Famous Argentine Leaders

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The eighth largest country in the world, Argentina has the largest Spanish speaking populace of the world. Furthermore, it has the second largest economy of South America. A potboiler of classic food, dance and wine, this mountainous country has been the address of world famous names like Che Guevara, Pope Francis, Carlos Gardel, Lionel Messi and so on. While its nationals have done the country proud with their wealth of talent, it is the leaders who have made much of a difference taking the country forward in terms of economy, administration, politics and transportation. Argentina follows a presidential standard according to which the President of Argentina is the head of the state. He is also the chief executive of the federal government and the commander-in-chief of the armed forces. Ever since the inception of the position, the office of the President has undergone various changes, both in its titles and features. Bernardino Rivadavia was the inaugural President of the country. Bartolome Mitre took up the presidential seat of the unified country. Isabel Peron was the first female to take up Presidential seat not just in Argentina but in the world at large. The current day office is held by incumbent President Mauricio Macri. Check out this section to know in details about famous Argentine leaders, their life and their works.
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 1 
Evita Peron
(Actress, First Lady of Argentina (1946-52))
Evita Peron
5
Birthdate: May 7, 1919
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Los Toldos, Argentina
Died: July 26, 1952

Evita Peron was an Argentine actress, activist, politician, and philanthropist. She is best remembered for her service as the First Lady of Argentina from 1946 to 1952. She also served as the President of a political party called Female Peronist Party. A staunch philanthropist, Evita Peron was the president of the Eva Perón Foundation, which operated from 1948 to 1955.

 2 
Che Guevara
(Revolutionary)
Che Guevara
57
Birthdate: June 14, 1928
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Rosario, Argentina
Died: October 9, 1967

Argentine Marxist revolutionary, Che Guevara, was a major figure of the Cuban Revolution. A physician by profession, he developed radical views upon witnessing the injustices in the world and joined Fidel Castro’s revolutionary 26th of July Movement. Assassinated in 1967, he remains both a revered and reviled historical figure.

 3 
Mauricio Macri
(President of Argentina (2015-19))
Mauricio Macri
6
Birthdate: February 8, 1959
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Tandil, Argentina
Son of Italian-Argentine businessman Franco Macri, Mauricio Macri had been a Boca Juniors president before becoming the president of Argentina. Interestingly, he was once kidnapped by corrupt police officers and released only after his father paid a ransom worth $6 million, an event that led him to join politics.
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 4 
Juan Perón
(President of Argentina)
Juan Perón
10
Birthdate: October 8, 1895
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Lobos
Died: July 1, 1974
Juan Perón, the Argentine president who reigned first from 1946 to 1955 and then from 1973 to 1974, established the movement known as Peronism, now known as Justicialism. Both he and his wife, Evita, became icons for the working class. His critics, however, termed him a dictator.
 5 
José de San Martín
(Military Leader, Politician)
José de San Martín
4
Birthdate: February 25, 1778
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Yapeyú
Died: August 17, 1850

José de San Martín was an Argentine general who played an important role in the Spanish American wars of independence. San Martín is considered a national hero of Peru and Argentina. The Order of the Liberator General San Martín, the highest honor conferred by the government of Argentina, was created in his honor.

 6 
Isabel Martínez de Perón
(Former President of Argentina)
Isabel Martínez de Perón
4
Birthdate: February 4, 1931
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: La Rioja

The first lady president in the world, Argentine cabaret dancer-turned-politician Isabel Martínez de Perón had taken over the presidency after her husband, President Juan Perón’s death. After being ousted by the military in 1976, she was under a 5-year house arrest. She now lives in a secluded villa near Madrid.

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 7 
Cristina Fernández de Kirchner
(President of Argentina (2007 - 2015), 37th Vice President of Argentina (Since 2019))
Cristina Fernández de Kirchner
15
Birthdate: February 19, 1953
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Tolosa, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Lawyer-turned-politician Cristina Fernández de Kirchner is the incumbent vice president of Argentina. She had previously served as the president of her country and the national senator of Buenos Aires. Cristina became the first directly elected lady Argentine president, though her presidency was riddled with corruption scandals and protests.
 8 
Jorge Rafael Videla
(President of Argentina from 1976 to 1981)
Jorge Rafael Videla
5
Birthdate: August 2, 1925
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Mercedes, Argentina
Died: May 17, 2013

Jorge Rafael Videla was an Argentine military officer who was appointed by President Isabel Perón as the General Commander of the Army in 1975. From 1976 to 1981, he served as the de facto President of Argentina after deposing Isabel Perón in a coup d'état. As a member of the Military Junta, Videla was later accused of violating human rights.

 9 
Néstor Kirchner
(Lawyer, Politician)
Néstor Kirchner
5
Birthdate: February 25, 1950
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Río Gallegos
Died: October 27, 2010

Néstor Kirchner was an Argentine politician and lawyer best remembered for his service as the President of Argentina from 25 May 2003 to 10 December 2007. He also served as the Governor of Santa Cruz from 1991 to 2003. Kirchner, who had a great impact on Argentine politics, played a key role in the economic and foreign policies of Argentina.

 10 
Carlos Menem
(Former President of Argentina)
Carlos Menem
4
Birthdate: July 2, 1930
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Anillaco, La Rioja, Argentina
Died: February 14, 2021
Carlos Menem was born a Muslim, to Syrian immigrants. However, he is said to have converted to Catholicism to achieve his political goals. A person who gave rise to a political approach known as Menemism, he was also the first Peronist to become the Argentine president since Juan Perón.
 11 
Juan Manuel de Rosas
(Dictator of Argentina)
Juan Manuel de Rosas
3
Birthdate: March 30, 1793
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Buenos Aires
Died: March 14, 1877
Remembered as the Restorer of the Laws, Argentine governor and dictator Juan Manuel de Rosas was born into a ranch-owning family and was initially a cowboy. Following his ascension to the governorship, his parapolice, Mazorca, killed scores of citizens. He spent his final years, exiled, as a farmer.
 12 
Leopoldo Galtieri
(President of Argentina from December 1981 to June 1982)
Leopoldo Galtieri
4
Birthdate: July 15, 1926
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Buenos Aires, Argentina
Died: January 12, 2003

Leopoldo Galtieri was an Argentine politician and general. He is remembered for serving as the President of Argentina from 1981 to 1982. He played an important role in the National Reorganization Process and ruled as a military dictator as part of the Third Junta. A member of the 1976 military coup d'état, Galtieri overthrew Roberto Viola before ruling the country.

 13 
Manuel Belgrano
(Lawyer, Journalist, Economist, Politician, Soldier, Jurist)
Manuel Belgrano
3
Birthdate: June 3, 1770
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Buenos Aires
Died: June 20, 1820

Manuel Belgrano was an Argentine lawyer, politician, economist, journalist, and military leader. Widely regarded as one of the most important Libertadores of Argentina, Belgrano played a prominent role in the Argentine Wars of Independence and is credited with creating the Flag of Argentina. Manuel Belgrano is regarded as one of the greatest heroes in the history of Argentina.

 14 
Raúl Alfonsín
(President of Argentina (1983 - 1989))
Raúl Alfonsín
4
Birthdate: March 12, 1927
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Buenos Aires, Argentina
Died: March 31, 2009

Raúl Alfonsín was an Argentine statesman and lawyer best remembered for his service as the President of Argentina from 1983 to 1989. Widely regarded as the father of modern democracy, Alfonsín was the first democratically elected President of Argentina after over seven years of military dictatorship. His political approach came to be known as Alfonsinism.

 15 
Reynaldo Bignone
(Politician, Military personnel)
Reynaldo Bignone
3
Birthdate: January 21, 1928
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Morón, Buenos Aires

Reynaldo Bignone was an Argentine general who ruled as a military dictator from 1982 to 1983. He was involved in the kidnapping and murder of people who opposed the military junta during the Dirty War. He also ordered the annihilation of all documentation on the missing people. Reynaldo Bignone was sentenced to 25 years of imprisonment in 2010.

 16 
Fernando de la Rúa
(Former President of Argentina)
Fernando de la Rúa
3
Birthdate: September 15, 1937
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Córdoba
Died: July 9, 2019
Former Argentine president and former mayor of Buenos Aires, Fernando de la Rúa won the hearts of people with his bland personality. However, an economic crisis and a corruption scandal resulted in riots, forcing him to leave the presidential palace in a helicopter in the middle of the night.
 17 
Hipólito Yrigoyen
(Lawyer, Politician, Author)
Hipólito Yrigoyen
3
Birthdate: July 12, 1852
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Buenos Aires
Died: July 3, 1933

Hipólito Yrigoyen was an Argentine politician best remembered for his service as the President of Argentina on two occasions; from 1916 to 1922 and again from 1928 to 1930. He is also remembered for introducing numerous social reforms, including compulsory pensions, regulation of working hours, and improvements in factory conditions, for which he was called the father of the poor.

 18 
Domingo Faustino Sarmiento
(Former President of Argentina)
Domingo Faustino Sarmiento
3
Birthdate: February 15, 1811
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: San Juan, Argentina
Died: September 11, 1888

Domingo Faustino Sarmiento was an Argentine activist, writer, intellectual, and statesman. He is remembered for his service as the President of Argentina from 12 October 1868 to 11 October 1874. Sarmiento was part of a group called the Generation of 1837, which had a huge impact on 19th-century Argentina. Domingo Faustino Sarmiento also had a major influence on Argentine literature.

 19 
Eduardo Duhalde
(Former President of Argentina)
Eduardo Duhalde
3
Birthdate: October 5, 1941
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Lomas de Zamora
Apart from being a seasoned politician, former Argentine president Eduardo Duhalde is also a qualified lawyer and a public law professor. He was appreciated for his economic policies and his efforts to help national industries grow. He was previously a pool lifeguard and had met his wife at a pool.
 20 
Gabriela Michetti
(Politician)
Gabriela Michetti
4
Birthdate: May 28, 1965
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Laprida

Gabriela Michetti is an Argentine politician who became only the second woman from Argentina after Isabel Perón to serve as the vice president of the country; she served in this position from 2015 to 2019. Gabriela Michetti also served as the National Senator from 2013 to 2015.

 21 
Roberto Eduardo Viola
(Soldier, Politician)
Roberto Eduardo Viola
3
Birthdate: October 13, 1924
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Buenos Aires
Died: September 30, 1994

Roberto Eduardo Viola was an Argentine military officer best remembered for serving as the President of Argentina from March to December 1981. He was appointed as the president by a military junta before being ousted by a military coup led by Leopoldo Galtieri. In 1983, Viola was sentenced to 17 years of imprisonment for the violations committed by the junta.

 22 
Jorge Anaya
(Commander-in-Chief)
Jorge Anaya
2
Birthdate: September 27, 1926
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Bahía Blanca, Argentina
Died: January 9, 2008

Jorge Anaya was an Argentine Navy officer best remembered for his service as the Commander-in-Chief of the Argentine Navy. He played an important role in the National Reorganisation Process and was one of the members of the Third Military Junta. Jorge Anaya also played a prominent role in the events leading up to the Falklands War. 

 23 
Luis Moreno Ocampo
(Lawyer, University teacher)
Luis Moreno Ocampo
3
Birthdate: June 4, 1952
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Buenos Aires

Luis Moreno Ocampo is an Argentine lawyer who played an important role in the country's democratic transition between 1983 and 1991. In 2003, he became the first Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court and served in that position until 2012.

 24 
Bartolomé Mitre
(Soldier, Linguist, Journalist, Historian, Politician, Translator)
Bartolomé Mitre
2
Birthdate: June 26, 1821
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Buenos Aires
Died: January 19, 1906

Bartolomé Mitre was an Argentine soldier, statesman, and author. He is best remembered for his service as the President of Argentina from 12 October 1862 to 12 October 1868. A major political figure that best characterized liberalism in 19th century Argentina, Bartolomé Mitre was also a historian, journalist, writer, and poet.

 25 
Ludolf von Alvensleben
(SS functionary and Police Leader)
Ludolf von Alvensleben
1
Birthdate: March 17, 1901
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Halle, Germany
Died: April 1, 1970
 26 
Arturo Frondizi
(Lawyer, Politician, Journalist)
Arturo Frondizi
2
Birthdate: October 28, 1908
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Paso de los Libres
Died: April 18, 1995
 27 
Axel Kicillof
(Argentine Economist and Politician)
Axel Kicillof
3
Birthdate: September 25, 1971
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Buenos Aires
 28 
Daniel Scioli
(Politician, Businessperson, Sportsperson)
Daniel Scioli
4
Birthdate: January 13, 1957
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Buenos Aires

Daniel Scioli is an Argentine politician, businessman, and sportsman. The current Ambassador of Argentina to Brazil, Scioli is also known for his service as the Vice President of Argentina from 2003 to 2007. From 2007 to 2015, he also served as the Governor of Buenos Aires. As a sportsperson, Daniel Scioli represented his city in swimming, basketball, and tennis.

 29 
Juan Carlos Onganía
(Former President of Argentina)
Juan Carlos Onganía
3
Birthdate: March 17, 1914
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Marcos Paz, Argentina
Died: June 8, 1995
 30 
Adolfo Rodríguez Saá
(49th President of Argentina)
Adolfo Rodríguez Saá
4
Birthdate: July 25, 1947
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: San Luis

Argentine Peronist politician and former president Adolfo Rodríguez Saá is the current national senator of the country. He made headlines when he resigned from his presidency in 2001, just 7 days after being sworn in, blaming the internal politics of his party amidst an economic crisis and civil unrest.

 31 
Bernardino Rivadavia
(First President of Argentina)
Bernardino Rivadavia
2
Birthdate: May 20, 1780
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Buenos Aires
Died: September 2, 1845

Bernardino Rivadavia was an Argentinian politician who served as the president of Argentina from 1826 to 1827. Although he was accepted as the president only in Buenos Aires, Rivadavia is widely regarded as the first president of Argentina. During his presidency, Argentina witnessed an improvement in the education sector.

 32 
Edelmiro Julián Farrell
(Former President of the Argentine Republic (1944 - 1946), Vice President of Argentina (1943 - 1944))
Edelmiro Julián Farrell
2
Birthdate: February 12, 1887
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Lanús, Argentina
Died: October 21, 1980

Edelmiro J. Farrell was an Argentine general who served as the President of Argentina from 24 February 1944 to 3 June 1946. Farrell was responsible for the rise of Juan Perón, who went on to serve as the president of the country on three occasions between 1946 and 1974. 

 33 
María Eugenia Vidal
2
Birthdate: September 8, 1973
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Buenos Aires
 34 
Mariano Moreno
1
Birthdate: September 23, 1778
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Buenos Aires, Argentina
Died: March 4, 1811
 35 
José Hernández
(Journalist)
José Hernández
1
Birthdate: November 10, 1834
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Buenos Aires, Argentina
Died: October 21, 1886

Argentine poet José Hernández is best known for his long epic poem Martín Fierro. Having spent a part of his life in the pampas, he learned the ways and means of the gauchos and often described them in his works, such as The Gaucho Martin Fierro, a fine work of gaucho poetry.

 36 
Justo José de Urquiza
3
Birthdate: October 18, 1801
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Entre Rios, Argentina
Died: April 11, 1870
 37 
Amado Boudou
(Argentine Politician and Economist)
Amado Boudou
3
Birthdate: November 19, 1962
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Buenos Aires
 38 
Héctor José Cámpora
1
Birthdate: March 26, 1909
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Mercedes, Argentina
Died: December 18, 1980
 39 
Sergio Massa
(Politician, Lawyer)
Sergio Massa
3
Birthdate: April 28, 1972
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Buenos Aires
 40 
Domingo Cavallo
(Argentine Politician and Economist)
Domingo Cavallo
1
Birthdate: July 21, 1946
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: San Francisco, Argentina
 41 
José López Rega
(Politician)
José López Rega
3
Birthdate: September 17, 1916
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Buenos Aires, Argentina
Died: June 9, 1989
 42 
José Félix Uriburu
3
Birthdate: July 20, 1868
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Salta, Argentina
Died: April 29, 1932
 43 
Carlos Saavedra Lamas
(Argentine Politician and Academic Who Became the First Latin American Nobel Peace Prize Recipient)
Carlos Saavedra Lamas
1
Birthdate: November 1, 1878
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Buenos Aires, Argentina
Died: May 5, 1959
 44 
Leopoldo Lugones
1
Birthdate: June 13, 1874
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Villa de María del Río Seco, Argentina
Died: February 18, 1938

A central figure in the history of Hispanic-American modernism, Leopoldo Lugones is remembered as much for his contributions towards formation of modern Spanish poetry as for his profound insight into Argentinean history. A well-Known poet-playwright-novelist, literary and social critic, and cultural ambassador, he later involved himself with national and international politics, leaving huge impact on the younger generation of writers.   

Alejandro Agustín Lanusse
2
Birthdate: August 28, 1918
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Buenos Aires, Argentina
Died: August 26, 1996
 46 
Emilio Eduardo Massera
(Political figure)
Emilio Eduardo Massera
2
Birthdate: October 19, 1925
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Parana, Argentina
Died: November 8, 2010
 47 
Ljubo Cupic
(Political commissar, Student)
Ljubo Cupic
0
Birthdate: 1913 AD
Birthplace: Argentina
Died: May 9, 1942
 48 
Agustín Pedro Justo
2
Birthdate: February 26, 1876
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Concepción del Uruguay, Argentina
Died: January 11, 1943
 49 
Marcelo Torcuato de Alvear
1
Birthdate: October 4, 1868
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Buenos Aires, Argentina
Died: March 23, 1942
 50 
Margarita Stolbizer
(Politician, Lawyer)
Margarita Stolbizer
2
Birthdate: March 17, 1955
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Morón