Famous Brazilian Writers

Find out more about the greatest Brazilian Writers, including Monteiro Lobato, Paulo Coelho, Caetano Veloso, Clarice Lispector and Fernando Henrique Cardoso.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

Vote for Your Favourite Brazilian Writers

 1 Paulo Coelho

Paulo Coelho
8
Famous As: Brazilian lyricist
Birthdate: August 24, 1947
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Brazilian novelist Paulo Coelho is best known for his iconic novel The Alchemist, which has been translated into about 70 languages. He was once sent to a mental institution by his parents for not following the usual career path. He dropped out of law school and became a hippie later.

 2 Jennifer O'Neill

Jennifer O'Neill
4
Famous As: Actress
Birthdate: February 20, 1948
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Born to an English mother and a Brazilian father, actor Jennifer O'Neill had begun modeling at 15. She later became part of films such as Summer of '42. She had attempted suicide at 14 and had later got married nine times to eight men. She was also a promising equestrienne.

 3 Caetano Veloso

Caetano Veloso
3
Famous As: Recording legend who became known for his role in the Brazilian artistic movement of the late 1960s
Birthdate: August 7, 1942
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Santo Amaro, Bahia, Brazil

Caetano Veloso is a Brazilian singer, guitarist, composer, political activist, and writer. Since his involvement in a musical movement called Tropicalismo in the 1960s, Veloso has remained a creative influence in Brazil. One of the best-selling performing artists of his generation, Caetano Veloso has received two Grammy Awards and nine Latin Grammy Awards so far in his illustrious career.

Recommended Lists:

 4 Clarice Lispector

Clarice Lispector
3
Famous As: Ukrainian-born Brazilian Novelist and Short story writer
Birthdate: December 10, 1920
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Chechel'nyk, Ukraine
Died: December 9, 1977

Clarice Lispector was a Ukrainian-born Brazilian short story writer and novelist. As a young woman, she entered the Law School of the University of Brazil and began her writing career while studying. She soon gained fame as a writer and won the prestigious Graça Aranha Prize for the best debut novel. She died of cancer at a relatively young age. 

Recommended Lists:

 5 Augusto Boal

Augusto Boal
3
Famous As: Theatre director, Writer, Politician, Playwright
Birthdate: March 16, 1931
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Rio de Janeiro
Died: May 2, 2009
Augusto Boal was a Brazilian theatre practitioner and drama theorist. He studied at Columbia University in New York and returned to Brazil to work at the Arena Theatre in São Paulo. He directed numerous classical dramas and made a name for himself. He founded the Theatre of the Oppressed and developed legislative theatre. He won the UNESCO Pablo Picasso Medal. 

 6 Edir Macedo

Edir Macedo
3
Famous As: Television evangelist, founder of the Universal Church of the Kingdom of God
Birthdate: February 18, 1945
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Rio das Flores, RJ, Brazil

Edir Macedo is a Brazilian evangelical bishop, writer, and billionaire businessman. He is the founder of the Universal Church of the Kingdom of God (UCKG) and the co-owner of RecordTV, the third-largest TV network in Brazil. He began his career as a civil servant before moving to a religious career. He has been accused of racism and misogyny. 

 7 Fernando Collor de Mello

Fernando Collor de Mello
3
Famous As: Senator for Alagoas since February 2007, 32nd president of Brazil from 1990 to 1992
Birthdate: August 12, 1949
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Fernando Collor de Mello is a Brazilian politician best known for his service as the President of Brazil from 1990 to 1992. Collor was not only the first Brazilian president to be elected democratically after the end of the military dictatorship in Brazil, he was also the youngest president in the history of Brazil.

You May Like

 8 Vinicius de Moraes

Vinicius de Moraes
3
Famous As: Poet, Singer, Composer, Journalist, Diplomat, Reporter, Writer, Jazz musician, Screenwriter, Songwriter
Birthdate: October 19, 1913
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Gávea
Died: July 9, 1980

Vinicius de Moraes was a Brazilian poet, essayist, playwright, lyricist, musician, singer, and diplomat. His compositions and lyrics played important roles in the introduction and popoularization of bossa nova music. Vinicius de Moraes is best remembered for his collaborations with popular musicians like Antônio Carlos Jobim. His play Orfeu da conceição was adapted into an Oscar-winning film titled Black Orpheus.

 9 Joaquim Maria Machado de Assis

Joaquim Maria Machado de Assis
3
Famous As: Brazilian novelist
Birthdate: June 21, 1839
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Rio de Janeiro
Died: September 29, 1908

Joaquim Maria Machado de Assis was a Brazilian novelist, playwright, poet, and short-story writer. Hailing from a family of freed slaves, he had a difficult childhood that he overcame to become a famous writer. He founded the Brazilian Academy of Letters and became the organization’s first president. He is credited with having shaped the realism movement in Brazil.   

 10 Chico Buarque

Chico Buarque
3
Famous As: Singer
Birthdate: June 19, 1944
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Chico Buarque is a Brazilian singer, guitarist, songwriter, composer, poet, playwright, and writer. He is best known for creating music that includes economic, cultural, and social reflections on Brazil. In 2010, he received the São Paulo Prize for Literature. In 2019, Chico Buarque was honored with the prestigious Camões Prize. 

 11 Chico Xavier

Chico Xavier
3
Famous As: Former philanthropist, spiritist medium known for popular medium and philanthropist of Spiritist movement
Birthdate: April 2, 1910
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Pedro Leopoldo, Minas Gerais, Brazil
Died: June 30, 2002

Chico Xavier was a Brazilian spiritist medium and philanthropist. He wrote more than 490 books over a period of 60 years and covered a wide range of topics such as religion, science, and philosophy. He claimed to be communicating with the spirits of the deceased and became popular in the 1960s and 1970s when he started appearing on TV shows.

 12 Jorge Amado

Jorge Amado
3
Famous As: Former Writer known for his work having been translated into some 49 languages and popularized in film, notably Dona Flor and Her Two Husbands in 1976
Birthdate: August 10, 1912
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Itabuna, Bahia, Brazil
Died: August 6, 2001

Jorge Amado was a Brazilian writer affiliated with the modernist school. He is regarded as one of the best modern Brazilian writers, and his works have been translated into around 49 languages. He was the 23rd chairperson of the Brazilian Academy of Letters, holding this post from 1961 until he died in 2001.  

 13 Cazuza

Cazuza
4
Famous As: Singer-songwriter, Singer, Composer, Songwriter, Poet, Writer
Birthdate: April 4, 1958
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Rio de JaneiroRio de Janeiro, State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Died: July 7, 1990

Cazuza was a Brazilian singer-songwriter remembered as one of the greatest exponents of Brazilian rock music. Over the course of his nine-year career, Cazuza sold over five million albums and achieved 18 Top 10 singles in Brazil. He died due to a septic shock triggered by AIDS at age 32. His life inspired the 2004 biopic Cazuza–O Tempo Não Pára.

 14 Monteiro Lobato

Monteiro Lobato
2
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: April 18, 1882
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Taubaté, State of São Paulo, Brazil
Died: July 4, 1948

Monteiro Lobato was a Brazilian writer best known for his children’s books. He authored a set of educational but entertaining children's books and this brought him much fame. He also wrote numerous novels and short tales for adult readers, but these weren’t as popular as his children’s books. He founded the publishing house Companhia Editora Nacional. 

 15 José Sarney

José Sarney
3
Famous As: 31st president of Brazil from 21 April 1985 to 14 March 1990
Birthdate: April 24, 1930
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Pinheiro, State of Maranhão, Brazil

José Sarney is a Brazilian politician and lawyer. He served as the 31st president of Brazil from 1985 to 1990. His tenure was fraught with problems like rampant inflation and corruption. He also faced multiple allegations of nepotism in his career. Two of his children are also politicians. One of Brazil’s foremost oligarchs, he owns multiple media organizations. 

 16 Leonardo Boff

Leonardo Boff
2
Famous As: Catholic priest, Theologian, Writer
Birthdate: December 14, 1938
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Concórdia

Leonardo Boff is a Brazilian theologian and philosopher writer. He was formerly a Catholic priest and actively supported Latin American liberation theology. As a young man, he entered the Franciscan Order and was ordained a Catholic priest after a few years. He worked as an educator in the academic fields of theology, ethics, and philosophy for many years. 

 17 Carlos Drummond de Andrade

Carlos Drummond de Andrade
2
Famous As: Poet, Journalist, Writer, Screenwriter, Children's writer
Birthdate: October 31, 1902
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Itabira
Died: August 17, 1987

Carlos Drummond de Andrade was a Brazilian poet and writer. Many critics consider him to be the greatest Brazilian poet of all time. His widely influential poem Canção Amiga has been featured on the 50-cruzado novo bill, making him a cultural icon in Brazil. He was much revered by American poets Mark Strand and Lloyd Schwartz, who translated his works. 

 18 Mário de Andrade

Mário de Andrade
2
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: October 9, 1893
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: São Paulo
Died: February 25, 1945

One of the pioneers of the Brazilian modernist movement, Mário de Andrade introduced a signature prose style that mirrored colloquial Brazilian language. Apart from writing poems and novels, he influenced ethnomusicology. He was a skilled photographer, too. Hallucinated City remains one of his most celebrated works.

 19 João Guimarães Rosa

João Guimarães Rosa
2
Famous As: Novelist
Birthdate: June 27, 1908
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Cordisburgo, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil
Died: November 19, 1967

João Guimarães Rosa was a Brazilian novelist and short story writer. His only novel, Grande Sertão: Veredas, is considered a revolutionary piece of literature. It is said to be the Brazilian equivalent of James Joyce's Ulysses. He later began a diplomatic career as well. Sadly, he passed away at the peak of his highly successful literary and diplomatic career. 

 20 Diane, Duchess of Württemberg

Diane, Duchess of Württemberg
2
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: March 24, 1940
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Petrópolis, Brazil

Diane, Duchess of Württemberg is a Brazilian-born French-German painter, sculptor, philanthropist, and writer. One of her best-known works Geburt der Isis is stationed at Altshausen, Germany. The Duchess is a patron of Russia's Faculty of Liberal Arts and Sciences. In 1979, she established an eponymous foundation to help disadvantaged children.  

 21 Marcos Pontes

Marcos Pontes
2
Famous As: Engineer
Birthdate: March 11, 1963
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Bauru, State of São Paulo, Brazil

Marcos Pontes is a Brazilian engineer, astronaut, and air force pilot. He became the first South American to go to space on March 30, 2006, when he docked onto the International Space Station aboard Soyuz TMA-8. He holds the distinction of being the only Brazilian to have completed the NASA astronaut training program. 

 22 Ivan Tors

Ivan Tors
2
Famous As: Playwright
Birthdate: June 12, 1916
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Budapest, Austria-Hungary
Died: June 4, 1983

Ivan Tors was a Hungarian filmmaker, playwright, and screenwriter. He is remembered for producing sci-fi films with stories involving animals and underwater sequences. Tors is also credited with starting a film studio, which is now known as the Greenwich Studios. In 1989, he was posthumously honored by the Academy of Underwater Arts & Sciences with a NOGI Award in Arts.

 23 Enéas Carneiro

Enéas Carneiro
2
Famous As: Cardiologist
Birthdate: November 5, 1938
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Rio Branco, State of Acre, Brazil
Died: May 6, 2007

Enéas Carneiro was a Brazilian polymath. A qualified cardiologist, he also had degrees in mathematics and physics. Active in politics as well, he represented the state of São Paulo in the National Chamber of Deputies and ran for presidency three times. He founded the nationalist and conservative Party of the Reconstruction of the National Order (PRONA). 

 24 Ariano Suassuna

Ariano Suassuna
2
Famous As: Playwright
Birthdate: June 16, 1927
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: João Pessoa, State of Paraíba, Brazil
Died: July 23, 2014

Ariano Suassuna was a Brazilian author and playwright. He is credited with creating an artistic initiative called the Armorial Movement, which aims at creating art that glorifies the culture of the Brazilian Northeast region. Ariano Suassuna was widely regarded as one of the greatest Brazilian playwrights of his generation.

 25 José Bonifácio de Andrada

José Bonifácio de Andrada
2
Famous As: Statesman
Birthdate: June 13, 1763
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Santos, State of São Paulo, Brazil
Died: April 6, 1838

José Bonifácio de Andrada was a Brazilian statesman. He was also a naturalist, mineralist, and professor. He was a significant proponent of Brazilian independence and also spearheaded the abolition project in Brazil. He was of the opinion that a new national capital should be created in Brazil's underdeveloped interior. As a naturalist, he discovered four new minerals. 

 26 Oswald de Andrade

Oswald de Andrade
2
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: January 11, 1890
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: São Paulo, State of São Paulo, Brazil
Died: October 22, 1954

Oswald de Andrade was a Brazilian poet and novelist. He was also a cultural critic. He was born into a wealthy family and used his wealth to support modernist artists. He is considered one of the founders of Brazilian modernism. He was a member of the Group of Five, consisting of influential painters and writers.  

 27 Gonçalves Dias

Gonçalves Dias
1
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: August 10, 1823
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Caxias, State of Maranhão, Brazil
Died: November 3, 1864

Gonçalves Dias was a Brazilian lawyer, poet, playwright, ethnographer, and linguist. A major figure of Brazilian Romanticism, he is credited with having composed Canção do exílio, often considered the best known poem of Brazilian literature. He was posthumously awarded the title of national poet of Brazil and is the patron of the 15th chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters. 

 28 João Cabral de Melo Neto

João Cabral de Melo Neto
1
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: January 9, 1920
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Recife, Brazil
Died: October 9, 1999

João Cabral de Melo Neto was a Brazilian diplomat and poet. One of the most influential and prominent writers in late Brazilian modernism, Melo Neto received the prestigious Camões Prize in 1990. In 1992, he became the first and only Brazilian poet to date to receive the Neustadt International Prize for Literature.

 29 Graciliano Ramos

Graciliano Ramos
1
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: October 27, 1892
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Quebrangulo, State of Alagoas, Brazil
Died: January 26, 1953

 30 Cecília Meireles

Cecília Meireles
1
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: November 7, 1901
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Died: November 9, 1964

 31 Castro Alves

Castro Alves
1
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: March 14, 1847
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Castro Alves, State of Bahia, Brazil
Died: July 6, 1871

 32 Manuel Bandeira

Manuel Bandeira
1
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: April 19, 1886
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Recife, State of Pernambuco, Brazil
Died: October 13, 1968

 33 Joaquim Nabuco

Joaquim Nabuco
1
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: August 19, 1849
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Recife, State of Pernambuco, Brazil
Died: January 17, 1910

Joaquim Nabuco was a Brazilian statesman and writer. He is best remembered for playing an important role in the abolitionist movement of Brazil. He campaigned against slavery and established the Brazilian Anti-Slavery Society. After the end of the Brazilian monarchy, Joaquim Nabuco became the first Brazilian ambassador to the United States and served in that position from 1905 to 1910.

 34 Afonso Henriques de Lima Barreto

Afonso Henriques de Lima Barreto
1
Famous As: Novelist
Birthdate: May 13, 1881
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Died: November 1, 1922

 35 Rubem Fonseca

Rubem Fonseca
1
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: May 11, 1925
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Juiz de Fora, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil
Died: April 15, 2020

 36 Moacyr Scliar

Moacyr Scliar
1
Famous As: Author
Birthdate: March 23, 1937
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Porto Alegre, State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
Died: February 27, 2011

Moacyr Scliar was a Brazilian physician and writer best remembered for his 1981 book Max and the Cats. A prolific writer, Scliar published more than 100 books in Portuguese and his fiction has been translated into many languages including English, French, German, Spanish, Hebrew, and Italian. Moacyr Scliar was inducted into the Brazilian Academy of Letters in 2003.

 37 Ruy Barbosa

Ruy Barbosa
1
Famous As: Polymath
Birthdate: November 5, 1849
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Salvador, State of Bahia, Brazil
Died: March 1, 1923

Ruy Barbosa was a Brazilian writer, diplomat, jurist, and politician. He was a staunch defender of civil liberties and called for the abolition of slavery in Brazil. He represented Brazil in the second Hague convention and argued for Brazil's participation in World War I on the side of the Allies. He wanted Brazil to be more involved in the war. 

 38 Rachel de Queiroz

Rachel de Queiroz
1
Famous As: Novelist
Birthdate: November 17, 1910
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Fortaleza, Brazil
Died: November 4, 2003

Rachel de Queiroz was a Brazilian writer, journalist, and translator. She achieved national prominence in 1930 with the release of her debut novel O Quinze, which was adapted into a movie in 2004. Rachel became the first female writer to be elected as a member of the Academia Brasileira de Letras in 1977. In 1993, she received the Camões Prize. 

 39 Abdias do Nascimento

Abdias do Nascimento
1
Famous As: Scholar
Birthdate: March 14, 1914
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Franca, Brazil
Died: May 23, 2011

Abdias do Nascimento was an African Brazilian artist, scholar, and politician. A Pan-African activist, Nascimento created the Black Experimental Theater to fight against racism in 1944. He continued his fight by creating the Black Arts Museum and the First Congress of Brazilian Blacks in 1950. He received international honors, including a nomination for the 2010 Nobel Peace Prize.

 40 Antônio José da Silva

Antônio José da Silva
1
Famous As: Dramatist
Birthdate: May 8, 1705
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Brazil
Died: October 18, 1739

Antônio José da Silva was a Portuguese dramatist best remembered for his comedies and operas. His works showcased the problems prevalent in 18th century Portugal in a satirical manner. Antônio José da Silva's life and career inspired a 1996 film titled The Jew.

 41 Erico Verissimo

Erico Verissimo
1
Famous As: Author
Birthdate: December 17, 1905
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Cruz Alta, Brazil
Died: November 28, 1975

Erico Verissimo was a Brazilian writer best remembered for his historical trilogy The Time and the Wind. A prolific writer, Erico Verissimo tried his hand at many literary genres such as short stories, children's literature, novels, essays, and travel literature. Many of his books have been translated into English, German, Spanish, French, Dutch, Italian, Japanese, and Russian among other languages. 

 42 Rui Ribeiro Couto

Rui Ribeiro Couto
1
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: March 12, 1898
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Santos, Brazil
Died: May 30, 1963

Rui Ribeiro Couto was a Brazilian diplomat, journalist, magistrate, poet, novelist, and short story writer. He is best remembered for his book Cabocla, which was adapted twice for television. His books have also been translated into several languages including French, Hungarian, Italian, and Swedish.

 43 Gregório de Matos

Gregório de Matos
1
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: December 23, 1636
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Salvador, State of Bahia, Brazil
Died: November 26, 1696

 44 Aluízio Azevedo

Aluízio Azevedo
1
Famous As: Novelist
Birthdate: April 14, 1857
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: São Luís, Brazil
Died: January 21, 1913

 45 Nélida Piñon

Nélida Piñon
1
Famous As: Author
Birthdate: May 3, 1937
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Rio de Janeiro, State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Nélida Piñon is a Spanish-Brazilian writer best known for her 1984 book The Republic of Dreams. Regarded as one of the most important writers in Brazil, Piñon has been honored with several prestigious awards such as the FIL Award and Prince of Asturias Award. Nélida Piñon also works as a professor and has taught at institutions like Columbia University.

 46 Haroldo de Campos

Haroldo de Campos
1
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: August 19, 1929
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: São Paulo, State of São Paulo, Brazil
Died: August 16, 2003

 47 Augusto de Campos

Augusto de Campos
1
Famous As: Author
Birthdate: February 14, 1931
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: São Paulo, State of São Paulo, Brazil

Augusto de Campos is a Brazilian writer, translator, visual artist, and music critic. He is best known for founding the Concrete poetry movement as well as a literary magazine called Noigandres along with his brother Haroldo de Campos. Augusto de Campos' contributions were honored with the prestigious Order of Cultural Merit in 2015.

 48 João da Cruz e Sousa

João da Cruz e Sousa
1
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: November 24, 1861
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Florianópolis, State of Santa Catarina, Brazil
Died: March 19, 1898

João da Cruz e Sousa was a Brazilian journalist and poet best remembered as one of the first Symbolist poets from Brazil. His books Broquéis and Missal, which he published in 1893, introduced the Symbolist movement in Brazil. As a journalist, João da Cruz e Sousa worked for the famous newspaper Tribuna Popular and wrote abolitionist articles.

 49 Ciro Pessoa

Ciro Pessoa
1
Famous As: Singer-songwriter
Birthdate: June 12, 1957
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
Died: May 5, 2020

Ciro Pessoa was a Brazilian singer-songwriter, lyricist, guitarist, and journalist. He was one of the founding members of the influential rock band Titãs. He developed an early interest in music and began to perform in local music festivals when he was just 12. Throughout his career, he formed numerous musical projects and also performed solo.  

 50 Bernardo Guimarães

Bernardo Guimarães
1
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: August 15, 1825
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Ouro Preto, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil
Died: March 10, 1884

Bernardo Guimarães was a Brazilian novelist and poet. He is best remembered for his popular romantic novels, O Seminarista and A Escrava Isaura. As a poet, he is credited with introducing the verso bestialógico to Brazilian poetry. Bernardo Guimarães also worked as a teacher and taught Rhetoric, Poetics, French, and Latin.