Famous Brazilian Poets

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

Vote for Your Favourite Brazilian Poets

 1 
Vinicius de Moraes
(Poet, Singer, Composer, Journalist, Diplomat, Reporter, Writer, Jazz musician, Screenwriter, Songwriter)

Vinicius de Moraes
3
Birthdate: October 19, 1913
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Gávea
Died: July 9, 1980

Vinicius de Moraes was a Brazilian poet, essayist, playwright, lyricist, musician, singer, and diplomat. His compositions and lyrics played important roles in the introduction and popoularization of bossa nova music. Vinicius de Moraes is best remembered for his collaborations with popular musicians like Antônio Carlos Jobim. His play Orfeu da conceição was adapted into an Oscar-winning film titled Black Orpheus.

 2 
Jorge Amado
(Former Writer known for his work having been translated into some 49 languages and popularized in film, notably Dona Flor and Her Two Husbands in 1976)

Jorge Amado
3
Birthdate: August 10, 1912
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Itabuna, Bahia, Brazil
Died: August 6, 2001

Jorge Amado was a Brazilian writer affiliated with the modernist school. He is regarded as one of the best modern Brazilian writers, and his works have been translated into around 49 languages. He was the 23rd chairperson of the Brazilian Academy of Letters, holding this post from 1961 until he died in 2001.  

 3 
Cazuza
(Singer-songwriter, Singer, Composer, Songwriter, Poet, Writer)

Cazuza
3
Birthdate: April 4, 1958
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Rio de JaneiroRio de Janeiro, State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Died: July 7, 1990

Cazuza was a Brazilian singer-songwriter remembered as one of the greatest exponents of Brazilian rock music. Over the course of his nine-year career, Cazuza sold over five million albums and achieved 18 Top 10 singles in Brazil. He died due to a septic shock triggered by AIDS at age 32. His life inspired the 2004 biopic Cazuza–O Tempo Não Pára.

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 4 
Carlos Drummond de Andrade
(Poet, Journalist, Writer, Screenwriter, Children's writer)

Carlos Drummond de Andrade
3
Birthdate: October 31, 1902
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Itabira
Died: August 17, 1987

Carlos Drummond de Andrade was a Brazilian poet and writer. Many critics consider him to be the greatest Brazilian poet of all time. His widely influential poem Canção Amiga has been featured on the 50-cruzado novo bill, making him a cultural icon in Brazil. He was much revered by American poets Mark Strand and Lloyd Schwartz, who translated his works. 

Mário de Andrade
3
Birthdate: October 9, 1893
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: São Paulo
Died: February 25, 1945

One of the pioneers of the Brazilian modernist movement, Mário de Andrade introduced a signature prose style that mirrored colloquial Brazilian language. Apart from writing poems and novels, he influenced ethnomusicology. He was a skilled photographer, too. Hallucinated City remains one of his most celebrated works.

José Bonifácio de Andrada
2
Birthdate: June 13, 1763
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Santos, State of São Paulo, Brazil
Died: April 6, 1838

José Bonifácio de Andrada was a Brazilian statesman. He was also a naturalist, mineralist, and professor. He was a significant proponent of Brazilian independence and also spearheaded the abolition project in Brazil. He was of the opinion that a new national capital should be created in Brazil's underdeveloped interior. As a naturalist, he discovered four new minerals. 

Oswald de Andrade
2
Birthdate: January 11, 1890
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: São Paulo, State of São Paulo, Brazil
Died: October 22, 1954

Oswald de Andrade was a Brazilian poet and novelist. He was also a cultural critic. He was born into a wealthy family and used his wealth to support modernist artists. He is considered one of the founders of Brazilian modernism. He was a member of the Group of Five, consisting of influential painters and writers.  

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 8 

Gonçalves Dias
2
Birthdate: August 10, 1823
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Caxias, State of Maranhão, Brazil
Died: November 3, 1864

Gonçalves Dias was a Brazilian lawyer, poet, playwright, ethnographer, and linguist. A major figure of Brazilian Romanticism, he is credited with having composed Canção do exílio, often considered the best known poem of Brazilian literature. He was posthumously awarded the title of national poet of Brazil and is the patron of the 15th chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters. 

João Cabral de Melo Neto
2
Birthdate: January 9, 1920
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Recife, Brazil
Died: October 9, 1999

João Cabral de Melo Neto was a Brazilian diplomat and poet. One of the most influential and prominent writers in late Brazilian modernism, Melo Neto received the prestigious Camões Prize in 1990. In 1992, he became the first and only Brazilian poet to date to receive the Neustadt International Prize for Literature.

 10 

Cecília Meireles
2
Birthdate: November 7, 1901
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Died: November 9, 1964

 11 

Castro Alves
2
Birthdate: March 14, 1847
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Castro Alves, State of Bahia, Brazil
Died: July 6, 1871

 12 

Manuel Bandeira
2
Birthdate: April 19, 1886
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Recife, State of Pernambuco, Brazil
Died: October 13, 1968

 13 

Abdias do Nascimento
2
Birthdate: March 14, 1914
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Franca, Brazil
Died: May 23, 2011

Abdias do Nascimento was an African Brazilian artist, scholar, and politician. A Pan-African activist, Nascimento created the Black Experimental Theater to fight against racism in 1944. He continued his fight by creating the Black Arts Museum and the First Congress of Brazilian Blacks in 1950. He received international honors, including a nomination for the 2010 Nobel Peace Prize.

 14 

Rui Ribeiro Couto
1
Birthdate: March 12, 1898
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Santos, Brazil
Died: May 30, 1963

Rui Ribeiro Couto was a Brazilian diplomat, journalist, magistrate, poet, novelist, and short story writer. He is best remembered for his book Cabocla, which was adapted twice for television. His books have also been translated into several languages including French, Hungarian, Italian, and Swedish.

 15 

Gregório de Matos
1
Birthdate: December 23, 1636
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Salvador, State of Bahia, Brazil
Died: November 26, 1696

 16 

Haroldo de Campos
1
Birthdate: August 19, 1929
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: São Paulo, State of São Paulo, Brazil
Died: August 16, 2003

 17 

Augusto de Campos
1
Birthdate: February 14, 1931
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: São Paulo, State of São Paulo, Brazil

Augusto de Campos is a Brazilian writer, translator, visual artist, and music critic. He is best known for founding the Concrete poetry movement as well as a literary magazine called Noigandres along with his brother Haroldo de Campos. Augusto de Campos' contributions were honored with the prestigious Order of Cultural Merit in 2015.

João da Cruz e Sousa
1
Birthdate: November 24, 1861
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Florianópolis, State of Santa Catarina, Brazil
Died: March 19, 1898

João da Cruz e Sousa was a Brazilian journalist and poet best remembered as one of the first Symbolist poets from Brazil. His books Broquéis and Missal, which he published in 1893, introduced the Symbolist movement in Brazil. As a journalist, João da Cruz e Sousa worked for the famous newspaper Tribuna Popular and wrote abolitionist articles.

 19 
Ciro Pessoa
(Singer-songwriter)

Ciro Pessoa
1
Birthdate: June 12, 1957
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
Died: May 5, 2020

Ciro Pessoa was a Brazilian singer-songwriter, lyricist, guitarist, and journalist. He was one of the founding members of the influential rock band Titãs. He developed an early interest in music and began to perform in local music festivals when he was just 12. Throughout his career, he formed numerous musical projects and also performed solo.  

Bernardo Guimarães
1
Birthdate: August 15, 1825
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Ouro Preto, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil
Died: March 10, 1884

Bernardo Guimarães was a Brazilian novelist and poet. He is best remembered for his popular romantic novels, O Seminarista and A Escrava Isaura. As a poet, he is credited with introducing the verso bestialógico to Brazilian poetry. Bernardo Guimarães also worked as a teacher and taught Rhetoric, Poetics, French, and Latin.

Tomás Antônio Gonzaga
1
Birthdate: August 11, 1744
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Porto, Portugal
Died: 1810 AD

Tomás Antônio Gonzaga was a Brazilian poet who also served as the ombudsman and the ouvidor of the city of Ouro Preto. His life and career have been featured in many Brazilian films and telenovels. Popular actors like Eduardo Galvão, Luiz Linhares, and Gianfrancesco Guarnieri have played Tomás Antônio Gonzaga on-screen.

 22 
Jorge de Lima
(Politician)

Jorge de Lima
1
Birthdate: April 23, 1893
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: União dos Palmares, Brazil
Died: November 15, 1953

Jorge de Lima was a Brazilian politician, poet, novelist, and biographer. Born into a wealthy family, he studied to be a physician. However, he was more inclined toward writing and wanted to make a name for himself as a poet. He eventually ended up pursuing both medicine and literature. Later in his career, he ventured into politics as well.  

 23 

Sergio Sant'Anna
1
Birthdate: October 30, 1941
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Died: May 10, 2020

Sergio Sant'Anna was a Brazilian writer who tried his hand at writing poems, short stories, plays, novels, and novellas. Many of his books have been translated into Italian and German. Sergio Sant'Anna's works have also been credited with influencing a newer generation of writers in Brazil.

 24 

Basílio da Gama
1
Birthdate: April 8, 1741
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Tiradentes, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil
Died: July 31, 1795

Basílio da Gama was a Portuguese poet best remembered for his epic poem, O Uraguai. An important member of the Society of Jesus, Basílio traveled across Europe, visiting many countries like Italy and Portugal. These travels helped him in his literary career.

Farah Chamma
1
Birthdate: 1994 AD
Birthplace: United Arab Emirates

Farah Chamma is a Palestinian spoken-word poet best known as the founder of a band called Parea that combines music with spoken word. A popular poet, Chamma is part of the famous Poeticians Club where she is one of the youngest members. A polyglot, Farah Chamma can speak six languages including French, English, and Arabic.

 26 

Murilo Mendes
1
Birthdate: May 13, 1901
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Juiz de Fora, Brazil
Died: August 13, 1975

Murilo Mendes was a Brazilian poet best remembered as one of the leading architects of the Surrealist movement in Brazil. His first poetry book Poemas earned him the prestigious Graça Aranha Prize in 1930. Murilo Mendes also worked as a teacher and taught at popular institutions like the Sapienza University of Rome and the University of Pisa.    

 27 
Cassiano Ricardo
(Journalist)

Cassiano Ricardo
0
Birthdate: July 26, 1895
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: São José dos Campos, Brazil
Died: January 14, 1974

Cassiano Ricardo was a Brazilian poet, literary critic, and journalist. An exponent of Brazilian modernism, Ricardo is credited with co-founding the mystical nationalist journal Novíssima. He also launched the Green-Yellow movement and co-founded the Flag group as part of his efforts to popularize modernism in Brazil. In 1937, Cassiano Ricardo was made a member of the Brazilian Academy of Letters.

José de Santa Rita Durão
0
Birthdate: 1722 AD
Birthplace: Mariana, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil
Died: 1784 AD

José de Santa Rita Durão was a Colonial Brazilian Neoclassic poet and orator. He was also an Augustinian friar. He composed the epic poem Caramuru. He studied at the University of Coimbra and began an academic career. He was persecuted during the reign of the Marquis of Pombal and went to exile in Rome. 

 29 
Olga Savary
(Writer)

Olga Savary
0
Birthdate: May 21, 1933
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Belém, Brazil
Died: May 15, 2020

Olga Savary was a Brazilian writer, literary critic, and poet. She is best remembered for her work, Espelho Provisório, which earned her the prestigious Prêmio Jabuti in 1970. A prolific writer, Olga Savary wrote many books and poems and was an important member of PEN International.

 30 
Gregorio Duvivier
(Actor, Poet, Comedian)

Gregorio Duvivier
0
Birthdate: April 11, 1986
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Gregorio Duvivier is a Brazilian actor and poet. He specializes in comedy and is one of the members of the comedian troupe Porta dos Fundos. The son of a musician and singer, he was exposed to the show business at an early age. He began his training in acting as a child and made his debut in 2007.