief justices of all time.

 3 
John Roberts
(17th Chief Justice of the United States)
John Roberts
4
Birthdate: January 27, 1955
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Buffalo, New York, United States

The current chief White House correspondent for the Fox News Channel, John Roberts has, in his journalistic career, worked for various television and radio channels before joining CTV, CBS News and CNN. The notable works of the veteran award winning journalist and Canadian Broadcast Hall of Famer include coverage of Presidential debates, Hurricane Irene, Iraq invasion and the Israel war.

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 4 
William Rehnquist
(16th Chief Justice of the United States)
William Rehnquist
4
Birthdate: October 1, 1924
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States
Died: September 3, 2005
William Rehnquist had a 33-year career at the U.S. Supreme Court: as an associate justice for 14 years and as a chief justice for 19 years. He had served under Nixon and Ronald Reagan. He presided over Bill Clinton’s impeachment and was associated with cases such as Roe v. Wade.
 5 
Earl Warren
(30th Governor of California (1943-53), 14th Chief Justice of the United States (1953-69))
Earl Warren
4
Birthdate: March 19, 1891
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Los Angeles, California, United States
Died: July 9, 1974
Earl Warren served as the chief justice of the U.S. from 1953 to 1969. He was also the California governor from 1943 to 1953. The "Warren Court" revolutionized the American justice system by making landmark judgments, such as making school segregation unconstitutional in the Brown v. Board of Education case.
 6 
John Jay
(1st Chief Justice of the United States (1789 - 1795))
John Jay
4
Birthdate: December 12, 1745
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: New York, New York, United States
Died: May 17, 1829

One of the Founding Fathers of the United States who signed the famous Paris Treaty, John Jay was best known as the first Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court, although he occupied various other important public positions. He was a diplomat, who shaped his country’s foreign policy. He passed legislation to gradually abolish slavery, but he himself owned five enslaved people.

 7 
John Marshall
(Former Chief Justice)
John Marshall
4
Birthdate: September 24, 1755
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Germantown
Died: July 6, 1835

John Marshall was an American lawyer and politician. From 1801 to 1835, Marshall worked as the fourth Chief Justice of the US. He remains the longest-serving chief justice in Supreme Court history and is considered one of the most influential Supreme Court justices of all time. In 2005, a commemorative dollar was minted in his honor.

 8 
Carrie Lam
(Politician)
Carrie Lam
4
Birthdate: May 13, 1957
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Wan Chai, Hong Kong, England

Carrie Lam is a Hong Kong politician who has been serving as the Chief Executive of Hong Kong since 2017. From 2007 to 2012, she served as the Secretary for Development. From 2012 to 2017, Lam was the Chief Secretary for Administration. A controversial leader, Carrie Lam's administration witnessed the criminalization of the Hong Kong National Party.

 9 
Warren Earl Burger
(Former Chief Justice of the United States)
Warren Earl Burger
4
Birthdate: September 17, 1907
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Saint Paul, Minnesota
Died: June 25, 1995
 10 
Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr.
(Former Associate Justice of the US Supreme Court)
Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr.
3
Birthdate: March 8, 1841
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died: March 6, 1935
 11 
Salmon P. Chase
(Sixth Chief Justice of the United States)
Salmon P. Chase
3
Birthdate: January 13, 1808
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: sixth Chief Justice of the United States
Died: May 7, 1873
 12 
Robert H. Jackson
3
Birthdate: February 13, 1892
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Spring Creek Township, Warren County, Pennsylvania
Died: October 9, 1954
 13 
Harold Washington
(Politician, Lawyer)
Harold Washington
3
Birthdate: April 15, 1922
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Chicago
Died: 1987 AD
 14 
John Rutledge
(Chief Justice)
John Rutledge
3
Birthdate: September 17, 1739
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Charleston, South Carolina, United States
Died: July 23, 1800
 15 
Jonathan Sumption, Lord Sumption
(British Author and Former Senior Judge Who Sat on the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom)
Jonathan Sumption, Lord Sumption
3
Birthdate: December 9, 1948
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: England

Jonathan Sumption is a British medieval historian, author, and former senior judge. Between 2012 and 2018, Sumption served as a judge of the United Kingdom's Supreme Court. A former barrister, Jonathan Sumption is well known for his involvement in several legal cases, including the Three Rivers case. 

 16 
Arthur Goldberg
(Politician)
Arthur Goldberg
3
Birthdate: 1908 AD
Birthplace: Chicago, Illinois, United States
Died: January 19, 1990
 17 
Edward Douglass White
3
Birthdate: November 3, 1845
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Thibodaux, Louisiana, United States
Died: May 19, 1921
 18 
Melville Fuller
(Chief Justice)
Melville Fuller
3
Birthdate: February 11, 1833
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Augusta, Maine, United States
Died: July 4, 1910
 19 
Richard Wagner
1
Birthdate: April 2, 1957
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Montreal, Quebec, Canada
 20 
Robert Reed, Baron Reed of Allermuir
(President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom)
Robert Reed, Baron Reed of Allermuir
1
Birthdate: September 7, 1956
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Scotland
 21 
Morrison Waite
(Chief Justice)
Morrison Waite
3
Birthdate: November 29, 1816
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Lyme, Connecticut, United States
Died: March 23, 1888
 22 
Stephen Hopkins
3
Birthdate: March 7, 1707
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Providence, Rhode Island, United States
Died: July 13, 1785
 23 
Sadeq Khalkhali
(Former Member of the Iranian Parliament (1980 - 1992) and Head of Islamic Revolutionary Court (1979 - 1980))
Sadeq Khalkhali
2
Birthdate: July 27, 1926
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Kivi, Iran
Died: November 26, 2003

Sadeq Khalkhali was an Iranian Shia cleric who served as the Head of Islamic Revolutionary Court from 1979 to 1980. He gained notoriety as Iran's hanging judge during the Iranian Revolution and is remembered for ordering the executions of many former government officials, including Nematollah Nassiri and Amir Abbas Hoveida.

 24 
Michael Anthony Bilandic
(American Democratic Politician Who Served as the Chief Justice of the Illinois Supreme Court)
Michael Anthony Bilandic
3
Birthdate: February 13, 1923
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Chicago, Illinois, United States
Died: January 15, 2002

Born to Croatian parents in the US, Michael Anthony Bilandic grew up to be an attorney and later joined politics, serving as the mayor of Chicago. The Democratic politician also served as the Chief Justice of the Illinois Supreme Court. He had also been part of the Marine Corps in World War II.

 25 
Robert French
(12th Chief Justice of Australia)
Robert French
3
Birthdate: March 19, 1947
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Perth, Australia

Robert French is a prominent Australian lawyer and judge. He served as the twelfth Chief Justice of Australia from 2008 to 2017. He was appointed to the Federal Court in 1986 and was soon elevated to the High Court. After stepping down as the Chief Justice, he was appointed as the chancellor of the University of Western Australia. 

 26 
Matthew Hale
(Barrister)
Matthew Hale
2
Birthdate: November 1, 1609
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Alderley, England
Died: December 25, 1676
 27 
William R. Day
2
Birthdate: April 17, 1849
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Ravenna, Ohio, United States
Died: July 9, 1923
 28 
Rose Bird
(Chief Justice)
Rose Bird
2
Birthdate: November 2, 1936
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Tucson, Arizona, United States
Died: December 4, 1999
 29 
Gerard Brennan
(10th Chief Justice of Australia)
Gerard Brennan
1
Birthdate: May 22, 1928
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Rockhampton, Queensland, Australia
 30 
Anthony Mason
(9th Chief Justice of Australia)
Anthony Mason
1
Birthdate: April 21, 1925
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Sydney, Australia
Rayner Goddard, Baron Goddard
2
Birthdate: April 10, 1877
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: London, England
Died: May 29, 1971
Peter Taylor, Baron Taylor of Gosforth
2
Birthdate: May 1, 1930
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Newcastle upon Tyne, England
Died: April 28, 1997
 33 
Luiz Fux
(Judge and the current Chief Justice of the Supreme Federal Court)
Luiz Fux
3
Birthdate: April 26, 1953
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry
2
Birthdate: December 12, 1948
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Quetta, Pakistan
 35 
Ibrahim Hamis Juma
(Chief Justice, Lawyer)
Ibrahim Hamis Juma
0
Birthdate: June 15, 1958
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Musoma, Tanzania
 36 
James Spigelman
(16th Chief Justice of New South Wales)
James Spigelman
1
Birthdate: January 1, 1946
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Sosnowiec, Poland
 37 
M.C. Chagla
(Indian Jurist and 5th Minister of External Affairs (1966 - 1967) )
M.C. Chagla
2
Birthdate: September 30, 1900
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Mumbai, India
Died: February 9, 1981

Born into an affluent family, M.C. Chagla received an elite education at Oxford. He began his legal career with the Bombay High Court. He had also been part of the Muslim League and had worked under the aegis of Mohammed Ali Jinnah. He had been a minister of education and external affairs, too.

 38 
Adetokunbo Ademola
2
Birthdate: February 1, 1906
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Abeokuta, Nigeria
Died: January 29, 1993
 39 
Philip P. Barbour
2
Birthdate: May 25, 1783
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Gordonsville, Virginia, United States
Died: February 25, 1841
 40 
Smith Thompson
2
Birthdate: January 17, 1768
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Amenia, New York, United States
Died: December 18, 1843
 41 
Susan Denham
(Chief Justice)
Susan Denham
2
Birthdate: August 22, 1945
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Sandymount, Dublin, Ireland
 42 
Bertha Wilson
1
Birthdate: September 18, 1923
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Kirkcaldy, Scotland
Died: April 28, 2007
 43 
Arthur Chaskalson
(Lawyer and jurist)
Arthur Chaskalson
1
Birthdate: November 24, 1931
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Johannesburg, South Africa
Died: December 1, 2012
 44 
Lemuel Shaw
(Jurist)
Lemuel Shaw
1
Birthdate: January 9, 1781
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: West Barnstable, Barnstable, Massachusetts, United States
Died: March 30, 1861
 45 
George Shiras Jr.
1
Birthdate: January 26, 1832
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: August 2, 1924
 46 
Peter Shivute
(Chief Justice, Lawyer)
Peter Shivute
0
Birthdate: September 25, 1963
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Namibia
 47 
Tapping Reeve
1
Birthdate: October 1, 1744
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Brookhaven, New York, United States
Died: December 13, 1823
 48 
Émile Jonassaint
(Former Justice of the Haitian Supreme Court and Former Provisional President of Haiti)
Émile Jonassaint
1
Birthdate: May 20, 1913
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Port-de-Paix, Haiti
Died: October 24, 1995

Émile Jonassaint not only served as a justice at the Haitian Supreme Court, but also led Haiti as its provisional president in the early 1990s. It is alleged that his presidency had witnessed many human rights violations. He signed the Port-au-Prince Accord and stepped down after the return of President Jean-Bertrand Aristide.

 49 
Robert Stout
(Prime minister)
Robert Stout
1
Birthdate: September 28, 1844
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Lerwick, Shetland, Scotland
Died: July 19, 1930
 50 
Luís Roberto Barroso
(Justice of the Supreme Federal Court of Brazil since 2013)
Luís Roberto Barroso
2
Birthdate: March 11, 1958
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Vassouras, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
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