Famous Argentine Political Leaders

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Find out more about the greatest Argentine Political Leaders, including Mauricio Macri, Eva Perón, Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, Néstor Kirchner and Daniel Scioli.
Vote for Your Favourite Argentine Political Leaders
 1 
Che Guevara
(Revolutionary)
Che Guevara
20
Birthdate: June 14, 1928
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Rosario, Argentina
Died: October 9, 1967

Argentine Marxist revolutionary, Che Guevara, was a major figure of the Cuban Revolution. A physician by profession, he developed radical views upon witnessing the injustices in the world and joined Fidel Castro’s revolutionary 26th of July Movement. Assassinated in 1967, he remains both a revered and reviled historical figure.

 2 
Mauricio Macri
(President of Argentina from 2015 to 2019)
Mauricio Macri
4
Birthdate: February 8, 1959
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Tandil, Argentina
Son of Italian-Argentine businessman Franco Macri, Mauricio Macri had been a Boca Juniors president before becoming the president of Argentina. Interestingly, he was once kidnapped by corrupt police officers and released only after his father paid a ransom worth $6 million, an event that led him to join politics.
 3 
José de San Martín
(Military Leader, Politician)
José de San Martín
4
Birthdate: February 25, 1778
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Yapeyú
Died: August 17, 1850

José de San Martín was an Argentine general who played an important role in the Spanish American wars of independence. San Martín is considered a national hero of Peru and Argentina. The Order of the Liberator General San Martín, the highest honor conferred by the government of Argentina, was created in his honor.

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 4 
Cristina Fernández de Kirchner
(President of Argentina (2007 - 2015), 37th Vice President of Argentina (Since 2019))
Cristina Fernández de Kirchner
8
Birthdate: February 19, 1953
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Tolosa, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Lawyer-turned-politician Cristina Fernández de Kirchner is the incumbent vice president of Argentina. She had previously served as the president of her country and the national senator of Buenos Aires. Cristina became the first directly elected lady Argentine president, though her presidency was riddled with corruption scandals and protests.
 5 
Néstor Kirchner
(Lawyer, Politician)
Néstor Kirchner
4
Birthdate: February 25, 1950
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Río Gallegos
Died: October 27, 2010

Néstor Kirchner was an Argentine politician and lawyer best remembered for his service as the President of Argentina from 25 May 2003 to 10 December 2007. He also served as the Governor of Santa Cruz from 1991 to 2003. Kirchner, who had a great impact on Argentine politics, played a key role in the economic and foreign policies of Argentina.

 6 
Jorge Rafael Videla
(President of Argentina from 1976 to 1981)
Jorge Rafael Videla
4
Birthdate: August 2, 1925
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Mercedes, Argentina
Died: May 17, 2013

Jorge Rafael Videla was an Argentine military officer who was appointed by President Isabel Perón as the General Commander of the Army in 1975. From 1976 to 1981, he served as the de facto President of Argentina after deposing Isabel Perón in a coup d'état. As a member of the Military Junta, Videla was later accused of violating human rights.

 7 
Leopoldo Galtieri
(President of Argentina from December 1981 to June 1982)
Leopoldo Galtieri
4
Birthdate: July 15, 1926
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Buenos Aires, Argentina
Died: January 12, 2003

Leopoldo Galtieri was an Argentine politician and general. He is remembered for serving as the President of Argentina from 1981 to 1982. He played an important role in the National Reorganization Process and ruled as a military dictator as part of the Third Junta. A member of the 1976 military coup d'état, Galtieri overthrew Roberto Viola before ruling the country.

 8 
Manuel Belgrano
(Lawyer, Journalist, Economist, Politician, Soldier, Jurist)
Manuel Belgrano
3
Birthdate: June 3, 1770
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Buenos Aires
Died: June 20, 1820

Manuel Belgrano was an Argentine lawyer, politician, economist, journalist, and military leader. Widely regarded as one of the most important Libertadores of Argentina, Belgrano played a prominent role in the Argentine Wars of Independence and is credited with creating the Flag of Argentina. Manuel Belgrano is regarded as one of the greatest heroes in the history of Argentina.

 9 
Raúl Alfonsín
(President of Argentina (1983 - 1989))
Raúl Alfonsín
4
Birthdate: March 12, 1927
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Buenos Aires, Argentina
Died: March 31, 2009

Raúl Alfonsín was an Argentine statesman and lawyer best remembered for his service as the President of Argentina from 1983 to 1989. Widely regarded as the father of modern democracy, Alfonsín was the first democratically elected President of Argentina after over seven years of military dictatorship. His political approach came to be known as Alfonsinism.

 10 
Reynaldo Bignone
(Politician, Military personnel)
Reynaldo Bignone
4
Birthdate: January 21, 1928
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Morón, Buenos Aires

Reynaldo Bignone was an Argentine general who ruled as a military dictator from 1982 to 1983. He was involved in the kidnapping and murder of people who opposed the military junta during the Dirty War. He also ordered the annihilation of all documentation on the missing people. Reynaldo Bignone was sentenced to 25 years of imprisonment in 2010.

 11 
Fernando de la Rúa
(Former President of Argentina)
Fernando de la Rúa
3
Birthdate: September 15, 1937
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Córdoba
Died: July 9, 2019
Former Argentine president and former mayor of Buenos Aires, Fernando de la Rúa won the hearts of people with his bland personality. However, an economic crisis and a corruption scandal resulted in riots, forcing him to leave the presidential palace in a helicopter in the middle of the night.
 12 
Hipólito Yrigoyen
(Lawyer, Politician, Author)
Hipólito Yrigoyen
3
Birthdate: July 12, 1852
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Buenos Aires
Died: July 3, 1933

Hipólito Yrigoyen was an Argentine politician best remembered for his service as the President of Argentina on two occasions; from 1916 to 1922 and again from 1928 to 1930. He is also remembered for introducing numerous social reforms, including compulsory pensions, regulation of working hours, and improvements in factory conditions, for which he was called the father of the poor.

 13 
Domingo Faustino Sarmiento
(Former President of Argentina)
Domingo Faustino Sarmiento
3
Birthdate: February 15, 1811
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: San Juan, Argentina
Died: September 11, 1888

Domingo Faustino Sarmiento was an Argentine activist, writer, intellectual, and statesman. He is remembered for his service as the President of Argentina from 12 October 1868 to 11 October 1874. Sarmiento was part of a group called the Generation of 1837, which had a huge impact on 19th-century Argentina. Domingo Faustino Sarmiento also had a major influence on Argentine literature.

 14 
Eduardo Duhalde
(Former President of Argentina)
Eduardo Duhalde
3
Birthdate: October 5, 1941
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Lomas de Zamora
Apart from being a seasoned politician, former Argentine president Eduardo Duhalde is also a qualified lawyer and a public law professor. He was appreciated for his economic policies and his efforts to help national industries grow. He was previously a pool lifeguard and had met his wife at a pool.
 15 
Gabriela Michetti
(Politician)
Gabriela Michetti
4
Birthdate: May 28, 1965
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Laprida

Gabriela Michetti is an Argentine politician who became only the second woman from Argentina after Isabel Perón to serve as the vice president of the country; she served in this position from 2015 to 2019. Gabriela Michetti also served as the National Senator from 2013 to 2015.

 16 
Roberto Eduardo Viola
(Soldier, Politician)
Roberto Eduardo Viola
3
Birthdate: October 13, 1924
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Buenos Aires
Died: September 30, 1994

Roberto Eduardo Viola was an Argentine military officer best remembered for serving as the President of Argentina from March to December 1981. He was appointed as the president by a military junta before being ousted by a military coup led by Leopoldo Galtieri. In 1983, Viola was sentenced to 17 years of imprisonment for the violations committed by the junta.

 17 
Luis Moreno Ocampo
(Lawyer, University teacher)
Luis Moreno Ocampo
3
Birthdate: June 4, 1952
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Buenos Aires

Luis Moreno Ocampo is an Argentine lawyer who played an important role in the country's democratic transition between 1983 and 1991. In 2003, he became the first Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court and served in that position until 2012.

 18 
Bartolomé Mitre
(Soldier, Linguist, Journalist, Historian, Politician, Translator)
Bartolomé Mitre
2
Birthdate: June 26, 1821
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Buenos Aires
Died: January 19, 1906

Bartolomé Mitre was an Argentine soldier, statesman, and author. He is best remembered for his service as the President of Argentina from 12 October 1862 to 12 October 1868. A major political figure that best characterized liberalism in 19th century Argentina, Bartolomé Mitre was also a historian, journalist, writer, and poet.

 19 
Arturo Frondizi
(Lawyer, Politician, Journalist)
Arturo Frondizi
2
Birthdate: October 28, 1908
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Paso de los Libres
Died: April 18, 1995
 20 
Axel Kicillof
(Argentine Economist, Politician and Governor of Buenos Aires)
Axel Kicillof
3
Birthdate: September 25, 1971
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Buenos Aires

Axel Kicillof is an Argentine economist and politician. He is the current Governor of Buenos Aires. An important politician, Axel Kicillof served as the Minister of Economy and Public Finances from 18 November 2013 to 10 December 2015. Prior to his political career, Kicillof worked as a professor.

 21 
Daniel Scioli
(Politician, Businessperson, Sportsperson)
Daniel Scioli
4
Birthdate: January 13, 1957
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Buenos Aires

Daniel Scioli is an Argentine politician, businessman, and sportsman. The current Ambassador of Argentina to Brazil, Scioli is also known for his service as the Vice President of Argentina from 2003 to 2007. From 2007 to 2015, he also served as the Governor of Buenos Aires. As a sportsperson, Daniel Scioli represented his city in swimming, basketball, and tennis.

 22 
Juan Carlos Onganía
(Former President of Argentina)
Juan Carlos Onganía
3
Birthdate: March 17, 1914
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Marcos Paz, Argentina
Died: June 8, 1995
 23 
María Eugenia Vidal
2
Birthdate: September 8, 1973
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Buenos Aires
 24 
Adolfo Rodríguez Saá
(49th President of Argentina)
Adolfo Rodríguez Saá
4
Birthdate: July 25, 1947
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: San Luis

Argentine Peronist politician and former president Adolfo Rodríguez Saá is the current national senator of the country. He made headlines when he resigned from his presidency in 2001, just 7 days after being sworn in, blaming the internal politics of his party amidst an economic crisis and civil unrest.

 25 
Mariano Moreno
2
Birthdate: September 23, 1778
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Buenos Aires, Argentina
Died: March 4, 1811
 26 
José Hernández
(Journalist)
José Hernández
1
Birthdate: November 10, 1834
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Buenos Aires, Argentina
Died: October 21, 1886

Argentine poet José Hernández is best known for his long epic poem Martín Fierro. Having spent a part of his life in the pampas, he learned the ways and means of the gauchos and often described them in his works, such as The Gaucho Martin Fierro, a fine work of gaucho poetry.

 27 
Amado Boudou
(Vice President of Argentina from 2011 to 2015)
Amado Boudou
3
Birthdate: November 19, 1962
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Buenos Aires

Amado Boudou is an Argentine politician and economist. He is best known for his service as the Vice President of Argentina from 10 December 2011 to 10 December 2015. An important politician, Amado Boudou also served as the Minister of Economy from 8 July 2009 to 10 December 2011.

 28 
Domingo Cavallo
(Argentine Politician and Economist)
Domingo Cavallo
1
Birthdate: July 21, 1946
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: San Francisco, Argentina

Domingo Cavallo is an Argentine politician and economist. He is best known for his service as the Minister of Economy on two occasions; from 1 February 1991 to 6 August 1996 and again from March 2001 to December 2001. An important politician, Domingo Cavallo also served as the Minister of Foreign Affairs from 8 July 1989 to 31 January 1991.

 29 
Sergio Massa
(Politician, Lawyer)
Sergio Massa
3
Birthdate: April 28, 1972
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Buenos Aires
 30 
Héctor José Cámpora
1
Birthdate: March 26, 1909
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Mercedes, Argentina
Died: December 18, 1980
 31 
José López Rega
(Politician)
José López Rega
3
Birthdate: September 17, 1916
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Buenos Aires, Argentina
Died: June 9, 1989
 32 
José Félix Uriburu
3
Birthdate: July 20, 1868
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Salta, Argentina
Died: April 29, 1932
 33 
Justo José de Urquiza
2
Birthdate: October 18, 1801
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Entre Rios, Argentina
Died: April 11, 1870
 34 
Emilio Eduardo Massera
(Political figure)
Emilio Eduardo Massera
3
Birthdate: October 19, 1925
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Parana, Argentina
Died: November 8, 2010
 35 
Ljubo Cupic
(Political commissar, Student)
Ljubo Cupic
0
Birthdate: 1913 AD
Birthplace: Argentina
Died: May 9, 1942
 36 
Agustín Pedro Justo
2
Birthdate: February 26, 1876
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Concepción del Uruguay, Argentina
Died: January 11, 1943
 37 
Marcelo Torcuato de Alvear
1
Birthdate: October 4, 1868
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Buenos Aires, Argentina
Died: March 23, 1942
 38 
Margarita Stolbizer
(Politician, Lawyer)
Margarita Stolbizer
2
Birthdate: March 17, 1955
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Morón
 39 
Roque Sáenz Peña
(Politician)
Roque Sáenz Peña
1
Birthdate: March 19, 1851
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Buenos Aires, Argentina
Died: August 9, 1914
 40 
Marcela Acuña
1
Birthdate: October 16, 1976
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Formosa, Argentina
 41 
José Evaristo Uriburu
1
Birthdate: November 19, 1831
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Salta, Argentina
Died: October 23, 1914
 42 
Miguel Giubergia
(Politician)
Miguel Giubergia
0
Birthdate: April 17, 1953
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: San Antonio, Argentina
Died: October 8, 2020
 43 
Luis María Drago
0
Birthdate: May 6, 1859
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Buenos Aires, Argentina
Died: June 9, 1921
 44 
Carlos Casamiquela
(Agricultural engineer)
Carlos Casamiquela
0
Birthdate: June 9, 1948
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Viedma, Río Negro, Argentina
Died: September 12, 2020
 45 
Manuel Gondra
(Former Paraguayan President Who Was Also an Author and a Journalist)
Manuel Gondra
0
Birthdate: January 1, 1871
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Buenos Aires, Argentina
Died: March 8, 1927

Born to a Paraguayan mother and an Argentine father, Manuel Gondra initially proved himself to be an educational reformer and later led the country as its president. He had also been Paraguay’s minister to Brazil. The Liberal Party member was also an author and a journalist.