Famous Brazilian Novelists

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

Vote for Your Favourite Brazilian Novelists

 1 
Paulo Coelho
(Brazilian lyricist)

Paulo Coelho
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Birthdate: August 24, 1947
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Brazilian novelist Paulo Coelho is best known for his iconic novel The Alchemist, which has been translated into about 70 languages. He was once sent to a mental institution by his parents for not following the usual career path. He dropped out of law school and became a hippie later.

 2 
Joaquim Maria Machado de Assis
(Brazilian novelist)

Joaquim Maria Machado de Assis
3
Birthdate: June 21, 1839
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Rio de Janeiro
Died: September 29, 1908

Joaquim Maria Machado de Assis was a Brazilian novelist, playwright, poet, and short-story writer. Hailing from a family of freed slaves, he had a difficult childhood that he overcame to become a famous writer. He founded the Brazilian Academy of Letters and became the organization’s first president. He is credited with having shaped the realism movement in Brazil.   

 3 
Jorge Amado
(Former Writer known for his work having been translated into some 49 languages and popularized in film, notably Dona Flor and Her Two Husbands in 1976)

Jorge Amado
3
Birthdate: August 10, 1912
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Itabuna, Bahia, Brazil
Died: August 6, 2001

Jorge Amado was a Brazilian writer affiliated with the modernist school. He is regarded as one of the best modern Brazilian writers, and his works have been translated into around 49 languages. He was the 23rd chairperson of the Brazilian Academy of Letters, holding this post from 1961 until he died in 2001.  

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 4 

Monteiro Lobato
2
Birthdate: April 18, 1882
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Taubaté, State of São Paulo, Brazil
Died: July 4, 1948

Monteiro Lobato was a Brazilian writer best known for his children’s books. He authored a set of educational but entertaining children's books and this brought him much fame. He also wrote numerous novels and short tales for adult readers, but these weren’t as popular as his children’s books. He founded the publishing house Companhia Editora Nacional. 

Mário de Andrade
2
Birthdate: October 9, 1893
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: São Paulo
Died: February 25, 1945

One of the pioneers of the Brazilian modernist movement, Mário de Andrade introduced a signature prose style that mirrored colloquial Brazilian language. Apart from writing poems and novels, he influenced ethnomusicology. He was a skilled photographer, too. Hallucinated City remains one of his most celebrated works.

 6 
João Guimarães Rosa
(One of the Greatest Brazilian Writers Known for His Novel 'Grande Sertão: Veredas')

João Guimarães Rosa
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Birthdate: June 27, 1908
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Cordisburgo, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil
Died: November 19, 1967

João Guimarães Rosa was a Brazilian novelist and short story writer. His only novel, Grande Sertão: Veredas, is considered a revolutionary piece of literature. It is said to be the Brazilian equivalent of James Joyce's Ulysses. He later began a diplomatic career as well. Sadly, he passed away at the peak of his highly successful literary and diplomatic career. 

 7 
Ariano Suassuna
(Playwright)

Ariano Suassuna
2
Birthdate: June 16, 1927
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: João Pessoa, State of Paraíba, Brazil
Died: July 23, 2014

Ariano Suassuna was a Brazilian author and playwright. He is credited with creating an artistic initiative called the Armorial Movement, which aims at creating art that glorifies the culture of the Brazilian Northeast region. Ariano Suassuna was widely regarded as one of the greatest Brazilian playwrights of his generation.

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Afonso Henriques de Lima Barreto
1
Birthdate: May 13, 1881
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Died: November 1, 1922

 9 

Graciliano Ramos
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Birthdate: October 27, 1892
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Quebrangulo, State of Alagoas, Brazil
Died: January 26, 1953

Graciliano Ramos was a Brazilian politician, modernist writer, and journalist. He is best remembered for his depiction of the problematic situation of the poor occupants of the Brazilian northeast in his novel, Vidas secas. Some of his works, such as Vidas Secas, São Bernardo, and Memórias do Cárcere, have been adapted into films.

 10 

Rubem Fonseca
1
Birthdate: May 11, 1925
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Juiz de Fora, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil
Died: April 15, 2020

 11 

Moacyr Scliar
1
Birthdate: March 23, 1937
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Porto Alegre, State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
Died: February 27, 2011

Moacyr Scliar was a Brazilian physician and writer best remembered for his 1981 book Max and the Cats. A prolific writer, Scliar published more than 100 books in Portuguese and his fiction has been translated into many languages including English, French, German, Spanish, Hebrew, and Italian. Moacyr Scliar was inducted into the Brazilian Academy of Letters in 2003.

 12 

Rachel de Queiroz
1
Birthdate: November 17, 1910
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Fortaleza, Brazil
Died: November 4, 2003

Rachel de Queiroz was a Brazilian writer, journalist, and translator. She achieved national prominence in 1930 with the release of her debut novel O Quinze, which was adapted into a movie in 2004. Rachel became the first female writer to be elected as a member of the Academia Brasileira de Letras in 1977. In 1993, she received the Camões Prize. 

 13 

Erico Verissimo
1
Birthdate: December 17, 1905
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Cruz Alta, Brazil
Died: November 28, 1975

Erico Verissimo was a Brazilian writer best remembered for his historical trilogy The Time and the Wind. A prolific writer, Erico Verissimo tried his hand at many literary genres such as short stories, children's literature, novels, essays, and travel literature. Many of his books have been translated into English, German, Spanish, French, Dutch, Italian, Japanese, and Russian among other languages. 

 14 

Aluízio Azevedo
1
Birthdate: April 14, 1857
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: São Luís, Brazil
Died: January 21, 1913

 15 

Nélida Piñon
1
Birthdate: May 3, 1937
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Rio de Janeiro, State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Nélida Piñon is a Spanish-Brazilian writer best known for her 1984 book The Republic of Dreams. Regarded as one of the most important writers in Brazil, Piñon has been honored with several prestigious awards such as the FIL Award and Prince of Asturias Award. Nélida Piñon also works as a professor and has taught at institutions like Columbia University.

Bernardo Guimarães
1
Birthdate: August 15, 1825
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Ouro Preto, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil
Died: March 10, 1884

Bernardo Guimarães was a Brazilian novelist and poet. He is best remembered for his popular romantic novels, O Seminarista and A Escrava Isaura. As a poet, he is credited with introducing the verso bestialógico to Brazilian poetry. Bernardo Guimarães also worked as a teacher and taught Rhetoric, Poetics, French, and Latin.

 17 

José Lins do Rego
1
Birthdate: July 3, 1901
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Pilar, State of Paraíba, Brazil
Died: September 12, 1957

 18 
Jorge de Lima
(Politician)

Jorge de Lima
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Birthdate: April 23, 1893
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: União dos Palmares, Brazil
Died: November 15, 1953

Jorge de Lima was a Brazilian politician, poet, novelist, and biographer. Born into a wealthy family, he studied to be a physician. However, he was more inclined toward writing and wanted to make a name for himself as a poet. He eventually ended up pursuing both medicine and literature. Later in his career, he ventured into politics as well.  

Manuel Antônio de Almeida
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Birthdate: November 17, 1830
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Magé, Brazil
Died: November 28, 1861

 20 

Sergio Sant'Anna
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Birthdate: October 30, 1941
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Died: May 10, 2020

Sergio Sant'Anna was a Brazilian writer who tried his hand at writing poems, short stories, plays, novels, and novellas. Many of his books have been translated into Italian and German. Sergio Sant'Anna's works have also been credited with influencing a newer generation of writers in Brazil.

 21 

Graça Aranha
0
Birthdate: June 21, 1868
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: São Luís, State of Maranhão, Brazil
Died: January 26, 1931

Graça Aranha was a Brazilian diplomat and writer. He is best remembered as a pioneer of the modernism movement in Brazil and is credited with organizing an arts festival called The Modern Art Week in 1922. After his death, the Graça Aranha Foundation was established in his honor by a group of friends and intellectuals.

José Américo de Almeida
0
Birthdate: January 10, 1887
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: João Pessoa, Brazil
Died: March 10, 1980

José Américo de Almeida was a Brazilian writer, lawyer, teacher, politician, university professor, and sociologist. He is best remembered for his 1928 novel The Bagaceira, which is regarded as his magnum opus. His life and career inspired the 1981 documentary film O Homem de Areia by Vladimir Carvalho.

 23 
Adonias Filho
(Novelist)

Adonias Filho
0
Birthdate: November 27, 1915
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Itajuipe, Brazil
Died: August 2, 1990

Adonias Filho was a Brazilian novelist, journalist, essayist, and literary critic. Some of his works still have a major impact on contemporary Brazilian literature. In 1969, Adonias Filho was honored at Academia Brasileira de Letras with the 21st chair.

 24 
Antônio Callado
(Journalist)

Antônio Callado
0
Birthdate: January 26, 1917
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Niterói, State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Died: January 28, 1997

Antônio Callado was a Brazilian lawyer, journalist, playwright, and novelist. He studied law and began working as a journalist and was associated with the BBC's Brazilian Service from 1941 to 1947. He eventually started writing fiction as well. His novel Quarup is regarded as his most famous work. He received many literary prizes including the Golfinho de Ouro. 

 25 
Osman Lins
(Novelist)

Osman Lins
0
Birthdate: July 5, 1924
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Vitória de Santo Antão, State of Pernambuco, Brazil
Died: July 8, 1978

Osman Lins was a Brazilian short story writer and novelist. Counted among the most important innovators of Brazilian literature, Lins achieved international fame for his novels and short stories during his lifetime. Osman Lins was honored with major Brazilian literary awards, including the prestigious Coelho Neto Prize.